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Profile: John Carroll
  1. John W. Carroll, Steven Carpenter, Beth Ehrlich Slater, Gray Maddrey, Kevin Martell, Stuart Miller, Nathan Sasser, Stephen Sutton, Robert Todd, Diana Tysinger & Laura Wingler (2014). A Time Travel Dialogue. Open Book Publishers.
    Is time travel just a confusing plot device deployed by science fiction authors and Hollywood filmmakers to amaze and amuse? Or might empirical data prompt a scientific hypothesis of time travel? Structured on a fascinating dialogue involving  ...
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  2. John W. Carroll (2011). Self Visitation, Traveler Time, and Compatible Properties. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):359-370.
    Ted Sider aptly and concisely states the self-visitation paradox thus: 'Suppose I travel back in time and stand in a room with my sitting 10-year-old self. I seem to be both sitting and standing, but how can that be?' (2001, 101). I will explore a relativist resolution of this paradox offered by, or on behalf of, endurantists.1 It maintains that the sitting and the standing are relative to the personal time or proper time of the time traveler and is intended (...)
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  3. John W. Carroll (2010). An Introduction to Metaphysics. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is an accessible introduction to the central themes of contemporary metaphysics.
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  4. John W. Carroll, Laws of Nature. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    John Carroll undertakes a careful philosophical examination of laws of nature, causation, and other related topics. He argues that laws of nature are not susceptible to the sort of philosophical treatment preferred by empiricists. Indeed he shows that emperically pure matters of fact need not even determine what the laws are. Similar, even stronger, conclusions are drawn about causation. Replacing the traditional view of laws and causation requiring some kind of foundational legitimacy, the author argues that these phenomena are inextricably (...)
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  5. John W. Carroll (2005). Boundary in Context. Acta Analytica 20 (1):43-54.
    A contextualist account of modal assertions is sketched that makes their truth sensitive to the presuppositions of the conversation. Support for the account is mustered by considering its application to the context-sensitivity of assertions of subjunctive conditional sentences, explanation sentences, and knowledge sentences.
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  6. John W. Carroll (2005). Natural Laws in Scientific Practice. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):240–245.
    This is a review of Marc Lange's _Natural Laws in Scientific Practice.
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  7. John W. Carroll (2005). Natural Laws in Scientific Practice by Marc Lange. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):240-245.
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  8. John W. Carroll & William R. Carter (2005). An Unstable Eliminativism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (1):1–17.
    In his book Objects and Persons, Trenton Merricks has reoriented and fine-tuned an argument from the philosophy of mind to support a selective eliminativism about macroscopic objects.1 The argument turns on a rejection of systematic causal overdetermination and the conviction that microscopic things do the causal work that is attributed to a great many (though not all) macroscopic things. We will argue that Merricks’ argument fails to establish his selective eliminativism.
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  9. John W. Carroll & Lee Wentz (2003). A Puzzle About Persistence. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (3):323-342.
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  10. John W. Carroll (2002). Instantaneous Motion. Philosophical Studies 110 (1):49 - 67.
    There is a longstanding definition of instantaneous velocity. It saysthat the velocity at t 0 of an object moving along a coordinate line is r if and only if the value of the first derivative of the object's position function at t 0 is r. The goal of this paper is to determine to what extent this definition successfully underpins a standard account of motion at an instant. Counterexamples proposed by Michael Tooley (1988) and also by John Bigelow and Robert (...)
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  11. John W. Carroll (2000). Causation and Persistence. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):483-486.
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  12. John W. Carroll (2000). The Backward Induction Argument. Theory and Decision 48 (1):61-84.
    The backward induction argument purports to show that rational and suitably informed players will defect throughout a finite sequence of prisoner's dilemmas. It is supposed to be a useful argument for predicting how rational players will behave in a variety of interesting decision situations. Here, I lay out a set of assumptions defining a class of finite sequences of prisoner's dilemmas. Given these assumptions, I suggest how it might appear that backward induction succeeds and why it is actually fallacious. Then, (...)
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  13. John W. Carroll (1999). Decision-Theoretic Finitely Iterated Prisoner's Dilemmas. Analysis 59 (264):249–256.
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  14. John W. Carroll (1998). Humean Justified Belief. Philosophical Quarterly 48 (192):373-378.
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  15. John W. Carroll (1998). Book Review:Decision Theory as Philosophy Mark Kaplan. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 65 (4):727-.
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  16. John W. Carroll (1997). Lipton on Compatible Contrasts. Analysis 57 (3):170–178.
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  17. John W. Carroll (1997). Review. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (4).
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  18. John W. Carroll (1993). The Indefinitely Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma: Reply to Becker and Cudd. Theory and Decision 34 (1):63-72.
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  19. John W. Carroll (1992). Causation and Universals, by Evan Fales. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (4):1001-1004.
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  20. John W. Carroll (1992). The Unanimity Theory and Probabilistic Sufficiency. Philosophy of Science 59 (3):471-479.
    The unanimity theory is an account of property-level causation requiring that causes raise the probability of their effects in specified test situations. Richard Otte (1981) and others have presented counterexamples in which one property is probabilistically sufficient for at least one other property. Given the continuing discussion (e.g., Cartwright 1989; Cartwright and Dupre 1988; Eells 1988a,b), many apparently think that these problems are minor. By considering the impact of Otte's cases on recent versions of the theory, by raising several new (...)
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  21. John W. Carroll (1991). Property-Level Causation? Philosophical Studies 63 (3):245 - 270.
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  22. John W. Carroll (1988). General Causation. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:311 - 317.
    The traditional model and the contextual unanimity model are two probabilistic accounts of general causation subject to many well-known problems; e.g. cases of epiphenomena, causes raising their own probability, effects raising the probability of the cause, et cetera. After reviewing these problems and raising a new problem for the two models, I suggest the beginnings of an alternative probabilistic account. My suggestion avoids the problems encountered by earlier models, in large part, by an appeal to singular causation.
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  23. John W. Carroll (1988). Iterated N-Player Prisoner's Dilemma Games. Philosophical Studies 53 (3):411 - 415.
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  24. John W. Carroll (1987). Intending and Blameworthiness. Philosophia 17 (4):393-409.
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  25. John W. Carroll (1987). Indefinite Terminating Points and the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma. Theory and Decision 22 (3):247-256.
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  26. John W. Carroll (1987). Ontology and the Laws of Nature. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65 (3):261 – 276.
    An argument for realism (i.E., The ontological thesis that there exist universals) has emerged in the writings of david armstrong, Fred dretske, And michael tooley. These authors have persuasively argued against traditional reductive accounts of laws and nature. The failure of traditional reductive accounts leads all three authors to opt for a non-Traditional reductive account of laws which requires the existence of universals. In other words, These authors have opted for accounts of laws which (together with the fact that there (...)
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