Search results for 'John Francis Horty' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. P. Agaesse, B. Alexander, Louis Althusser, Antoine Arnauld, Aubrey John, Bachelard Gaston, Bacon Francis & Beeckman Isaac (1986). 61, 88n6. In Marjorie G. Grene & Debra Nails (eds.), Spinoza and the Sciences. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 322.score: 2400.0
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  2. John Francis Horty (2001). Agency and Deontic Logic. Oxford University Press.score: 1230.0
    John Horty effectively develops deontic logic (the logic of ethical concepts like obligation and permission) against the background of a formal theory of agency. He incorporates certain elements of decision theory to set out a new deontic account of what agents ought to do under various conditions over extended periods of time. Offering a conceptual rather than technical emphasis, Horty's framework allows a number of recent issues from moral theory to be set out clearly and discussed from (...)
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  3. John Francis Horty (2007). Frege on Definitions: A Case Study of Semantic Content. Oxford University Press.score: 870.0
    The book begins by focusing on the psychological constraints governing Frege's notion of sense, or meaning, and argues that, given these constraints, even the ...
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  4. Henry Prakken & John Horty (2012). An Appreciation of John Pollock's Work on the Computational Study of Argument. Argument and Computation 3 (1):1 - 19.score: 600.0
    John Pollock (1940?2009) was an influential American philosopher who made important contributions to various fields, including epistemology and cognitive science. In the last 25 years of his life, he also contributed to the computational study of defeasible reasoning and practical cognition in artificial intelligence. He developed one of the first formal systems for argumentation-based inference and he put many issues on the research agenda that are still relevant for the argumentation community today. This paper presents an appreciation of Pollock's (...)
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  5. John Horty (2007). Reasons as Defaults. Philosophers' Imprint 7 (3):1-28.score: 240.0
    The goal of this paper is to frame a theory of reasons--what they are, how they support actions or conclusions--using the tools of default logic. After sketching the basic account of reasons as provided by defaults, I show how it can be elaborated to deal with two more complicated issues: first, situations in which the priority relation among defaults, and so reasons as well, is itself established through default reasoning; second, the treatment of undercutting defeat and exclusionary reasons. Finally, and (...)
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  6. John F. Horty & Nuel Belnap (1995). The Deliberative Stit: A Study of Action, Omission, Ability, and Obligation. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (6):583 - 644.score: 240.0
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  7. Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis (2010). Stateless Crimes, Legitimacy, and International Criminal Law: The Case of Organ Trafficking. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (3):283-295.score: 240.0
    Organ trafficking and trafficking in persons for the purpose of organ transplantation are recognized as significant international problems. Yet these forms of trafficking are largely left out of international criminal law regimes and to some extent of domestic criminal law regimes as well. Trafficking of organs or persons for their organs does not come within the jurisdiction of the ICC, except in very special cases such as when conducted in a manner that conforms to the definitions of genocide or crimes (...)
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  8. John F. Horty (2003). Reasoning with Moral Conflicts. Noûs 37 (4):557–605.score: 240.0
    Let us say that a normative conflict is a situation in which an agent ought to perform an action A, and also ought to perform an action B, but in which it is impossible for the agent to perform both A and B. Not all normative conflicts are moral conflicts, of course. It may be that the agent ought to perform the action A for reasons of personal generosity, but ought to perform the action B for reasons of prudence: perhaps (...)
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  9. John F. Horty (1993). Frege on the Psychological Significance of Definitions. Philosophical Studies 72 (2-3):223 - 263.score: 240.0
  10. John Horty, Reasons and Precedent.score: 240.0
    This paper describes one way in which a precise reason model of precedent could be developed, based on Grant Lamond’s general idea that a later court is constrained to reach a decision that is consistent an earlier court’s assessment of the balance of reasons. The account provided here has the additional advantage of showing how this reason model can be reconciled with the traditional idea that precedential constraint involves rules, as long as these rules are taken to be defeasible.
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  11. John F. Horty (1994). Moral Dilemmas and Nonmonotonic Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (1):35 - 65.score: 240.0
    From a philosophical standpoint, the work presented here is based on van Fraassen [26]. The bulk of that paper is organized around a series of arguments against the assumption, built into standard deontic logic, that moral dilemmas are impossible; and van Fraassen only briefly sketches his alternative approach. His paper ends with the conclusion that “the problem of possibly irresolvable moral conflict reveals serious flaws in the philosophical and semantic foundations of ‘orthodox’ deontic logic, but also suggests a rich set (...)
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  12. John F. Horty, Precedent, Deontic Logic, and Inheritance.score: 240.0
    The purpose of this paper is to e»tahlish some connections between precedent-based reasoning as it is studied in the field of Artificial Intelligence and Law, particularly in the work of Ashley, and two other fields: deontic logic and nonmonotonic logic. First, a deontic logic is described that allows lor sensible reasoning in the presence of conflicting norms. Second, a simplified version of Ashley's account of precedent-based reasoning is reformulated within the framework of this deontic logic. Finally, some ideas from the (...)
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  13. John Horty, Perspectival Act Utilitarianism.score: 240.0
    This paper works within a particular framework for reasoning about actions—sometimes known as the framework of “stit semantics”—originally due to Belnap and Perloff, based ultimately on the theory of indeterminism set out in Prior’s indeterministic tense logic, and developed in full detail by Belnap, Perloff, and Xu [3]. The issues I want to consider arise when certain normative, or decision theoretic, notions are introduced into this framework: here I will focus on the notion of a right action, and so on (...)
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  14. John Horty (2007). Defaults with Priorities. Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (4):367 - 413.score: 240.0
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  15. John Horty (2011). Rules and Reasons in the Theory of Precedent. Legal Theory 17 (1):1-33.score: 240.0
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  16. John Horty (2004). The Result Model of Precedent. Legal Theory 10 (1):19-31.score: 240.0
    The result model of precedent holds that a legal precedent controls a fortiori cases—those cases, that is, that are at least as strong for the winning side of the precedent as the precedent case itself. This paper defends the result model against some objections by Larry Alexander, drawing on ideas from the field of Artificial Intelligence and Law in order to define an appropriate strength ordering for cases.
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  17. Richmond H. Thomason & John F. Horty, A Clash of Intuitions: The Current State of Nonmonotonic Multiple Inheritance Systems.score: 240.0
    Early attempts at combining multiple inheritance with nonmonotonic reasoning were based on straightforward extensions of tree-structured inheritance systems, and were theoretically unsound. In The Mathcmat~'cs of Inheritance Systcrns, or TMOIS, Touretzky described two problems these systems cannot handle: reasoning in the presence of true but redundant assertions, and coping with ambiguity. TMOIS provided a definition and analysis of a theoretically sound multiple inheritance system, accom-.
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  18. John F. Horty (2001). Argument Construction and Reinstatement in Logics for Defeasible Reasoning. Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (1):1-28.score: 240.0
    This paper points out some problems with two recent logical systems – one due to Prakken and Sartor, the other due to Kowalski and Toni – designedfor the representation of defeasible arguments in general, but with a specialemphasis on legal reasoning.
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  19. John F. Horty (1996). Agency and Obligation. Synthese 108 (2):269 - 307.score: 240.0
    The purpose of this paper is to explore a new deontic operator for representing what an agent ought to do; the operator is cast against the background of a modal treatment of action developed by Nuel Belnap and Michael Perloff, which itself relies on Arthur Prior's indeterministic tense logic. The analysis developed here of what an agent ought to do is based on a dominance ordering adapted from the decision theoretic study of choice under uncertainty to the present account of (...)
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  20. John Horty, The Structure of Values and Norms.score: 240.0
    This book provides a unified account of Hansson’s work on values (or preferences), norms, and their interrelations. Although much of the detailed material contained here appears among the numerous articles published by the author over the past decade or so, the book presents this work as a coherent whole. The overall style is formal: definitions are set out, results are established. Readers who do not enjoy formal work in value theory are likely to find little of interest here. But readers (...)
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  21. John Horty, Skepticism and Floating Conclusions.score: 240.0
    The purpose of this paper is to question some commonly accepted patterns of reasoning involving nonmonotonic logics that generate multiple extensions. In particular, I argue that the phenomenon of floating conclusions indicates a problem with the view that the skeptical consequences of such theories should be identified with the statements that are supported by each of their various extensions.
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  22. Leslie J. Francis & John E. Greer (1992). Measuring Christian Moral Values Among Catholic and Protestant Adolescents in Northern Ireland. Journal of Moral Education 21 (1):59-65.score: 240.0
    Abstract One thousand and seventy?nine pupils aged between 13 and 16 years, from years three through five of Protestant and Catholic secondary schools in Northern Ireland, completed a survey of moral issues, together with a scale of attitude towards Christianity and a range of indices of religious behaviour. These data are employed to develop and to establish criteria of reliability and validity for a scale of traditional Christain moral values. Tentative scale norms indicate that pupils in Catholic schools hold more (...)
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  23. John F. Horty & Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon (2012). A Factor-Based Definition of Precedential Constraint. Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (2):181-214.score: 240.0
    This paper describes one way in which a precise reason model of precedent could be developed, based on the general idea that courts are constrained to reach a decision that is consistent with the assessment of the balance of reasons made in relevant earlier decisions. The account provided here has the additional advantage of showing how this reason model can be reconciled with the traditional idea that precedential constraint involves rules, as long as these rules are taken to be defeasible. (...)
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  24. Leslie Pickering Francis & John G. Francis (2010). Group Compromise: Perfect Cases Make Problematic Generalizations. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):25-27.score: 240.0
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  25. Leslie Pickering Francis & John G. Francis (2012). Criminalizing Health-Related Behaviors Dangerous to Others? Disease Transmission, Transmission-Facilitation, and the Importance of Trust. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (1):47-63.score: 240.0
    Statutes criminalizing behavior that risks transmission of HIV/AIDS exemplify use of the criminal law against individuals who are victims of infectious disease. These statutes, despite their frequency, are misguided in terms of the goals of the criminal law and the public health aim of reducing overall burdens of disease, for at least three important reasons. First, they identify individual offenders for punishment, a paradigm that is misplaced in the most typical contexts of transmission of infectious disease and even for HIV/AIDS, (...)
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  26. John Horty (2006). Right Actions in Perspective. In Henrik Lagerlund, Sten Lindström & Rysiek Sliwinski (eds.), Modality Matters: Twenty-Five Essays in Honour of Krister Segerberg. Uppsala Philosophical Studies 53. 53.score: 240.0
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  27. John G. Francis & Leslie P. Francis (2014). Privacy, Confidentiality, and Justice. Journal of Social Philosophy 45 (3):408-431.score: 240.0
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  28. John F. Horty (1990). A Skeptical Theory of Mixed Inheritance. In J. Dunn & A. Gupta (eds.), Truth or Consequences. Kluwer. 267--281.score: 240.0
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  29. John F. Horty, Synthese.score: 240.0
    The purpose of this paper is to explore a new deontic operator for representing what an agent ought to do; the operator is cast against the background of a modal treatment of action developed by Nuel Belnap and Michael Perlo , which itself relies on Arthur Prior's indeterministic tense logic. The analysis developed here of what an agent ought to do is based on a dominance ordering adapted from the decision theoretic study of choice under uncertainty to the present (...)
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  30. Matcheri S. Keshavan, Shreedhar R. Kulkarni, Tejas Bhojraj, Alan Francis, Vaibhav Diwadkar, Debra M. Montrose, Larry Seidman & John Sweeney (2010). Premorbid Cognitive Deficits in Young Relatives of Schizophrenia Patients. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3.score: 240.0
    Neurocognitive deficits in schizophrenia are thought to be stable trait markers that predate the illness and manifest in relatives of patients. Adolescence is the age of maximum vulnerability to the onset of schizophrenia and may be an opportune “window” to observe neurocognitive impairments close to but prior to the onset of psychosis. We reviewed the extant studies assessing neurocognitive deficits in young relatives at high risk (HR) for schizophrenia and their relation to brain structural alterations. We also provide some additional (...)
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  31. Mark Francis & John Morrow (1988). After the Ancient Constitution: Political Theory and English Constitutional Writings, 1765–1832. History of Political Thought 9:283-302.score: 240.0
     
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  32. Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis (2013). Data Citizenship and Informed Consent. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):38 - 39.score: 240.0
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  33. Leslie P. Francis & John G. Francis (2010). International Criminal Courts, the Rule of Law, and the Prevention of Harm : Building Justice in Times of Injustice. In Larry May & Zachary Hoskins (eds.), International Criminal Law and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
     
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  34. John De Gabrieli, Chandan J. Vaidya, Maria Stone, Wendy S. Francis, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, Debra A. Fleischman, Jared R. Tinklenberg, Jerome A. Yesavage & Robert S. Wilson (1999). Convergent Behavioral and Neuropsychological Evidence for a Distinction Between Identification and Production Forms of Repetition Priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (4):479.score: 240.0
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  35. John F. Horty (2006). Double Time Reference in the Evaluation of Action. In Henrik Lagerlund, Sten Lindström & Rysiek Sliwinski (eds.), Modality Matters: Twenty-Five Essays in Honour of Krister Segerberg. Uppsala Philosophical Studies 53. 53--205.score: 240.0
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  36. John Horty (2002). Review of Sven Ove Hansson, The Structure of Values and Norms. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (6).score: 240.0
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  37. H. Grundmann Christoffer & R. Eckrich John (2011). Philosophy, Science and Divine Action Edited by F. LeRon Shults, Nancey Murphy, and Robert John Russell. Zygon 46 (3):764-765.score: 180.0
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  38. Joseph D. John (2007). Experience as Medium: John Dewey and a Traditional Japanese Aesthetic. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 21 (2):83 - 90.score: 180.0
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  39. John P. Doyle (1976). "The Historical Constitution of St. Bonaventure's Philosophy," by John Francis Quinn. The Modern Schoolman 54 (1):88-90.score: 146.0
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  40. Paul Bartha (2002). Review of John F. Horty, Agency and Deontic Logic. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (2).score: 140.0
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  41. Paul Saka (2014). Reasons as Defaults By John F. Horty. Analysis 74 (2):358-360.score: 140.0
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  42. L. J. M. Coleby (1952). John Francis Vigani. Annals of Science 8 (1):46-60.score: 140.0
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  43. Ambrose Raftis (1996). John Francis Quinn, CSB (1925-1996). Mediaeval Studies 58 (1):xxi - xxiv.score: 140.0
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  44. Mark Schroeder (2012). Book Reviews Horty , John F . Reasons as Defaults . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pp. 272. $65.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Ethics 123 (1):162-167.score: 120.0
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  45. Jan Broersen & Leendert van der Torre (2003). John Horty, Agency and Deontic Logic. Artificial Intelligence and Law 11 (1):45-61.score: 120.0
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  46. Stefan Wolfl (2002). Review of Nuel Belnap, Michael Perloff, Ming Xu, Paul Bartha, Mitchell Green, John Horty, Facing the Future: Agents and Choices in Our Indeterminist World. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (8).score: 120.0
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  47. Robert Michael Stewart (1982). John Clarke and Francis Hutcheson on Self-Love and Moral Motivation. Journal of the History of Philosophy 20 (3):261-277.score: 120.0
  48. A. D. Sanger (1903). Book Review:National Education. H. E. Armstrong, H. W. Eve, Joshua Fitch, W. A. Hewins, John C. Medd, T. A. Organ, A. D. Provand, B. Reynolds, Francis Stoves, Laurie Magnus. [REVIEW] Ethics 13 (3):395-.score: 120.0
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  49. Michael Kenny (1996). Mark Francis and John Morrow, A History of English Political Thought in the Nineteenth Century London, Duckworth, 1994, Pp. Viii + 336. Utilitas 8 (01):134-.score: 120.0
  50. J. Milton (1996). Review: Francis Bacon. Novum Organum (Tr. And Ed. By Peter Urbach and John Gibson). [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):125-128.score: 120.0
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