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Profile: Jonathan Kaplan (Oregon State University)
  1. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (forthcoming). Race, IQ, and the Search for Statistical Signals Associated with so-Called “X”-Factors: Environments, Racism, and the “Hereditarian Hypothesis”. Biology and Philosophy:1-17.
    Some authors defending the “hereditarian” hypothesis with respect to differences in average IQ scores between populations have argued that the sorts of environmental variation hypothesized by some researchers rejecting the hereditarian position should leave discoverable statistical traces, namely changes in the overall variance of scores or in variance–covariance matrices relating scores to other variables. In this paper, I argue that the claims regarding the discoverability of such statistical signals are broadly mistaken—there is no good reason to suspect that the hypothesized (...)
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  2. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (forthcoming). Tying One's Hands: Weakness of Will as a Justification for Trade Restrictions. Public Affairs Quarterly.
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  3. Jonathan Michael Kaplan & Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (forthcoming). Realism, Antirealism, and Conventionalism About Race. Philosophy of Science.
    This paper distinguishes three concepts of "race": bio-genomic cluster/race, biological race, and social race. We map out realism, antirealism, and conventionalism about each of these, in three important historical episodes: Frank Livingstone and Theodosius Dobzhansky in 1962, A.W.F. Edwards' 2003 response to Lewontin (1972), and contemporary discourse. Semantics is especially crucial to the first episode, while normativity is central to the second. Upon inspection, each episode also reveals a variety of commitments to the metaphysics of race. We conclude by interrogating (...)
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  4. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (2013). Adaptive Landscapes: Concepts, Tools and Metaphors (Reviewing E.I. Svensson and R. Calsbeek (Eds.), The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):613-616.
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  5. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (2013). “Relevant Similarity” and the Causes of Biological Evolution: Selection, Fitness, and Statistically Abstractive Explanations. Biology and Philosophy 28 (3):405-421.
    Matthen (Philos Sci 76(4):464–487, 2009) argues that explanations of evolutionary change that appeal to natural selection are statistically abstractive explanations, explanations that ignore some possible explanatory partitions that in fact impact the outcome. This recognition highlights a difficulty with making selective analyses fully rigorous. Natural selection is not about the details of what happens to any particular organism, nor, by extension, to the details of what happens in any particular population. Since selective accounts focus on tendencies, those factors that impact (...)
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  6. Jonathan Michael Kaplan & Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2013). Prisoners of Abstraction? The Theory and Measure of Genetic Variation, and the Very Concept of 'Race'. Biological Theory 7 (1):401-412.
    It is illegitimate to read any ontology about "race" off of biological theory or data. Indeed, the technical meaning of "genetic variation" is fluid, and there is no single theoretical agreed-upon criterion for defining and distinguishing populations (or groups or clusters) given a particular set of genetic variation data. Thus, by analyzing three formal senses of "genetic variation"—diversity, differentiation, and heterozygosity—we argue that the use of biological theory for making epistemic claims about "race" can only seem plausible when it relies (...)
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  7. Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther & Jonathan Michael Kaplan (2013). Ontologies and Politics of Biogenomic 'Race'. Theoria. A Journal of Social and Political Theory (South Africa) 60 (3):54-80.
    All eyes are turned towards genomic data and models as the source of knowledge about whether human races exist or not. Will genomic science make the final decision about whether racial realism (e.g., racial population naturalism) or anti-realism (e.g., racial skepticism) is correct? We think not. We believe that the results of even our best and most impressive genomic technologies underdetermine whether bio-genomic races exist, or not. First, different sub-disciplines of biology interested in population structure employ distinct concepts, aims, measures, (...)
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  8. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (2010). When Socially Determined Categories Make Biological Realities. The Monist 93 (2):283-299.
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  9. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (2007). Review of Samir Okasha, Evolution and the Levels of Selection. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (4).
  10. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (2006). More Misuses of Evolutionary Psychology. Metascience 15 (1):177-181.
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  11. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (2003). Review of Gordon Graham, Genes: A Philosophical Inquiry. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (5).
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  12. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (2003). Review of Lenny Moss, What Genes Can't Do. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (8).
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  13. Jonathan Michael Kaplan (2001). Beyond Cloning: Religion and the Remaking of Humanity (Review). American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):68-69.
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  14. Jonathan Michael Kaplan & Massimo Pigliucci (2001). Genes `For' Phenotypes: A Modern History View. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 16 (2):189--213.
    We attempt to improve the understanding of the notion of agene being `for a phenotypic trait or traits. Considering theimplicit functional ascription of one thing being `for another,we submit a more restrictive version of `gene for talk.Accordingly, genes are only to be thought of as being forphenotypic traits when good evidence is available that thepresence or prevalence of the gene in a population is the resultof natural selection on that particular trait, and that theassociation between that trait and the gene (...)
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  15. Jonathan Michael Kaplan & Ina Roy (2000). Accidental Germ-Line Modifications Through Somatic Cell Gene Therapies: Some Ethical Considerations. American Journal of Bioethics: Ajob 1 (4):W13 - W13.
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