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Joseph E. Earley [21]Joseph Earley [3]
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Profile: Joseph E. Earley (Georgetown University)
  1. Joseph E. Earley (2012). A Neglected Aspect of the Puzzle of Chemical Structure: How History Helps. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):235-243.
    Intra-molecular connectivity (that is, chemical structure) does not emerge from computations based on fundamental quantum-mechanical principles. In order to compute molecular electronic energies (of C 3 H 4 hydrocarbons, for instance) quantum chemists must insert intra-molecular connectivity “by hand.” Some take this as an indication that chemistry cannot be reduced to physics: others consider it as evidence that quantum chemistry needs new logical foundations. Such discussions are generally synchronic rather than diachronic —that is, they neglect ‘historical’ aspects. However, systems of (...)
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  2. Joseph Earley (2011). Alan Chalmers: The Scientist's Atom and the Philosopher's Stone: How Science Succeeded and Philosophy Failed to Gain Knowledge of Atoms. Foundations of Chemistry 13 (1):79-83.
  3. Joseph E. Earley (2009). How Chemistry Shifts Horizons: Element, Substance, and the Essential. Foundations of Chemistry 11 (2):65-77.
    In 1931 eminent chemist Fritz Paneth maintained that the modern notion of “element” is closely related to (and as “metaphysical” as) the concept of element used by the ancients (e.g., Aristotle). On that basis, the element chlorine (properly so-called) is not the elementary substance dichlorine, but rather chlorine as it is in carbon tetrachloride. The fact that pure chemicals are called “substances” in English (and closely related words are so used in other European languages) derives from philosophical compromises made by (...)
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  4. Joseph Earley (2008). How Philosophy of Mind Needs Philosophy of Chemistry. Hyle 14 (1):1 - 26.
    By the 1960s many, perhaps most, philosophers had adopted 'physicalism' – the view that physical causes fully account for mental activities. However, controversy persists about what counts as 'physical causes'. 'Reductive' physicalists recognize only microphysical (elementary-particle-level) causality. Many, perhaps most, physicalists are 'non-reductive' – they hold that entities considered by other 'special' sciences have causal powers. Philosophy of chemistry can help resolve main issues in philosophy of mind in three ways: developing an extended mereology applicable to chemical combination; testing whether (...)
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  5. Joseph Earley, Process Structural Realism, Instance Ontology, and Societal Order.
    Whitehead’s cosmology centers on the self-creation of actual occasions that perish as they come to be, but somehow do combine to constitute societies that are persistent agents and/or patients. “Instance Ontology” developed by D.W. Mertz concerns unification of relata into facts of relatedness by specific intensions. These two conceptual systems are similar in that they both avoid the substance-property distinction: they differ in their understanding of how basic units combine to constitute complex unities. “Process Structural Realism” (PSR) draws from both (...)
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  6. Joseph E. Earley (2008). Ontologically Significant Aggregation: Process Structural Realism (PSR). In Weber (ed.), Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought. 2--179.
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  7. Joseph E. Earley (2006). Quantum Mechanics and the Philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead. Review of Metaphysics 59 (3):636-638.
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  8. Joseph E. Earley (2006). Report: Alchemy, Chymistry, and Process. Hyle 12 (2):241 - 241.
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  9. Joseph E. Earley (2006). Some Philosophical Influences on Ilya Prigogine's Statistical Mechanics. Foundations of Chemistry 8 (3):271-283.
    During a long and distinguished career, Belgian physical chemist Ilya Prigogine (1917–2003) pursued a coherent research program in thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and related scientific areas. The main goal of this effort was establishing the origin of thermodynamic irreversibility (the ‘‘arrow of time’’) as local (residing in the details of the interaction of interest), rather than as global (being solely a consequence of properties of the initial singularity – the ‘‘Big Bang’’). In many publications for general audiences, he stated the opinion (...)
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  10. Joseph E. Earley (2005). Science and Partial Truth. Review of Metaphysics 59 (2):413-415.
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  11. Joseph E. Earley (2005). Why There is No Salt in the Sea. Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):85-102.
    What, precisely, is `salt'? It is a certainwhite, solid, crystalline, material, alsocalled sodium chloride. Does any of that solidwhite stuff exist in the sea? – Clearly not.One can make salt from sea water easily enough,but that fact does not establish thatsalt, as such, is present in brine. (Paper andink can be made into a novel – but no novelactually exists in a stack of blank paper witha vial of ink close by.) When salt dissolves inwater, what is present is no (...)
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  12. Joseph E. Earley (2004). Would Introductory Chemistry Courses Work Better with a New Philosophical Basis? Foundations of Chemistry 6 (3):137-160.
    One of the main functions that introductory chemistry courses havefulfilled during the past century has been to provide evidence for the generalvalidity of 'the atomic hypothesis.' A second function has been to demonstratethat an analytical approach has wide applicability in rationalizing many kindsof phenomena. Following R.G. Collingwood, these two functions can be recognizedas related to a philosophical 'cosmology' (worldview, weltanshauung) thatbecame dominant in the late Renaissance. Recent developments in many areasof science, and in chemistry, have emphasized the central importance of (...)
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  13. Joseph E. Earley (2002). Report: Sixth Summer Symposium on the Philosophy of Chemistry, Washington DC, USA, 4-8 August 2002. Hyle 8 (2):141 - 142.
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  14. Joseph E. Earley (2002). The Social Evolution of Consciousness. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 42 (1):107-132.
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  15. Joseph E. Earley (1998). Metaphysics and the Origin of Species. Process Studies 27 (3-4):352-354.
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  16. Joseph E. Earley (1998). Modes of Chemical Becoming. Hyle 4 (2):105 - 115.
    In the characterization of the ArCl2 'van der Waals complex', a recognizable pattern of well-defined peaks is observed in the microwave absorption spectrum. In the control of chaos in a chemical oscillatory reaction the power spectrum progressively becomes simpler, at length yielding a single peak. Since both of these cases generate coherences that are centers of agency, they should be considered to produce new chemical entities. Applicability of this ontological approach to coherences of wider societal interest is suggested.
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  17. Joseph E. Earley (1998). Naturalism, Theism, and the Origin of Life. Process Studies 27 (3-4):267-279.
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  18. Joseph E. Earley (1991). Mind, Brain and the Quantum. Review of Metaphysics 44 (4):851-852.
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  19. Joseph E. Earley (1987). Evolution as Entropy. Review of Metaphysics 40 (4):760-761.
  20. Joseph E. Earley (1986). Evolution and Creation. Review of Metaphysics 40 (2):389-390.
  21. Joseph E. Earley (1986). Explorations in Whitehead's Philosophy. Process Studies 15 (1):68-70.
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  22. Joseph E. Earley (1985). Order Out of Chaos. Process Studies 14 (3):204-205.
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  23. Joseph E. Earley (1981). On Applying Whitehead's First Category of Existence. Process Studies 11 (1):35-39.
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  24. Joseph E. Earley (1981). Self-Organization and Agency. Process Studies 11 (4):242-258.
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