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  1. Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde (2014). The Moral Code in Islam and Organ Donation in Western Countries: Reinterpreting Religious Scriptures to Meet Utilitarian Medical Objectives. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9 (1):11.
    End-of-life organ donation is controversial in Islam. The controversy stems from: (1) scientifically flawed medical criteria of death determination; (2) invasive perimortem procedures for preserving transplantable organs; and (3) incomplete disclosure of information to consenting donors and families. Data from a survey of Muslims residing in Western countries have shown that the interpretation of religious scriptures and advice of faith leaders were major barriers to willingness for organ donation. Transplant advocates have proposed corrective interventions: (1) reinterpreting religious scriptures, (2) reeducating (...)
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  2. Michael Potts, Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & David W. Evans (2013). The Ethics of Limiting Informed Debate: Censorship of Select Medical Publications in the Interest of Organ Transplantation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (6):625-638.
    Recently, several articles in the scholarly literature on medical ethics proclaim the need for “responsible scholarship” in the debate over the proper criteria for death, in which “responsible scholarship” is defined in terms of support for current neurological criteria for death. In a recent article, James M. DuBois is concerned that academic critiques of current death criteria create unnecessary doubt about the moral acceptability of organ donation, which may affect the public’s willingness to donate. Thus he calls for a closing (...)
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  3. Mohamed Y. Rady, Joan L. McGregor & Joseph L. Verheijde (2013). Transparency and Accountability in Mass Media Campaigns About Organ Donation: A Response to Morgan and Feeley. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):869-876.
    We respond to Morgan and Feeley’s critique on our article “Mass Media in Organ Donation: Managing Conflicting Messages and Interests.” We noted that Morgan and Feeley agree with the position that the primary aims of media campaigns are: “to educate the general public about organ donation process” and “help individuals make informed decisions” about organ donation. For those reasons, the educational messages in media campaigns should not be restricted to “information from pilot work or focus groups” but should include evidence-based (...)
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  4. Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde (2013). Brain-Dead Patients Are Not Cadavers: The Need to Revise the Definition of Death in Muslim Communities. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 25 (1):25-45.
    The utilitarian construct of two alternative criteria of human death increases the supply of transplantable organs at the end of life. Neither the neurological criterion (heart-beating donation) nor the circulatory criterion (non-heart-beating donation) is grounded in scientific evidence but based on philosophical reasoning. A utilitarian death definition can have unintended consequences for dying Muslim patients: (1) the expedited process of determining death for retrieval of transplantable organs can lead to diagnostic errors, (2) the equivalence of brain death with human death (...)
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  5. Michael Potts, Joseph L. Verheijde & Mohamed Y. Rady (2012). When a Nudge Becomes a Shove. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):40-42.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 2, Page 40-42, February 2012.
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  6. Mohamed Y. Rady, Joan L. McGregor & Joseph L. Verheijde (2012). Mass Media Campaigns and Organ Donation: Managing Conflicting Messages and Interests. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):229-241.
    Mass media campaigns are widely and successfully used to change health decisions and behaviors for better or for worse in society. In the United States, media campaigns have been launched at local offices of the states’ department of motor vehicles to promote citizens’ willingness to organ donation and donor registration. We analyze interventional studies of multimedia communication campaigns to encourage organ-donor registration at local offices of states’ department of motor vehicles. The media campaigns include the use of multifaceted communication tools (...)
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  7. Thomas M. Wertin, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde (2012). Antemortem Donor Bilateral Nephrectomy: A Violation of the Patient's Best Interests Standard. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):17-20.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 17-20, June 2012.
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  8. Tito B. Carvalho, Mohamed Y. Rady, Joseph L. Verheijde & Jason Scott Robert (2011). Continuous Deep Sedation in End-of-Life Care: Disentangling Palliation From Physician-Assisted Death. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):60 - 62.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 6, Page 60-62, June 2011.
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  9. Joseph L. Verheijde & Mohamed Y. Rady (2011). Justifying Physician-Assisted Death in Organ Donation. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):52-54.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page 52-54, August 2011.
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  10. Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde (2010). Retraction: End-of-Life Discontinuation of Destination Therapy with Cardiac and Ventilatory Support Medical Devices: Physician-Assisted Death or Allowing the Patient to Die? BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):20-.
    BackgroundBioethics and law distinguish between the practices of "physician-assisted death" and "allowing the patient to die."DiscussionAdvances in biotechnology have allowed medical devices to be used as destination therapy that are designed for the permanent support of cardiac function and/or respiration after irreversible loss of these spontaneous vital functions. For permanent support of cardiac function, single ventricle or biventricular mechanical assist devices and total artificial hearts are implanted in the body. Mechanical ventilators extrinsic to the body are used for permanent support (...)
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  11. Joseph L. Verheijde & Michael Potts (2010). Commentary on the Concept of Brain Death Within the Catholic Bioethical Framework. Christian Bioethics 16 (3):246-256.
    Since the introduction of the concept of brain death by the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death in 1968, the validity of this concept has been challenged by medical scientists, as well as by legal, philosophical, and religious scholars. In light of increased criticism of the concept of brain death, Stephen Napier, a staff ethicist at the National Catholic Bioethics Center, set out to prove that the whole-brain death criterion serves as (...)
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  12. Mohamed Rady, Joseph Verheijde & Muna Ali (2009). Islam and End-of-Life Practices in Organ Donation for Transplantation: New Questions and Serious Sociocultural Consequences. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 21 (2):175-205.
    Islam and End-of-Life Practices in Organ Donation for Transplantation: New Questions and Serious Sociocultural Consequences Content Type Journal Article Pages 175-205 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9095-8 Authors Mohamed Y. Rady, Mayo Clinic Hospital in Phoenix 5777 East Mayo Boulevard Phoenix Arizona USA 85054 Joseph L. Verheijde, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine 5777 East Mayo Boulevard Phoenix Arizona USA 85054 Muna S. Ali, Arizona State University Phoenix Arizona USA Journal HEC Forum Online ISSN 1572-8498 Print ISSN 0956-2737 Journal Volume Volume 21 Journal Issue Volume (...)
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  13. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor (2009). Presumed Consent for Organ Preservation in Uncontrolled Donation After Cardiac Death in the United States: A Public Policy with Serious Consequences. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (1):1-8.
    Organ donation after cessation of circulation and respiration, both controlled and uncontrolled, has been proposed by the Institute of Medicine as a way to increase opportunities for organ procurement. Despite claims to the contrary, both forms of controlled and uncontrolled donation after cardiac death raise significant ethical and legal issues. Identified causes for concern include absence of agreement on criteria for the declaration of death, nonexistence of universal guidelines for duration before stopping resuscitation efforts and techniques, and assumption of presumed (...)
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  14. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor (2009). Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:15.
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  15. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor (2009). Brain Death, States of Impaired Consciousness, and Physician-Assisted Death for End-of-Life Organ Donation and Transplantation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):409-421.
    In 1968, the Harvard criteria equated irreversible coma and apnea (i.e., brain death) with human death and later, the Uniform Determination of Death Act was enacted permitting organ procurement from heart-beating donors. Since then, clinical studies have defined a spectrum of states of impaired consciousness in human beings: coma, akinetic mutism (locked-in syndrome), minimally conscious state, vegetative state and brain death. In this article, we argue against the validity of the Harvard criteria for equating brain death with human death. (1) (...)
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  16. Aaron G. Rizzieri, Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor (2008). Ethical Challenges with the Left Ventricular Assist Device as a Destination Therapy. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 (1):1-15.
    The left ventricular assist device was originally designed to be surgically implanted as a bridge to transplantation for patients with chronic end-stage heart failure. On the basis of the REMATCH trial, the US Food and Drug Administration and the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services approved permanent implantation of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy in Medicare beneficiaries who are not candidates for heart transplantation. The use of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy (...)
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  17. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan McGregor (2007). Recovery of Transplantable Organs After Cardiac or Circulatory Death: Transforming the Paradigm for the Ethics of Organ Donation. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):8-.
    Organ donation after cardiac or circulatory death (DCD) has been introduced to increase the supply of transplantable organs. In this paper, we argue that the recovery of viable organs useful for transplantation in DCD is not compatible with the dead donor rule and we explain the consequential ethical and legal ramifications. We also outline serious deficiencies in the current consent process for DCD with respect to disclosure of necessary elements for voluntary informed decision making and respect for the donor's autonomy. (...)
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  18. Joseph L. Verheijde, Mohamed Y. Rady & Joan L. McGregor (2007). The United States Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (2006): New Challenges to Balancing Patient Rights and Physician Responsibilities. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):19.
    Advance health care directives and informed consent remain the cornerstones of patients' right to self-determination regarding medical care and preferences at the end-of-life. However, the effectiveness and clinical applicability of advance health care directives to decision-making on the use of life support systems at the end-of-life is questionable. The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA) has been revised in 2006 to permit the use of life support systems at or near death for the purpose of maximizing procurement opportunities of organs medically (...)
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  19. Joseph Verheijde, Mohamed Rady & Joan McGregor (2007). Defining the Scope of Implied Consent in the Emergency Department: Shortchanging Patients' Right to Self Determination. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):51-52.
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  20. Sandra Woien, Mohamad Rady, Joseph Verheijde & Joan McGregor (2006). Organ Procurement Organizations Internet Enrollment for Organ Donation: Abandoning Informed Consent. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (14):1-9.
    Background Requirements for organ donation after cardiac or imminent death have been introduced to address the transplantable organs shortage in the United States. Organ procurement organizations (OPOs) increasingly use the Internet for organ donation consent. Methods An analysis of OPO Web sites available to the public for enrollment and consent for organ donation. The Web sites and consent forms were examined for the minimal information recommended by the United States Department of Health and Human Services for informed consent. Content scores (...)
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