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  1. Jonathan Baron & Jay Schulkin (forthcoming). Decision-Making and the Threat of Global Warming. Social Epistemology.
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  2. Min Gong, Jonathan Baron & Howard Kunreuther (2013). Why Do Groups Cooperate More Than Individuals to Reduce Risks? Theory and Decision 75 (1):101-116.
    Previous research has discovered a curious phenomenon: groups cooperate less than individuals in a deterministic prisoner’s dilemma game, but cooperate more than individuals when uncertainty is introduced into the game. We conducted two studies to examine three possible processes that might drive groups to be more cooperative than individuals in reducing risks: group risk concern, group cooperation expectation, and pressure to conform to social norms. We found that ex post guilt aversion and ex-post blame avoidance cause group members to be (...)
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  3. Jonathan Baron (2012). The Point of Normative Models in Judgment and Decision Making. Frontiers in Psychology 3.
    The point of normative models in judgment and decision making.
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  4. Jonathan Baron, Burcu Gürçay, Adam B. Moore & Katrin Starcke (2012). Use of a Rasch Model to Predict Response Times to Utilitarian Moral Dilemmas. Synthese 189 (S1):107-117.
    A two-systems model of moral judgment proposed by Joshua Greene holds that deontological moral judgments (those based on simple rules concerning action) are often primary and intuitive, and these intuitive judgments must be overridden by reflection in order to yield utilitarian (consequence-based) responses. For example, one dilemma asks whether it is right to push a man onto a track in order to stop a trolley that is heading for five others. Those who favor pushing, the utilitarian response, usually take longer (...)
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  5. Jonathan Baron (2011). Risk Attitude, Investments, and the Taste for Luxuries Versus Necessities. Frontiers in Psychology 2.
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  6. Jonathan Baron (2011). Utilitarian Emotions: Suggestions From Introspection. Emotion Review 3 (3):286-286.
    In folk psychology and some academic psychology, utilitarian thinking is associated with coldness and deontological thinking is associated with emotion. I suggest, mostly through personal examples, that these associations are far from perfect. Utilitarians experience emotions, which sometimes derive from, and sometimes cause or reinforce, their moral judgments.
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  7. Ilana Ritov & Jonathan Baron (2011). Joint Presentation Reduces the Effect of Emotion on Evaluation of Public Actions. Cognition and Emotion 25 (4):657-675.
  8. Jonathan Baron (2010). Cognitive Biases in Moral Judgments That Affect Political Behavior. Synthese 172 (1):7 - 35.
    Cognitive biases that affect decision making may affect the decisions of citizens that influence public policy. To the extent that decisions follow principles other than maximizing utility for all, it is less likely that utility will be maximized, and the citizens will ultimately suffer the results. Here I outline some basic arguments concerning decisions by citizens, using voting as an example. I describe two types of values that may lead to sub-optimal consequences when these values influence political behavior: moralistic values (...)
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  9. Jonathan Baron (2009). Belief-Overkill in Political Judgments. Informal Logic 29 (4):368-378.
    When people tend toward a political decision, such as voting for the Republican Party, they are often attracted to this decision by one issue, such as the party’s stance on abortion, but then they come to see other issues, such as the party’s stand on taxes, as supporting their decision, even if they would not have thought so in the absence of the decision. I demonstrate this phenomenon with opinion poll data and with an experiment done on the World Wide (...)
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  10. Edward B. Royzman, Robert F. Leeman & Jonathan Baron (2009). Unsentimental Ethics: Towards a Content-Specific Account of the Moral–Conventional Distinction. Cognition 112 (1):159-174.
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  11. Jonathan Baron (2006). A Decision Analysis of Consent. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):46 – 52.
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  12. Jonathan Baron (2006). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “A Decisional Analysis of Consent”. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):W51-W53.
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  13. Jonathan Baron (2005). Biting the Utilitarian Bullet. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):545-546.
    The heuristics-and-biases approach requires a clear separation of normative and descriptive models. Normative models cannot be justified by intuition, or by consensus. The lack of consensus on normative theory is a problem for prescriptive approaches. One solution to the prescriptive problem is to argue contingently: if you are concerned about consequences, here is a way to make them better.
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  14. Jonathan Baron (2002). Rationality and Illusion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):252-253.
    Commitment to a pattern of altruism or self-control may indeed be learnable and sometimes rational. Commitment may also result from illusions. In one illusion, people think that their present behavior causes their future behavior, or causes the behavior of others, when really only correlation is present. Another happy illusion is that morality and self-interest coincide, so that altruism appears self-interested.
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  15. Jonathan Baron (2001). Purposes and Methods. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):403-403.
    The methods of experiments in the social sciences should depend on their purposes. To support this claim, I attempt to state some general principles relating method to purpose for three of the issues addressed. (I do not understand what is not a script, so I will omit that issue.) I illustrate my outline with examples from psychological research on judgment and decision making (JDM).
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  16. Jonathan Baron (2000). Normative and Prescriptive Implications of Individual Differences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):668-669.
    Stanovich & West (S&W) have two goals, one concerned with the evaluation of normative models, the other with development of prescriptive models. Individual differences have no bearing on normative models, which are justified by analysis, not consensus. Individual differences do, however, suggest where it is possible to try to improve human judgments and decisions through education rather than computers.
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  17. Peter A. Ubel, Jonathan Baron & David A. Asch (1999). Social Acceptability, Personal Responsibility, and Prognosis in Public Judgments and Transplant Allocation. Bioethics 13 (1):57–68.
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  18. Jonathan Baron (1998). Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy, Robert E. Goodin. Cambridge University Press, 1995, 352 + Xii Pages. Economics and Philosophy 14 (01):151-.
  19. Jonathan Baron (1996). Situated Cognition, Prescriptive Theory, Evolution, and Something. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (2):324.
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  20. Jonathan Baron (1996). Norm-Endorsement Utilitarianism and the Nature of Utility. Economics and Philosophy 12 (02):165-.
    In this article, I shall suggest an approach to the justification of normative moral principles which leads, I think, to utilitarianism. The approach is based on asking what moral norms we would each endorse if we had no prior moral commitments. I argue that we would endorse norms that lead to the satisfaction of all our nonmoral values or goals. The same approach leads to a view of utility as consisting of those goals that we would want satisfied. In the (...)
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  21. Jonathan Baron & Joshua Greene (1996). Determinants of Insensitivity to Quantity in Valuation of Public Goods: Contribution, Warm Glow, Budget Constraints, Availability, and Prominence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 2 (2):107.
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  22. Jonathan Baron (1995). A Psychological View of Moral Intuition. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 5 (1):36-40.
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  23. Jonathan Baron (1995). A Theory of Social Decisions. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 25 (2):103–114.
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  24. Jonathan Baron (1995). Myside Bias in Thinking About Abortion. Thinking and Reasoning 1 (3):221 – 235.
    College-student subjects made notes about the morality of early abortion, as if they were preparing for a class discussion. Analysis of the quality of their arguments suggests that a distinction can be made between arguments based on well-supported warrants and those based on warrants that are easily criticised. The subjects also evaluated notes made by other, hypothetical, students preparing for the same discussion. Most subjects evaluated the set of arguments as better when the arguments were all on one side than (...)
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  25. Jonathan Baron & Jay Schulkin (1995). The Problem of Global Warming From a Decision-Theoretic Perspective. Social Epistemology 9 (4):353 – 368.
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  26. Jonathan Baron (1994). Nonconsequentialist decisions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):1.
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  27. Jonathan Baron (1994). Normative, Descriptive and Prescriptive Responses. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):32.
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  28. Jonathan Baron (1993). Deduction as an Example of Thinking. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):336.
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  29. Jonathan Baron (1992). Kuhn`s The Skills of Argument. Informal Logic 14 (1).
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  30. Jonathan Baron (1991). Optimality as an Evaluative Standard in the Study of Decision-Making. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):216.
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  31. Jonathan Baron (1991). Schools of Thought. Inquiry 8 (1):17-19.
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  32. Jonathan Baron (1991). Some Thinking is Irrational. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):486-487.
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  33. Jonathan Baron (1990). Thinking About Consequences. Journal of Moral Education 19 (2):77-87.
    Abstract Critical thinking about moral decisions considers the consequences of options for the achievement of people's goals. Attempts to think critically lead to error and bias, so intuitive rules are needed to guard against these errors and to save time. Intuitive rules, however, lead to errors and biases of their own. I propose that students be taught to approximate critical thinking itself and that they learn rules of thumb to guard against its pitfalls. In particular, students need to learn certain (...)
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  34. Jonathan Baron (1988). Utility, Exchange, and Commensurability. Journal of Thought 23:111-131.
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  35. Jonathan Baron (1987). Second-Order Probabilities and Belief Functions. Theory and Decision 23 (1):25-36.
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  36. Jonathan Baron (1986). Tradeoffs Among Reasons for Action. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 16 (2):173–195.
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  37. Jonathan Baron (1985). Back to Basics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):706.
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  38. Jonathan Baron (1985). Reliability and G. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):220-221.
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  39. Jonathan Baron (1984). Criteria and Explanations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):287.
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  40. Jonathan Baron (1975). Stimuli and Subjects in One-Tailed Tests. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (6):608-610.
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  41. Jonathan Baron (1972). Semantic Components and Conceptual Development. Cognition 2 (3):299-317.
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