Search results for 'Jonathan S. Marko' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jonathan S. Marko (2010). Revisiting the Question. Philosophy and Theology 22 (1/2):77-104.score: 960.0
    In this article I argue that the 1729 Dissertation on Liberty and Neces­sity should be attributed to Anthony Collins. This was the prevailing view until the publication of James O’Higgins’s 1970 biography of Collins. Since then, most have followed Collins’s modern-day biographer in denying that Collins penned the Dissertation. After reviewing O’Higgins’s six reasons for rejecting Collins as the author, I respond to the substantive issues in what follows. Part I is a historical positioning of the Clarke-Collins liberty-necessity debate where (...)
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  2. Jonathan S. Marko (2010). Is Anthony Collins the Author of the 1729 Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity? Philosophy and Theology 22 (1):77.score: 870.0
  3. Gary S. Marko (1980). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 21 (3):239-251.score: 240.0
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  4. Sara L. Uckelman (forthcoming). Aristotle's Syllogistics. Metascience:1-7.score: 54.0
    In this masterful book, Marko Malink sets out to do what no one has succeeded in doing before: To provide a consistent and coherent model adequate for the entirety of Aristotle’s claims about valid and invalid syllogisms, both apodeictic and modal (p. 2). The fact that Malink attains his goal is impressive enough to almost—but not quite—overshadow the drawbacks of the model (which, to be fair, he points out himself in various places).After an introduction, where notation for categorical claims (...)
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  5. Marko Uršič (2004). “Naturadeus”, a Metaphor of the Perfect Diamond. Acta Analytica 19 (33):221-239.score: 45.0
    In this essay, the author outlines his re-construction of Spinoza’s ontological monism by re-presenting the system of Ethica, ordine geometrico demonstrata , in an “intuitive” model of the Perfect Diamond, called NATURADEUS. So, for example, ordo et connexio idearum et rerum , is presented to the inner eye in the forms of two parallel structures, of rays and of facets within the NATURADEUS, respectively. The conceptual background of the proposed model is mostly analytic, the author essays to develop some ideas (...)
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  6. Marko Malink (2006). A Reconstruction of Aristotle's Modal Syllogistic. History and Philosophy of Logic 27 (2):95-141.score: 42.0
    Ever since ?ukasiewicz, it has been opinio communis that Aristotle's modal syllogistic is incomprehensible due to its many faults and inconsistencies, and that there is no hope of finding a single consistent formal model for it. The aim of this paper is to disprove these claims by giving such a model. My main points shall be, first, that Aristotle's syllogistic is a pure term logic that does not recognize an extra syntactic category of individual symbols besides syllogistic terms and, second, (...)
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  7. Marko Jurjako (2011). Parfit's Chellenges. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):237-248.score: 42.0
    In his long-awaited book On What Matters Parfit develops a normative theory that covers a whole range of normative concepts, from reasons and rationality to questions of moral progress and meaning of life. This paper focuses on Parfit*s view on reasons and rationality, and especially concentrates on three theses that are implicitly or explicitly endorsed by Parfit. The theses are: 1) the concept of a normative reason cannot be explicated in a non-circular way, 2) rationality of non-normative beliefs never influences (...)
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  8. Marko Ahteensuu & Susanna Lehvävirta (2014). Assisted Migration, Risks and Scientific Uncertainty, and Ethics: A Comment on Albrecht Et Al.'S Review Paper. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (3):471-477.score: 42.0
    In response to Albrecht et al.’s (J Agric Environ Ethics 26(4):827–845, 2013) discussion on the ethics of assisted migration, we emphasize the issues of risk and scientific uncertainty as an inextricable part of a comprehensive ethical evaluation. Insisting on a separation of risk and ethical considerations, although arguably common in many policy contexts, is at best misguided and at worst damaging.
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  9. Paul Brazier (2010). From Achilles to Christ: Why Christians Should Read the Pagan Classics. By Louis Markos and Simone Weil's Apologetic Use of Literature: Her Christological Interpretations of Ancient Greek Texts (Oxford Modern Languages and Literature Monographs). By Marie Cabaud Meaney. Heythrop Journal 51 (1):100-101.score: 40.0
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  10. Marko Zlomislic (2009). Derrida's Turn to Franciscan Philosophy. Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):65-76.score: 36.0
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  11. Marko Simendic (2012). Thomas Hobbes's Person as Persona and 'Intelligent Substance'. Intellectual History Review 22 (2):147-162.score: 36.0
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  12. Marko Tokić (2010). Michelangelo i novoplatonizam u renesansnoj umjetnosti – s osvrtom na svod Sikstinske kapele i Mojsija. Filozofska Istraživanja 30 (1-2):33-60.score: 36.0
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  13. Marko Škorić (2013). Georg Simmel's Selection Theory. Filozofska Istraživanja 33 (2):331-342.score: 36.0
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  14. Marko Novakovic (2013). Dialectic of the Aesthetic in Adorno's Critique of Kierkegaard. Filozofija I Drustvo 24 (3):57-80.score: 36.0
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  15. Marko Tokić (2008). Plotinus' Concept of Noetic Matter on the Background of Aristotle's Usiology. Filozofska Istraživanja 27 (4):855-866.score: 36.0
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  16. Marko Ursic (2006). Cassirer's Philosophy of Symbolic Forms (Ernst Cassirer). Filozofski Vestnik 27 (3):97 - +.score: 36.0
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  17. Marko Zlomislic (2007). Jacques Derrida's Aporetic Ethics. Lexington Books.score: 36.0
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  18. Dragan M. Mitrović & Marko S. Trajković (2012). Der realistische Begriff des Rechts. Synthesis Philosophica 27 (1):159-180.score: 24.0
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  19. Dragan M. Mitrović & Marko S. Trajković (2012). Le concept réaliste du droit. Synthesis Philosophica 27 (1):159-180.score: 24.0
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  20. Dragan M. Mitrović & Marko S. Trajković (2012). Realistički pojam prava. Synthesis Philosophica 27 (1):159-180.score: 24.0
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  21. Dragan M. Mitrović & Marko S. Trajković (2012). The Realistic Concept of the Law. Synthesis Philosophica 27 (1):159-180.score: 24.0
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  22. Markos Valaris (2008). Inner Sense, Self-Affection, and Temporal Consciousness in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Philosophers' Imprint 8 (4):1-18.score: 14.0
    In §24 of the Transcendental Deduction, Kant remarks that his account of the capacity of the understanding to spontaneously determine sensibility explains how empirical self-knowledge is possible through inner-sense. Although most commentators consider Kant's conception of empirical self-knowledge through inner sense to be either a failure or at least drastically under-developed, I argue that (just as Kant claims) his account of the capacity of the understanding to determine sensibility - the "productive imagination" - can ground an attractive account of self-knowledge. (...)
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  23. Janez Bregant, Andraž Stožer & Marko Cerkvenik (2010). Molecular Reduction: Reality or Fiction? [REVIEW] Synthese 172 (3):437 - 450.score: 12.0
    Neurophysiological research suggests our mental life is related to the cellular processes of particular nerves. In the spirit of Occam’s razor, some authors take these connections as reductions of psychological terms and kinds to molecular- biological mechanisms and patterns. Bickle’s ‘intervene cellularly/molecularly and track behaviourally’ reduction is one example of this. Here the mental is being reduced to the physical in two steps. The first is, through genetically altered mammals, to causally alter activity of particular nerve cells, i.e. neurons, at (...)
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  24. Marko Ahteensuu (2012). Assumptions of the Deficit Model Type of Thinking: Ignorance, Attitudes, and Science Communication in the Debate on Genetic Engineering in Agriculture. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):295-313.score: 12.0
    This paper spells out and discusses four assumptions of the deficit model type of thinking. The assumptions are: First, the public is ignorant of science. Second, the public has negative attitudes towards (specific instances of) science and technology. Third, ignorance is at the root of these negative attitudes. Fourth, the public’s knowledge deficit can be remedied by one-way science communication from scientists to citizens. It is argued that there is nothing wrong with ignorance-based explanations per se. Ignorance accounts at least (...)
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  25. Anton Markoš & Fatima Cvrčková (2013). The Meaning(s) of Information, Code … and Meaning. Biosemiotics 6 (1):61-75.score: 12.0
    Meaning is a central concept of (bio)semiotics. At the same time, it is also a word of everyday language. Here, on the example of the world information, we discuss the “reduction-inflation model” of evolution of a common word into a scientific concept, to return subsequently into everyday circulation with new connotations. Such may be, in the near future, also the fate of the word meaning if, flexed through objectified semantics, will become considered an objective concept usable in semiotics. We argue (...)
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  26. Marko Malink & Jacob Rosen (2013). Proof by Assumption of the Possible in Prior Analytics 1.15. Mind 122 (488):953-986.score: 12.0
    In Prior Analytics 1.15 Aristotle undertakes to establish certain modal syllogisms of the form XQM. Although these syllogisms are central to his modal system, the proofs he offers for them are problematic. The precise structure of these proofs is disputed, and it is often thought that they are invalid. We propose an interpretation which resolves the main difficulties with them: the proofs are valid given a small number of intrinsically plausible assumptions, although they are in tension with some claims found (...)
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  27. Juha Marko Lahnakoski, Enrico Glerean, Juha Salmi, Iiro P. Jääskeläinen, Mikko Sams, Riitta Hari & Lauri Nummenmaa (2012). Naturalistic fMRI Mapping Reveals Superior Temporal Sulcus as the Hub for the Distributed Brain Network for Social Perception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 12.0
    Despite the abundant data on brain networks processing static social signals, such as pictures of faces, the neural systems supporting social perception in naturalistic conditions are still poorly understood. Here we delineated brain networks subserving social perception under naturalistic conditions in 19 healthy humans who watched, during 3-tesla functional magnetic imaging (fMRI), a set of 137 short (~16 s each, total 27 min) audiovisual movie clips depicting pre-selected social signals. Two independent raters estimated how well each clip represented eight social (...)
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  28. Marcello Barbieri (2009). A Short History of Biosemiotics. Biosemiotics 2 (2):221-245.score: 8.0
    Biosemiotics is the synthesis of biology and semiotics, and its main purpose is to show that semiosis is a fundamental component of life, i.e., that signs and meaning exist in all living systems. This idea started circulating in the 1960s and was proposed independently from enquires taking place at both ends of the Scala Naturae. At the molecular end it was expressed by Howard Pattee’s analysis of the genetic code, whereas at the human end it took the form of Thomas (...)
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  29. Stephen J. Cowley (2008). Meaning in Nature: Organic Manufacture? [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 1 (1):85-98.score: 8.0
    The paper examines Marcello Barbieri’s (2007) Introduction to Biosemiotics. Highlighting debate within the biosemiotic community, it focuses on what the volume offers to those who explain human intellect in relation to what Turing called our ‘physical powers.’ In scrutinising the basis of world-modelling, parallels and contrasts are drawn with other work on embodied-embedded cognition. Models dominate biology. Is this a qualitative fact or does it point to biomechanisms? In evaluating the 18 contributions, it is suggested that the answers will shape (...)
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  30. Markos Valaris (2014). Reasoning and Regress. Mind 123 (489):101-127.score: 6.0
    Regress arguments have convinced many that reasoning cannot require beliefs about what follows from what. In this paper I argue that this is a mistake. Regress arguments rest on dubious (although deeply entrenched) assumptions about the nature of reasoning — most prominently, the assumption that believing p by reasoning is simply a matter of having a belief in p with the right causal ancestry. I propose an alternative account, according to which beliefs about what follows from what play a constitutive (...)
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  31. Markos Valaris, Dogmatism and Moorean Reasoning.score: 4.0
    According to dogmatism, one may know a proposition by inferring it from a set of evidence even if one has no independent grounds for rejecting a skeptical hypothesis compatible with one’s evidence but incompatible with one’s conclusion. Despite its intuitive attractions, many philosophers have argued that dogmatism goes wrong because they have thought that it licenses Moorean reasoning — i.e., reasoning in which one uses the conclusion of an inference as a premise in an argument against a skeptical hypothesis that (...)
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  32. Markos Valaris (2012). Instrumental Rationality. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):n/a-n/a.score: 4.0
    Does rationality require us to take the means to our ends? Intuitively, it seems clear that it does. And yet it has proven difficult to explain why this should be so: after all, if one is pursuing an end that one has decisive reason not to pursue, the balance of reasons will presumably speak against one's taking the means necessary to bring that end about. In this paper I propose a novel account of the instrumental requirement which addresses this problem. (...)
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  33. Markos Hadjioannou (2012). From Light to Byte: Toward an Ethics of Digital Cinema. University of Minnesota Press.score: 4.0
    Introduction. Going digital: cinema's new age -- The reality of the index, or where does the truth lie? -- Physical presences: reality, materiality, corporeality -- Spatial coordinates: in between celluloid strips and codified pixels -- Rediscovering cinematic time -- Tracing an ethics of the movie image -- Conclusion. change: a point of constant departure.
     
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  34. Anton Markoš & Jana Švorcová (2009). Recorded Versus Organic Memory: Interaction of Two Worlds as Demonstrated by the Chromatin Dynamics. Biosemiotics 2 (2):131-149.score: 4.0
    The “histone code” conjecture of gene regulation is our point of departure for analyzing the interplay between the (quasi)digital script in nucleic acids and proteins on the one hand and the body on the other, between the recorded and organic memory. We argue that the cell’s ability to encode its states into strings of “characters” dramatically enhances the capacity of encoding its experience (organic memory). Finally, we present our concept of interaction between the natural (bodily) world, and the transcendental realm (...)
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