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John D. Lantos [48]John Lantos [25]
  1.  11
    John D. Lantos & William L. Meadow (2011). Should the “Slow Code” Be Resuscitated? American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):8-12.
    Most bioethicists and professional medical societies condemn the practice of ?slow codes.? The American College of Physicians ethics manual states, ?Because it is deceptive, physicians or nurses should not perform half-hearted resuscitation efforts (?slow codes?).? A leading textbook calls slow codes ?dishonest, crass dissimulation, and unethical.? A medical sociologist describes them as ?deplorable, dishonest and inconsistent with established ethical principles.? Nevertheless, we believe that slow codes may be appropriate and ethically defensible in situations in which cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is likely (...)
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  2.  26
    Daniel Brudney & John Lantos (2011). Agency and Authenticity: Which Value Grounds Patient Choice? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (4):217-227.
    In current American medical practice, autonomy is assumed to be more valuable than human life: if a patient autonomously refuses lifesaving treatment, the doctors are supposed to let him die. In this paper we discuss two values that might be at stake in such clinical contexts. Usually, we hear only of autonomy and best interests. However, here, autonomy is ambiguous between two concepts—concepts that are tied to different values and to different philosophical traditions. In some cases, the two values (that (...)
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  3.  29
    G. Caleb Alexander & John D. Lantos (2006). The Doctor-Patient Relationship in the Post-Managed Care Era. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):29 – 32.
  4.  3
    John D. Lantos & Mary Anne Jackson (2013). Vaccine Mandates Are Justifiable Because We Are All in This Together. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):1 - 2.
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  5.  3
    John Lantos (2010). On Cultural Sanctions for Shaping Our Children's Genitalia. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):55-57.
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  6. John D. Lantos (2001). Confessions of a Medicine Man: An Essay in Popular Philosophy (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (1):132-134.
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  7.  15
    G. Alexander, Mark Hall & John Lantos (2006). Rethinking Professional Ethics in the Cost-Sharing Era. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):W17-W22.
    Changes in healthcare financing increasingly rely upon patient cost-sharing to control escalating healthcare expenditures. These changes raise new challenges for physicians that are different from those that arose either under managed care or traditional indemnity insurance. Historically, there have been two distinct bases for arguing that physicians should not consider costs in their clinical decisions?an ?aspirational ethic? that exhorts physicians to treat all patients the same regardless of their ability to pay, and an ?agency ethic? that calls on physicians to (...)
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  8.  4
    John D. Lantos (2016). Learning to Listen, Listening to Learn. Hastings Center Report 46 (1):46-47.
    The dust-jacket photo of Eric Cassell portrays him as a magician. He wears a dark suit, a bow tie, and big dark-rimmed glasses. His head is tilted down; his forehead is massive; his eyes are intense. It is an interrogating look that is crucial to the central theme of his most recent books, The Nature of Healing: The Modern Practice of Healing and The Nature of Clinical Medicine: The Return of the Clinician.
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  9.  23
    Annie Janvier, Karen Lynn Bauer & John D. Lantos (2007). Are Newborns Morally Different From Older Children? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):413-425.
    Policies and position statements regarding decision-making for extremely premature babies exist in many countries and are often directive, focusing on parental choice and expected outcomes. These recommendations often state survival and handicap as reasons for optional intervention. The fact that such outcome statistics would not justify such approaches in other populations suggests that some other powerful factors are at work. The value of neonatal intensive care has been scrutinized far more than intensive care for older patients and suggests that neonatal (...)
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  10.  12
    Jason H. T. Karlawish & John Lantos (1997). Community Equipoise and the Architecture of Clinical Research. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (4):385-.
    Equipoise is an essential condition to justify a clinical trial. The term, describes a state of uncertainty: the data suggest but do not prove a drug's safety and efficacy The only way to resolve this uncertainty is further study In many cases, a clinical trial seems to be the most efficient way to prove safety and efficacy Equipoise is therefore not an esoteric philosophic construct applied to research ethics. Rather, since it is vital for the justification of clinical trials, it (...)
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  11.  3
    David J. Casarett, Frona Daskal & John Lantos (1998). The Authority of the Clinical Ethicist. Hastings Center Report 28 (6):6.
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  12. John D. Lantos (1994). Ethics Committees and Resource Allocation. Bioethics Forum 10:27-29.
     
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  13.  10
    Martha M. Montello & John D. Lantos (2002). The Karamazov Complex: Dostoevsky and DNR Orders. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (2):190-199.
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  14.  14
    John D. Lantos (2010). Does Pediatrics Need its Own Bioethics? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (4):613-624.
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  15.  2
    G. Caleb Alexander & John D. Lantos (2006). Commentary: Physicians as Public Servants in the Setting of Bioterrorism. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):422-423.
    Physicians have special professional obligations to respond to medical emergencies. A bioterrorism attack would be a medical emergency. Thus, it seems that physicians would have an obligation to respond to a bioterrorist attack. However, the scope of those obligations, and their limits, are vexed topics. General rules may be comforting but the details and nuances of particular situations will always be relevant.
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  16.  7
    James B. Swire, Peter A. Singer, Mark Siegler, John D. Lantos, Jean C. Emond, Peter F. Whitington, J. Richard Thistlethwaite & Christoph E. Broelsch (1990). Correspondence. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (4).
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  17.  7
    John D. Lantos (2007). At the Lok Nayak Hospital, Delhi. Hastings Center Report 37 (1):9-9.
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  18. John Lantos (1986). Special Care Medical Decisions at the Beginning of Life. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  19. Carl Elliott & John D. Lantos (1999). The Last Physician Walker Percy and the Moral Life of Medicine. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  20. John D. Lantos (2005). Commentary on "a Draft Model Aggregated Code for Bioethicists". American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):45 – 46.
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  21. John Lantos (1997). Ethical Issues in Drug Testing, Approval and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (3):455.
     
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  22.  1
    John D. Lantos (1997). Do We Still Need Doctors? Routledge.
    Written with poignancy and compassion, Do We Still Need Doctors? is a personal account from the front lines of the moral and political battles that are reshaping America's health care system. Using compelling firsthand experiences, clinical vignettes, and moral arguments, John D. Lantos, a pediatrician, asks whether, as we proceed with the redesign of our health care system, doctors will -- or should -- continue to fulfill the roles and responsibilities that they have in the past. Interspersing moving personal stories (...)
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  23.  1
    John D. Lantos, Julie Caciki & Jeremy R. Garrett (2016). One Exemption Too Many: The Case for Mandated CCHD Screening. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):3-5.
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  24.  14
    William Colby, Constance Dahlin, John Lantos, John Carney & Myra Christopher (2010). The National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care Clinical Practice Guidelines Domain 8: Ethical and Legal Aspects of Care. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 22 (2):117-131.
    In 2001, leaders with palliative care convened to discuss the standardization of palliative care and formed the National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care. In 2004, the National Consensus Project for Quality Palliative Care produced the first edition of Clinical Guidelines for Quality Palliative Care. The Guidelines were developed by leaders in the field who examined other national and international standards with the intent to promote consistent, accessible, comprehensive, optimal palliative care through the health (...)
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  25.  1
    John Lantos (1996). Seeking Justice for Priscilla. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (4):485.
    I am currently caring for a child named Priscilla who is ventilator-dependent and whose care confronted me with questions of justice. Priscilla was born at the County Hospital after a normal pregnancy to a 17-year-old single mother. At birth, she was noted to have some dysmorphic features: widely spaced eyes, low-set ears, and a cleft palate. Her chest X-ray showed hypoplastic ribs and scapulae. Her chromosome studies were normal. Eventually, a diagnosis of a rare dwarfing syndrome campomelic dysplasia – was (...)
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  26.  1
    John D. Lantos (1995). Bethann's Death. Hastings Center Report 25 (2):22-23.
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  27.  1
    John D. Lantos (2015). Do Patients Want to Participate in Decisions About Their Own Medical Care? American Journal of Bioethics 15 (10):1-2.
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  28.  2
    John D. Lantos (1996). Stories of Biology and Medicine. Hastings Center Report 26 (3):17-20.
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  29.  16
    John Lantos (2010). It's Not the Growth Attenuation, It's the Sterilization! American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1):45-46.
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  30.  10
    John D. Lantos (2010). Veatch Hates Hippocrates. Hastings Center Report 40 (1):46-47.
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  31.  1
    John D. Lantos (2015). The Continuing Complexity of End-of-Life Decisions. Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (2):51-52.
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  32.  15
    John D. Lantos (2010). A Better Life Through Science? Hastings Center Report 40 (4):22-25.
    There is a moment in The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks that brought tears to my eyes. Henrietta Lacks is the woman whose cervical tumor gave rise to a cell line—brand named HeLa—that became quite useful in many important lines of biomedical research. When the book’s author, Rebecca Skloot, tracks down Lacks’s descendents in a Baltimore ghetto, they are not doing well. Zakariyya, the youngest of her children, has had the toughest life. He was born after his mother’s cancer was (...)
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  33.  18
    Peter A. Singer, Mark Siegler, John D. Lantos, Jean C. Emond, Peter F. Whitington, J. Richard Thistlethwaite & Christoph E. Broelsch (1990). The Ethical Assessment of Innovative Therapies: Liver Transplantation Using Living Donors. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (2).
    Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice for many forms of liver disease. Unfortunately, the scarcity of cadaveric donor livers limits the availability of this technique. To improve the availability of liver transplantation, surgeons have developed the capability of removing a portion of liver from a live donor and transplanting it into a recipient. A few liver transplants using living donors have been performed worldwide.Our purpose was to analyze the ethics of liver transplants using living donors and to propose guidelines (...)
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  34.  12
    Jeremy R. Garrett & John D. Lantos (2011). Patient Autonomy and the Twenty-First Century Physician. Hastings Center Report 41 (5):3-3.
    In this issue of the Report, Daniel Groll suggests new ways to understand old tensions between autonomy and paternalism. He categorizes disagreements between doctors and patients in four ways. Some are about the ends or goals of medical treatment. For these, he claims, patient choices are based upon patient values, and physicians should neither challenge nor assess them. More common are disagreements about the appropriate means to achieve an agreed-upon goal. These subdivide into two distinct categories—those in which the relative (...)
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  35.  9
    John D. Lantos & William L. Meadow (2011). Costs and End-of-Life Care in the NICU: Lessons for the MICU? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (2):194-200.
    Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and medical intensive care units (MICUs) are both very expensive. The cost-effectiveness of NICUs has been extensively evaluated, as has the long-term outcomes of subpopulations of NICU patients. NICU treatment is among the most cost-effective of high-tech interventions. And most patients do well. There are fewer evaluations of cost-effectiveness in the MICU and almost no long-term outcome studies. Policymakers who scrutinize expensive high-tech interventions would do well to study the examples found in the NICU.
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  36.  12
    John Lantos (1994). Peter Pan, the Pied Piper and Pediatrics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (4):449-454.
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  37.  3
    John D. Lantos (2013). The Weird Divergence of Ethics and Regulation With Regard to Informed Consent. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (12):31-33.
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  38.  9
    John D. Lantos (2010). Very Sad and Scary Places. Hastings Center Report 40 (3):46-47.
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  39.  8
    John D. Lantos (2006). The Sociobiology of Humanism. Hastings Center Report 36 (6):20-22.
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  40.  8
    John D. Lantos (2007). Review of Ruth Levy Guyer. Baby at Risk: The Uncertain Legacies of Medical Miracles for Babies, Families, and Society. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):45 – 46.
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  41.  8
    John D. Lantos (1999). Reconsidering Action: Day-to-Day Ethics in the Work of Medicine. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 11 (1):52-57.
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  42.  5
    John D. Lantos, Steven H. Miles & Christine K. Cassel (1989). The Linares Affair. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 17 (4):308-315.
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  43.  7
    John D. Lantos (2005). Ethics Class. Hastings Center Report 35 (3):9-9.
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  44.  5
    John D. Lantos (2007). Research in Wonderland: Does "Minimal Risk" Mean Whatever an Institutional Review Board Says It Means? American Journal of Bioethics 7 (3):11 – 12.
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  45.  1
    Arti Rai, Mark Siegler & John Lantos (1999). The Physician as a Health Care Proxy. Hastings Center Report 29 (5):14-19.
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  46.  3
    James F. Blumstein, Arthur Caplan, Kazumasa Hoshino, Mark Siegler & John D. Lantos (1992). Commentary: Liver-Donors Liver Transplants. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (4):307.
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  47.  1
    John Lantos (2004). Consulting the Many and the Wise. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):60-61.
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  48.  1
    G. Caleb Alexander & John D. Lantos (2006). Commentary: Physicians as Public Servants in the Setting of Bioterrorism. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):422-423.
    Physicians have special professional obligations to respond to medical emergencies. A bioterrorism attack would be a medical emergency. Thus, it seems that physicians would have an obligation to respond to a bioterrorist attack. However, the scope of those obligations, and their limits, are vexed topics. General rules may be comforting but the details and nuances of particular situations will always be relevant.
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  49.  1
    Maude Laliberté, John D. Lantos & Sonia Gowda (2011). Confidentiality and Its Limits. Hastings Center Report 41 (6):12-13.
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  50.  1
    John Lantos (2003). How Should Docs Get Paid? Hastings Center Report 33 (3):37-45.
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