Search results for 'Joshua T. Spencer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Joshua T. Spencer (2006). Two Mereological Arguments Against the Possibility of an Omniscient Being. Philo 9 (1):62-72.score: 290.0
    In this paper I present two new arguments against the possibility of an omniscient being. My new arguments invoke considerations of cardinality and resemble several arguments originally presented by Patrick Grim. Like Grim, I give reasons to believe that there must be more objects in the universe than there are beliefs. However, my arguments will rely on certain mereological claims, namely that Classical Extensional Mereology is necessarily true of the part-whole relation. My first argument is an instance of a problem (...)
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  2. M. A. PhD, R. N. T. RN, Wayne Spencer & Stephen Matthiesen Dipl-Phys PhD (2002). A Critical Evaluation of the Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Touch. Nursing Philosophy 3 (2):163–176.score: 140.0
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  3. Joshua Spencer (2010). A Tale of Two Simples. Philosophical Studies 148 (2):167 - 181.score: 120.0
    A material simple is a material object that has no proper parts. Some philosophers have argued for the possibility of extended simples. Some have even argued for the possibility of heterogeneous simples or simples that have intrinsic variations across their surfaces. There is a puzzle, though, that is meant to show that extended, heterogeneous simples are impossible. Although several plausible responses have been given to this puzzle, I wish to reopen the case against extended, heterogeneous simples. In this paper, I (...)
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  4. Joshua Spencer (2012). Ways of Being. Philosophy Compass 7 (12):910-918.score: 120.0
  5. Andrew Wake, Joshua Spencer & Gregory Fowler (2007). Holes as Regions of Spacetime. The Monist 90 (3):372-378.score: 120.0
    We discuss the view that a hole is identical to the region of spacetime at which it is located. This view is more parsimonious than the view that holes are sui generus entities located at those regions surrounded by their hosts and it is more plausible than the view that there are no holes. We defend the spacetime view from several objections.
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  6. Joshua Spencer (2013). Strong Composition as Identity and Simplicity. Erkenntnis 78 (5):1177-1184.score: 120.0
    The general composition question asks “what are the necessary and jointly sufficient conditions any xs and any y must satisfy in order for it to be true that those xs compose that y?” Although this question has received little attention, there is an interesting and theoretically fruitful answer. Namely, strong composition as identity (SCAI): necessarily, for any xs and any y, those xs compose y iff those xs are identical to y. SCAI is theoretically fruitful because if it is true, (...)
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  7. Gregory Fowler & Joshua Spencer, Sorensen's Disappearing Act: A Response.score: 120.0
    Roy Sorensen has discussed a scenario he calls 'the Disappearing Act', introduced a puzzle based on this scenario, and offered a solution to this puzzle. We argue against Sorensen's solution and offer our own.
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  8. Joshua Spencer (2013). What Time Travelers Cannot Not Do (but Are Responsible for Anyway). Philosophical Studies 166 (1):149-162.score: 120.0
    The Principle of Alternative Possibilities is the intuitive idea that someone is morally responsible for an action only if she could have done otherwise. Harry Frankfurt has famously presented putative counterexamples to this intuitive principle. In this paper, I formulate a simple version of the Principle of Alternative Possibilities that invokes a course-grained notion of actions. After warming up with a Frankfurt-Style Counterexample to this principle, I introduce a new kind of counterexample based on the possibility of time travel. At (...)
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  9. Joshua Spencer (forthcoming). Unnecessary Existents. Canadian Journal of Philosophy.score: 120.0
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  10. Srimati Basu, Heather T. Frazer, Dermot Killingley, James Blumenthal, Anne M. Blackburn, Roy W. Perrett, Kees W. Bolle, Donald R. Davis, Mariko Namba Walter & George W. Spencer (2002). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):319-337.score: 120.0
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  11. Joshua Spencer (2012). 3. All Things Must Pass Away. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 7:67.score: 120.0
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  12. T. J. B. Spencer (1957). Robert Wood and the Problem of Troy in the Eighteenth Century. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1/2):75-105.score: 120.0
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  13. E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop (2013). Authors' Response: Learning, Anticipation and the Brain. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):42-45.score: 120.0
    Upshot: Albeit mostly supportive of our work, the commentaries we received highlighted a few points that deserve additional explanation, with regard to the notion of learning in our model, the relationship between our model and the brain, as well as the notion of anticipation. This open discussion emphasizes the need for toy computer models, to fuel theoretical discussion and prevent business-as-usual from getting in the way of new ideas.
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  14. E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop (2013). Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):26-33.score: 120.0
    Context: Constructivist approaches to cognition have mostly been descriptive, and now face the challenge of specifying the mechanisms that may support the acquisition of knowledge. Departing from cognitivism, however, requires the development of a new functional framework that will support causal, powerful and goal-directed behavior in the context of the interaction between the organism and the environment. Problem: The properties affecting the computational power of this interaction are, however, unclear, and may include partial information from the environment, exploration, distributed processing (...)
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  15. F. Scott Spencer (2013). Luke: A Commentary by John T. Carroll. Interpretation 67 (4):423-427.score: 120.0
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  16. Larry T. Spencer (1971). Oceanography and Limnology Aquatic Productivity: An Introduction to Some Basic Aspects of Biological Oceanography and Limnology W. D. Russell-Hunter. Bioscience 21 (11):549-550.score: 120.0
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  17. Daniel T. Spencer (2007). Restoring Earth, Restored to Earth: Toward an Ethic for Reinhabiting Place. In Laurel Kearns & Catherine Keller (eds.), Ecospirit: Religions and Philosophies for the Earth. Fordham University Press. 415--432.score: 120.0
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  18. L. T. Spencer (1928). The Concept of the Threshold and Heymans' Law of Inhibition. I. Correlation Between the Visual Threshold and Heymans' Coefficient of Inhibition in Binocular Vision. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (2):88.score: 120.0
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  19. L. T. Spencer & L. H. Cohen (1928). The Concept of the Threshold and Heymans' Law of Inhibition. II. Correlation of the Visual Threshold and Heymans' Coefficient of Inhibition in a Single Individual with Uniocular Vision. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (3):194.score: 120.0
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  20. L. T. Spencer & L. H. Cohen (1928). The Concept of the Threshold and Heyman's Law of Inhibition. III. Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (4):281.score: 120.0
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  21. C. Tillman & J. Spencer (2012). Musical Materialism and the Inheritance Problem. Analysis 72 (2):252-259.score: 60.0
    Some hold that musical works are fusions of, or coincide with, their performances. But if performances contain wrong notes, won't works inherit that property? We say ‘no’.
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  22. Stuart Spencer, Eddy Decuypere, Stefan Aerts & Johan De Tavernier (2006). History and Ethics of Keeping Pets: Comparison with Farm Animals. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):17-25.score: 60.0
    Perhaps the commonest reasons for the keeping of pets are companionship and as a conduit for affection. Pets are, therefore, being “used” for human ends in much the same way as laboratory or farm animals. So shouldn’t the same arguments apply to the use of pets as to those used in other ways? In accepting the “rights” of farm animals to fully express their natural behavior, one must also accept the “right” of pets to express their intrinsic natural behavior. Dogs (...)
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  23. Nicole A. Roskos (2007). Ecospaces : Desecration, Sacrality, Place. Restoring Earth, Restored to Earth : Toward an Ethic for Reinhabiting Place / Daniel T. Spencer ; Caribou and Carbon Colonialism : Toward a Theology of Arctic Place / Marion Grau ; Divining New Orleans : Invoking Wisdom for the Redemption of Place / Anne Daniell ; Constructing Nature at a Chapel in the Woods / Richard R. Bohannon II ; Felling Sacred Groves : Appropriation of a Christian Tradition for Antienvironmentalism. [REVIEW] In Laurel Kearns & Catherine Keller (eds.), Ecospirit: Religions and Philosophies for the Earth. Fordham University Press.score: 42.0
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  24. Henry Sidgwick (1902/1996). Lectures on the Ethics of T.H. Green, Mr. Herbert Spencer, and J. Martineau. Thoemmes Press.score: 36.0
  25. Duncan Bell & Casper Sylvest (2006). International Society in Victorian Political Thought: T. H. Green, Herbert Spencer, and Henry Sidgwick. Modern Intellectual History 3 (2):207.score: 36.0
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  26. S. H. Mellone (1903). Book Review:Lectures on the Ethics of T. H. Green, Mr. Herbert Spencer, and James Martineau. Henry Sidgwick. [REVIEW] Ethics 14 (1):106-.score: 36.0
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  27. Andrew J. Jaeger (2014). A Tale of Two Parts. Res Philosophica 91 (3):1-8.score: 24.0
  28. Roderick T. Long, Too Awful to Read? Susan Jacoby on Herbert Spencer.score: 15.0
    Probably no intellectual has suffered more distortion and abuse than Spencer. He is continually condemned for things he never said – indeed, he is taken to task for things he explicitly denied. The target of academic criticism is usually the mythical Spencer rather than the real Spencer; and although some critics may derive immense satisfaction from their devastating refutations of a Spencer who never existed, these treatments hinder rather than advance the cause of knowledge.
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  29. Roderick T. Long, Defaming Herbert Spencer? A Reply to Edwin Black.score: 15.0
    Being on a 40 city 24x7 book tour for War Against the Weak . I am writing this from an airplane, and I regret my brevity. Catching up on some email from a few weeks back I have now come across your remarks and those of your like minded friends defending Spencer.
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  30. J. T. Bixby (2000). Herbert Spencer's Data of Ethics. In John Offer (ed.), Herbert Spencer: Critical Assessments. Routledge. 3--292.score: 15.0
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  31. T. S. Gray (2000). Herbert Spencer on Women: A Study in Personal and Political Disillusion. In John Offer (ed.), Herbert Spencer: Critical Assessments. Routledge. 4--3.score: 15.0
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  32. T. Spencer Baynes (1850/1971). An Essay on the New Analytic of Logical Forms. New York,B. Franklin.score: 14.0
    NEW ANALYTIC OF LOGICAL FORMS. THE main principle on which the new Analytic of Logical Forms proceeds is that of a thorough-going quantification of ...
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  33. James T. Townsend & Jesse Spencer-Smith (2004). Two Kinds of Global Perceptual Separability and Curvature. In Christian Kaernbach, Erich Schroger & Hermann Müller (eds.), Psychophysics Beyond Sensation: Laws and Invariants of Human Cognition. Psychology Press. 89--109.score: 14.0
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  34. Filippo Barbano (1968). Social Structures and Social Functions: The Emancipation of Structural Analysis in Sociology. Inquiry 11 (1-4):40 – 84.score: 12.0
    Starting from R. K. Merton's now classic criticism of 'holistic' functionalism, i.e. of a functionalism which postulates social unity, universality and functional in-dispensability, the author stresses certain implications of this criticism more than they have been stressed hitherto. Classical and holistic functionalism) from H. Spencer, B. Malinowski, A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, etc to T. Parsons, postulates certain total unities (a global culture, an integrated system, etc.) in which each item (existence, actions, structures, etc.) is considered and defined on the grounds (...)
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  35. James Rachels (1990/1991). Created From Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    From Bishop Wilberforce in the 1860s to the advocates of "creation science" today, defenders of traditional mores have condemned Darwin's theory of evolution as a threat to society's values. Darwin's defenders, like Stephen Jay Gould, have usually replied that there is no conflict between science and religion--that values and biological facts occupy separate realms. But as James Rachels points out in this thought-provoking study, Darwin himself would disagree with Gould. Darwin, who had once planned on being a clergyman, was convinced (...)
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  36. Micaela Di Leonardo (1998). Exotics at Home: Anthropologies, Others, American Modernity. University of Chicago Press.score: 12.0
    In this pathbreaking study, Micaela di Leonardo reveals the face of power within the mask of cultural difference. From the 1893 World's Fair to Body Shop advertisements, di Leonardo focuses on the intimate and shifting relations between popular portrayals of exotic Others and the practice of anthropology. In so doing, she casts new light on gender, race, and the public sphere in America's past and present. "An impressive work of scholarship that is mordantly witty, passionately argued, and takes no prisoners."--Lesley (...)
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  37. Thomas R. Whittier, Steven G. Paulsen, David P. Larsen, Spencer A. Peterson, Alan T. Herlihy & Philip R. Kaufmann (2002). Indicators of Ecological Stress and Their Extent in the Population of Northeastern Lakes: A Regional-Scale Assessment Although Stressors Such as Nonnative Fish Introductions, Mercury Contamination, and Shoreline Alteration Are Not Generally Considered Subjects for Environmental Management, They Are as Widespread as Eutrophication, and More Extensive Than Acidification, in the Lakes of the Northeastern States. Bioscience 52 (3):235-247.score: 12.0
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  38. Fritz Allhoff (2003). Evolutionary Ethics From Darwin to Moore. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (1):51 - 79.score: 12.0
    Evolutionary ethics has a long history, dating all the way back to Charles Darwin.1 Almost immediately after the publication of the Origin, an immense interest arose in the moral implications of Darwinism and whether the truth of Darwinism would undermine traditional ethics. Though the biological thesis was certainly exciting, nobody suspected that the impact of the Origin would be confined to the scientific arena. As one historian wrote, 'whether or not ancient populations of armadillos were transformed into the species that (...)
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  39. Joseph Barcroft, E. W. Birmingham, Max Born, R. B. Braithwaite, W. Maude Brayshaw, G. A. Chase, Henry Dale, Howard Diamond, Herbert Dingle, Winifred Eddington, Wilson Harris, G. B. Jeffery, Martin Johnson, Rufus M. Jones, Harold Spencer Jones, Kathleen Lonsdale, E. J. Maskell, A. Victor Murray, C. E. Raven, F. J. M. Stratton, Hilda Sturge, W. H. Thorpe, Henry T. Tizard, G. M. Trevelyan, Elsie Watchorn, A. N. Whitehead, Edmund T. Whittaker, Alex Wood & H. G. Wood (1946). Arthur Stanley Eddington Memorial Lectureship. Philosophy 21 (80):287-.score: 12.0
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  40. D. Weinstein (2002). Vindicating Utilitarianism. Utilitas 14 (01):71-.score: 12.0
    This essay examines D. G. Ritchie's claim that Principally, it endeavours to determine what Ritchie means by and what kind of utilitarianism he thinks evolutionary theory vindicates. With respect to the kind of utilitarianism vindicated, I will show how he tries to fortify Millian liberal utilitarianism with new liberal values such as self-realization and common good. Ritchie's intellectual debts were eclectic and included mostly Mill, T. H. Green, Hegel and Herbert Spencer.
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  41. T. E. Jessop (1940). The Man Versus the State as a Present Issue. The Herbert Spencer Lecture, 1939. By J. H. Muirhead, LL.D., F.B.A. (London: G. Allen & Unwin. 1939. Pp. 31. Price 1s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 15 (57):105-.score: 12.0
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  42. Andreas Dorschel (1992). Über die funktionale Erklärung des normativen Geltungsanspruchs und das Konzept einer 'evolutionären Ethik'. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 14 (2):309 - 328.score: 12.0
    Neodarwinian ethology, today above all represented by sociobiology, is conceived of by responsible exponents as a descriptive and explanatory theory that cannot include any normative declarations. Still other, indeed notable, authors belonging to the discipline in question, either underhand or frankly employ prescriptive or evaluative judgments, — or they claim (what is not an insight of natural science) that it is impossible to provide a rational foundation for prescriptive or evaluative judgments. (Michael Ruse and Edward O. Wilson even assert the (...)
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  43. T. S. Gray (1981). Herbert Spencer's Theory of Social Justice: Desert or Entitlement?'. History of Political Thought 2:381-403.score: 12.0
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  44. T. S. Gray (1981). Spencer, Herbert Theory of Social-Justice-Desert or Entitlement. History of Political Thought 2 (1):161-186.score: 12.0
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  45. Peter Kivy (2007). Music, Language, and Cognition: And Other Essays in the Aesthetics of Music. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    I. History. Mainwaring's Handel : its relation to British aesthetics -- Herbert Spencer and a musical dispute -- II. Opera and film. Handel's operas : the form of feeling and the problem of appreciation -- Anti-semitism in Meistersinger? -- Speech, song, and the transparency of medium : on operatic metaphysics -- III. Performance. On the historically informed performance -- Ars perfecta : toward perfection in musical performance? -- IV. Interpretation. Another go at the meaning of music : Koopman, Davies, (...)
     
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  46. Berit Soli-Holt & Isaac Linder (2013). The Call of The Wild: Terro(I)R Modulations. Continent 3 (2):60-65.score: 12.0
    This piece, included in the drift special issue of continent. , was created as one step in a thread of inquiry. While each of the contributions to drift stand on their own, the project was an attempt to follow a line of theoretical inquiry as it passed through time and the postal service(s) from October 2012 until May 2013. This issue hosts two threads: between space & place and between intention & attention . The editors recommend that to experience the (...)
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  47. James T. Toensend, Jesse Spencer Smith, Michael J. Wenger & Kam M. Silva (2000). Exploring the Relations Between Categorization and Decision Making with Regard to Realistic Face Stimuli. Pragmatics and Cognition 8 (1):83-106.score: 12.0
    Categorization and decision making are combined in a task with photorealistic faces. Two different types of face stimuli were assigned probabilistically into one of two fictitious groups; based on the category, faces were further probabilistically assigned to be hostile or friendly. In Part I, participants are asked to categorize a face into one of two categories, and to make a decision concerning interaction. A Markov model of categorization followed by decision making provides reasonable fits to Part I data. A Markov (...)
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