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John McCarthy [82]John C. McCarthy [17]John P. Mccarthy [15]John J. McCarthy [3]
John D. McCarthy [1]John Willadams McCarthy [1]John Campbell Mccarthy [1]John Russell Mccarthy [1]

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  1. John McCarthy & Patrick Hayes (1969). Some Philosophical Problems From the Standpoint of Artificial Intelligence. In B. Meltzer & Donald Michie (eds.), Machine Intelligence 4. Edinburgh University Press 463--502.
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  2.  28
    John McCarthy (1979). Ascribing Mental Qualities to Machines. In Martin Ringle (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence. Humanities Press
    Ascribing mental qualities like beliefs, intentions and wants to a machine is sometimes correct if done conservatively and is sometimes necessary to express what is known about its state. We propose some new definitional tools for this: definitions relative to an approximate theory and second order structural definitions.
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  3. C. L. Baker & John J. Mccarthy (1981). The Logical Problem of Language Acquisition. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  4. John McCarthy (1980). Circumscription — A Form of Non-Monotonic Reasoning. Artificial Intelligence 13:27–39.
     
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  5.  3
    John McCarthy (1988). Epistemological Challenges for Connectionism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):44.
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  6. John McCarthy (1986). Applications of Circumscription to Formalizing Common Sense Knowledge. Artificial Intelligence 28:89–116.
     
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  7.  2
    John McCarthy, Concepts of Logical Ai.
    Logical AI involves representing knowledge of an agent’s world, its goals and the current situation by sentences in logic. The agent decides what to do by inferring that a certain action or course of action is appropriate to achieve the goals. We characterize briefly a large number of concepts that have arisen in research in logical AI. Reaching human-level AI requires programs that deal with the common sense informatic situation. This in turn requires extensions from the way logic has been (...)
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  8. John McCarthy, What is Artificial Intelligence?
  9. Dieter Rucht, Ruud Koopmans, Friedhelm Niedhardt, Mark R. Beissinger, Louis J. Crishock, Grzegorz Ekiert, Olivier Fillieule, Pierre Gentile, Peter Hocke, Jan Kubik, John D. McCarthy, Clark McPhail, Johan L. Olivier, Susan Olzak, David Schweingruber, Jackie Smith & Sidney Tarrow (1999). Acts of Dissent: New Developments in the Study of Protest. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Although living conditions have improved throughout history, protest, at least in the last few decades, seems to have increased to the point of becoming a normal phenomenon in modern societies. Contributors to this volume examine how and why this is the case and argue that although problems such as poverty, hunger, and violations of democratic rights may have been reduced in advanced Western societies, a variety of other problems and opportunities have emerged and multiplied the reasons and possibilities for protest.
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  10. John McCarthy, John Searle's Chinese Room Argument.
    John Searle begins his ``Consciousness, Explanatory Inversion and Cognitive Science'' with " ``Ten years ago in this journal I published an article criticising what I call Strong AI, the view that for a system to have mental states it is sufficient for the system to implement the right sort of program with right inputs and outputs. Strong AI is rather easy to refute and the basic argument can be summarized in one sentence: {it a system, me for example, could implement (...)
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  11.  10
    John McCarthy, The Mutilated Checkerboard in Set Theory.
    An 8 by 8 checkerboard with two diagonally opposite squares removed cannot be covered by dominoes each of which covers two rectilinearly adjacent squares. present a set theory description of the proposition and an informal proof that the covering is impossible. While no present system that I know of will accept either formal description or the proof, I claim that both should be admitted in any heavy duty set theory.
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  12.  3
    John C. McCarthy (2014). Introduction of John M. Rist, 2014 Aquinas Medal Recipient. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 88:13-16.
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  13.  14
    Paul Sullivan & John Mccarthy (2004). Toward a Dialogical Perspective on Agency. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (3):291–309.
    The aim of this article is to motivate and outline a dialogical perspective on agency that accommodates centrifugal and centripetal tendencies in current cultural theories of agency. To complement approaches that assume a high degree of integration and clarity, we emphasise the diversity of agency as it is experienced in the open-ended dialogical relationship with a particular other. While these former approaches to agency provide us with the means to examine the influence of social processes such as division of labour (...)
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  14.  27
    John McCarthy, An Everywhere Continuous Nowhere Differentiable Function.
    My 1953 proof that the function is everywhere continuous and nowhere differentiable is just 13 lines. I've added some remarks to the note in the American Mathematical Monthly.
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  15.  14
    John C. McCarthy (1995). An Introduction to Husserlian Phenomenology. Review of Metaphysics 49 (1):123-125.
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  16.  13
    John C. McCarthy (1992). A Path Into Metaphysics. Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):429-430.
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  17.  6
    John Mccarthy & Claude Shannon (1958). Automata Studies. Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):59-60.
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  18.  12
    John McCarthy, Approximate Concepts and Approxima Theories.
    Our discussion will be adequate if it has as much clea as the subject matter admits of, for precision is not be sought for alike in all discussions, any more than the products of the crafts.—Aristotle..
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  19.  55
    John McCarthy (1996). Making Robots Conscious of Their Mental States. In S. Muggleton (ed.), Machine Intelligence 15. Oxford University Press
    In AI, consciousness of self consists in a program having certain kinds of facts about its own mental processes and state of mind. We discuss what consciousness of its own mental structures a robot will need in order to operate in the common sense world and accomplish the tasks humans will give it. It's quite a lot. Many features of human consciousness will be wanted, some will not, and some abilities not possessed by humans have already been found feasible and (...)
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  20.  9
    John McCarthy (1982). Anselm and a New Generation. Review of Metaphysics 36 (2):446-448.
  21.  10
    John C. Mccarthy (1999). Encyclopedia of Phenomenology. Review of Metaphysics 52 (3):677-679.
  22.  65
    John Mccarthy (1997). Modality, Si! Modal Logic, No! Studia Logica 59 (1):29-32.
    This article is oriented toward the use of modality in artificial intelligence (AI). An agent must reason about what it or other agents know, believe, want, intend or owe. Referentially opaque modalities are needed and must be formalized correctly. Unfortunately, modal logics seem too limited for many important purposes. This article contains examples of uses of modality for which modal logic seems inadequate.I have no proof that modal logic is inadequate, so I hope modal logicians will take the examples as (...)
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  23.  44
    John McCarthy, The Web--Early Visions, Present Reality, Grander Future.
    Licklider--1960--Man-Computer Symbiosis Roberts--1970--ARPAnet Internet Engelbart--1962-1968--Mouse, linked documents Kay--1970--Dynabook Berners-Lee--late 1980s and early 90s--World Wide Web Brin and Page--1996--Google--first adequate search engine other prophets--Nelson, etc. whom I neglect undeservedly from ignorance.
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  24.  58
    John McCarthy, The Robot and the Baby.
    This is the first science fiction story I have put up for the public to look at. While it was written just as a story, it partly illustrates my opinions about what household robots should be like. In my article Making Robots Conscious of their Mental States , I argued that robots should not be programmed to have..
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  25.  57
    John McCarthy (1995). Todd Moody's Zombies. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (4):345-347.
    From the AI point of view, consciousness must be regarded as a collection of interacting processes rather than the unitary object of much philosophical speculation. We ask what kinds of propositions and other entities need to be designed for consciousness to be useful to an animal or a machine. We thereby assert that human consciousness is useful to human functioning and not just and epiphenomenon. Zombies in the sense of Todd Moody's article are merely the victims of Moody's prejudices. To (...)
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  26.  7
    John P. McCarthy (1986). The Portable Conservative Reader," Edited by Russell Kirk". The Chesterton Review 12 (1):103-107.
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  27.  5
    John Mccarthy (1967). Computer Programs for Checking Mathematical Proofs. Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):523-523.
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  28.  7
    John McCarthy (1987). Philosophical Apprenticeships. Review of Metaphysics 40 (3):572-574.
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  29.  11
    John C. McCarthy (1997). Kolakowski, Leszek. God Owes Us Nothing: A Brief Remark on Pascal's Religion and on the Spirit of Jansenism. Review of Metaphysics 50 (3):669-671.
  30.  11
    John C. McCarthy (2000). Nihilism Before Nietzsche. Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):140-143.
  31.  40
    John McCarthy, A Logical Approach to Context.
    Logical AI develops computer programs that represent what they know about the world primarily by logical formulas and decide what to do primarily by logical reasoning--including nonmonotonic logical reasoning. It is convenient to use logical sentences and terms whose meaning depends on context. The reasons for this are similar to what causes human language to use context dependent meanings. This note gives elements of some of the formalisms to which we have been led. Fuller treatments are in [McC93], [Guh91] and (...)
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  32.  14
    John McCarthy, First Order Theories of Individual Concepts and Propositions.
    We discuss first order theories in which individual concepts are admitted as mathematical objects along with the things that reify them. This allows very straightforward formalizations of knowledge, belief, wanting, and necessity in ordinary first order logic without modal operators. Applications are given in philosophy and in artificial intelligence. We do not treat general concepts, and we do not present any full axiomatizations but rather show how various facts can be expressed.
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  33.  5
    John P. McCarthy (1993). Chesterton and Ireland. The Chesterton Review 19 (2):259-265.
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  34.  21
    John P. McCarthy (1992). Hilaire Belloc and Catholic History. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 67 (1):62-73.
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  35.  4
    John J. McCarthy (2001). Optimal Language Learning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (3):132-133.
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  36.  5
    John C. McCarthy (1993). God Without Being. Review of Metaphysics 46 (3):627-629.
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  37.  14
    John McCarthy, Challenges to Machine Learning: Relations Between Reality and Appearance.
    Apology: My knowledge of of machine learning is no more recent than Tom Mitchell's book. Its chapters describe, except for inductive logic programming, programs aimed at classifying appearances.
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  38.  2
    John McCarthy (1980). Beliefs, Machines, and Theories. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):435.
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  39.  33
    John McCarthy, Notes on Self-Awareness.
    These notes discuss self-awareness in humans and machines. The goal is to determine useful forms of machine self-awareness and also those that are on the road to human-level AI. This is a draft which is to be improved, and suggestions are solicited. There are a few formulas in this version. The final version will have more.
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  40. John McCarthy (1968). The Advice Taker. In Marvin L. Minsky (ed.), Semantic Information Processing. MIT Press
     
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  41.  23
    John McCarthy, The Well-Designed Child.
    This article is inspired by recent psychological studies confirming that a child is not born a blank slate but has important innate capabilities. An important part of the ``learning'' required to deal with the three dimensional world of objects, processes, and other beings was done by evolution. Each child need not do this learning itself.
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  42.  2
    John C. McCarthy (1995). The Being of the Maybe: Husserl on Doubting. [REVIEW] Man and World 28 (3):261-281.
  43.  8
    John C. McCarthy (1985). The Imperative of Responsibility. Review of Metaphysics 39 (2):362-364.
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  44.  8
    John P. McCarthy (1992). Confessions of an Original Sinner," by John Lukacs". The Chesterton Review 18 (3):419-423.
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  45.  8
    John P. McCarthy (2012). Hilaire Belloc. The Chesterton Review 12 (2):165-174.
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  46.  18
    John McCarthy, Human-Level Ai Is Harder Than It Seemed.
    • alpha-beta pruning characterizes human play, but it ticed by early chess programmers—Turing, Shannon, Ulam, and Bernstein. We humans are not very good ing the heuristics we ourselves use. Approximations to used by Samuel, Newell and Simon, McCarthy. Proved lent to minimax by Hart and Levine, independently Knuth gives details.
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  47.  3
    John J. McCarthy (1986). Bickerton's Creole Cooking: Where's the Beef? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):563.
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  48.  3
    John McCarthy (1978). Competence Cognitivism Vs. Performance Cognitivism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):241.
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  49.  18
    John McCarthy, The Advice Taker Revisited.
    • [Common Sense Informatic Situation] In general a thinking human is in what we call the common sense informatic situation, as distinct from the bounded informatic situation. The known facts are necessarily incomplete. We live in a world of middle-sized object which can only be partly observed and in which the consequences of our actions can only partly be determined.
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  50.  15
    John McCarthy, Creative Solutions to Problems.
    engineering—Achieve goals in the world—so study world 1. Write programs using non-logical representations. 2. represent facts about the world in logic and decide what to do by logical inference..
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