Search results for 'Josep Costa' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Josep Costa (2003). On Theories of Secession: Minorities, Majorities and the Multinational State. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 6 (2):63-90.score: 240.0
    This article examines the relevance of a theory of the multinational state for the evaluation of claims for self-determination and secession. Considerations of ?ethnocultural justice? imply that the recognition of the multinational character of a state ? or the granting of some of the minority nations' demands ? is a matter of justice. If these requirements are not met, secession could be justified. Indeed, if secession needs a just cause (as it has been argued), a failure to build a truly (...)
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  2. Jerzy Kotas & N. C. A. Costa (1979). A New Formulation of Discussive Logic. Studia Logica 38 (4):429 - 445.score: 60.0
    S. Jakowski introduced the discussive prepositional calculus D 2as a basis for a logic which could be used as underlying logic of inconsistent but nontrivial theories (see, for example, N. C. A. da Costa and L. Dubikajtis, On Jakowski's discussive logic, in Non-Classical Logic, Model Theory and Computability, A. I. Arruda, N. C. A da Costa and R. Chuaqui edts., North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977, 37–56). D 2has afterwards been extended to a first-order predicate calculus and to a higher-order logic (...)
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  3. Cláudio F. Costa (forthcoming). Philosophy as a Protoscience. Disputatio 4 (34):591-608.score: 60.0
    Costa-Claudio_Philosophy-as-a-protoscience.
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  4. Ayda I. Arruda & Newton C. A. Costa (1984). On the Relevant Systemsp Andp* and Some Related Systems. Studia Logica 43 (1-2):33 - 49.score: 60.0
    In this paper we study the systemsP andP * (see Arruda and da Costa,O paradoxo de Curry-Moh Shaw-Kwei, Boletim da Sociedade Matemtica de São Paulo 18 (1966)) and some related systems. In the last section, we prove that certain set theories havingP andP * as their underlying logics are non-trivial.
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  5. José William Barbosa Costa (2013). Dom leme e os movimentos religiosos de massas: a proposta de ordem cristã para o Brasil. Horizonte 11 (31):1155-1156.score: 60.0
    COSTA, J. W. B. Dom leme e os movimentos religiosos de massas: a proposta de ordem cristã para o Brasil. Dissertação (Mestrado) 2013. 157f - Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte. Palavras-chave: D. Leme. Congresso Eucarístico. Nossa Senhora Aparecida. Cristo do Corcovado. Ordem Cristã.
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  6. Stephanie Costa (2009). Adventures with the Wonderful Mr. Potato Head. Questions: Philosophy for Young People 9:4-4.score: 60.0
    Costa uses a symbolic metaphor to 8-10 year-olds with ‘Mr. Potato Head’ to show the value of meaning and how to be unique and true to oneself (metaphysics).
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  7. Victoria Costa (2010). Rawls, Citizenship, and Education. Routledge.score: 60.0
    This book develops and applies a unified interpretation of John Rawls’ theory of justice as fairness in order to clarify the account of citizenship that Rawls relies upon, and the kind of educational policies that the state can legitimately pursue to promote social justice. Costa examines the role of the family as the "first school of justice" and its basic contribution to the moral and political development of children. It also argues that schools are necessary to supplement the education (...)
     
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  8. M. Victoria Costa (2010). Rawls, Citizenship, and Education. Routledge.score: 60.0
    This book develops and applies a unified interpretation of John Rawls’ theory of justice as fairness in order to clarify the account of citizenship that Rawls relies upon, and the kind of educational policies that the state can legitimately pursue to promote social justice. Costa examines the role of the family as the "first school of justice" and its basic contribution to the moral and political development of children. It also argues that schools are necessary to supplement the education (...)
     
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  9. M. Victoria Costa (2009). Neo-Republicanism, Freedom as Non-Domination, and Citizen Virtue. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (4):401-419.score: 30.0
    This article discusses Philip Pettit’s neo-republicanism in light of the criterion of self-sustenance: the requirement that a political theory be capable of serving as a self-sustaining public philosophy for a pluralist democracy. It argues that this criterion can only be satisfied by developing an adequate politics of virtue. Pettit’s theory is built around the notion of freedom as non-domination, and he does not say much about the virtues of citizens or the policies the state may employ to encourage their development. (...)
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  10. Horacio Arlo Costa & Jeffrey Helzner, Iterated Random Selection as Intermediate Between Risk and Uncertainty. ISIPTA'09 ELECTRONIC PROCEEDINGS.score: 30.0
  11. M. Victoria Costa (2009). Rawls on Liberty and Domination. Res Publica 15 (4):397--413.score: 30.0
    One of the central elements of John Rawls’ argument in support of his two principles of justice is the intuitive normative ideal of citizens as free and equal. But taken in isolation, the claim that citizens are to be treated as free and equal is extremely indeterminate, and has virtually no clear implications for policy. In order to remedy this, the two principles of justice, together with the stipulation that citizens have basic interests in developing their moral capacities and pursuing (...)
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  12. Claudio F. Costa (2011). A Meta-Descriptivist Theory of Proper Names. Ratio 24 (3):259-281.score: 30.0
    This paper proposes a new, stronger version of the cluster theory of proper names. It introduces a meta-identifying rule that can establish a cluster's main descriptions and explain how they must be satisfied in order to allow the application of a proper name. At the same time, it preserves some main insights of the causal-historical view. With the resulting rule we can not only give a more detailed reply to the counter-examples to descriptivism, but also explain the informative contents of (...)
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  13. Michael J. Costa (1986). The Trolley Problem Revisited. Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):437-449.score: 30.0
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  14. M. Victoria Costa (2009). Citizenship and the State. Philosophy Compass 4 (6):987-997.score: 30.0
    This study surveys debates on citizenship, the state, and the bases of political stability. The survey begins by presenting the primary sense of 'citizenship' as a legal status and the question of the sorts of political communities people can belong to as citizens. (Multi)nation-states are suggested as the main site of citizenship in the contemporary world, without ignoring the existence of alternative possibilities. Turning to discussions of citizen identity, the study shows that some of the discussion is motivated by a (...)
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  15. Claudio F. Costa (2001). I'm Thinking. Ratio 14 (3):222-233.score: 30.0
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  16. Claudio F. Costa (2010). A Perspectival Definition of Knowledge. Ratio 23 (2):151-167.score: 30.0
    In this paper an improved formulation of the classical tripartite view of knowledge is proposed and defended. This formulation solves Gettier's problem by making explicit what is concealed by the symbolic version of the tripartite definition, namely, the perspectival context in which concrete knowledge claims are evaluated.
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  17. Newton C. A. Costa & Walter A. Carnielli (1986). On Paraconsistent Deontic Logic. Philosophia 16 (3-4):293-305.score: 30.0
    This paper develops the first deontic logic in the context of paraconsistent logics.
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  18. Vincenzo Costa (2008). Die Erfahrung Des Anderen. Phänomenologie, Behaviorismus Und Spiegelneuronen. Husserl Studies 24 (3):231-241.score: 30.0
    The recent discovery of a mirror neuron system sets a challenge for a philosophy of experience such as phenomenology, because in humans and monkeys the mirror system seems to transform seen actions into an inner representation of these actions. This paper tries to outline the guidelines of a transcendental-phenomenological analysis of alterity, different from empirical research. The transcendental research must provide a criterion for interpreting the results of empirical science. On this basis the paper compares the phenomenological analysis of alterity (...)
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  19. Horacio Arló Costa & Jeffrey Helzner (2012). More Foundations of the Decision Sciences: Introduction. Synthese 187 (1):1-10.score: 30.0
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  20. Newton C. A. Costa & Rolando Chuaqui (1988). On Suppes' Set Theoretical Predicates. Erkenntnis 29 (1):95-112.score: 30.0
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  21. M. Victoria Costa (2007). Freedom as Non-Domination, Normativity, and Indeterminacy. Journal of Value Inquiry 41 (2-4):291-307.score: 30.0
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  22. Ericka Costa & Tommaso Ramus (2012). The Italian Economia Aziendale and Catholic Social Teaching: How to Apply the Common Good Principle at the Managerial Level. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):103-116.score: 30.0
    The ongoing global economic and financial crisis has exposed the risks of considering market and business organizations only as instruments for creating economic wealth while paying little heed to their role in ethics and values. Catholic Social Teaching (CST) could provide a useful contribution in rethinking the role of values in business organizations and markets because CST puts forward an anthropological view that involves thinking of the marketplace as a community of persons with the aim of participating in the Common (...)
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  23. Michael J. Costa (1989). Hume and Causal Realism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (2):172 – 190.score: 30.0
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  24. Michael J. Costa (1987). Another Trip on the Trolley. Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):461-466.score: 30.0
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  25. Vincenzo Costa (2001). Dan Zahavi, Husserl Und Die Transzendentale Intersubjektivität. Eine Antwort Auf Die Sprachpragmatische Kritik. Husserl Studies 17 (2):149-153.score: 30.0
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  26. Newton C. A. Da Costa (2010). Some Aspectos of Quantum Physics. Principia 11 (1):77-95.score: 30.0
    I discuss some questions of quantum physics, for instance the validity and limitations of the basic language of set theory to deal with problems related to elementary particles. I also present a sketch of a formalization of a “metaphysics of structures”, which might be useful for a kind of “ontic structural realism”, and briefly review the concept of quasi-truth, which underlies my way of understanding scientific theories and the scientific activity.
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  27. Horacio Arló Costa & Rohit Parikh (2005). Conditional Probability and Defeasible Inference. Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (1):97 - 119.score: 30.0
    We offer a probabilistic model of rational consequence relations (Lehmann and Magidor, 1990) by appealing to the extension of the classical Ramsey-Adams test proposed by Vann McGee in (McGee, 1994). Previous and influential models of nonmonotonic consequence relations have been produced in terms of the dynamics of expectations (Gärdenfors and Makinson, 1994; Gärdenfors, 1993).'Expectation' is a term of art in these models, which should not be confused with the notion of expected utility. The expectations of an agent are some form (...)
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  28. M. Victoria Costa (2004). Political Liberalism and the Complexity of Civic Virtue. Southern Journal of Philosophy 42 (2):149-170.score: 30.0
  29. Claudio F. Costa (2006). Free Will and the Soft Constraints of Reason. Ratio 19 (1):1-23.score: 30.0
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  30. C. D. N. Costa (1991). Alessandro Schiesaro: Simulacrum et imago. Gli argomenti analogici nel De rerum natura. (Biblioteca di 'Materiali e discussioni per l'analisi dei testi classici', 8.) Pp. 174. Pisa: Giardini, 1990. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 41 (02):481-482.score: 30.0
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  31. Andrew Sikula & Adelmiro D. Costa (1994). Are Women More Ethical Than Men? Journal of Business Ethics 13 (11):859 - 871.score: 30.0
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  32. Newton C. A. Costa & Steven French (1991). On Russell's Principle of Induction. Synthese 86 (2):285-295.score: 30.0
    An improvement on Horwich's so-called pseudo-proof of Russell's principle of induction is offered, which, we believe, avoids certain objections to the former. Although strictly independent of our other work in this area, a connection can be made and in the final section we comment on this and certain questions regarding rationality, etc.
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  33. Horacio Arlo Costa (2003). Review of David Papineau, The Roots of Reason: Philosophical Essays on Rationality, Evolution, and Probability. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (12).score: 30.0
  34. Michael J. Costa (1981). Hume and Justified Belief. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):219 - 228.score: 30.0
    David hume is sometimes viewed as a skeptic who argues that none of our beliefs about the world are justified. this paper challenges that view by developing and explicating an account of justified belief that is compatible with hume's theories about belief formation, inference, and principles governing the association of ideas. it is noted that the resultant account bears some resemblance to contemporary causal/reliability views of justification.
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  35. Cristina D'Ancona Costa (1999). Porphyry, Universal Soul and the Arabic Plotinus. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 9 (01):47-.score: 30.0
    Scholars working in the field of Graeco-Arabic Neoplatonism often discuss the role Porphyry, the editor of Plotinus, must be credited with in the formation of the Arabic Plotinian corpus. A note in this corpus apparently suggests that Porphyry provided a commentary to the so-called Theology of Aristotle, i.e., parts of some treatises of Enneads IV-VI. Consequently, Porphyry has been considered as responsible for the (sometimes relevant) doctrinal shifts which affect the Arabic Plotinian paraphrase with respect to the original text. This (...)
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  36. Edwin J. Beggs, José Félix Costa & John V. Tucker (2010). Physical Oracles: The Turing Machine and the Wheatstone Bridge. Studia Logica 95 (1/2):279 - 300.score: 30.0
    Earlier, we have studied computations possible by physical systems and by algorithms combined with physical systems. In particular, we have analysed the idea of using an experiment as an oracle to an abstract computational device, such as the Turing machine. The theory of composite machines of this kind can be used to understand (a) a Turing machine receiving extra computational power from a physical process, or (b) an experimenter modelled as a Turing machine performing a test of a known physical (...)
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  37. Michael J. Costa (1999). Lou Reich, Hume's Religious Naturalism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 46 (1):58-61.score: 30.0
  38. M. Victoria Costa (2004). Rawlsian Civic Education: Political Not Minimal. Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (1):1–14.score: 30.0
  39. Horacio Arló Costa & Isaac Levi (1996). Two Notions of Epistemic Validity. Synthese 109 (2):217 - 262.score: 30.0
    How to accept a conditional? F. P. Ramsey proposed the following test in (Ramsey 1990).(RT) If A, then B must be accepted with respect to the current epistemic state iff the minimal hypothetical change of it needed to accept A also requires accepting B.
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  40. Newton Costa, Olimpia Lombardi & Mariano Lastiri (2013). A Modal Ontology of Properties for Quantum Mechanics. Synthese 190 (17):3671-3693.score: 30.0
    Our purpose in this paper is to delineate an ontology for quantum mechanics that results adequate to the formalism of the theory. We will restrict our aim to the search of an ontology that expresses the conceptual content of the recently proposed modal-Hamiltonian interpretation, according to which the domain referred to by non-relativistic quantum mechanics is an ontology of properties. The usual strategy in the literature has been to focus on only one of the interpretive problems of the theory and (...)
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  41. C. D. N. Costa (1992). Giannina Solimano: La prepotenza dell' occhio: riflessioni sull'opera di Seneca. (Pubblicazioni del D. AR. Fl. CL. ET., N. S., 141.) Pp. 153. Genoa: Università di Genova, 1991. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 42 (02):448-449.score: 30.0
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  42. Michael J. Costa (1983). What Cartesian Ideas Are Not. Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (4):537-549.score: 30.0
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  43. Michael J. Costa (1988). Hume and Belief in the Existence of an External World. Philosophical Studies 32:99-112.score: 30.0
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  44. M. Victoria Costa (2005). Human Rights and the Global Original Position Argument in the Law of Peoples. Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (1):49–61.score: 30.0
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  45. Horacio Arló Costa (2005). Non-Adjunctive Inference and Classical Modalities. Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (5/6):581 - 605.score: 30.0
    The article focuses on representing different forms of non-adjunctive inference as sub-Kripkean systems of classical modal logic, where the inference from □A and □B to □A ∧ B fails. In particular we prove a completeness result showing that the modal system that Schotch and Jennings derive from a form of non-adjunctive inference in (Schotch and Jennings, 1980) is a classical system strictly stronger than EMN and weaker than K (following the notation for classical modalities presented in Chellas, 1980). The unified (...)
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  46. Richard Sylvan & Newton Costa (1988). Cause as an Implication. Studia Logica 47 (4):413 - 428.score: 30.0
    An appropriately unprejudiced logical investigation of causation as a type of implication relation is undertaken. The implication delineated is bounded syntactically. The developing argument then leads to a very natural process analysis, which demonstrably captures the established syntactical features. Next relevantly-based semantics for the resulting logical theory are adduced, and requisite adequacy results delivered. At the end of the tour, further improvements are pointed out, and the attractive terrain beyond present developments is glimpsed.
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  47. Horacio Arló Costa (2002). First Order Extensions of Classical Systems of Modal Logic; the Role of the Barcan Schemas. Studia Logica 71 (1):87-118.score: 30.0
    The paper studies first order extensions of classical systems of modal logic (see (Chellas, 1980, part III)). We focus on the role of the Barcan formulas. It is shown that these formulas correspond to fundamental properties of neighborhood frames. The results have interesting applications in epistemic logic. In particular we suggest that the proposed models can be used in order to study monadic operators of probability (Kyburg, 1990) and likelihood (Halpern-Rabin, 1987).
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  48. Newton Carneiro Affonso da Costa (2010). Logic and Ontology. Principia 6 (2):279-298.score: 30.0
    In view of the presertt state of development of non cktssicallogic, especially of paraconsistent logic, a new stand regardmg the relatzons between logtc and ontology is deferded In a parody of a dicturn of Quine, my stand may be summarized as follows To be is to be the value of a vanable a specific language with a given underlymg logic Yet my stand differs from Qutne's, because, among other reasons, I accept some first order heterodox logIcs as genutne alternatwes to (...)
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  49. Danilo Vaz Curado R. M. Costa (2009). L'effectif et le rationnel: hegel et l'esprit objectif. Kriterion 50 (119):275-280.score: 30.0
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