Search results for 'Josh Gillon' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  61
    Josh Gillon (2011). Why 30 Rock Is Not Funny. Philosophy and Literature 35 (2):320-337.
    The first time I saw 30 Rock, I was struck by how often it fails to be funny. This is not to say that 30 Rock is never funny—sometimes it is very funny indeed. But what stood out most to me was how strikingly not funny it often is. The show is, nevertheless, very entertaining. And it is curious that a sitcom—a show that is ostensibly designed to entertain through the use of humor—could entertain so successfully while being so unsuccessful (...)
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  2.  2
    Alastair V. Campbell, Raanan Gillon, Julian Savulescu, John Harris, Soren Holm, H. Martyn Evans, David Greaves, Jane Macnaughton, Deborah Kirklin & Sue Eckstein (2013). The Journal of Medical Ethics and Medical Humanities: Offsprings of the London Medical Group. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (11):667-668.
    Ted Shotter's founding of the London Medical Group 50 years ago in 1963 had several far reaching implications for medical ethics, as other papers in this issue indicate. Most significant for the joint authors of this short paper was his founding of the quarterly Journal of Medical Ethics in 1975, with Alastair Campbell as its first editor-in-chief. In 1980 Raanan Gillon began his 20-year editorship . Gillon was succeeded in 2001 by Julian Savulescu, followed by John Harris and (...)
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  3.  5
    R. Gillon (2003). Four Scenarios. Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (5):267-268.
    Promoting respect for the four principles remains of great practical importance in ordinary medicineThe following are four “scenarios” with brief outlines of how Raanan Gillon has analysed them using the “four principles” approach. These are the four cases that the commentators were asked to analyse.Professor Gillon has for many years advocated the use of the Beauchamp and Childress four principles approach as a widely and interculturally acceptable method for medical ethics analysis . At present there seems to be (...)
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  4.  19
    R. Gillon (2003). Ethics Needs Principles—Four Can Encompass the Rest—and Respect for Autonomy Should Be “First Among Equals”. Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (5):307-312.
    It is hypothesised and argued that “the four principles of medical ethics” can explain and justify, alone or in combination, all the substantive and universalisable claims of medical ethics and probably of ethics more generally. A request is renewed for falsification of this hypothesis showing reason to reject any one of the principles or to require any additional principle(s) that can’t be explained by one or some combination of the four principles. This approach is argued to be compatible with a (...)
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  5. G. M. Stirrat, C. Johnston, R. Gillon & K. Boyd (2010). Medical Ethics and Law for Doctors of Tomorrow: The 1998 Consensus Statement Updated. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (1):55-60.
    Knowledge of the ethical and legal basis of medicine is as essential to clinical practice as an understanding of basic medical sciences. In the UK, the General Medical Council requires that medical graduates behave according to ethical and legal principles and must know about and comply with the GMC’s ethical guidance and standards. We suggest that these standards can only be achieved when the teaching and learning of medical ethics, law and professionalism are fundamental to, and thoroughly integrated both vertically (...)
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  6.  61
    R. Gillon (1997). "Futility"--Too Ambiguous and Pejorative a Term? Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (6):339-340.
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  7.  45
    R. Gillon (1990). Ethics in Health Promotion and Prevention of Disease. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (4):171-172.
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  8.  8
    E. Melanie DuPuis & Sean Gillon (2009). Alternative Modes of Governance: Organic as Civic Engagement. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 26 (1-2):43-56.
    A major strategy in the creation of sustainable economies is the establishment of alternative market institutions, such as fair trade and local market systems. However, the dynamics of these alternative markets are poorly understood. What are the rules of behavior by which these markets function? How do these markets maintain their separate identity as “alternative”: apart from the conventional (“free”) market system? Building on Lyson’s notion of civic agriculture, we argue that alternative markets maintain themselves through civic engagement. However, we (...)
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  9.  36
    Brendan S. Gillon (1987). The Readings of Plural Noun Phrases in English. Linguistics and Philosophy 10 (2):199 - 219.
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  10.  51
    Brendan S. Gillon (1992). Towards a Common Semantics for English Count and Mass Nouns. Linguistics and Philosophy 15 (6):597 - 639.
    English mass noun phrases & count noun phrases differ only minimally grammatically. The basis for the difference is ascribed to a difference in the features +/-CT. These features serve the morphosyntactic function of determining the available options for the assigment of grammatical number, itself determined by the features +/-PL: +CT places no restriction on the available options, while -CT, in the unmarked case, restricts the available options to -PL. They also serve the semantic function of determining the sort of denotation (...)
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  11.  19
    Brendan S. Gillon (2012). Implicit Complements: A Dilemma for Model Theoretic Semantics. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (4):313-359.
    I show that words with indefinite implicit complements occasion a dilemma for their model theory. There has been only two previous attempts to address this problem, one by Fodor and Fodor (1980) and one by Dowty (1981). Each requires that any word tolerating an implicit complement be treated as ambiguous between two different lexical entries and that a meaning postulate or lexical rule be given to constrain suitably the meanings of the various entries for the word. I show that (...)
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  12.  1
    R. S. Downie & Ranaan Gillon (1987). Philosophical Medical Ethics. Philosophical Quarterly 37 (149):461.
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  13.  56
    Steven Davis & Brendan S. Gillon (eds.) (2004). Semantics: A Reader. Oxford University Press.
    Semantics: A Reader contains a broad selection of classic articles on semantics and the semantics/pragmatics interface. Comprehensive in the variety and breadth of theoretical frameworks and topics that it covers, it includes articles representative of the major theoretical frameworks within semantics, including: discourse representation theory, dynamic predicate logic, truth theoretic semantics, event semantics, situation semantics, and cognitive semantics. All the major topics in semantics are covered, including lexical semantics and the semantics of quantified noun phrases, adverbs, adjectives, performatives, and interrogatives. (...)
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  14. Brendan S. Gillon (2008). On the Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction. Synthese 165 (3):373 - 384.
    This paper addresses two questions: what is the distinction between semantics and pragmatics? And why is this distinction important? These questions are discussed in light of the central explanatory goal of linguistics and in relation to the phenomenon of context sensitivity, as illustrated by relational words with implicit arguments and by so-called quantifier domain restriction. It is concluded that context sensitivity is, in the former case, grammatical or lexical and, in the latter case, neither.
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  15.  94
    B. S. Gillon (2005). Review: Dharmakirti's Theory of Inference: Revaluation and Reconstruction. [REVIEW] Mind 114 (455):768-772.
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  16.  86
    R. Gillon (1997). Imagination, Literature, Medical Ethics and Medical Practice. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (1):3-4.
  17.  28
    Brendan S. Gillon (2007). Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī and Linguistic Theory. Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (5-6):445-468.
  18.  2
    Raanan Gillon (2013). Restoring Humanity in Health and Social Care – Some Suggestions. Clinical Ethics 8 (4):105-110.
    This paper, based on a talk given at a conference on compassion in health care held at the Royal Society of Medicine in November 2012, argues that the ethical requirement for humanity in health care is obvious and needs little ethical analysis – the problem is to get the results of ethical reflection, ordinary humanity and everyday common sense, into everyday behaviour. The author offers some suggestions that might help to achieve this aim and bring back the human face of (...)
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  19.  73
    Brendan S. Gillon (1990). Ambiguity, Generality, and Indeterminacy: Tests and Definitions. [REVIEW] Synthese 85 (3):391 - 416.
    The problem addressed is that of finding a sound characterization of ambiguity. Two kinds of characterizations are distinguished: tests and definitions. Various definitions of ambiguity are critically examined and contrasted with definitions of generality and indeterminacy, concepts with which ambiguity is sometimes confused. One definition of ambiguity is defended as being more theoretically adequate than others which have been suggested by both philosophers and linguists. It is also shown how this definition of ambiguity obviates a problem thought to be posed (...)
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  20.  14
    R. Gillon (2012). When Four Principles Are Too Many: A Commentary. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (4):197-198.
    This commentary briefly argues that the four prima facie principles of beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for autonomy and justice enable a clinician (and anybody else) to make ethical sense of the author's proposed reliance on professional guidance and rules, on law, on professional integrity and on best interests, and to subject them all to ethical analysis and criticism based on widely acceptable basic prima facie moral obligations; and also to confront new situations in the light of those acceptable principles.
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  21.  90
    R. Gillon (1997). Clinical Ethics Committees--Pros and Cons. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (4):203-204.
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  22.  62
    Brendan S. Gillon (1990). Truth Theoretical Semantics and Ambiguity. Analysis 50 (3):178 - 182.
  23.  2
    Raanan Gillon (2001). Is There a 'New Ethics of Abortion'? Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (suppl 2):5-9.
    This paper argues that the central issue in the abortion debate has not changed since 1967 when the English parliament enacted the Abortion Act. That central issue concerns the moral status of the human fetus. The debate here is not, it is argued, primarily a moral debate, but rather a metaphysical debate and/or a theological debate—though one with massive moral implications. It concerns the nature and attributes that an entity requires to have “full moral standing” or “moral inviolability” including a (...)
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  24.  33
    Brendan S. Gillon (1990). Plural Noun Phrases and Their Readings: A Reply to Lasersohn. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 13 (4):477 - 485.
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  25.  48
    R. Gillon (1995). On Giving Preference to Prior Volunteers When Allocating Organs for Transplantation. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (4):195-196.
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  26.  50
    R. Gillon (1991). Human Embryos and the Argument From Potential. Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):59-61.
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  27.  69
    R. Gillon (1996). Brain Transplantation, Personal Identity and Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (3):131-132.
  28.  50
    Brendan S. Gillon (1995). Peirce's Challenge to Material Implication as a Model of 'If'. Analysis 55 (4):280 - 282.
  29.  54
    R. Gillon (1986). Do Doctors Owe a Special Duty of Beneficence to Their Patients? Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (4):171-173.
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  30. Brendan S. Gillon (2004). Ambiguity, Indeterminacy, Deixis and Vagueness: Evidence and Theory. In Steven Davis & Brendan S. Gillon (eds.), Semantics: A Reader. Oxford University Press 157--190.
     
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  31.  24
    Brendan S. Gillon & Richard P. Hayes (2008). Dharmakīrti on the Role of Causation in Inference as Presented in Pramāṇavārttika Svopajñavṛtti 11–38. Journal of Indian Philosophy 36 (3):335-404.
    In the svārthānumāna chapter of his Pramāṇavārttika, the Buddhist philosopher Dharmakīrti presented a defense of his claim that legitimate inference must rest on a metaphysical basis if it is to be immune from the risks ordinarily involved in inducing general principles from a finite number of observations. Even if one repeatedly observes that x occurs with y and never observes y in the absence of x, there is no guarantee, on the basis of observation alone, that one will never observe (...)
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  32.  20
    R. Gillon (1999). Euthanasia in The Netherlands--Down the Slippery Slope? Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (1):3-4.
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  33.  5
    Brendan S. Gillon (2008). An Early Buddhist Text on Logic: Fang Bian Xin Lun. [REVIEW] Argumentation 22 (1):15-25.
    The Fang Bian Xin Lun is a text on Buddhist logic which is thought to be the earliest one still to be extant. It appears in Chinese only (T1632). The great Italian indologist Giuseppe Tucci, believing that the text was originally a Sanskrit text, translated it into Sanskrit and gave it the title Upāyahṛdaya. The paper provides the historical background of the development of logic in Classical India up to the time of this text, summarizes its content and translates its (...)
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  34.  25
    R. Gillon (1993). Is There an Important Moral Distinction for Medical Ethics Between Lying and Other Forms of Deception? Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (3):131-132.
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  35.  7
    Raanan Gillon (2005). Families and Genetic Testing : The Case of Jane and Phyllis From a Four-Principles Perspective. In Richard E. Ashcroft (ed.), Case Analysis in Clinical Ethics. Cambridge University Press 165.
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  36.  19
    R. Gillon (1995). Defending 'the Four Principles' Approach to Biomedical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (6):323-324.
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  37.  50
    R. Gillon (1997). Commerce and Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (2):67-68.
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  38.  2
    Brendan S. Gillon (1990). Bare Plurals as Plural Indefinite Noun Phrases. In Kyburg Henry E., Loui Ronald P. & Carlson Greg N. (eds.), Knowledge Representation and Defeasible Reasoning. Kluwer 119--166.
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  39.  50
    R. Gillon (1986). More on Professional Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (2):59-60.
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  40.  5
    R. Gillon (1996). Thinking About a Medical School Core Curriculum for Medical Ethics and Law. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (6):323-324.
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  41.  29
    Brendan S. Gillon (2003). Review: Philosophy in Classical India: The Proper Work of Reason. [REVIEW] Mind 112 (448):707-711.
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  42.  6
    Raanan Gillon (1990). Death. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (1):3.
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  43.  9
    R. Gillon (1995). Twenty Years of the JME--Reflections. Journal of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (1):3-4.
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  44.  9
    R. Gillon (2001). Imposed Separation of Conjoined Twins-- Moral Hubris by the English Courts? Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (1):3-4.
    Late last year the English Court of Appeal confirmed a lower court's ruling that doctors could impose an operation to separate recently born conjoined twins, overriding the refusal of consent of their parents. The doctors believed the operation would probably save one of the babies at the cost of killing the other, while not operating would highly probably be followed by the death of both twins within months of their birth. The parents, said to be devout Roman Catholics, believed that (...)
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  45.  9
    R. Gillon (1990). Professional Ethics: On Transmitting Complaints to One's Colleagues. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (3):115-116.
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  46.  8
    R. Gillon (2000). Refusal of Potentially Life-Saving Blood Transfusions by Jehovah's Witnesses: Should Doctors Explain That Not All JWs Think It's Religiously Required? Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):299-301.
    In this issue of the journal “Lee Elder”,1 a pseudonymous dissident Jehovah's Witness , previously an Elder of that faith and still a JW, joins the indefatigable Dr Muramoto2–5 in arguing that even by their own religious beliefs based on biblical scriptures JWs are not required to refuse potentially life-saving blood transfusions. Just as the “official” JW hierarchy has accepted that biblical scriptures do not forbid the transfusion or injection of blood fractions so too JW theology logically can and should (...)
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  47.  17
    Brendan S. Gillon (2012). Mass Terms. Philosophy Compass 7 (10):712-730.
    English common nouns, like nouns in many other languages, can be distinguished into count nouns and mass nouns. This article sets out the basic morpho‐syntactic and semantic facts pertaining to these two classes of English nouns. In addition, it summarizes and critically discusses the various theories of the semantics of such nouns.
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  48.  2
    Raanan Gillon (forthcoming). Editorial: A Personal View: Philosophy and the Teaching of Health Care Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics.
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  49.  18
    Brendan S. Gillon & Martha Lile Love (1980). Indian Logic Revisited: Nyāyapra Veśa Reviewed. [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 8 (4):349-384.
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  50.  8
    R. Gillon (1994). Palliative Care Ethics: Non-Provision of Artificial Nutrition and Hydration to Terminally Ill Sedated Patients. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):131-187.
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