Search results for 'John Willadams McCarthy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John Willadams McCarthy (1948). The Naturalism of Samuel Alexander. New York, King's Crown Press.
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  2. John McCarthy, John Searle's Chinese Room Argument.
    John Searle begins his ``Consciousness, Explanatory Inversion and Cognitive Science'' with " ``Ten years ago in this journal I published an article criticising what I call Strong AI, the view that for a system to have mental states it is sufficient for the system to implement the right sort of program with right inputs and outputs. Strong AI is rather easy to refute and the basic argument can be summarized in one sentence: {it a system, me for example, could (...)
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  3. Stephen Fishman & Lucille McCarthy (2007). John Dewey and the Philosophy and Practice of Hope. University of Illinois Press.
    _Inspiring new techniques for engaging students with democratic ideals_ _John Dewey and the Philosophy and Practice of Hope_ combines philosophical theory with a study of its effects in an actual classroom. To understand how Dewey, one of the century's foremost philosophers of education, understood the concept of hope, Stephen Fishman begins with theoretical questions like: What is hope? What are its objects? How can hope foster a new understanding of democracy and social justice? The book's second half is a classroom (...)
     
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  4.  3
    John C. McCarthy (2014). Introduction of John M. Rist, 2014 Aquinas Medal Recipient. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 88:13-16.
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  5.  8
    John P. McCarthy (1992). Confessions of an Original Sinner," by John Lukacs". The Chesterton Review 18 (3):419-423.
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  6.  3
    John McCarthy (2010). Review of Christopher Ben Simpson, Religion, Metaphysics, and the Postmodern: William Desmond and John D. Caputo. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (8).
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  7. John Mccarthy (1954). John P. Kenny, O.P., Principles of Medical Ethics. [REVIEW] The Thomist 17:100.
     
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  8.  8
    John McCarthy, Human-Type Common Sense Needs Extensions to Logic.
    John McCarthy, Stanford University Logical AI (artificial intelligence) is based on programs that represent facts about the world in languages of mathematical logic and decide what actions will achieve goals by logical reasoning. A lot has been accomplished with logic as is.
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  9.  4
    John McCarthy, From Here to Human-Level Intelligence.
    This article is the basis of an invited talk at KR-96 in 1996 November. It has been modified from the version that appeared in the preprints of that meeting. There is an html version, a.dvi version,.pdf version and a.ps version. Up to: Main McCarthy page Up to: Send comments to mccarthy @stanford.edu. I sometimes make changes suggested in them. - John McCarthy.
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  10. Ken Knisely, John Mccarthy & Matthew West (forthcoming). Friendship: No Dogs or Philosophers Allowed. DVD.
    Aristotle and the shape of modern friendships. With John McCarthy and Matthew West.
     
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  11.  10
    Stephen M. Fishman & Lucille McCarthy (2009). John Dewey on Happiness: Going Against the Grain of Contemporary Thought. Contemporary Pragmatism 6 (2):111-135.
    Dewey's theory of happiness goes against the grain of much contemporary psychologic and popular thought by identifying the highest form of human happiness with moral behavior. Such happiness, according to Dewey, avoids being at the mercy of circumstances because it is independent of the pleasures and successes we take from experience and, instead, is dependent upon the disposition we bring to experience. It accompanies a disposition characterized by an abiding interest in objects in which all can share, one founded upon (...)
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  12.  7
    Christine L. McCarthy (2007). A Review of Victor Kestenbaum, 2002. The Grace and the Severity of the Ideal: John Dewey and the Transcendent. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 26 (4):345-362.
  13.  1
    Timothy McCarthy (1981). Review: John L. Pollock, Subjunctive Reasoning. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (1):170-173.
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  14. Timothy McCarthy (1981). Pollock John L.. Subjunctive Reasoning. Philosophical Studies Series in Philosophy, Vol. 8. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht and Boston 1976, Xi + 255 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (1):170-173.
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  15.  3
    Thomas McCarthy (1993). Ideals and Illusions: On Reconstruction and Deconstruction in Contemporary Critical Theory. The MIT Press.
    These lucid studies of Derrida, Foucault, Habermas, and Rorty analyze majorcontributions to recent critical theory and forge a distinct position in the current philosophicaldebate.Thomas McCarthy is John Schaffer Professor in the Humanities ...
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  16.  18
    John McCarthy, Human-Level Ai Is Harder Than It Seemed.
    • alpha-beta pruning characterizes human play, but it ticed by early chess programmers—Turing, Shannon, Ulam, and Bernstein. We humans are not very good ing the heuristics we ourselves use. Approximations to used by Samuel, Newell and Simon, McCarthy. Proved lent to minimax by Hart and Levine, independently Knuth gives details.
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  17.  1
    John McCarthy (1983). Silence: Descriptions and Queries. Philosophy Today 27 (2):143-146.
    McCarthy provided the audience with a concise summary of the basic approach and central theses of the common text. He then posed two substantial questions. The first concerned the possibility of extending the analysis of discourse and silence to deal with non-senseful "utterance." The second dealt with the relation between the concept of silence proposed by Dauenhauer and Ricoeur's concept of distantiation. What follows is an edited version of his paper.
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  18.  21
    Stephen M. Fishman & Lucille McCarthy (2005). The Morality and Politics of Hope: John Dewey and Positive Psychology in Dialogue. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 41 (3):675 - 701.
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  19.  2
    John J. Curtin, Danielle E. McCarthy, Megan E. Piper & Timothy B. Baker (2006). Implicit and Explicit Drug Motivational Processes: A Model of Boundary Conditions. In Reinout W. Wiers & Alan W. Stacy (eds.), Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction. Sage Publications Ltd
  20. John McCarthy & Patrick Hayes (1969). Some Philosophical Problems From the Standpoint of Artificial Intelligence. In B. Meltzer & Donald Michie (eds.), Machine Intelligence 4. Edinburgh University Press 463--502.
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  21.  31
    John McCarthy (1979). Ascribing Mental Qualities to Machines. In Martin Ringle (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence. Humanities Press
    Ascribing mental qualities like beliefs, intentions and wants to a machine is sometimes correct if done conservatively and is sometimes necessary to express what is known about its state. We propose some new definitional tools for this: definitions relative to an approximate theory and second order structural definitions.
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  22. C. L. Baker & John J. Mccarthy (1981). The Logical Problem of Language Acquisition. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  23. John McCarthy (1980). Circumscription — A Form of Non-Monotonic Reasoning. Artificial Intelligence 13:27–39.
     
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  24.  3
    John McCarthy (1988). Epistemological Challenges for Connectionism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):44.
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  25. John McCarthy (1986). Applications of Circumscription to Formalizing Common Sense Knowledge. Artificial Intelligence 28:89–116.
     
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  26. John McCarthy, What is Artificial Intelligence?
  27.  9
    Edward Roddy, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty, Nigel K. Arden, Julie Barlow, Fraser Birrell, Alison Carr, Kuntal Chakravarty, John Dickson, Elaine Hay, Gillian Hosie, Michael Hurley, Kelsey M. Jordan, Christopher McCarthy, Marion McMurdo, Simon Mockett, Sheila O'Reilly, George Peat, Adrian Pendleton & Selwyn Richards (2006). Evidence‐Based Clinical Guidelines: A New System to Better Determine True Strength of Recommendation. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):347-352.
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  28. Ian Smith, Justin Goodman, Raj Ramanathapillai, Shalin Gala, John Sorenson, Bill Hamilton, Ana Morron, Julie Andrzejewski, Elliot M. Katz & Colman McCarthy (2013). Animals and War: Confronting the Military-Animal Industrial Complex. Lexington Books.
    Animals and War: Confronting the Military-Animal Industrial Complex is the first book to examine how nonhuman animals are used in war and the military. Animals and War contributes significantly to the fields of social justice, animal rights, and anti-war/peace activist communities. This book also will be read by peace, conflict, social justice, and critical animal studies scholars, students, and practitioners.
     
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  29.  15
    John C. McCarthy (1995). An Introduction to Husserlian Phenomenology. Review of Metaphysics 49 (1):123-125.
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  30.  13
    John C. McCarthy (1992). A Path Into Metaphysics. Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):429-430.
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  31.  12
    John McCarthy, Approximate Concepts and Approxima Theories.
    Our discussion will be adequate if it has as much clea as the subject matter admits of, for precision is not be sought for alike in all discussions, any more than the products of the crafts.—Aristotle..
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  32.  7
    John Mccarthy & Claude Shannon (1958). Automata Studies. Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):59-60.
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  33.  2
    John McCarthy, Concepts of Logical Ai.
    Logical AI involves representing knowledge of an agent’s world, its goals and the current situation by sentences in logic. The agent decides what to do by inferring that a certain action or course of action is appropriate to achieve the goals. We characterize briefly a large number of concepts that have arisen in research in logical AI. Reaching human-level AI requires programs that deal with the common sense informatic situation. This in turn requires extensions from the way logic has been (...)
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  34.  9
    John McCarthy (1982). Anselm and a New Generation. Review of Metaphysics 36 (2):446-448.
  35.  10
    John McCarthy, The Mutilated Checkerboard in Set Theory.
    An 8 by 8 checkerboard with two diagonally opposite squares removed cannot be covered by dominoes each of which covers two rectilinearly adjacent squares. present a set theory description of the proposition and an informal proof that the covering is impossible. While no present system that I know of will accept either formal description or the proof, I claim that both should be admitted in any heavy duty set theory.
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  36.  65
    John Mccarthy (1997). Modality, Si! Modal Logic, No! Studia Logica 59 (1):29-32.
    This article is oriented toward the use of modality in artificial intelligence (AI). An agent must reason about what it or other agents know, believe, want, intend or owe. Referentially opaque modalities are needed and must be formalized correctly. Unfortunately, modal logics seem too limited for many important purposes. This article contains examples of uses of modality for which modal logic seems inadequate.I have no proof that modal logic is inadequate, so I hope modal logicians will take the examples as (...)
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  37.  10
    John C. Mccarthy (1999). Encyclopedia of Phenomenology. Review of Metaphysics 52 (3):677-679.
  38.  9
    Steven R. Simon, Madeline L. McCarthy, Rainu Kaushal, Chelsea A. Jenter, Lynn A. Volk, Eric G. Poon, Kevin C. Yee, E. John Orav, Deborah H. Williams & David W. Bates (2008). Electronic Health Records: Which Practices Have Them, and How Are Clinicians Using Them? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):43-47.
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  39.  55
    John McCarthy (1996). Making Robots Conscious of Their Mental States. In S. Muggleton (ed.), Machine Intelligence 15. Oxford University Press
    In AI, consciousness of self consists in a program having certain kinds of facts about its own mental processes and state of mind. We discuss what consciousness of its own mental structures a robot will need in order to operate in the common sense world and accomplish the tasks humans will give it. It's quite a lot. Many features of human consciousness will be wanted, some will not, and some abilities not possessed by humans have already been found feasible and (...)
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  40.  44
    John McCarthy, The Web--Early Visions, Present Reality, Grander Future.
    Licklider--1960--Man-Computer Symbiosis Roberts--1970--ARPAnet Internet Engelbart--1962-1968--Mouse, linked documents Kay--1970--Dynabook Berners-Lee--late 1980s and early 90s--World Wide Web Brin and Page--1996--Google--first adequate search engine other prophets--Nelson, etc. whom I neglect undeservedly from ignorance.
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  41.  59
    John McCarthy (1995). Todd Moody's Zombies. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (4):345-347.
    From the AI point of view, consciousness must be regarded as a collection of interacting processes rather than the unitary object of much philosophical speculation. We ask what kinds of propositions and other entities need to be designed for consciousness to be useful to an animal or a machine. We thereby assert that human consciousness is useful to human functioning and not just and epiphenomenon. Zombies in the sense of Todd Moody's article are merely the victims of Moody's prejudices. To (...)
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  42.  58
    John McCarthy, The Robot and the Baby.
    This is the first science fiction story I have put up for the public to look at. While it was written just as a story, it partly illustrates my opinions about what household robots should be like. In my article Making Robots Conscious of their Mental States , I argued that robots should not be programmed to have..
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  43. Dieter Rucht, Ruud Koopmans, Friedhelm Niedhardt, Mark R. Beissinger, Louis J. Crishock, Grzegorz Ekiert, Olivier Fillieule, Pierre Gentile, Peter Hocke, Jan Kubik, John D. McCarthy, Clark McPhail, Johan L. Olivier, Susan Olzak, David Schweingruber, Jackie Smith & Sidney Tarrow (1999). Acts of Dissent: New Developments in the Study of Protest. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Although living conditions have improved throughout history, protest, at least in the last few decades, seems to have increased to the point of becoming a normal phenomenon in modern societies. Contributors to this volume examine how and why this is the case and argue that although problems such as poverty, hunger, and violations of democratic rights may have been reduced in advanced Western societies, a variety of other problems and opportunities have emerged and multiplied the reasons and possibilities for protest.
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  44.  27
    John McCarthy, An Everywhere Continuous Nowhere Differentiable Function.
    My 1953 proof that the function is everywhere continuous and nowhere differentiable is just 13 lines. I've added some remarks to the note in the American Mathematical Monthly.
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  45.  7
    John P. McCarthy (1986). The Portable Conservative Reader," Edited by Russell Kirk". The Chesterton Review 12 (1):103-107.
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  46.  14
    Paul Sullivan & John Mccarthy (2004). Toward a Dialogical Perspective on Agency. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (3):291–309.
    The aim of this article is to motivate and outline a dialogical perspective on agency that accommodates centrifugal and centripetal tendencies in current cultural theories of agency. To complement approaches that assume a high degree of integration and clarity, we emphasise the diversity of agency as it is experienced in the open-ended dialogical relationship with a particular other. While these former approaches to agency provide us with the means to examine the influence of social processes such as division of labour (...)
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  47.  7
    John McCarthy (1987). Philosophical Apprenticeships. Review of Metaphysics 40 (3):572-574.
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  48.  12
    John C. McCarthy (2000). Nihilism Before Nietzsche. Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):140-143.
  49.  5
    John Mccarthy (1967). Computer Programs for Checking Mathematical Proofs. Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):523-523.
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  50.  40
    John McCarthy, A Logical Approach to Context.
    Logical AI develops computer programs that represent what they know about the world primarily by logical formulas and decide what to do primarily by logical reasoning--including nonmonotonic logical reasoning. It is convenient to use logical sentences and terms whose meaning depends on context. The reasons for this are similar to what causes human language to use context dependent meanings. This note gives elements of some of the formalisms to which we have been led. Fuller treatments are in [McC93], [Guh91] and (...)
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