108 found
Order:
  1. Jon Elster (2012). Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences. Cambridge University Press.
    This 1989 book is intended as an introductory survey of the philosophy of the social sciences. It is essentially a work of exposition which offers a toolbox of mechanisms - nuts and bolts, cogs and wheels - that can be used to explain complex social phenomena. Within a brief compass, Jon Elster covers a vast range of topics. His point of departure is the conflict we all face between our desires and our opportunities. How can rational choice theory help us (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   37 citations  
  2. Jon Elster (ed.) (2015). The Multiple Self. Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume consider the question of whether the self is a unity or whether it should be conceived without metaphor as divided - as a 'multiple self'. The issue is a central one for several disciplines. It bears directly on the account of rationality and the explanation of individual decision-making and behaviour. Is the hypothesis of a multiple self required to deal with the problems of self-deception and weakness of will; and can the conceptual tools developed in (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  3.  47
    Jon Elster (2007). Explaining Social Behavior: More Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is an expanded and revised edition of the author's critically acclaimed volume Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   33 citations  
  4.  91
    Jon Elster (1983). Sour Grapes: Studies in the Subversion of Rationality. Editions De La Maison des Sciences De L'Homme.
    Sour Grapes aims to subvert orthodox theories of rational choice through the study of forms of irrationality. Dr Elster begins with an analysis of the notation of rationality, to provide the background and terms for the subsequent discussions, which cover irrational behaviour, irrational desires and irrational belief. These essays continue and complement the arguments of Jon Elster's earlier book, Ulysses and the Sirens. That was published to wide acclaim, and Dr Elster shows the same versatility here in drawing on philosophy, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   98 citations  
  5.  28
    Jon Elster (1983). Explaining Technical Change: A Case Study in the Philosophy of Science. Universitetsforlaget.
    In this volume, first published in 1983, Jon Elster approaches the study of technical change from an epistemological perspective.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   70 citations  
  6. Jon Elster (1986). Ulysses and the Sirens. Philosophy and Public Affairs 15 (1):82-95.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   103 citations  
  7. Jon Elster (ed.) (1984). Ulysses and the Sirens: Studies in Rationality and Irrationality. Editions De La Maison des Sciences De L'Homme.
    This book was first published in 1984, as the revised edition of a 1979 original. The text is composed of studies in a descending sequence from perfect rationality, through imperfect and problematical rationality, to irrationality. Specifically human rationality is characterized by its capacity to relate strategically to the future, in contrast to the myopic 'gradient climbing' of natural selection. There is trenchant analysis of some of the parallels proposed in this connection between the biological and the social sciences. In the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   62 citations  
  8.  3
    Jon Elster (2000). Ulysses Unbound: Studies in Rationality, Precommitment, and Constraints. Cambridge University Press.
    Common sense suggests that it is always preferable to have more options than fewer, and better to have more knowledge than less. This provocative book argues that, very often, common sense fails. Sometimes it is simply the case that less is more; people may benefit from being constrained in their options or from being ignorant. The three long essays that constitute this book revise and expand the ideas developed in Jon Elster's classic study Ulysses and the Sirens. It is not (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   27 citations  
  9. Jon Elster (2002). [Book Review] Alchemies of the Mind, Rationality and the Emotions. [REVIEW] Ethics 112 (2):371-375.
    Jon Elster has written a comprehensive, wide-ranging book on the emotions in which he considers the full range of theoretical approaches. Drawing on history, literature, philosophy and psychology, Elster presents a complete account of the role of the emotions in human behaviour. While acknowledging the importance of neurophysiology and laboratory experiment for the study of emotions, Elster argues that the serious student of the emotions can learn more from the great thinkers and writers of the past, from Aristotle to Jane (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   34 citations  
  10. Jon Elster (1989). Solomonic Judgements Studies in the Limitations of Rationality. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    This volume of essays is very much a sequel to the two earlier collections by Jon Elster, Ulysses and the Sirens and Sour Grapes. His topic is rationality - its scope, its limitations, and its failures. Elster considers rational responses to the insufficiency of reason itself, and to the 'indeterminacies' in deploying rational-choice theory and discusses the irrationality of not seeing when, where, and what these are. A key essay which gives the collection its title examines disputes in cases of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   35 citations  
  11. Helene Landemore & Jon Elster (eds.) (2012). Collective Wisdom: Principles and Mechanisms. Cambridge University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  12.  68
    Jon Elster (1985). Weakness of Will and the Free-Rider Problem. Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):231-265.
    The study of intrapersonal economic relations, or economics , is still at the programmatic stage. There is no generally accepted paradigm, or even as well-defined set of problems that constitute it as a subdiscipline within economics. Some questions are, however, emerging as foci of interest for a small but increasing number of writers, not just in economics, but also in psychology and philosophy. The writings of Thomas Schelling on self-management, of George Ainslie on self-control, and of Derik Parfit on personal (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   42 citations  
  13.  17
    Jon Elster (2003). Marxism, Functionalism, and Game Theory: A Case for Methodological Individualism. In Derek Matravers & Jonathan E. Pike (eds.), Theory and Society. Routledge, in Association with the Open University 453.
  14.  1
    Jon Elster (1996). [Book Review] Local Justice, How Institutions Allocate Scarce Goods and Necessary Burdens. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (2):459-461.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   22 citations  
  15. Jon Elster (1986). Making Sense of Marx. Journal of Philosophy 83 (12):721-728.
    A systematic, critical examination of Karl Marx's social theories and their philosophical presuppositions. Through extensive discussions of the texts Jon Elster offers a balanced and detailed account of Marx's views that is at once sympathetic, undogmatic and rigorous. Equally importantly he tries to assess 'what is living and what is dead in the philosophy of Marx', using the analytical resources of contemporary social science and philosophy. Professor Elster insists on the need for microfoundations in social science and provides a systematic (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   31 citations  
  16. Jon Elster (2011). Hard and Soft Obscurantism in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Diogenes 58 (1-2):159-170.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  17.  18
    Jon Elster (ed.) (1985/1986). The Multiple Self. Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume consider the question of whether the self is a unity or whether it should be conceived without metaphor as divided - as a 'multiple self'. The issue is a central one for several disciplines. It bears directly on the account of rationality and the explanation of individual decision-making and behaviour. Is the hypothesis of a multiple self required to deal with the problems of self-deception and weakness of will; and can the conceptual tools developed in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   17 citations  
  18.  4
    Jon Elster (2008). Reason and Rationality. Princeton University Press.
    "--Daniel Weinstock, University of Montreal "This short book presents a broad synthesis of Jon Elster's work on reason and rationality, and their complex relations to interest and passion.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  19. Jon Elster (1990). Norms of Revenge. Ethics 100 (4):862-885.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  20. Jon Elster (1996). Rationality and the Emotions. Economic Journal 106:1386-97.
    In an earlier paper (Elster, 1989 a), I discussed the relation between rationality and social norms. Although I did mention the role of the emotions in sustaining social norms, I did not focus explicitly on the relation between rationality and the emotions. That relation is the main topic of the present paper, with social norms in a subsidiary part.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  21. Jon Elster & Karl O. Moene (eds.) (1989). Alternatives to Capitalism. Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this provocative collection survey and assess institutional arrangements that offer possible alternatives to capitalism as it exists today. The point of departure agreed upon by the contributors is that on the one hand, capitalism produces unemployment, a lack of autonomy in the workplace, and massive income inequalities; while on the other, central socialist planning is characterized by underemployment, inefficiency, and bureaucracy. In Part I of the volume, various alternatives are proposed: profit-sharing systems, capitalism combined with some central (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  22. Jon Elster (1986). Self-Realization in Work and Politics: The Marxist Conception of the Good Life. Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (2):97.
    In arguments in support of capitalism, the following propositions are sometimes advanced or presupposed: the best life for the individual is one of consumption, understood in a broad sense that includes aesthetic pleasures and entertainment as well as consumption of goods in the ordinary sense; consumption is to be valued because it promotes happiness or welfare, which is the ultimate good; since there are not enough opportunities for consumption to provide satiation for everybody, some principles of distributive justice must be (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  23. Jon Elster (1978). Logic and Society Contradictions and Possible Worlds.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  24. Jon Elster (2003). The Market and the Forum: Three Varieties of Political Theory. In Derek Matravers & Jonathan E. Pike (eds.), Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology. Routledge, in Association with the Open University
  25.  27
    Jon Elster & John E. Roemer (eds.) (1991). Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being. Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume a diverse group of economists, philosophers, political scientists, and psychologists address the problems, principles, and practices involved in comparing the well-being of different individuals. A series of questions lie at the heart of this investigation: What is the relevant concept of well-being for the purposes of comparison? How could the comparisons be carried out for policy purposes? How are such comparisons made now? How do the difficulties involved in these comparisons affect the status of utilitarian theories? This (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  26.  11
    Jon Elster & Hélène Landemore (2008). Ideology and Dystopia. Critical Review 20 (3):273-289.
    Bryan Caplan’s Myth of the Rational Voter is deeply ideological and conceptually confused. His book is shaped by pro‐market and pro‐expert biases and anti‐democratic attitudes, leading to one‐sided and conclusion‐driven arguments. His notion that voters are rationally irrational when they hold anti‐market and anti‐trade beliefs is incoherent, as is his idea that sociotropic voting can be explained as the rational purchase of a good self‐image.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  27.  20
    Jon Elster (1986). Comment on van der Veen and Van Parijs. Theory and Society 15 (5):709-721.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  28. Jon Elster (1985). Rationality, Morality, and Collective Action. Ethics 96 (1):136-155.
  29. Jon Elster (2006). Fairness and Norms. Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (2):365-376.
    The term "fairness," in everyday language, seems to be used in two main ways: to express the idea of a fair division of something, and to express the idea of a fair response to the behavior of other people. This latter, by extension, captures the more general notion of reciprocity. Ernst Fehr refers to reciprocity and conditional cooperation as resulting from the operation of social norms. In this paper I suggest a different framework, recognizing differences between social norms and of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Jon Elster & Rune Slagstad (eds.) (1993). Constitutionalism and Democracy. Cambridge University Press.
    The eleven essays in this volume, supplemented by an editorial introduction, centre around three overlapping problems. First, why would a society want to limit its own sovereign power by imposing constitutional constraints on democratic decision-making? Second, what are the contributions of democracy and constitutions to efficient government? Third, what are the relations among democracy, constitutionalism, and private property? This comprehensive discussion of the problems inherent in constitutional democracy will be of interest to students in a variety of social sciences. It (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  31. Jon Elster (1994). Rationality, Emotions, and Social Norms. Synthese 98 (1):21 - 49.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  32. Jon Elster & Sour Grapes (1982). Utilitarianism and the Genesis of Wants. In Amartya Kumar Sen & Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (eds.), Utilitarianism and Beyond. Cambridge University Press 219--238.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  33.  37
    Jon Elster (ed.) (1999). Addiction: Entries and Exits. Russell Sage Publications.
    Chapter 1 Disordered Appetites: Addiction, Compulsion, and Dependence Gary Watson In both popular and technical discussion, addictive behavior is said to be ...
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  34. Jon Elster (1982). Belief, Bias, and Ideology. In Martin Hollis & Steven Lukes (eds.), Rationality and Relativism. MIT Press 123--148.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35.  90
    Jon Elster (1989). From Here to There; or, If Cooperative Ownership Is So Desirable, Why Are There So Few Cooperatives? Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):93.
    In this paper I want to discuss a well-known but poorly understood problem: how can socialists reconcile the observed paucity of cooperatives in capitalist societies with their alleged superiority on normative grounds? If cooperatives are so desirable, why don't workers desire them? If one's ideal of socialism is central planning, it is clear enough that it cannot emerge gradually within the womb of the capitalist economy. If instead it is something like market socialism, it is not clear that a discontinuous (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36.  46
    Jon Elster (2009). Urgency. Inquiry 52 (4):399 – 411.
    It is generally recognized that emotional states induce impatience, in the sense of a heightened preference for early rewards over later rewards. In this article I argue that they also induce urgency, in the sense of a preference for early action over later action. I adduce scattered evidence for the existence of the phenomenon and sketch a possible experiment that might demonstrate it, while also noting that it may be hard to distinguish urgency-based action from action based on the anticipation (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  37. Jon Elster (1994). [Book Review] Political Psychology. [REVIEW] Ethics 105 (1):183-185.
    This provocative new textbook takes up and develops the themes of rationality and irrationality in Jon Elster's earlier work. Its purposes are threefold. First, Elster shows how belief and preference formation in the realm of politics are shaped by social and political institutions. Second, he argues for an important distinction in the social sciences between mechanisms and theories. Third, he illustrates those general principles of political psychology through readings of three outstanding political psychologists: the French classical historian, Paul Veyne; the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  38.  7
    Jon Elster (forthcoming). Tool-Box or Toy-Box? Hard Obscurantism in Economic Modeling. Synthese:1-26.
    “Hard obscurantism” is a species of the genus scholarly obscurantism. A rough intensional definition of hard obscurantism is that models and procedures become ends in themselves, dissociated from their explanatory functions. In the present article, I exemplify and criticize hard obscurantism by examining the writings of eminent economists and political scientists.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  4
    Jon Elster (1983). Reply to Comments. Theory and Society 12 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  10
    Jon Elster (2007). Agir Contre Soi: La Faiblesse de Volonté. O. Jacob.
    Sur un problème classique - la possibilité du mal en connaissance de cause -, Jon Elster déploie toute la finesse et la puissance des outils philosophiques contemporains pour proposer un tableau complet des facteurs expliquant cette ...
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  41.  13
    Jon Elster (2005). Fehr on Altruism, Emotion, and Norms. Analyse & Kritik 27 (1):197-210.
    I discuss recent work by Ernst Fehr and his collaborators on cooperation and reciprocity. Their work demonstrates conclusively the reality and importance of non-self-interested motivations. It allows for a useful distinction between trust and blind trust. It points to a category of quasi-moral norms, distinct both from social norms and moral norms. It demonstrates how social interactions can generate irrational belief formation. It shows the potential of punishment for sustaining social norms and for overcoming the second-order free rider problem as (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Jon Elster (1999). Emotion and Addiction: Neurobiology, Culture, and Choice. In Addiction: Entries and Exits. Russell Sage Publications 239--276.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  49
    Jon Elster (1993). Ethical Individualism and Presentism. The Monist 76 (3):333-348.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Jon Elster (2009). La democrazia deliberativa [Deliberative democracy]. la Società Degli Individui 36:33-50.
    L’articolo esamina le qualità della democrazia deliberativa a partire dal ri­ferimento a espressioni storiche di questa: nelle istituzioni ateniesi del quin­to-quarto secolo a. C., nella Convenzione Federale statunitense del 1788, negli Stati Generali della Rivoluzione francese, in varie esperienze lo­cali odierne. Stabiliti tre modelli di democrazia e tre criteri per la deliberazione , la questione da affrontare è se la forma deliberativa di democrazia sia un buon sistema politico. La risposta è sì, purché si verifichino tre con­dizioni: intensità della motivazione (...)
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  45.  29
    Jon Elster (1976). A Note on Hysteresis in the Social Sciences. [REVIEW] Synthese 33 (1):371-391.
  46.  18
    Jon Elster (1986). The Possibility of Rational Politics. Critica 18 (54):17 - 62.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  47. Jon Elster (1985). The Nature and Scope of Rational-Choice Explanations. In Ernest LePore & Brian P. McLaughlin (eds.). Blackwell 60-72.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Jon Elster (1986). An Introduction to Karl Marx. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    A concise and comprehensive introduction to Marx's social, political and economic thought for the beginning student. Jon Elster surveys in turn each of the main themes of marxist thought: methodology, alienation, economics, exploitation, historical materialism, classes, politics, and ideology; in a final chapter he assesses 'what is living and what is dead in the philosophy of Marx'. The emphasis throughout is on the analytical structure of Marx's arguments and the approach is at once sympathetic, undogmatic, and rigorous.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  49.  16
    Jon Elster (1976). Review: A Note on Hysteresis in the Social Sciences. [REVIEW] Synthese 33 (2/4):371 - 391.
  50. Jon Elster (2004). Emotion and Action. In Robert C. Solomon (ed.), Thinking About Feeling: Contemporary Philosophers on Emotions. Oxford University Press 19-36.
1 — 50 / 108