Search results for 'Joshua Smart' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Joshua Smart (University of Missouri, Columbia)
  1.  28
    Collin Rice & Joshua Smart (2011). Interdisciplinary Modeling: A Case Study of Evolutionary Economics. Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):655-675.
    Biologists and economists use models to study complex systems. This similarity between these disciplines has led to an interesting development: the borrowing of various components of model-based theorizing between the two domains. A major recent example of this strategy is economists’ utilization of the resources of evolutionary biology in order to construct models of economic systems. This general strategy has come to be called evolutionary economics and has been a source of much debate among economists. Although philosophers have developed literatures (...)
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  2. J. J. C. Smart, Philip Pettit, Richard Sylvan & Jean Norman (eds.) (1987). Metaphysics and Morality: Essays in Honour of J.J.C. Smart. B. Blackwell.
     
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  3.  1
    J. J. C. Smart (1986). Realism V. Idealism: J. J. C. Smart. Philosophy 61 (237):295-312.
    It is characteristic of realists to separate ontology from epistemology and of idealists to mix the two things up. By ‘idealists’ here I am mainly referring to the British neo-Hegelians but the charge of mixing up ontology and epistemology can be made against at least one ‘subjective idealist’, namely Bishop Berkeley, as his wellknown dictum ‘esse ispercipi’ testifies. The objective idealists rejected the correspondence theory of truth and on the whole accepted a coherence theory. The qualification is needed here because (...)
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  4. J. J. C. Smart (1990). Explanation—Opening Address: J. J. C. Smart. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:1-19.
    It is a pleasure for me to give this opening address to the Royal Institute of Philosophy Conference on ‘Explanation’ for two reasons. The first is that it is succeeded by exciting symposia and other papers concerned with various special aspects of the topic of explanation. The second is that the conference is being held in my old alma mater , the University of Glasgow, where I did my first degree. Especially due to C. A. Campbell and George Brown there (...)
     
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  5. Benjamin Humphrey Smart (1842). Beginnings of a New School of Metaphysics: A Facsimile Reproduction with an Introduction by Dino Buzzetti ; with Early Reviews of the Book and B.H. Smart's 'a Letter to Dr. Whately'. [REVIEW] Scholars' Fasimiles & Reprints.
  6. J. J. C. Smart (1962). Brain Processes and Incorrigibility - a Reply to Professor Baier. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 40 (May):68-70.
  7. John Jamieson Carswell Smart & Bernard Williams (1973). Utilitarianism: For and Against. Cambridge University Press.
    Two essays on utilitarianism, written from opposite points of view, by J. J. C. Smart and Bernard Williams. In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism; he tries to formulate a consistent and persuasive elaboration of the doctrine that the rightness and wrongness of actions is determined solely by their consequences, and in particular their consequences for the sum total of human happiness. This is a revised version of (...)
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  8.  95
    J. J. C. Smart (1999). Laws and Cosmology. In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer 161--169.
    The main purpose of this paper is to seek a reconciliation between two apparently conflicting views of mine. I have argued (for example, Smart, 1963) for realism about theoretical entities, for example electrons, protons, photons, possibly space-time points, perhaps the ‘Y’-wave of Schrödinger’s equation and so on. Quine has also plausibly argued that we should believe in mathematical entities, since in physics we quantify over them no less than over electrons and protons. I except cases in which in physics (...)
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  9.  3
    Ninian Smart (2011). The Yogi and the Devotee (Routledge Revivals): The Interplay Between the Upanishads and Catholic Theology. Routledge.
    First published in 1968, Ninian Smart’s The Yogi and the Devotee: The Interplay Between the Upanishads and Catholic Theology is based on lectures given in Delhi and explores in a novel way the relation between Hinduism and Christianity. The author puts forward a general theory of the relationship between religious experience and doctrines, a theory he had developed in earlier works. He argues that a new form of ‘natural theology’ should be presented, which would show the relevance of religious (...)
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  10. J. J. C. Smart & Bernard Williams (2013). Utilitarianism: For and Against. Cambridge University Press.
    Two essays on utilitarianism, written from opposite points of view, by J. J. C. Smart and Bernard Williams. In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism; he tries to formulate a consistent and persuasive elaboration of the doctrine that the rightness and wrongness of actions is determined solely by their consequences, and in particular their consequences for the sum total of human happiness. In Part II Bernard Williams offers (...)
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  11. Graham Cairns-Smith, Thomas W. Clark, Ravi Gomatam, Robert H. Kane, Nicholas Maxwell, J. J. C. Smart, Sean A. Spence & Henry P. Stapp (2005). Commentaries on David Hodgson's "a Plain Person's Free Will". Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (1):20-75.
    REMARKS ON EVOLUTION AND TIME-SCALES, Graham Cairns-Smith; HODGSON'S BLACK BOX, Thomas Clark; DO HODGSON'S PROPOSITIONS UNIQUELY CHARACTERIZE FREE WILL?, Ravi Gomatam; WHAT SHOULD WE RETAIN FROM A PLAIN PERSON'S CONCEPT OF FREE WILL?, Gilberto Gomes; ISOLATING DISPARATE CHALLENGES TO HODGSON'S ACCOUNT OF FREE WILL, Liberty Jaswal; FREE AGENCY AND LAWS OF NATURE, Robert Kane; SCIENCE VERSUS REALIZATION OF VALUE, NOT DETERMINISM VERSUS CHOICE, Nicholas Maxwell; COMMENTS ON HODGSON, J.J.C. Smart; THE VIEW FROM WITHIN, Sean Spence; COMMENTARY ON HODGSON, Henry (...)
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  12.  58
    J. J. C. Smart (1953). A Note on Categories. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (15):227-228.
    The relation between categories and sentence frames as presented in ryle's "the concept of mind" is discussed. smart states, "it is important to note that the fact that two expressions 'a' and 'b' "will" go into the same blank in a sentence frame does "not" prove that they are of the same category." (staff).
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  13.  43
    Ninian Smart (1963). Sense and Reference in Aesthetics—I. British Journal of Aesthetics 3 (4):363-365.
    Smart argues that saw ("british journal of aesthetics", Vol. I, 2) has given an account of the subject-Matter of aesthetics which is too general. It allows that the playing and watching of some games are aesthetic phenomena. Saw admits that there are aesthetic elements involved in these cases, But she claims that in enjoying these aspects of games one is not enjoying the game as such. (staff).
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  14. Barry Smart (1999). Facing Modernity: Ambivalence, Reflexivity, and Morality. Sage Publications.
    `In the grand tradition of classical social theory, Barry Smart challenges us to face up to the ambivalences of the contemporary moment and to take responsibility for our individual and social existence' - Douglas Kellner, University of California, Los Angeles ` a brilliant excursus through modern social theory, Smart’s book should be read and re-read for its careful analysis of the dilemmas of morality in postmodernism' - Bryan S. Turner, Deakin University Through a critical discussion of the 'ambivalent (...)
     
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  15.  29
    J. J. C. Smart (1978). Is Occam's Razor a Physical Thing? Philosophy 53 (205):382 - 385.
    In his discussion note ‘J. J. C. Smart, Materialism and Occam's Razor’ Peter Glassen argues that it was inconsistent of me both to assert that realism is true and that Occam's razor is a reason for the materialist thesis. Glassen says that Occam's razor ‘ is not a physical thing, state or process at all ’. A little further down on the same page he uses the phrase ‘material or physical thing, state, or process’. It is possible, therefore, that (...)
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  16.  25
    Barry Smart (ed.) (1994). Michel Foucault: Critical Assessments. Routledge.
    Without doubt Michel Foucault was one of the 20th century's towering intellectuals. His work on organization of knowledge, sexuality, power, discipline, medicine, madness, identity, and politics has left an idelible mark on contemporary thinking in these fields. Edited by one of the world's most distinguished Foucault scholars, Barry Smart, this collection sets Foucault's work in the the appropriate historical and intellectual context by orgaizing the material thematically with introductions that quide the reader through the complexities of the essays. These (...)
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  17. Ninian Smart (1964). Miracles and David Hume. In Philosophers and Religious Truth. Scm Press ch. 2.
    Smart introduced the phrase that a miracle is ’an occurrence of a non-repeatable counter-instance to a law of nature’. See Swinburne 1989, 78.
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  18. J. J. C. Smart (1987). Replies. In J. J. C. Smart, Philip Pettit, Richard Sylvan & Jean Norman (eds.), Metaphysics and Morality: Essays in Honour of J.J.C. Smart. B. Blackwell
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  19. Ninian Smart (2011). The Yogi and the Devotee : The Interplay Between the Upanishads and Catholic Theology. Routledge.
    First published in 1968, Ninian Smart’s _The Yogi and the Devotee: The Interplay Between the Upanishads and Catholic Theology_ is based on lectures given in Delhi and explores in a novel way the relation between Hinduism and Christianity. The author puts forward a general theory of the relationship between religious experience and doctrines, a theory he had developed in earlier works. He argues that a new form of ‘natural theology’ should be presented, which would show the relevance of religious (...)
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  20. Ninian Smart (2012). The Yogi and the Devotee : The Interplay Between the Upanishads and Catholic Theology. Routledge.
    First published in 1968, Ninian Smart’s _The Yogi and the Devotee: The Interplay Between the Upanishads and Catholic Theology_ is based on lectures given in Delhi and explores in a novel way the relation between Hinduism and Christianity. The author puts forward a general theory of the relationship between religious experience and doctrines, a theory he had developed in earlier works. He argues that a new form of ‘natural theology’ should be presented, which would show the relevance of religious (...)
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  21. J. J. C. Smart (1959). Sensations and Brain Processes. Philosophical Review 68 (April):141-56.
    SUPPOSE that I report that I have at this moment a roundish, blurry-edged after-image which is yellowish towards its edge and is orange towards its centre. What is it that I am reporting?l One answer to this question might be that I am not reporting anything, that when I say that it looks to me as though there is a roundish yellowy orange patch of light On the wall I am expressing some sort of temptation, the temptation to say that (...)
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  22. J. J. C. Smart (1963). Philosophy And Scientific Realism. Humanities Press.
    Originally published in 1963. In an introductory chapter the author argues that philosophy ought to be more than the art of clarifying thought and that it should concern itself with outlining a scientifically plausible world view. Early chapters deal with phenomenalism and the reality of theoretical entities, and with the relation between the physical and biological sciences. Free will, issues of time and space and man’s place in nature are covered in later chapters.
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  23. J. J. C. Smart (1963). Free Will, Praise and Blame. Mind 70 (279):291-306.
    In this article I try to refute the so-called "libertarian" theory of free will, and to examine how our conclusion ought to modify our common attitudes of praise and blame. In attacking the libertarian view, I shall try to show that it cannot be consistently stated. That is, my dscussion will be an "analytic-philosophic" one. I shall neglect what I think is in practice an equally powerful method of attack on the libertarian: a challenge to state his theory in such (...)
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  24. J. J. C. Smart (1955). Critical Notice. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 33 (1):45 – 56.
    Book reviewed in this article:F.H. Bradley, Collected Works Volumes 1–5.
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  25. J. J. C. Smart (1956). Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism. Philosophical Quarterly 6 (25):344-354.
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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  26. J. J. C. Smart (1949). The River of Time. Mind 58 (232):483-494.
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  27.  17
    Andrew Smart, Paul Martin & Michael Parker (2004). Tailored Medicine: Whom Will It Fit? The Ethics of Patient and Disease Stratification. Bioethics 18 (4):322–343.
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  28. J. J. C. Smart (1963). Is Time Travel Possible? Journal of Philosophy 60 (9):237-241.
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  29. J. J. C. Smart (1961). Free-Will, Praise and Blame. Mind 70 (279):291-306.
  30. J. J. C. Smart (1978). The Content of Physicalism. Philosophical Quarterly 28 (October):339-41.
    It has been said that physicalism is an empty doctrine, Because if new forces are needed to explain biological or psychological phenomena they will have to be incorporated into physics. In reply it is argued that we can tie physicalism to present day physics. There may be revolutionary changes in physics but these are likely to affect only the field of elementary particles and cosmology. Our understanding of such things as the nervous system or of protein molecules is unlikely to (...)
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  31. J. J. C. Smart (1979). Critical Notice. Synthese 41 (3):45 – 56.
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  32. R. N. Smart (1958). Negative Utilitarianism. Mind 67 (268):542-543.
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  33. J. J. C. Smart (1962). "Tensed Statements": A Comment. Philosophical Quarterly 12 (48):264-265.
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  34. J. J. C. Smart (1975). On Some Criticisms of a Physicalist Theory of Colors. In Charles L. Y. Cheng (ed.), Philosophical Aspects of the Mind-Body Problem. University Press of Hawaii
     
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  35.  39
    J. J. C. Smart (1984). Ethics, Persuasion, and Truth. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    I INTRODUCTION FIRST ORDER QUESTIONS AND SECOND ORDER QUESTIONS In this book I wish to discuss certain questions that are about ethics rather than in ethics ...
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  36. J. J. C. Smart (1963). Materialism. Journal of Philosophy 60 (October):651-62.
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  37. J. J. C. Smart (1985). Laws of Nature and Cosmic Coincidences. Philosophical Quarterly 35 (140):272-280.
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  38. J. J. C. Smart (1989). Our Place in the Universe: A Metaphysical Discussion. Blackwell.
     
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  39. J. J. C. Smart (1955). Spatialising Time. Mind 64 (254):239-241.
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  40. Brian J. Smart (1971). Can Disembodied Persons Be Spatially Located? Analysis 31 (March):133-138.
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  41. J. J. C. Smart (2004). Consciousness and Awareness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (2):41-50.
    This article is an attempt to show how the so called 'hard problem' in the philosophy of mind may in fact not be as hard as is usually supposed.
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  42. J. J. C. Smart (1961). Further Remarks on Sensations and Brain Processes. Philosophical Review 70 (July):406-407.
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  43.  15
    Ninian Smart (1992). Doctrine and Argument in Indian Philosophy. E.J. Brill.
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  44. E. R. Dodds, R. M. Martin, J. Agassi, Robert Kirkham, G. H. Bird, Jenny Teichmann, R. N. Smart & N. J. Brown (1959). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 68 (270):269-286.
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  45. Barry Smart & George Ritzer (eds.) (2001). Handbook of Social Theory. Sage.
    This book is an indispensable resource for anyone interested in the roots, current debates and future development of social theory. It draws together a team of international scholars, and presents an authoritative and panoramic critical survey of the field. The first section, examines the classical tradition. Included here are critical discussions of Comte, Spencer, Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Simmel, Mead, Freud, Mannheim and classical feminist thought, demonstrating not only the critical significance of classical writings, but also their continuing relevance. The second (...)
     
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  46.  56
    J. J. C. Smart (2000). Nicholas Maxwell the Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):907-911.
  47.  62
    J. J. C. Smart (1981). Physicalism and Emergence. Neuroscience 6:109-13.
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  48.  70
    E. H. Hutten, A. Watson, H. Hudson, R. G. Durrant, D. H. Monro, P. F. Strawson, A. N. Prior, E. J. Lemmon, J. L. Evans, R. N. Smart, G. M. Matthews, S. Körner, William Gerber & W. G. Roll (1959). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 68 (271):405-431.
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  49. J. J. C. Smart (2002). The Compatibility of Direct Realism with the Scientific Account of Perception; Comment on Mark Crooks. Journal of Mind and Behavior 23 (3):239-244.
    These comments are concerned to show that direct realism about perception is quite compatible with the physical and neuroscientific story. Use is made of D.M. Armstrong's account of perception as coming to believe by means of the senses. What we come to believe about is the bird on the gatepost, say. So the account is direct realist. But it is obviously compatible with the scientific story which explains how the coming to believe comes about. We can also identify beliefs with (...)
     
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  50.  76
    J. J. C. Smart (1960). Sensations and Brain Processes: A Rejoinder to Dr Pitcher and Mr Joske. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (December):252-54.
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