Search results for 'Joshua Smart' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Joshua Smart (University of Missouri, Columbia)
  1. Benjamin Humphrey Smart (1842/2004). Beginnings of a New School of Metaphysics: A Facsimile Reproduction with an Introduction by Dino Buzzetti ; with Early Reviews of the Book and B.H. Smart's 'a Letter to Dr. Whately'. [REVIEW] Scholars' Fasimiles & Reprints.score: 120.0
  2. Collin Rice & Joshua Smart (2011). Interdisciplinary Modeling: A Case Study of Evolutionary Economics. Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):655-675.score: 120.0
    Biologists and economists use models to study complex systems. This similarity between these disciplines has led to an interesting development: the borrowing of various components of model-based theorizing between the two domains. A major recent example of this strategy is economists’ utilization of the resources of evolutionary biology in order to construct models of economic systems. This general strategy has come to be called evolutionary economics and has been a source of much debate among economists. Although philosophers have developed literatures (...)
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  3. J. J. C. Smart, Philip Pettit, Richard Sylvan & Jean Norman (eds.) (1987). Metaphysics and Morality: Essays in Honour of J.J.C. Smart. B. Blackwell.score: 120.0
     
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  4. J. J. C. Smart (1962). Brain Processes and Incorrigibility - a Reply to Professor Baier. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 40 (May):68-70.score: 90.0
     
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  5. John Jamieson Carswell Smart & Bernard Williams (1973). Utilitarianism: For and Against. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Two essays on utilitarianism, written from opposite points of view, by J. J. C. Smart and Bernard Williams. In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism; he tries to formulate a consistent and persuasive elaboration of the doctrine that the rightness and wrongness of actions is determined solely by their consequences, and in particular their consequences for the sum total of human happiness. This is a revised version of (...)
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  6. Graham Cairns-Smith, Thomas W. Clark, Ravi Gomatam, Robert H. Kane, Nicholas Maxwell, J. J. C. Smart, Sean A. Spence & Henry P. Stapp (2005). Commentaries on David Hodgson's "a Plain Person's Free Will&Quot;. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (1):20-75.score: 60.0
    REMARKS ON EVOLUTION AND TIME-SCALES, Graham Cairns-Smith; HODGSON'S BLACK BOX, Thomas Clark; DO HODGSON'S PROPOSITIONS UNIQUELY CHARACTERIZE FREE WILL?, Ravi Gomatam; WHAT SHOULD WE RETAIN FROM A PLAIN PERSON'S CONCEPT OF FREE WILL?, Gilberto Gomes; ISOLATING DISPARATE CHALLENGES TO HODGSON'S ACCOUNT OF FREE WILL, Liberty Jaswal; FREE AGENCY AND LAWS OF NATURE, Robert Kane; SCIENCE VERSUS REALIZATION OF VALUE, NOT DETERMINISM VERSUS CHOICE, Nicholas Maxwell; COMMENTS ON HODGSON, J.J.C. Smart; THE VIEW FROM WITHIN, Sean Spence; COMMENTARY ON HODGSON, Henry (...)
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  7. J. J. C. Smart (1953). A Note on Categories. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (15):227-228.score: 60.0
    The relation between categories and sentence frames as presented in ryle's "the concept of mind" is discussed. smart states, "it is important to note that the fact that two expressions 'a' and 'b' "will" go into the same blank in a sentence frame does "not" prove that they are of the same category." (staff).
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  8. J. J. C. Smart (1999). Laws and Cosmology. In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer. 161--169.score: 60.0
    The main purpose of this paper is to seek a reconciliation between two apparently conflicting views of mine. I have argued (for example, Smart, 1963) for realism about theoretical entities, for example electrons, protons, photons, possibly space-time points, perhaps the ‘Y’-wave of Schrödinger’s equation and so on. Quine has also plausibly argued that we should believe in mathematical entities, since in physics we quantify over them no less than over electrons and protons. I except cases in which in physics (...)
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  9. Barry Smart (ed.) (1994). Michel Foucault: Critical Assessments. Routledge.score: 60.0
    Without doubt Michel Foucault was one of the 20th century's towering intellectuals. His work on organization of knowledge, sexuality, power, discipline, medicine, madness, identity, and politics has left an idelible mark on contemporary thinking in these fields. Edited by one of the world's most distinguished Foucault scholars, Barry Smart, this collection sets Foucault's work in the the appropriate historical and intellectual context by orgaizing the material thematically with introductions that quide the reader through the complexities of the essays. These (...)
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  10. Ninian Smart (1963). Sense and Reference in Aesthetics—I. British Journal of Aesthetics 3 (4):363-365.score: 60.0
    Smart argues that saw ("british journal of aesthetics", Vol. I, 2) has given an account of the subject-Matter of aesthetics which is too general. It allows that the playing and watching of some games are aesthetic phenomena. Saw admits that there are aesthetic elements involved in these cases, But she claims that in enjoying these aspects of games one is not enjoying the game as such. (staff).
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  11. Ninian Smart (2011). The Yogi and the Devotee (Routledge Revivals): The Interplay Between the Upanishads and Catholic Theology. Routledge.score: 60.0
    First published in 1968, Ninian Smart’s The Yogi and the Devotee: The Interplay Between the Upanishads and Catholic Theology is based on lectures given in Delhi and explores in a novel way the relation between Hinduism and Christianity. The author puts forward a general theory of the relationship between religious experience and doctrines, a theory he had developed in earlier works. He argues that a new form of ‘natural theology’ should be presented, which would show the relevance of religious (...)
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  12. Barry Smart (1999). Facing Modernity: Ambivalence, Reflexivity, and Morality. Sage Publications.score: 60.0
    `In the grand tradition of classical social theory, Barry Smart challenges us to face up to the ambivalences of the contemporary moment and to take responsibility for our individual and social existence' - Douglas Kellner, University of California, Los Angeles ` a brilliant excursus through modern social theory, Smart’s book should be read and re-read for its careful analysis of the dilemmas of morality in postmodernism' - Bryan S. Turner, Deakin University Through a critical discussion of the 'ambivalent (...)
     
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  13. Ninian Smart (1964). Miracles and David Hume. In Philosophers and Religious Truth. Scm Press. ch. 2.score: 60.0
    Smart introduced the phrase that a miracle is ’an occurrence of a non-repeatable counter-instance to a law of nature’. See Swinburne 1989, 78.
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  14. J. J. C. Smart (1987). Replies. In J. J. C. Smart, Philip Pettit, Richard Sylvan & Jean Norman (eds.), Metaphysics and Morality: Essays in Honour of J.J.C. Smart. B. Blackwell.score: 60.0
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  15. Ninian Smart (2008). World Philosophies. Routledge.score: 60.0
    World Philosophies is a comprehensive survey of the world's philosophical and religious traditions by one of our foremost religious thinkers. Ninian Smart discusses notable figures such as Plato and Kierkegaard in the West, the Buddha and Mao Zedong in Asia, Tempels and Knibanga in Africa, and Rodo and Royce in America. Covering a wide range of topics including Indian ideas of testimony and evidence, Chinese notions of moral development, Buddhist concepts of cosmology and Latin American critiques of materialism, (...) sheds new light on the astonishing diversity of philosophies that have developed throughout history. (shrink)
     
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  16. J. J. C. Smart (1959). Sensations and Brain Processes. Philosophical Review 68 (April):141-56.score: 30.0
    SUPPOSE that I report that I have at this moment a roundish, blurry-edged after-image which is yellowish towards its edge and is orange towards its centre. What is it that I am reporting?l One answer to this question might be that I am not reporting anything, that when I say that it looks to me as though there is a roundish yellowy orange patch of light On the wall I am expressing some sort of temptation, the temptation to say that (...)
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  17. J. J. C. Smart (1963). Free Will, Praise and Blame. Mind 70 (279):291-306.score: 30.0
    In this article I try to refute the so-called "libertarian" theory of free will, and to examine how our conclusion ought to modify our common attitudes of praise and blame. In attacking the libertarian view, I shall try to show that it cannot be consistently stated. That is, my dscussion will be an "analytic-philosophic" one. I shall neglect what I think is in practice an equally powerful method of attack on the libertarian: a challenge to state his theory in such (...)
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  18. J. J. C. Smart (1949). The River of Time. Mind 58 (232):483-494.score: 30.0
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  19. J. J. C. Smart (1963). Materialism. Journal of Philosophy 60 (October):651-62.score: 30.0
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  20. J. J. C. Smart (2004). Consciousness and Awareness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (2):41-50.score: 30.0
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  21. J. J. C. Smart (1956). Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism. Philosophical Quarterly 6 (25):344-354.score: 30.0
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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  22. Benjamin T. H. Smart & Karim P. Y. Thebault, Dispositional Essentialism: A Powerful Account of a Lazy World.score: 30.0
    In this paper we discuss the compatibility of Alexander Bird's dispositional essentialism with one of our most fundamental physical principles - the principle of least action. Joel Katzav argues that this principle presupposes the contingency of its holding (that is, it presupposes that the system could have followed paths other than that which minimises action), and that this is ruled out by dispositional essentialism. However, Bird argues that only the logical possibility of paths different to the actual path followed is (...)
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  23. R. N. Smart (1958). Negative Utilitarianism. Mind 67 (268):542-543.score: 30.0
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  24. J. J. C. Smart (2008). The Tenseless Theory of Time. In Theodore Sider, John Hawthorne & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics. Blackwell Pub.. 226--38.score: 30.0
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  25. J. J. C. Smart (1985). Laws of Nature and Cosmic Coincidences. Philosophical Quarterly 35 (140):272-280.score: 30.0
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  26. Benjamin T. H. Smart, Inductive Scepticism in a Humean World.score: 30.0
    In this paper I show that David Armstrong is wrong to claim that the regularity theorist must be an inductive sceptic by demonstrating that even those who support worldly ontologies devoid of metaphysical glue (or as Hume might say, necessary connections ‘in the objects’) can justifiably make many inductive inferences. As well as branding the regularity theorist an inductive sceptic, Armstrong also claims that regularity theory (RT) laws have no explanatory value whatsoever. I try to show that Armstrong is also (...)
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  27. J. J. C. Smart (1963). Philosophy And Scientific Realism. Humanities Press.score: 30.0
    Originally published in 1963. In an introductory chapter the author argues that philosophy ought to be more than the art of clarifying thought and that it should concern itself with outlining a scientifically plausible world view. Early chapters deal with phenomenalism and the reality of theoretical entities, and with the relation between the physical and biological sciences. Free will, issues of time and space and man’s place in nature are covered in later chapters.
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  28. J. J. C. Smart (1963). Is Time Travel Possible? Journal of Philosophy 60 (9):237-241.score: 30.0
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  29. J. J. C. Smart (1999). Ruth Anna Putnam and the Fact-Value Distinction. Philosophy 74 (3):431-437.score: 30.0
    This article is a defence of the Fact-Value distinction against considerations brought up by Ruth Anna Putnam in three articles in Philosophy, especially her ‘Perceiving Facts and Values’ January 1998. I defend metaphysical realism about facts and anti-realism about values against Putnam' intermediate position about both and I relate the matter to the logic of imperatives. The motivations of scientists or historians to select fields of investigation are irrelevant to the objectivity of their hypotheses, and so is the goodness or (...)
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  30. J. J. C. Smart (1961). Free-Will, Praise and Blame. Mind 70 (279):291-306.score: 30.0
  31. J. J. C. Smart (1967). The Unity of Space-Time: Mathematics Versus Myth Making. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 45 (2):214 – 217.score: 30.0
  32. J. J. C. Smart (1960). Sensations and Brain Processes: A Rejoinder to Dr Pitcher and Mr Joske. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (December):252-54.score: 30.0
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  33. J. J. C. Smart (1981). Physicalism and Emergence. Neuroscience 6:109-13.score: 30.0
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  34. J. J. C. Smart (2006). Metaphysical Illusions. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (2):167 – 175.score: 30.0
    The paper begins by considering David Armstrong's beautiful paper 'The Headless Woman Illusion and the Defence of Materialism', which conjectures how we get the illusion that there are non-physical qualia. There are discussions of other metaphysical illusions, that there is a passage of time, that we have libertarian free will, and that consciousness is ineffable (which last also relates to Armstrong), and of their possible explanations. Moral: avoid appeal to so called intuition or phenomenology.
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  35. Brian Smart (1978). Defining Civil Disobedience. Inquiry 21 (1-4):249 – 269.score: 30.0
    Though all of the principal features of Rawls's definition of civil disobedience are in varying degrees unacceptable, one of these consists of the fertile but unargued suggestion that civil disobedience is a mode of address. The first half of the paper tests this by construing civil disobedience as a vehicle of non?natural meaning (but not necessarily of linguistic non?natural meaning) and so as operating the Gricean mechanism of a hierarchy of intentions and beliefs. This feature is absent from other definitions (...)
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  36. J. J. C. Smart (1995). A Form of Metaphysical Realism. Philosophical Quarterly 45 (180):301-315.score: 30.0
    This essay defends a view which is near enough to Putnam's characterization of metaphysical realism for it to be called by the same name. Indeterminacy of reference is conceded, in the sense that there may be multiple reference relations, but it is denied that this implied belief in unknowable noumena. It is enough for metaphysical realism as conceived here, that there be at least one reference relation. The essay also argues against defining truth epistemically. Even a Peircean ideal theory might (...)
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  37. J. J. C. Smart (1978). The Content of Physicalism. Philosophical Quarterly 28 (October):339-41.score: 30.0
    It has been said that physicalism is an empty doctrine, Because if new forces are needed to explain biological or psychological phenomena they will have to be incorporated into physics. In reply it is argued that we can tie physicalism to present day physics. There may be revolutionary changes in physics but these are likely to affect only the field of elementary particles and cosmology. Our understanding of such things as the nervous system or of protein molecules is unlikely to (...)
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  38. J. J. C. Smart (1961). Further Remarks on Sensations and Brain Processes. Philosophical Review 70 (July):406-407.score: 30.0
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  39. J. J. C. Smart (1955). Spatialising Time. Mind 64 (254):239-241.score: 30.0
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  40. Brian J. Smart (1971). Can Disembodied Persons Be Spatially Located? Analysis 31 (March):133-138.score: 30.0
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  41. J. J. C. Smart (1950). Descartes and the Wax. Philosophical Quarterly 1 (1):50-57.score: 30.0
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  42. J. J. C. Smart (1961). Godel's Theorem, Church's Theorem, and Mechanism. Synthese 13 (June):105-10.score: 30.0
  43. Kurt Baier, J. J. C. Smart, Alvin Plantinga, William L. Rowe & P. C. Gibbons (1962). Discussion. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 40 (1):57 – 82.score: 30.0
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  44. J. J. C. Smart (1981). The Reality of the Future. Philosophia 10 (3-4):141-150.score: 30.0
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  45. Ninian Smart (1961). Omnipotence, Evil and Supermen. Philosophy 36 (137):188-195.score: 30.0
  46. J. J. C. Smart (1959). Can Biology Be an Exact Science? Synthese 11 (4):359 - 368.score: 30.0
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  47. J. J. C. Smart (1959). Professor Ziff on Robots. Analysis 19 (April):117-118.score: 30.0
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  48. J. J. C. Smart (1978). Hedonistic and Ideal Utilitarianism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3 (1):240-251.score: 30.0
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  49. J. J. C. Smart (1959). Ryle on Mechanism and Psychology. Philosophical Quarterly 9 (October):349-55.score: 30.0
  50. J. J. C. Smart (1965). The Identity Thesis: A Reply to Professor Garrett. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43 (1):82-3.score: 30.0
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