Search results for 'Joke Meheus*' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Joke Meheus* (2006). An Adaptive Logic Based on Jaśkowskiˈs Approach to Paraconsistency. Journal of Philosophical Logic 35 (6):539 - 567.score: 240.0
    In this paper, I present the modal adaptive logic $AJ^{r}$ (based on S5) as well as the discussive logic $D_{2}^{r}$ that is defined from it. $D_{2}^{r}$ is a (nonmonotonic) alternative for Jaśkowski's paraconsistent system D₂. Like D₂, $D_{2}^{r}$ validates all single-premise rules of Classical Logic. However, for formulas that behave consistently, $D_{2}^{r}$ moreover validates all multiple-premise rules of Classical Logic. Importantly, and unlike in the case of D₂, this does not require the introduction of discussive connectives. It is argued that (...)
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  2. Theo A. F. Kuipers (2005). Another Start for Abduction Aiming at Empirical Progress: Reply to Joke Meheus. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):218-220.score: 150.0
    This paper primarily deals with the conceptual prospects for generalizing the aim of abduction from the standard one of explaining surprising or anomalous observations to that of empirical progress or even truth approximation. It turns out that the main abduction task then becomes the instrumentalist task of theory revision aiming at an empirically more successful theory, relative to the available data, but not necessarily compatible with them. The rest, that is, genuine empirical progress as well as observational, referential and theoretical (...)
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  3. Otávio Bueno & Peter Vickers (2014). Is Science Inconsistent? Synthese 191 (13):2887-2889.score: 30.0
    There has always been interest in inconsistency in science, not least within science itself as scientists strive to devise a consistent picture of the universe. Some important early landmarks in this history are Copernicus’s criticism of the Ptolemaic picture of the heavens, Galileo’s claim that Aristotle’s theory of motion was inconsistent, and Berkeley’s claim that the early calculus was inconsistent. More recent landmarks include the classical theory of the electron, Bohr’s theory of the atom, and the on-going difficulty of reconciling (...)
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  4. Joke Meheus & Thomas Nickles (1999). The Methodological Study of Creativity and Discovery -- Some Background. Foundations of Science 4 (3):231-235.score: 24.0
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  5. Mathieu Beirlaen, Christian Straßer & Joke Meheus (2013). An Inconsistency-Adaptive Deontic Logic for Normative Conflicts. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):285-315.score: 24.0
    We present the inconsistency-adaptive deontic logic DP r , a nonmonotonic logic for dealing with conflicts between normative statements. On the one hand, this logic does not lead to explosion in view of normative conflicts such as O A ∧ O ∼A, O A ∧ P ∼A or even O A ∧ ∼O A. On the other hand, DP r still verifies all intuitively reliable inferences valid in Standard Deontic Logic (SDL). DP r interprets a given premise set ‘as normally (...)
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  6. Diderik Batens, Kristof De Clercq, Peter Verdée & Joke Meheus (2009). Yes Fellows, Most Human Reasoning is Complex. Synthese 166 (1):113 - 131.score: 24.0
    This paper answers the philosophical contentions defended in Horsten and Welch (2007, Synthese, 158, 41–60). It contains a description of the standard format of adaptive logics, analyses the notion of dynamic proof required by those logics, discusses the means to turn such proofs into demonstrations, and argues that, notwithstanding their formal complexity, adaptive logics are important because they explicate an abundance of reasoning forms that occur frequently, both in scientific contexts and in common sense contexts.
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  7. Giuseppe Primiero & Joke Meheus (2008). Majority Merging by Adaptive Counting. Synthese 165 (2):203 - 223.score: 24.0
    The present paper introduces a belief merging procedure by majority using the standard format of Adaptive Logics. The core structure of the logic ADM c (Adaptive Doxastic Merging by Counting) consists in the formulation of the conflicts arising from the belief bases of the agents involved in the procedure. A strategy is then defined both semantically and proof-theoretically which selects the consistent contents answering to a majority principle. The results obtained are proven to be equivalent to a standard majority operator (...)
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  8. Erik Weber, Dietlinde Wouters & Joke Meheus (2012). Introduction. Philosophica 86 (4):319-322.score: 24.0
    This introduction clarifies the ideas behind the Logic, Reasoning and Rationality congress from which the papers in this issue are selected. These ideas are situated in the history of 20th century philosophy (Vienna Circle, Kuhn, ...). We also give an overview of the papers in this issue.
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  9. Diderik Batens & Joke Meheus (2001). Shortcuts and Dynamic Marking in the Tableau Method for Adaptive Logics. Studia Logica 69 (2):221-248.score: 24.0
    Adaptive logics typically pertain to reasoning procedures for which there is no positive test. In [7], we presented a tableau method for two inconsistency-adaptive logics. In the present paper, we describe these methods and present several ways to increase their efficiency. This culminates in a dynamic marking procedure that indicates which branches have to be extended first, and thus guides one towards a decision — the conclusion follows or does not follow — in a very economical way.
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  10. Diderik Batens & Joke Meheus (2000). The Adaptive Logic of Compatibility. Studia Logica 66 (3):327-348.score: 24.0
    This paper describes the adaptive logic of compatibility and its dynamic proof theory. The results derive from insights in inconsistency-adaptive logic, but are themselves very simple and philosophically unobjectionable. In the absence of a positive test, dynamic proof theories lead, in the long run, to correct results and, in the short run, sometimes to final decisions but always to sensible estimates. The paper contains a new and natural kind of semantics for S5from which it follows that a specific subset of (...)
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  11. Joke Meheus (1999). Deductive and Ampliative Adaptive Logics as Tools in the Study of Creativity. Foundations of Science 4 (3):325-336.score: 24.0
    In this paper, I argue that logic hasan important role to play in the methodological studyof creativity. I also argue, however, that onlyspecial kinds of logic enable one to understand thereasoning involved in creative processes. I show thatdeductive and ampliative adaptive logics areappropriate tools in this respect.
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  12. Joke Meheus (2006). Discussive Adaptive Logics: Handling Internal and External Inconsistencies. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 91 (1):211-223.score: 24.0
    In this paper, I present the discussive adaptive logic DLI r . As is the case for other discussive logics, the intended application context of DLI r is the interpretation of discussions. What is new about the system is that it does not lead to explosion when some of the premises are self-contradictory. It is argued that this is important in view of the fact that human reasoners are not logically omniscient, and hence, that it may not be evident to (...)
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  13. Joke Meheus (2005). Empirical Progress and Ampliative Adaptive Logics. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):193-217.score: 24.0
    In this paper, I present two ampliative adaptive logics: LA and LAk. LA is an adaptive logic for abduction that enables one to generate explanatory hypotheses from a set of observational statements and a set of background assumptions. LAk is based on LA and has the peculiar property that it selects those explanatory hypotheses that are empirically most successful. The aim of LAk is to capture the notion of empirical progress as studied by Theo Kuipers.
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  14. Joke Meheus & Thomas Nickles (1999). Introductory Note. Foundations of Science 4 (4):373-374.score: 24.0
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  15. Joke Meheus (1999). The Positivists' Approach to Scientific Discovery. Philosophica 64.score: 24.0
    In the early eighties, philosophers of science came to the conviction that discovery and creativity form an integral part of scientific rationality. Ever since, the ?positivists? (logical positivists and their immediate forerunners) have been criticised for their (alleged) neglect of these topics. It is the aim of this paper to show that the positivists' approach to scientific discovery is not only much richer than is commonly recognized, but that they even defended an important thesis which some of the `friends of (...)
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  16. Mathieu Beirlaen, Christian Strasser & Joke Meheus (forthcoming). An Inconsistency-Adaptive Deontic Logic for Normative Conflicts. Journal of Philosophical Logic.score: 24.0
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  17. Joke Meheus & Dagmar Provijn (2007). Abduction Through Semantic Tableaux Versus Abduction Through Goal-Directed Proofs. Theoria 22 (3):295-304.score: 24.0
    In this paper, we present a goal-directed proof procedure for abductive reasoning. This procedure will be compared with Aliseda’s approach based on semantic tableaux. We begin with some comments on Aliseda’s algorithms for computing conjunctive abductions and show that they do not entirely live up to their aims. Next we give a concise account of goal-directed proofs and we show that abductive explanations are a natural spin-off of these proofs. Finally, we show that the goal-directed procedure solves the problems we (...)
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  18. Christian Strasser, Mathieu Beirlaen & Joke Meheus (2012). Tolerating Deontic Conflicts by Adaptively Restricting Inheritance. Logique Et Analyse 219:477-506.score: 24.0
    In order to deal with the possibility of deontic conflicts Lou Goble developed a group of logics (DPM) that are characterized by a restriction of the inheritance principle. While they approximate the deductive power of standard deontic logic, they do so only if the user adds certain statements to the premises. By adaptively strengthening the DPM logics, this paper presents logics that overcome this shortcoming. Furthermore, they are capable of modeling the dynamic and defeasible aspect of our normative reasoning by (...)
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  19. Joke Meheus (2003). Inconsistencies and the Dynamics of Science. Logic and Logical Philosophy 11:129-148.score: 24.0
    It is generally agreed upon today that scientific reasoning, like everyday reasoning, proceeds in a dynamic way: inferences derived at some stage in the reasoning process may at a later stage be rejected. This dynamics may be extrinsic or intrinsic. I shall call it extrinsic when previously derived conclusions are rejected on non-logical grounds, and intrinsic when their rejection is based on a purely logical analysis.
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  20. Joke Meheus (1999). Model-Based Reasoning in Creative Processes. In. In L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery. Kluwer/Plenum. 199--217.score: 24.0
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  21. Diderik Batens, Chris Mortenson, Graham Priest, Jean Paul Van Bendegem, Joke Meheus, Joachim Van Meirvenne & Erik Weber (1996). First World Congress on Paraconsistency. Studia Logica 56 (291).score: 24.0
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  22. Diderik Batens, Joke Meheus, Dagmar Provijn & Liza Verhoeven (2003). Some Adaptive Logics for Diagnosis. Logic and Logical Philosophy 11:39-65.score: 24.0
    A logic of diagnosis proceeds in terms of a set of data and one or more (prioritized) sets of expectancies. In this paper we generalize the logics of diagnosis from [27] and present some alternatives. The former operate on the premises and expectancies themselves, the latter on their consequences.
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  23. Diderik Batens, Kristof De Clercq, Peter Verdée & Joke Meheus (2009). Yes Fellows, Most Human Reasoning is Complex. Synthese 166 (1):113-131.score: 24.0
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  24. Joke Meheus (1993). Adaptive Logic in Scientific Discovery: The Case of Claudius. Logique and Analyse 143:359-389.score: 24.0
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  25. Joke Meheus (1999). Claudius' Discovery of the First Two Laws of Thermodynamics. A Paradigm of Reasoning From Inconsistencies. Philosophica 63:89-117.score: 24.0
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  26. Joke Meheus (1999). Erotetic Arguments From Inconsistent Premises. Logique Et Analyse 165 (166):49-80.score: 24.0
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  27. Joke Meheus (2000). On the Acceptance of Problem Solutions Derived From Inconsistent Constraints. Logic and Logical Philosophy 8:33-46.score: 24.0
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  28. Joke Meheus & Diderik Batens (1996). Steering Problem Solving Between Cliff Incoherence and Cliff Solitude. Philosophica 58.score: 24.0
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  29. Christian Straßer, Mathieu Beirlaen & Joke Meheus (2012). Tolerating Deontic Conflicts by Adaptively Restricting Inheritance. Logique Et Analyse 55 (219):477.score: 24.0
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  30. Atocha Aliseda, Johan van Benthem, Lorenzo Magnani, Angel Nepomuceno-Fernandez, Fernando Soler Toscano, Joke Meheus, Dagmar Provijn, John Woods, Silvio Pinto & Ilkka Niiniluoto (2007). On Atocha Aliseda Abductive Reasoning. Theoria 22 (60).score: 24.0
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  31. Diderik Batens, Chris Mortenson, Graham Priest, Jean Paul Van Bendegem, Joke Meheus, Joachim Van Meirvenne & Erik Weber (1996). Call for Papers First World Congress on Paraconsistency, Gent, Belgium 1997. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 6 (2).score: 24.0
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  32. Fabrizio Cariani, Davide Grossi, Joke Meheus & Xavier Parent (eds.) (2014). Deontic Logic and Normative Systems. Springer.score: 24.0
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  33. Joke Meheus (2000). An Extremely Rich Paraconsistent Logic and the Adaptive Logic Based on It. In Frontiers of Paraconsistent Logic. Research Studies Press. 189-201.score: 24.0
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  34. Joke Meheus & Diderik Batens (2006). A Formal Logic for Abductive Reasoning. Logic Journal of the Igpl 14 (2):221-236.score: 24.0
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  35. Joke Meheus (2011). A Formal Logic for the Abduction of Singular Hypotheses1. In. In Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer. 93--108.score: 24.0
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  36. Joke Meheus (2001). Adaptive Logics for Question Evocation. Logique Et Analyse 173 (175):135-164.score: 24.0
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  37. Joke Meheus (1996). Editorial Note. Philosophica 58.score: 24.0
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  38. Joke Meheus (2000). Frontiers of Paraconsistent Logic. Research Studies Press.score: 24.0
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  39. Joke Meheus (2003). Paraconsistent Compatibility. Logique Et Analyse 183 (184):251-287.score: 24.0
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  40. Dagmar Provijn & Joke Meheus (2004). Direct Dynamic Proofs for Classical Compatibility. Logique Et Analyse 185:305-317.score: 24.0
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  41. Aaron Smuts (2007). The Joke is the Thing: 'In the Company of Men' and the Ethics of Humor. Film and Philosophy 11 (1):49-66.score: 18.0
    Any analysis of "In the Company of Men" is forced to answer three questions of central importance to the ethics of humor: (1) What does it mean to find sexist humor funny? (2) What are the various sources of humor? And, (3) can moral flaws with attempts at humor increase their humorousness? I argued that although merely finding a joke funny in a neutral context cannot tell you anything reliable about a person's beliefs, in context, a joke may (...)
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  42. Kevin Gibson (1996). Is the Numbering System in Wittgenstein's Tractatus a Joke? Journal of Philosophical Research 21:139-148.score: 18.0
    Many commentators have dismissed Wittgenstein’s numbering system in the Tractatus as either incoherent or a joke. In this paper I offer a way to rehabilitate the system along the lines of Wittgenstein’s own instructions. Reading the Tractatus in this way not only offers a way to make sense of the numbering, but also offers a significant improvement in examining the meaning of the text.
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  43. Yvonne Howell (2010). Baring the Brain as Well as the Soul: Milan Kundera's the Joke. Philosophy and Literature 34 (1):pp. 201-217.score: 18.0
    Milan Kundera's first major novel, The Joke, was written in 1961-1965, before he made the decision to leave Czechoslovakia and take up residency as a political exile in France.1 With a few noteworthy exceptions, critics of the work focused on its political message in a Cold War context. This was easy to do: its plot revolves around an avid young Czech communist (Ludvik), who writes an ironic postcard to his overly earnest girlfriend while she is away at a political (...)
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  44. Sharon Lockyer & Michael Pickering (eds.) (2005). Beyond a Joke: The Limits of Humour. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 18.0
    Humor is pervasive in contemporary culture, and is generally celebrated as a public good. Yet there are times when it is felt to produce intolerance, misunderstanding or even hatred. This book brings together, for the first time, contributions that consider the ethics as well as the aesthetics of humor. The book focuses on the abuses and limits of humor, some of which excite considerable social tension and controversy. Beyond a Joke is an exciting intervention, full of challenging questions and (...)
     
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  45. Tim De Mey (2005). Tales of the Unexpected: Incongruity-Resolution in Joke Comprehension, Scientific Discovery and Thought Experimentation. Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (1):69-88.score: 16.0
    Some scholars suspect that thought experiments have something in common with jokes. Moreover, Thomas Kuhn has suggested that what happens to someone who thinks through a thought experiment “is very similar to what happens to a man, like Lavoisier, who must assimilate the result of a new unexpected experimental discovery” (1964: 321). In this paper, I pinpoint the presumed commonalities. I identify, more specifically, what cognitive linguists call “incongruity-resolution” as the problem-solving process not only involved in humor comprehension, but in (...)
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  46. Merrie Bergmann (1986). How Many Feminists Does It Take to Make A Joke? Sexist Humor and What's Wrong with It. Hypatia 1 (1):63 - 82.score: 15.0
    In this paper I am concerned with two questions: What is sexist humor? and what is wrong with it? To answer the first question, I briefly develop a theory of humor and then characterize sexist humor as humor in which sexist beliefs (attitudes/norms) are presupposed and are necessary to the fun. Concerning the second question, I criticize a common sort of argument that is supposed to explain why sexist humor is offensive: although the argument explains why sexist humor feels offensive, (...)
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  47. James Ladyman (2008). Beyond a Joke. The Philosophers' Magazine 42 (42):105-107.score: 15.0
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  48. Mark Weeks (2004). Beyond a Joke: Nietzsche and the Birth of "Super-Laughter&Quot. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 27 (1):1-17.score: 15.0
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  49. Stanley Fish, Professor Sokal's Bad Joke.score: 15.0
    He had made it all up, he said, and gloated that his "prank" proved that sociologists and humanists who spoke of science as a "social construction" didn't know what they were talking about. Acknowledging the ethical issues raised by his deception, Professor Sokal declared it justified by the importance of the truths he was defending from postmodernist attack: "There is a world; its properties are not merely social constructions; facts and evidence do matter. What sane person would contend otherwise?".
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  50. Andrew Aberdein (2010). Rationale of the Mathematical Joke. In Alison Pease, Markus Guhe & Alan Smaill (eds.), Proceedings of AISB 2010 Symposium on Mathematical Practice and Cognition. AISB. 1-6.score: 15.0
    A widely circulated list of spurious proof types may help to clarify our understanding of informal mathematical reasoning. An account in terms of argumentation schemes is proposed.
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