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  1. John E. Gray & Andrew Vogt (2015). Mean and Variance in Quantum Theory. Foundations of Physics 45 (8):883-888.
    Calculation of the mean of an observable in quantum mechanics is typically assumed to require that the state vector be in the domain of the corresponding self-adjoint operator or for a mixed state that the operator times the density matrix be in the trace class. We remind the reader that these assumptions are unnecessary. We state what is actually needed to calculate the mean of an observable as well as its variance.
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  2. John Scott Gray (2013). Vote or Die, Bitch. In Robert Arp & Kevin S. Decker (eds.), The Ultimate South Park and Philosophy: Respect My Philosophah! Wiley-Blackwell
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  3. John Gray (2011). The Immortalization Commission: Science and the Strange Quest to Cheat Death. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  4. John N. Gray (2010). Deze goddelijke vogel: Thomas Hardy, 'The Blinded Bird'. Nexus 55.
    Voor wie geen troost kan vinden in het al-te-menselijke, valt hoop te putten uit de natuur. Daarvan getuigt ook Thomas Hardy’s gedicht op de nachtegaal. Het dier is verminkt door mensen, maar het zingt nog altijd en bezorgt de mens levensvreugde.
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  5. John Gray (2009). Gray's Anatomy: Selected Writings. Allen Lane.
     
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  6. John Gray (ed.) (2008). On Liberty and Other Essays. OUP Oxford.
    Collected here in a single volume for the first time, On Liberty, Utilitarianism, Considerations on Representative Government, and The Subjection of Women show Mill applying his liberal utilitarian philosophy to a range of issues that remain vital today - issues of the nature of ethics, the scope and limits of individual liberty, the merits of and costs of democratic government, and the place of women in society. In his Introduction John Gray describes these essays as applications of Mill's doctrine of (...)
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  7. John Scott Gray (2008). Review of" Europe: A Nietzschean Perspective". [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 9 (2):9.
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  8. John Gray (2007). Straw Dogs: Thoughts on Humans and Other Animals. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.
    The British bestseller Straw Dogs is an exciting, radical work of philosophy, which sets out to challenge our most cherished assumptions about what it means to be human. From Plato to Christianity, from the Enlightenment to Nietzsche and Marx, the Western tradition has been based on arrogant and erroneous beliefs about human beings and their place in the world. Philosophies such as liberalism and Marxism think of humankind as a species whose destiny is to transcend natural limits and conquer the (...)
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  9. John Scott Gray (2007). Can Civil Disobedience Work in the Age of Globalization? Essays in Philosophy 8 (2):5.
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  10. John Gray (2006). Reply to Critics. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 9 (2):323-347.
  11. John Gray, Ger Groot, Machiel Karskens & Erik Borgman (2006). Verlichting en terreur. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 68 (2):432-433.
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  12. John Scott Gray (2005). Review of “Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology”. [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 6 (2):4.
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  13. John Scott Gray (2005). The Problem With the Technology of Time: Understanding the Ethics of Erazim Kohak's Concept of Authentic Time Through An Analysis of the Motion Picture Cast Away. Essays in Philosophy 6 (1):11.
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  14. John Gray (2004). Frames of Reference and Traditions of Interpretation: Some Issues in the Identification of 'Under-Achieving' Schools. British Journal of Educational Studies 52 (3):293 - 309.
    Using various official sources (such as Ofsted reports), the article explores competing conceptions of the 'under-achieving' school which have been operationalised in recent years. It suggests that there have been multiple, potentially conflicting definitions in policy discourse to which recent innovations have merely added a further layer of complexity. Using a simple conceptual framework comparing judgements made within 'standards' and 'progress' frameworks for evaluating schools' performance, it highlights the very limited range of conditions where judgements made within one tradition (...)
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  15. John Scott Gray (2004). Rawls's Principle of Justice as Fairness and Its Application to the Issue of Same-Sex Marriage. South African Journal of Philosophy 23 (2):158-170.
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  16. John Scott Gray (2003). Getting Beyond Homosexllality. International Studies in Philosophy 35 (1):65-73.
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  17. John Gray (2002). The True Limits of Globalization. Ethical Perspectives 9 (4):191-199.
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  18. John Gray (2000). Mill's Liberalism and Liberalism's Posterity. Journal of Ethics 4 (1-2):137-165.
    It is argued that the moral theory undergirding J.S. Mill''s argumentin On Liberty is a species of perfectionism rather than any kind of utilitarianism. The conception of human flourishing that itinvokes is one in which the goods of personal autonomy and individualityare central. If this conception is to be more than the expression ofa particular cultural ideal it needs the support of an empiricallyplausible view of human nature and a defensible interpretation ofhistory. Neither of these can be found in Mill. (...)
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  19. John N. Gray (2000). Spencer on the Ethics of Liberty and the Limits of State Interference. In John Offer (ed.), History of Political Thought. Routledge 3--3.
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  20. John Gray, David Hopkins, David Reynolds, Brian Wilcox, Shaun Farrell & David Jesson (2000). Improving Schools' Performance and Potential. British Journal of Educational Studies 48 (1):91-93.
     
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  21. John Gray, Social Democratic and Social Liberal: Is There a Difference?
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  22. John Gray (1998). Voltaire: Voltaire and Enlightenment. Phoenix.
    The 3rd batch of 6 books in this series on the Greatest Philosophrs by acclaimed specialists writing for the General reader. From Aristotle to Wittgenstein, from Democritus to Derrida, this series provides a lucid and concise survey of philosophers ancient and modern. Each volime is by an acknowledged expert briefed to address the adventurous non-specialist reader.
     
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  23. John Gray (1998). Where Pluralists and Liberals Part Company. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 6 (1):17 – 36.
    Value-pluralism is commonly held to support liberal political morality. This is argued by John Rawls and his school and, more instructively, by Isaiah Berlin and Joseph Raz. Against this common view it is argued that a strong version of value-pluralism and liberalism are incompatible doctrines. Some varieties of ethical pluralism are distinguished, and the claim of value-incommensurability made by strong pluralism is elucidated. The argument that liberal political morality consists of principles of right that are unaffected by the truth of (...)
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  24. Brian Wilcox & John Gray (1998). Inspecting Schools: Holding Schools to Account and Helping Schools to Improve. British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (1):97-99.
     
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  25. John Gray (1997). A Bit of a Curate's Egg? Three Decades of Official Thinking About the Quality of Schools. British Journal of Educational Studies 45 (1):4 - 21.
    For more than three decades judgements of schools' quality have been dominated by the frameworks, developed by members of Her Majesty's Inspectorate (HMI). This article reviews the approaches employed in the national survey conducted for the Plowden Committee, subsequent surveys undertaken by HMI during the seventies and eighties and the changes brought about by the advent of the Office for Standards in Education (OFSTED) in the early nineties. The frameworks employed appear to have changed from one decade to the next, (...)
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  26. John Gray (1997). Endgames Questions in Late Modern Political Thought. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  27. John Gray (1997). Enlightenment's Wake Politics and Culture at the Close of the Modern Age.
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  28. John Gray (1997). Review Essay: Isaiah Berlin. Philosophy and Literature 21 (2).
  29. John Gray (1997/1999). Voltaire. Routledge.
    Philosophy is one of the most intimidating and difficult of disciplines, as any of its students can attest. This book is an important entry in a distinctive new series from Routledge: The Great Philosophers . Breaking down obstacles to understanding the ideas of history's greatest thinkers, these brief, accessible, and affordable volumes offer essential introductions to the great philosophers of the Western tradition from Plato to Wittgenstein. In just 64 pages, each author, a specialist on his subject, places the philosopher (...)
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  30. John Gray (1996). Isaiah Berlin. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  31. Catherine M. Duckett & John C. Gray (1995). Illuminating Plant Development. Bioessays 17 (2):101-103.
  32. John Gray (1995). Agonistic Liberalism. Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):111-135.
    In all of its varieties, traditional liberalism is a universalist political theory. Its content is a set of principles which prescribe the best regime, the ideally best institutions, for all mankind. It may be acknowledged — as it is, by a proto-liberal such as Spinoza — that the best regime can be attained only rarely, and cannot be expected to endure for long; and that the forms its central institutions will assume in different historical and cultural milieux may vary significantly. (...)
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  33. John Gray (1995). Berlin. Fontana Press.
     
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  34. John N. Gray (1995). Onveranderlijkheid en verschil. De bijdrage van Isaiah Berlin aan het geestelijk leven. Nexus 12.
    Ondanks de grote diversiteit van Berlins werken, die een groot cultuurhistorisch bereik hebben, gaat hij uit van een moreel minimum als constante horizon van de mensheid, ondanks alle culturele verschillen.
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  35. John Gray (1994). After the New Liberalism. Social Research 61:719.
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  36. John Gray (1993). From Post-Communism to Civil Society: The Reemergence of History and the Decline of the Western Model. Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (2):26-50.
    For virtually all the major schools of Western opinion, the collapse of the Communist regimes in Eastern Europe and in the Soviet Union, between 1989 and 1991, represents a triumph of Western values, ideas, and institutions. If, for triumphal conservatives, the events of late 1989 encompassed an endorsement of “democratic capitalism” that augured “the end of history,” for liberal and social democrats they could be understood as the repudiation by the peoples of the former Soviet bloc of Marxism-Leninism in all (...)
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  37. John Gray (1992). The Moral Foundations of Market Institutions.
     
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  38. John Gray & G. W. Smith (eds.) (1991). J.S. Mill's on Liberty in Focus. Routledge.
    This volume brings together J.S. Mills On Liberty and a selection of important essays by such eminent scholars as Isaiah Berlin, Alan Ryan, John Rees, C.L. Ten and Richard Wollheim. As well as providing authoritative commentary upon On Liberty , the essays reflect a broader debate about the philosophical foundations of Mill's liberalism, particularly the question of the connection betweenMill's professed utilitarianism and his commitment to individual liberty. Introduced and edited by John Gray and G.W. Smith, the book will be (...)
     
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  39. John Gray (1990). The Quality of Schooling: Frameworks for Judgement. British Journal of Educational Studies 38 (3):204 - 223.
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  40. John Gray (1989). Liberalisms: Essays in Political Philosophy. Routledge.
    Chapter one JS Mill and the future of liberalism If there is a consensus on the value of Mill's political writings, it is that we may turn to them for the ...
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  41. John Gray (1989). Western Marxism: A Fictionalist Deconstruction: Discussion. Philosophy 64 (249):403-408.
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  42. John Gray (1989). Western Marxism: A Fictionalist Deconstruction. Philosophy 64 (249):403 - 408.
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  43. John Gray (1988). Against Cohen On Proletarian Unfreedom. Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (01):77-.
    In a series of important papers, G.A. Cohen has developed a forceful argument for the claim that workers are rendered unfree by capitalist institutions. His argument poses a powerful challenge to those who think that capitalist institutions best promote freedom. Yet, formidable as it is, Cohen's argument can be shown to be flawed at several crucial points. It is not one argument, but three at least, and one of the goals of my criticism of Cohen on this question is to (...)
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  44. John Gray (1988). Mill's and Other Liberalisms. Critical Review 2 (2-3):12-35.
  45. John E. Gray, Henry H. Fowler & Joseph W. Harned (1988). U.S. Energy Policy and U.S. Foreign Policy in the 1980's. Upa.
    Originally published by Ballinger, this book is a result of an Atlantic Council study of U.S. international relationships on energy. It examines the uncertainties of a political, strategic, economic, and technological nature that are involved in energy supply, as well as the unavoidable certainty of finite resources.
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  46. John E. Gray & Yoshiro Nakayama (1988). U.S.-Japan Energy Policy Considerations for the 1990s. Upa.
    In 1981, the Atlantic Council's Energy Policy Committee, in collaboration with the Japanese Committee for Energy Policy Promotion and the Japanese Institute of Energy Economics, published a joint policy paper entitled 'U.S.-Japan Energy Relationships in the 1980s.'.
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  47. John Gray (1987). The Idea of a Spontaneous Order and the Unity of the Sciences. In Gerard Radnitzky (ed.), Centripetal Forces in the Sciences. Paragon House Publishers 1--237.
     
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  48. John Gray (1986). Hayek on Liberty. Philosophy 61 (235):130-131.
     
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  49. John Gray (1986). Marxian Freedom, Individual Liberty, and the End of Alienation. Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (02):160-.
    It is a commonplace of academic conventional wisdom that Marxian theory is not to be judged by the historical experience of actually existing socialist societies. The reasons given in support of this view are familiar enough, but let us rehearse them. Born in adversity, encircled by hostile powers, burdened with the necessity of defending themselves against foreign enemies and with the massive task of educating backward and reactionary populations, the revolutionary socialist governments of this century were each of them denied (...)
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  50. John Gray (1985). Liberalism and the Choice of Liberties. Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 7:1-25.
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