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Profile: John Roberts (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)
Profile: John Russell Roberts (Florida State University)
  1. John T. Roberts, The Semantic Novelty of Theoretical Terms.
    Often when a new scientific theory is introduced, new terms are introduced along with it. Some of these new terms might be given explicit definitions using only terms that were in currency prior to the introduction of the theory. Some of them might be defined using other new terms introduced with the theory. But it frequently happens that the standard formulations of a theory do not define some of the new terms at all; these terms are adopted as primitives. The (...)
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  2. John Roberts, Contact with the Nomic: A Challenge for Deniers of Humean Supervenience About Laws of Nature.
    This is the first part of a two-part article in which we defend the thesis of Humean Supervenience about Laws of Nature (HS). According to this thesis, two possible worlds cannot differ on what is a law of nature unless they also differ on the Humean base. The Humean base is easily to characterize intuitively, but there is no consensus on how, precisely, it should be defined. Here in Part I, we present and motivate a characterization of the Humean base (...)
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  3. John Russell Roberts, Innate Ideas Without Abstract Ideas: An Essay on Berkeley's Platonism.
    Draft. Berkeley denied the existence of abstract ideas and any faculty of abstraction. At the same time, however, he embraced innate ideas and a faculty of pure intellect. This paper attempts to reconcile the tension between these commitments by offering an interpretation of Berkeley's Platonism.
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  4. John Russell Roberts, Reply to Seth Bordner’s “Berkeley’s Defense of Common Sense”.
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  5. John Michael Roberts (2014). Critical Realism, Dialectics, and Qualitative Research Methods. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1):1-23.
    Critical realism has been an important advance in social science methodology because it develops a qualitative theory of causality which avoids some of the pitfalls of empiricist theories of causality. But while there has been ample work exploring the relationship between critical realism and qualitative research methods there has been noticeably less work exploring the relationship between dialectical critical realism and qualitative research methods. This seems strange especially since the founder of the philosophy of critical realism, Roy Bhaskar, employs and (...)
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  6. John Roberts (2013). Debate Dialectic and Post-Hegelian Dialectic (Again). Journal of Critical Realism 12 (1):72 - 98.
    Looking at the emergence recently of a New Hegelianism (Badiou, Bhaskar, Jameson, Žižek), in which Hegel’s dialectic is variously reassessed for its political and philosophical resistance to the prevailing ‘weak nihilisms’ of left and right, I argue with Žižek and Jameson against Badiou and Bhaskar for Hegel as, essentially, a philosopher of the ‘productive return’ and failure. In this sense, what emerges is a picture of Hegel as a profoundly nonlinear historical thinker, in which loss, dissolution, breakdown and the excremental (...)
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  7. John Roberts (2013). Solidarity and Form: Allan Sekula's Legacy. Philosophy of Photography 4 (1):139-141.
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  8. John Roberts (2013). The Two Names of Communism. Radical Philosophy 177:9-18.
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  9. John T. Roberts (2013). And Counterfactuals. In Stephen Mumford & Matthew Tugby (eds.), Metaphysics and Science. Oxford University Press. 29.
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  10. John T. Roberts (2013). Measurements, Laws, and Counterfactuals. In Stephen Mumford & Matthew Tugby (eds.), Metaphysics and Science. Oxford University Press. 29.
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  11. John Roberts (2012). Fine-Tuning and the Infrared Bull's-Eye. Philosophical Studies 160 (2):287-303.
    I argue that the standard way of formalizing the fine-tuning argument for design is flawed, and I present an alternative formalization. On the alternative formalization, the existence of life is not treated as the evidence that confirms design; instead it is treated as part of the background knowledge, while the fact that fine tuning is required for life serves as the evidence. I argue that the alternative better captures the informal line of thought that gives the fine-tuning argument its intuitive (...)
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  12. John Michael Roberts (2012). Discourse or Dialogue? Habermas, the Bakhtin Circle, and the Question of Concrete Utterances. Theory and Society 41 (4):395-419.
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  13. John Russell Roberts (2012). Whichcote and the Cambridge Platonists on Human Nature: An Interpretation and Defense. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy VI.
    Draft version of essay. ABSTRACT: Benjamin Whichcote developed a distinctive account of human nature centered on our moral psychology. He believed that this view of human nature, which forms the foundation of “Cambridge Platonism,” showed that the demands of reason and faith are not merely compatible but dynamically supportive of one another. I develop an interpretation of this oft-neglected and widely misunderstood account of human nature and defend its viability against a key objection.
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  14. John T. Roberts (2012). Belot, Gordon. Geometric Possibility. The Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):863-864.
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  15. Paula K. Yanes, Gene Morse, Chiu-Bin Hsiao, Leonard Simms & John E. Roberts (2012). Autobiographical Memory Specificity and the Persistence of Depressive Symptoms in HIV-Positive Patients: Rumination and Social Problem-Solving Skills as Mediators. Cognition and Emotion 26 (8):1496-1507.
  16. Max Baker & John Roberts (2011). All in the Mind? Ethical Identity and the Allure of Corporate Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 101 (S1):5-15.
    This paper develops a critique of the concept of ‘ethical identity’ as this has been used recently to distinguish between ‘cynical’ and ‘authentic’ forms of corporate responsibility. Taking as our starting point Levinas’ demanding view of responsibility as ‘following the assignation of responsibility for my neighbour’, we use a case study of a packaging company—PackCo—to argue that a concern with being seen and/or seeing oneself as responsible should not be confused with actual responsibility. Our analysis of the case points first (...)
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  17. Jeffrey A. Ciesla, Julia W. Felton & John E. Roberts (2011). Testing the Cognitive Catalyst Model of Depression: Does Rumination Amplify the Impact of Cognitive Diatheses in Response to Stress? Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1349-1357.
  18. John Roberts (2011). The Flat-Lining of Metaphysics: François Laruelle's 'Science-Fictive' Theory of Non-Photography. Philosophy of Photography 2 (1):129-141.
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  19. John T. Roberts (2011). Extra-Physical Structure in a Physical World? Or, Is the Study of Life Provincial? The Monist 94 (2):221-243.
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  20. Chrystal Vergara & John E. Roberts (2011). Motivation and Goal Orientation in Vulnerability to Depression. Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1281-1290.
  21. John Roberts (2010). Philosophy, Culture, Image: Rancière's 'Constructivism'. Philosophy of Photography 1 (1):69-79.
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  22. John Roberts (2010). Art After Deskilling. Historical Materialism 18 (2):77-96.
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  23. John Roberts (2010). Photography, Landscape and the Social Production of Space. Philosophy of Photography 1 (2):135-156.
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  24. John Roberts (2010). Some Laws of Nature Are Metaphysically Contingent. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (3):445-457.
    Laws of nature are puzzling because they have a 'modal character'—they seem to be 'necessary-ish'—even though they also seem to be metaphysically contingent. And it is hard to understand how contingent truths could have such a modal character. Scientific essentialism is a doctrine that seems to dissolve this puzzle, by showing that laws of nature are actually metaphysically necessary. I argue that even if the metaphysics of natural kinds and properties offered by scientific essentialism is correct, there are still some (...)
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  25. John Michael Roberts (2010). Reading Orwell Through Deleuze. Deleuze Studies 4 (3).
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  26. John Russell Roberts (2010). A Mystery at the Heart of Berkeley's Philosophy. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy:214-46.
    There is a problem regarding God and perception right at the heart of Berkeley’s metaphysics. With respect to this problem, I will argue for (A): It is intractable. Berkeley has no solution to this problem, and neither can we hope to offer one on his behalf. However, I will also argue for (B): The truth of (A) need not be seen as threatening the viability of Berkeley’s metaphysics. In fact, it may even be seen as speaking in its favor.
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  27. John Russell Roberts (2010). A Mystery at the Heart of Berkeley's Metaphysics. In Daniel Garber & Steven Nadler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume V. Oup Oxford.
     
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  28. John Russell Roberts (2010). 'Strange Impotence of Men': Immaterialism, Anaemic Agents, and Immanent Causation. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (3):411-431.
  29. John Roberts, Laws About Frequencies.
    A law about frequencies would be a law of nature that imposes a constraint on one or more (actual, global) frequencies. On any of the leading philosophical approaches to laws of nature, there could be laws about frequencies. Hypotheses that posit laws about frequencies turn out to behave very similarly to hypotheses that posit corresponding laws about probabilities or chances -- they make the same predictions, provide similar explanations, and are confirmed or disconfirmed by empirical evidence in the same ways. (...)
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  30. John Michael Roberts (2009). Mastaneh Shah-Shuja, Zones of Proletarian Development. Radical Philosophy 153:57.
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  31. John T. Roberts (2008). A Puzzle About Laws, Symmetries and Measurability. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (2):143-168.
    I describe a problem about the relations among symmetries, laws and measurable quantities. I explain why several ways of trying to solve it will not work, and I sketch a solution that might work. I discuss this problem in the context of Newtonian theories, but it also arises for many other physical theories. The problem is that there are two ways of defining the space-time symmetries of a physical theory: as its dynamical symmetries or as its empirical symmetries. The two (...)
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  32. John Roberts (2008). The 'Returns to Religion': Messianism, Christianity and the Revolutionary Tradition. Part II: The Pauline Tradition. Historical Materialism 16 (3):77-103.
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  33. John Roberts (2008). The 'Returns to Religion': Messianism, Christianity and the Revolutionary Tradition. Part I: 'Wakefulness to the Future'. Historical Materialism 16 (2):59-84.
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  34. John Michael Roberts (2008). Habermas: Rescuing the Public Sphere. By Pauline Johnson. New York: Routledge, 2006. Journal of Critical Realism 7 (1):133-139.
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  35. John T. Roberts (2008). The Law-Governed Universe. Oxford University Press.
    The law-governed world-picture -- A remarkable idea about the way the universe is cosmos and compulsion -- The laws as the cosmic order : the best-system approach -- The three ways : no-laws, non-governing-laws, governing-laws -- Work that laws do in science -- An important difference between the laws of nature and the cosmic order -- The picture in four theses -- The strategy of this book -- The meta-theoretic conception of laws -- The measurability approach to laws -- What (...)
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  36. John Roberts & Steve Edwards (2008). The Intangibilities of Form: Skill and Deskilling in Art After the Readymade. Radical Philosophy 149:56.
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  37. John Michael Roberts (2007). Review of "Critique Today". Edited by Robert Sinnerbrink, Jean-Philippe Deranty, Nicholas H. Smith and Peter Schmiedgen. Leiden, The Netherlands and Boston: Brill, 2006. [REVIEW] Journal of Critical Realism 6 (2):286-290.
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  38. John Russell Roberts (2007). A Metaphysics for the Mob: The Philosophy of George Berkeley. Oxford University Press.
    George Berkeley notoriously claimed that his immaterialist metaphysics was not only consistent with common sense but that it was also integral to its defense. Roberts argues that understanding the basic connection between Berkeley's philosophy and common sense requires that we develop a better understanding of the four principle components of Berkeley's positive metaphysics: The nature of being, the divine language thesis, the active/passive distinction, and the nature of spirits. Roberts begins by focusing on Berkeley's view of the nature of being. (...)
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  39. John T. Roberts (2007). Reply to Skow. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (1):163–167.
    We have argued against a standard way of defining Humean supervenience about laws, and in favor of an alternative definition. Skow says that our argument against the standard definition makes a big mistake. He is right about this. But that mistake is correctable. Skow also argues that our alternative definition is seriously flawed. We think he is wrong about this.
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  40. Todd B. Kashdan, John E. Roberts & Erica L. Carlos (2006). Impact of Depressive Symptoms, Self‐Esteem and Neuroticism on Trajectories of Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory Over Repeated Trials. Cognition and Emotion 20 (3-4):383-401.
  41. John Roberts (2006). Philosophizing the Everyday: Revolutionary Praxis and the Fate of Cultural Theory. Pluto Press.
    After modernism and postmodernism, it is argued, the everyday supposedly is where a democracy of taste is brought into being - the place where art goes to recover its customary and collective pleasures, and where the shared pleasures of popular culture are indulged, from celebrity magazines to shopping malls. John Roberts argues that this understanding of the everyday downgrades its revolutionary meaning and philosophical implications. Bringing radical political theory back to the centre of the discussion, he shows how notions of (...)
     
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  42. John Michael Roberts (2006). Method, Marxism and Critical Realism. In Kathryn Dean (ed.), Realism, Philosophy and Social Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
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  43. John T. Roberts (2006). Determinism. In J. Pfeifer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Psychology Press. 1.
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  44. John Earman & John T. Roberts (2005). Contact with the Nomic: A Challenge for Deniers of Humean Supervenience About Laws of Nature Part I: Humean Supervenience. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):1–22.
    This is the first part of a two-part article in which we defend the thesis of Humean Supervenience about Laws of Nature (HS). According to this thesis, two possible worlds cannot differ on what is a law of nature unless they also differ on the Humean base. The Humean base is easy to characterize intuitively, but there is no consensus on how, precisely, it should be defined. Here in Part I, we present and motivate a characterization of the Humean base (...)
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  45. John Earman & John T. Roberts (2005). Contact with the Nomic: A Challenge for Deniers of Humean Supervenience About Laws of Nature Part II: The Epistemological Argument for Humean Supervenience. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):253–286.
    In Part I, we presented and motivated a new formulation of Humean Supervenience about Laws of Nature (HS). Here in Part II, we present an epistemological argument in defense of HS, thus formulated. Our contention is that one can combine a modest realism about laws of nature with a proper recognition of the importance of empirical testability in the epistemology of science only if one accepts HS.
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  46. Caroline New, John Roberts & Ruth Groff (2005). Taking Relativism Seriously. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1):221-246.
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  47. Caroline New, John Roberts & Ruth Groff (2005). Review Symposium: Taking Relativism Seriously. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1):221-246.
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  48. John Michael Roberts (2005). Masses, Classes and the Public Sphere, Edited by Mike Hill and Warren Montag. Historical Materialism 13 (4):373-388.
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