12 found
Sort by:
See also:
Profile: John Locke
  1. John L. Locke & Catherine M. Flanagan (2013). The Need for Psychological Needs: A Role for Social Capital. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):495-496.
    Van de Vliert embraces a model of human needs, underplaying a model whereby individuals, motivated by psychological needs, develop coping strategies that help them meet their personal goals and collectively exert an influence on social and economic systems. Undesirable climates may inflate the value of financial capital, but they also boost the value of social capital.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. John L. Locke (2008). The Trait of Human Language: Lessons From the Canal Boat Children of England. Biology and Philosophy 23 (3):347-361.
    To fully understand human language, an evolved trait that develops in the young without formal instruction, it must be possible to observe language that has not been influenced by instruction. But in modern societies, much of the language that is used, and most of the language that is measured, is confounded by literacy and academic training. This diverts empirical attention from natural habits of speech, causing theorists to miss critical features of linguistic practice. To dramatize this point, I examine data (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. John L. Locke (2007). Bimodal Signaling in Infancy: Motor Behavior, Reference, and the Evolution of Spoken Language. Interaction Studies 8 (1):159-175.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. John L. Locke (2007). Vocal Innovation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (4):415-416.
    An important form of innovation involves use of the voice in a new way, usually to solve some environmental problem. Vocal innovation occurs in humans and other animals, including chimpanzees. The framework outlined in the target article, appropriately modified, may permit new perspectives on the use of others as tools, especially by infants, and the evolution of speech and language.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. John L. Locke (2006). Parental Selection of Vocal Behavior. Human Nature 17 (2):155-168.
    Although all natural languages are spoken, there is no accepted account of the evolution of a skill prerequisite to language—control of the movements of speech. If selection applied at sexual maturity, individuals achieving some command of articulate vocal behavior in previous stages would have enjoyed unusual advantages in adulthood. I offer a parental selection hypothesis, according to which hominin parents apportioned care, in part, on the basis of their infants’ vocal behavior. Specifically, it is suggested that persistent or noxious crying (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. John L. Locke & Barry Bogin (2006). Language and Life History: A New Perspective on the Development and Evolution of Human Language. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):259-280.
    It has long been claimed that Homo sapiens is the only species that has language, but only recently has it been recognized that humans also have an unusual pattern of growth and development. Social mammals have two stages of pre-adult development: infancy and juvenility. Humans have two additional prolonged and pronounced life history stages: childhood, an interval of four years extending between infancy and the juvenile period that follows, and adolescence, a stage of about eight years that stretches from juvenility (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. John L. Locke & Barry Bogin (2006). Life History and Language: Selection in Development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):301-311.
    Language, like other human traits, could only have evolved during one or more stages of development. We enlist the theoretical framework of human life history to account for certain aspects of linguistic evolution, with special reference to initial phases in the process. It is hypothesized that selection operated at several developmental stages, the earlier ones producing new behaviors that were reinforced by additional, and possibly more powerful, forms of selection during later stages, especially adolescence and early adulthood. Peer commentaries have (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. John L. Locke (2004). Trickle-Up Phonetics: A Vocal Role for the Infant. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):516-516.
    Falk claims that human language took a step forward when infants lost their ability to cling and were placed on the ground, increasing their fears, which mothers assuaged prosodically. This claim, which is unsupported by anthropological and psychological evidence, would have done little for the syllabic and segmental structure of language, and ignores infants' own contribution to the process.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. John L. Locke (2002). Dancing with Humans: Interaction as Unintended Consequence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):632-633.
    Parallels to Shanker & King's (S&K's) proposal for a model of language teaching that values dyadic interaction have long existed in language development, for the neotenous human infant requires care, which is inherently interactive. Interaction with talking caregivers facilitates language learning. The “new” paradigm thus has a decidedly familiar look. It would be surprising if some other paradigm worked better in animals that have no evolutionary linguistic history.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. John L. Locke (1978). Phonemic Effects in the Silent Reading of Hearing and Deaf Children. Cognition 6 (3):175-187.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. John L. Locke & Mickey Ginsburg (1975). Electromyography and Lipreading in the Detection of Verbal Rehearsal. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (3):246-248.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. John L. Locke & Virginia L. Locke (1971). Deaf Children's Phonetic, Visual, and Dactylic Coding in a Grapheme Recall Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (1):142.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation