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Mark Johnson [51]Marcia K. Johnson [25]Mark H. Johnson [24]Monte Ransome Johnson [14]
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Profile: Mark Johnson (East Carolina University)
Profile: Mark Johnson (University of Alabama, Birmingham)
Profile: Martin Johnson
Profile: Matthew Johnson (Michigan State University)
Profile: Michael Knowlton Johnson
Profile: Monte Johnson (University of California, San Diego)
Profile: Michael Johnson (Berea College)
Profile: Michael Johnson (University of Chicago, Concordia College)
Profile: Michael F. Johnson
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  1. Keith Anderson, Katherine Woods, William Alexander, Julian Ingram & Mark Johnson, Characters of the Dialogue.
    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 RECORDER'S PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (...)
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  2. Mark H. Johnson & Leslie A. Tucker, The Emergence of the Social Brain Network: Evidence From Typical and Atypical Development.
    Several research groups have identified a network of regions of the adult cortex that are activated during social perception and cognition tasks. In this paper we focus on the development of components of this social brain network during early childhood and test aspects of a particular viewpoint on human functional brain development: “interactive specialization.” Specifically, we apply new data analysis techniques to a previously published data set of event-related potential ~ERP! studies involving 3-, 4-, and 12-month-old infants viewing faces of (...)
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  3. Mark L. Johnson, Cause and Effect Theories of Attention: The Role of Conceptual Metaphors.
    Scientific concepts are defined by metaphors. These metaphors determine what attention is and what count as adequate explanations of the phenomenon. The authors analyze these metaphors within 3 types of attention theories: (a) “cause” theories, in which attention is presumed to modulate information processing (e.g., attention as a spotlight; attention as a limited resource); (b) “effect” theories, in which attention is considered to be a by-product of information processing (e.g., the competition metaphor); and (c) hybrid theories that combine cause and (...)
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  4. D. S. Hutchinson & Monte Ransome Johnson, The Antidosis of Isocrates and Aristotle's Protrepticus.
    Isocrates' Antidosis ("Defense against the Exchange") and Aristotle's Protrepticus ("Exhortation to Philosophy") were recovered from oblivion in the late nineteenth century. In this article we demonstrate that the two texts happen to be directly related. Aristotle's Protrepticus was a response, on behalf of the Academy, to Isocrates' criticism of the Academy and its theoretical preoccupations. -/- Contents: I. Introduction: Protrepticus, text and context II. Authentication of the Protrepticus of Aristotle III. Isocrates and philosophy in Athens in the 4th century IV. (...)
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  5. Paul Biegler & Marilyn Johnson (forthcoming). In Defence of Mandatory Bicycle Helmet Legislation: Response to Hooper and Spicer. Journal of Medical Ethics:2013-101476.
    We invoke a triple rationale to rebut Hooper and Spicer's argument against mandatory helmet laws. First, we use the laws of physics and empirical studies to show how bicycle helmets afford substantial protection to the user. We show that Hooper and Spicer erroneously downplay helmet utility and that, as a result, their attack on the utilitarian argument for mandatory helmet laws is weakened. Next, we refute their claim that helmet legislation comprises unjustified paternalism. We show the healthcare costs of bareheaded (...)
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  6. Marcia Johnson & Joan Cherry (forthcoming). Critical Review of Impact of Research Cultures on the Use of Digital Library Resources. Critical Review.
     
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  7. Margaret H. Johnson (forthcoming). Phenomenological Method, Aesthetic Experience, and Aesthetic Education. Journal of Aesthetic Education.
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  8. Michael L. Johnson (forthcoming). The Art of Rereading: Prolegomenon to a Contemporary Pedagogy of Poetry. Journal of Aesthetic Education 19 (4).
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  9. Robert W. Makuch & Mary F. Johnson (forthcoming). Dilemmas in the Use of Active Control Groups in Clinical Research. Irb.
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  10. Mark Johnson (2014). Morality for Humans: Ethical Understanding From the Perspective of Cognitive Science. University of Chicago Press.
    What is the difference between right and wrong? This is no easy question to answer, yet we constantly try to make it so, frequently appealing to some hidden cache of cut-and-dried absolutes, whether drawn from God, universal reason, or societal authority. Combining cognitive science with a pragmatist philosophical framework in Morality for Humans: Ethical Understanding from the Perspective of Cognitive Science, Mark Johnson argues that appealing solely to absolute principles and values is not only scientifically unsound but even morally suspect. (...)
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  11. Mark E. Johnson, Christiane Brems, Bridget L. Hanson, Staci L. Corey, Gloria D. Eldridge & Kristen Mitchell (2014). Conducting Ethical Research with Correctional Populations: Do Researchers and IRB Members Know the Federal Regulations? Research Ethics 10 (1):6-16.
    Conducting or overseeing research in correctional settings requires knowledge of specific federal rules and regulations designed to protect the rights of individuals in incarceration. To investigate the extent to which relevant groups possess this knowledge, using a 10-item questionnaire, we surveyed 885 IRB prisoner representatives, IRB members and chairs with and without experience reviewing HIV/AIDS correctional protocols, and researchers with and without correctional HIV/AIDS research experience. Across all groups, respondents answered 4.5 of the items correctly. Individuals who have overseen or (...)
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  12. Merri Lisa Johnson (2014). Bad Romance: A Crip Feminist Critique of Queer Failure. Hypatia 29 (4):n/a-n/a.
    This article critiques Jack Halberstam's concept of queer failure through a feminist cripistemological lens. Challenging Halberstam's interpretation of Erika Kohut in The Piano Teacher as a symbol of postcolonial angst rather than a figure of psychosocial disability, the article establishes a critical coalition between crip feminist theory and queer-of-color theory to promote a materialist politics and literal-minded reading practice designed to recognize minority subjectivities rather than exploiting them for their metaphorical resonance. In asserting that Erika Kohut is better understood as (...)
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  13. Julie A. Higgins & Marcia K. Johnson (2013). Lost Thoughts: Implicit Semantic Interference Impairs Reflective Access to Currently Active Information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):6.
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  14. Marguerite Johnson (2013). Medea, Fitzgerald Gallery, New York City, 1966 (After Euripides and Bernard Safran). Arion: A Journal of Humanities and the Classics 20 (3):97-105.
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  15. Mark Johnson (2013). The Myth of the Moral Faculty: Response to Kirkby. Philosophical Psychology (4):1-5.
    David Kirkby argues that I have misrepresented Marc Hauser's conception of a moral faculty, in a way that invalidates my chief arguments against the existence and necessity of such a faculty. The core of Kirkby's challenge is that what Hauser lists as necessary conditions for the moral faculty to do its work are not themselves components of that faculty. I argue that there is no useful way to distinguish necessary conditions of moral judgments from the alleged moral faculty itself, and (...)
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  16. Mark William Johnson (2013). Time, Mechanisms and Technology: Challenges of Abstraction and Decision in Realist Economic Theory. Revue de Philosophie Économique 14 (1):105.
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  17. Matt A. Johnson, Nicholas B. Turk-Browne & Adele E. Goldberg (2013). Prediction Plays a Key Role in Language Development as Well as Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):360-361.
    Although the target article emphasizes the important role of prediction in language use, prediction may well also play a key role in the initial formation of linguistic representations, that is, in language development. We outline the role of prediction in three relevant language-learning domains: transitional probabilities, statistical preemption, and construction learning.
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  18. Matthew H. Johnson (2013). 5. What Do Medieval Buildings Mean? History and Theory 52 (3):380-399.
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  19. Matthew Thomas Johnson (2013). Religious Circumcision, Invasive Rites, Neutrality and Equality: Bearing the Burdens and Consequences of Belief. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (7):450-455.
    The decision of the German regional court in Cologne on 26 June 2012 to prohibit the circumcision of minors is important insofar as it recognises the qualitative similarities between the practice and other prohibited invasive rites, such as female genital cutting. However, recognition of similarity poses serious questions with regard to liberal public policy, specifically with regard to the exceptionalist treatment demanded by certain circumcising groups. In this paper, I seek to advance egalitarian means of dealing with invasive rites which (...)
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  20. Monte Ransome Johnson (2013). Nature, Spontaneity, and Voluntary Action in Lucretius. In Daryn Lehoux, A. D. Morrison & Alison Sharrock (eds.), Lucretius: Poetry, Philosophy, Science. Oxford University Press.
    In twenty important passages located throughout De rerum natura, Lucretius refers to natural things happening spontaneously (sponte sua; the Greek term is automaton). The most important of these uses include his discussion of the causes of: nature, matter, and the cosmos in general; the generation and adaptation of plants and animals; the formation of images and thoughts; and the behavior of human beings and the development of human culture. In this paper I examine the way spontaneity functions as a cause (...)
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  21. Jasmine Abdulcadir, Fuambai Sia Ahmadu, Lucrezia Catania, Birgitta Essén, Ellen Gruenbaum, Sara Johnsdotter, Michelle C. Johnson, Crista Johnson-Agbakwu, Corinne Kratz & Carlos Londoño Sulkin (2012). Seven Things to Know About Female Genital Surgeries in Africa. Hastings Center Report 42 (6):19-27.
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  22. Julie A. Higgins & Marcia K. Johnson (2012). Some Thoughts on the Interaction Between Perception and Reflection. In Jeremy M. Wolfe & Lynn C. Robertson (eds.), From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman. Oxford University Press. 390.
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  23. Margaret Hess Johnson (2012). John Dewey's Socially Instrumental Practice at the Barnes Foundation and the Role of" Transferred Values" in Aesthetic Experience. Journal of Aesthetic Education 46 (2):43-57.
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  24. Mark Johnson (2012). Action, Embodied Meaning, and Thought. In Jay Schulkin (ed.), New Directions in Philosophy and Cognitive Science: Adaptation and Cephalic Expression. Palgrave Macmillan.
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  25. Mark H. Johnson (2012). Executive Function and Developmental Disorders: The Flip Side of the Coin. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (9):454-457.
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  26. Matthew Johnson (2012). Towards a Theory of Cultural Evaluation. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (2):1-23.
    From which evaluative base should we develop public policies designed to promote wellbeing among different cultural groups in different circumstances? This article attempts to advance an objective, universal theory of cultural evaluation grounded in a eudaemonistic account of human wellbeing. The approach evaluates cultures on the success with which they enable societies to promote the wellbeing of individuals through provision of needs and capabilities within their given, determinate circumstances. This provides the basis for a normative functionalism capable of identifying and (...)
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  27. Matthew Thomas Johnson (2012). Evaluating Cultures: The Instrumentalism, Pluralist Perfectionism, and Particularism of John Gray. Educational Theory 62 (5):553-572.
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  28. Monte Ransome Johnson (2012). Colloquium 4: The Medical Background of Aristotle's Theory of Nature and Spontaneity. Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 27 (1):105-152.
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  29. Monte Ransome Johnson (2012). The Medical Background of Aristotle's Theory of Nature and Spontaneity. Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 27:105-152.
    Abstract: An appreciation of the "more philosophical" aspects of ancient medical writings casts considerable light on Aristotle's concept of nature, and how he understands nature to differ from art, on the one hand, and spontaneity or luck, on the other. The account of nature, and its comparison with art and spontaneity in Physics II is developed with continual reference to the medical art. The notion of spontaneous remission of disease (without the aid of the medical art) was a controversial subject (...)
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  30. Laura Sheard, Hayley Prout, Dawn Dowding, Simon Noble, Ian Watt, Anthony Maraveyas & Miriam Johnson (2012). The Ethical Decisions UK Doctors Make Regarding Advanced Cancer Patients at the End of Life - the Perceived (in) Appropriateness of Anticoagulation for Venous Thromboembolism: A Qualitative Study. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):22-.
    Background: Cancer patients are at risk of developing blood clots in their veins - venous thromboembolism(VTE) - which often takes the form of a pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis. Therisk increases with advanced disease. Evidence based treatment is low molecular weightheparin (LMWH) by daily subcutaneous injection. The aim of this research is to explore thebarriers for doctors in the UK when diagnosing and treating advanced cancer patients withVTE.MethodQualitative, in-depth interview study with 45 doctors (30 across Yorkshire, England and 15across (...)
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  31. Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.) (2011). Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. OUP Oxford.
    The human face is unique among social stimuli in conveying such a variety of different characteristics. A person's identity, sex, race, age, emotional state, focus of attention, facial speech patterns, and attractiveness are all detected and interpreted with relative ease from the face. Humans also display a surprising degree of consistency in the extent to which personality traits, such as trustworthiness and likeability, are attributed to faces. In the past thirty years, face perception has become an area of major interest (...)
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  32. Natalie C. Ebner, Yi He & Marcia K. Johnson (2011). Age and Emotion Affect How We Look at a Face: Visual Scan Patterns Differ for Own-Age Versus Other-Age Emotional Faces. Cognition and Emotion 25 (6):983-997.
  33. Marguerite Johnson (2011). Clodia Muses. Arion 19 (2):117-119.
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  34. Marguerite Johnson (2011). (P.) Howell Martial. Pp. 126. London: Bristol Classical Press, 2009. Paper, £11.99. ISBN: 978-1-85399-702-0. The Classical Review 61 (1):310.
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  35. Mark Johnson (2011). There is No Moral Faculty. Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):409 - 432.
    Dewey's ethical naturalism has provided an exemplary model for many contemporary naturalistic treatments of morality. However, in some recent work there is an unfortunate tendency to presuppose a moral faculty as the alleged source of what are claimed to be nearly universal moral judgments. Marc Hauser's Moral minds (2006) thus argues that our shared moral intuitions arise from a universal moral organ, which he analogizes to a Chomskyan language faculty. Following Dewey's challenge to the postulation of the idea of universal (...)
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  36. Mark H. Johnson (2011). Face Perception: A Developmental Perspective. In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oup Oxford. 1.
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  37. Merri Lisa Johnson (2011). Queering the Non/Human. Edited by Noreen Giffney and Myra J. Hird. Farnham, Surrey, Uk: Ashgate Publishing, 2008. Hypatia 27 (3):689-694.
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  38. Michael Johnson, Harlequin Semantics.
    This dissertation is about Semantic Uniformity. Semantic Uniformity is the claim that what is true for some expressions is true for them all—at least, when it comes to semantics. In particular, I defend three claims in three chapters, in this order: First, all simple linguistic expressions, and not just some, are non-descriptive. That is, their referents are not determined by fit with our beliefs. Second, all simple linguistic expressions are rigid. Relative to each possible world, construed as a world of (...)
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  39. Michael Johnson (2011). The Punctuation Theory of Quotation1. In Elke Brendel (ed.), Understanding Quotation. De Gruyter Mouton. 7--209.
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  40. Michael Johnson & Ernie Lepore (2011). Misrepresenting Misrepresentation. In Elke Brendel (ed.), Understanding Quotation. De Gruyter Mouton. 7--231.
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  41. Natalie C. Ebner & Marcia K. Johnson (2010). Age-Group Differences in Interference From Young and Older Emotional Faces. Cognition and Emotion 24 (7):1095-1116.
  42. Mayada Elsabbagh & Mark H. Johnson (2010). Getting Answers From Babies About Autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):81-87.
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  43. Marguerite Johnson (2010). Magic (J. C. B.) Petropoulos (Ed.) Greek Magic: Ancient, Medieval and Modern. Pp. Xii + 196, Ills. Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2008. Cased, £60. ISBN: 978-0-415-28232-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 60 (01):187-.
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  44. Mark Johnson (2010). Cognitive Science and Dewey's Theory of Mind, Thought, and Language. In Molly Cochran (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Dewey. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  45. Atsushi Senju & Mark H. Johnson (2010). Is Eye Contact the Key to the Social Brain? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):458-459.
    Eye contact plays a critical role in many aspects of face processing, including the processing of smiles. We propose that this is achieved by a subcortical route, which is activated by eye contact and modulates the cortical areas involve in social cognition, including the processing of facial expression. This mechanism could be impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders.
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  46. Doohwan Ahn, Sanda Badescu, Giorgio Baruchello, Raj Nath Bhat, Laura Boileau, Rosalind Carey, Camelia-Mihaela Cmeciu, Alan Goldstone, James Grieve, John Grumley, Grant Havers, Stefan Höjelid, Peter Isackson, Marguerite Johnson, Adrienne Kertzer, J.-Guy Lalande, Clinton R. Long, Joseph Mali, Ben Marsden, Peter Monteath, Michael Edward Moore, Jeff Noonan, Lynda Payne, Joyce Senders Pedersen, Brayton Polka, Lily Polliack, John Preston, Anthony Pym, Marina Ritzarev, Joseph Rouse, Peter N. Saeta, Arthur B. Shostak, Stanley Shostak, Marcia Landy, Kenneth R. Stunkel, I. I. I. Wheeler & Phillip H. Wiebe (2009). Null. The European Legacy 14 (6):731-771.
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  47. Sharon Goldwater, Thomas L. Griffiths & Mark Johnson (2009). A Bayesian Framework for Word Segmentation: Exploring the Effects of Context. Cognition 112 (1):21-54.
  48. Mark Johnson (2009). Review of Ted Cohen, Thinking of Others: On the Talent for Metaphor. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (4).
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  49. Mary Kathrine Johnson & Dwayne A. Wise (2009). The Kinetochore Moves Ahead: Contributions of Molecular and Genetic Techniques to Our Understanding of Mitosis. BioScience 59 (11):933-943.
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  50. Matthew Johnson (2009). Church and State Relations in Kant's Political Philosophy. In Barend Christoffel Labuschagne & Ari Marcelo Solon (eds.), Religion and State - From Separation to Cooperation?: Legal-Philosophical Reflections for a de-Secularized World (Ivr Cracow Special Workshop). Nomos.
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