Search results for 'Joshua T. Spencer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  37
    Joshua T. Spencer (2006). Two Mereological Arguments Against the Possibility of an Omniscient Being. Philo 9 (1):62-72.
    In this paper I present two new arguments against the possibility of an omniscient being. My new arguments invoke considerations of cardinality and resemble several arguments originally presented by Patrick Grim. Like Grim, I give reasons to believe that there must be more objects in the universe than there are beliefs. However, my arguments will rely on certain mereological claims, namely that Classical Extensional Mereology is necessarily true of the part-whole relation. My first argument is an instance of a problem (...)
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  2. Joshua Spencer (2012). Ways of Being. Philosophy Compass 7 (12):910-918.
    Ontological pluralism is the view that there are ways of being. Ontological pluralism is enjoying a revival in contemporary metaphysics. We want to say that there are numbers, fictional characters, impossible things, and holes. But, we don’t think these things all exist in the same sense as cars and human beings. If they exist or have being at all, then they have different ways of being. Fictional characters exist as objects of make‐believe and holes exist as absences in objects. But, (...)
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  3.  53
    F. Scott Spencer (2013). Luke: A Commentary by John T. Carroll. Interpretation 67 (4):423-427.
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  4. Herbert Spencer & Théodule Armand Ribot (1875). Principes de Psychologie, Tr. Sur la Nouv. Éd. Angl. Par T. Ribot Et A. Espinas.
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  5.  4
    M. A. PhD, R. N. T. RN, Wayne Spencer & Stephen Matthiesen Dipl-Phys PhD (2002). A Critical Evaluation of the Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Touch. Nursing Philosophy 3 (2):163–176.
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  6.  29
    Joshua Spencer (2016). The Problem of Empty Names and Russellian Plenitude. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):1-18.
    ‘Ahab is a whaler’ and ‘Holmes is a whaler’ express different propositions, even though neither ‘Ahab’ nor ‘Holmes’ has a referent. This seems to constitute a theoretical puzzle for the Russellian view of propositions. In this paper, I develop a variant of the Russellian view, Plenitudinous Russellianism. I claim that ‘Ahab is a whaler’ and ‘Holmes is a whaler’ express distinct gappy propositions. I discuss key metaphysical and semantic differences between Plenitudinous Russellianism and Traditional Russellianism and respond to objections that (...)
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  7.  8
    Joshua Spencer (forthcoming). Could There Have Been Nothing? Against Metaphysical Nihilism, by Geraldine Coggins. Mind:fzw038.
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  8.  74
    Joshua Spencer (2012). All Things Must Pass Away. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 7:67.
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  9. Joshua Spencer (2010). A Tale of Two Simples. Philosophical Studies 148 (2):167 - 181.
    A material simple is a material object that has no proper parts. Some philosophers have argued for the possibility of extended simples. Some have even argued for the possibility of heterogeneous simples or simples that have intrinsic variations across their surfaces. There is a puzzle, though, that is meant to show that extended, heterogeneous simples are impossible. Although several plausible responses have been given to this puzzle, I wish to reopen the case against extended, heterogeneous simples. In this paper, I (...)
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  10.  15
    Joshua Spencer (2016). Naming, Necessity and More: Explorations in the Philosophical Work of Saul Kripke By Jonathan Berg. Analysis 76 (2):253-256.
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  11.  83
    Joshua Spencer (2013). Strong Composition as Identity and Simplicity. Erkenntnis 78 (5):1177-1184.
    The general composition question asks “what are the necessary and jointly sufficient conditions any xs and any y must satisfy in order for it to be true that those xs compose that y?” Although this question has received little attention, there is an interesting and theoretically fruitful answer. Namely, strong composition as identity (SCAI): necessarily, for any xs and any y, those xs compose y iff those xs are identical to y. SCAI is theoretically fruitful because if it is true, (...)
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  12.  64
    Joshua Spencer (2013). What Time Travelers Cannot Not Do (but Are Responsible for Anyway). Philosophical Studies 166 (1):149-162.
    The Principle of Alternative Possibilities is the intuitive idea that someone is morally responsible for an action only if she could have done otherwise. Harry Frankfurt has famously presented putative counterexamples to this intuitive principle. In this paper, I formulate a simple version of the Principle of Alternative Possibilities that invokes a course-grained notion of actions. After warming up with a Frankfurt-Style Counterexample to this principle, I introduce a new kind of counterexample based on the possibility of time travel. At (...)
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  13.  30
    Joshua Spencer (2014). Unnecessary Existents. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (5-6):766-775.
    (2013). Unnecessary existents. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, Essays on the Nature of Propositions, pp. 766-775.
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  14.  95
    Andrew Wake, Joshua Spencer & Gregory Fowler (2007). Holes as Regions of Spacetime. The Monist 90 (3):372-378.
    We discuss the view that a hole is identical to the region of spacetime at which it is located. This view is more parsimonious than the view that holes are sui generus entities located at those regions surrounded by their hosts and it is more plausible than the view that there are no holes. We defend the spacetime view from several objections.
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  15.  71
    Andrew Wake, Joshua Spencer & Gregory Fowler (2007). Holes as Regions of Spacetime. The Monist 90 (3):372-378.
  16.  51
    Gregory Fowler & Joshua Spencer, Sorensen's Disappearing Act: A Response.
    Roy Sorensen has discussed a scenario he calls 'the Disappearing Act', introduced a puzzle based on this scenario, and offered a solution to this puzzle. We argue against Sorensen's solution and offer our own.
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  17.  10
    Joshua Spencer (2014). Two Thoughts on "A Tale of Two Parts". Res Philosophica 91 (3):485-490.
    In “A Tale of Two Simples,” I presented an argument against the possibility of extended heterogeneous simples that relied on the possibility of extended atomic regions of space. Andrew Jaeger has presented a parody of one part of my argument for a clearly absurd conclusion. In this short paper, I defend my argument by showing that there is a significant disanalogy between my support for a key premise in my argument and Jaeger’s support for the corresponding premise in his parody (...)
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  18.  17
    E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop (2013). Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):26-33.
    Context: Constructivist approaches to cognition have mostly been descriptive, and now face the challenge of specifying the mechanisms that may support the acquisition of knowledge. Departing from cognitivism, however, requires the development of a new functional framework that will support causal, powerful and goal-directed behavior in the context of the interaction between the organism and the environment. Problem: The properties affecting the computational power of this interaction are, however, unclear, and may include partial information from the environment, exploration, distributed processing (...)
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  19.  8
    Joshua Spencer (2014). "Introduction to Ontology," by Nikk Effingham. [REVIEW] Teaching Philosophy 37 (2):287-290.
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  20.  18
    Srimati Basu, Heather T. Frazer, Dermot Killingley, James Blumenthal, Anne M. Blackburn, Roy W. Perrett, Kees W. Bolle, Donald R. Davis, Mariko Namba Walter & George W. Spencer (2002). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):319-337.
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  21.  2
    A. M. Joshua & M. T. Joshua (2006). Measures of Values Among Secondary Schools Sstudents in Cross River State, Nigeria. Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 8 (1).
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  22.  2
    L. T. Spencer (1928). The Concept of the Threshold and Heymans' Law of Inhibition. I. Correlation Between the Visual Threshold and Heymans' Coefficient of Inhibition in Binocular Vision. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (2):88.
  23.  3
    E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop (2013). Authors' Response: Learning, Anticipation and the Brain. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):42-45.
    Upshot: Albeit mostly supportive of our work, the commentaries we received highlighted a few points that deserve additional explanation, with regard to the notion of learning in our model, the relationship between our model and the brain, as well as the notion of anticipation. This open discussion emphasizes the need for toy computer models, to fuel theoretical discussion and prevent business-as-usual from getting in the way of new ideas.
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  24.  9
    T. J. B. Spencer (1957). Robert Wood and the Problem of Troy in the Eighteenth Century. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1/2):75-105.
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  25.  1
    L. T. Spencer & L. H. Cohen (1928). The Concept of the Threshold and Heymans' Law of Inhibition. II. Correlation of the Visual Threshold and Heymans' Coefficient of Inhibition in a Single Individual with Uniocular Vision. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (3):194.
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  26.  2
    L. T. Spencer & L. H. Cohen (1928). The Concept of the Threshold and Heyman's Law of Inhibition. III. Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (4):281.
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  27.  1
    E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop (2013). Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):26-33.
    Context: Constructivist approaches to cognition have mostly been descriptive, and now face the challenge of specifying the mechanisms that may support the acquisition of knowledge. Departing from cognitivism, however, requires the development of a new functional framework that will support causal, powerful and goal-directed behavior in the context of the interaction between the organism and the environment. Problem: The properties affecting the computational power of this interaction are, however, unclear, and may include partial information from the environment, exploration, distributed processing (...)
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  28. William T. Blackstone, William Hare, Don Cochrane, Walden B. Crabtree, Patrick J. Foley, Arthur Brown, Solon T. Kimball, Jack L. Nelson, Alexander W. Austin, Godfrey Sullivan, Frederick M. Schultz, Ramon Sanchez, Garnet L. Mcdiarmid, Rosemary V. Donatelli, Frederic G. Robinson, Mathew Zachariah, Richard M. Schrader, Louis Fischer & Dale R. Spencer (1972). Book Reviews Section 3. Educational Studies 3 (4):225-239.
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  29. E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop (2013). Authors' Response: Learning, Anticipation and the Brain. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):42-45.
    Upshot: Albeit mostly supportive of our work, the commentaries we received highlighted a few points that deserve additional explanation, with regard to the notion of learning in our model, the relationship between our model and the brain, as well as the notion of anticipation. This open discussion emphasizes the need for toy computer models, to fuel theoretical discussion and prevent business-as-usual from getting in the way of new ideas.
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  30. Daniel T. Spencer (2007). Restoring Earth, Restored to Earth: Toward an Ethic for Reinhabiting Place. In Laurel Kearns & Catherine Keller (eds.), Ecospirit: Religions and Philosophies for the Earth. Fordham University Press 415--432.
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  31. Herbert Spencer (1996). Herbert Spencer: Collected Writings. Routledge.
    Herbert Spencer was regarded by the Victorians as the foremost philosopher of the age, the prophet of evolution at a time when the idea had gripped the popular imagination. Until recently Spencer's posthumous reputation rested almost excusively on his social and political thought, which has itself frequently been subject to serious misrepresentation. But historians of ideas now recognise that an acquaintance with Spencer's thought is essential for the proper understanding of many aspects of Victorian intellectual life, and (...)
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  32.  16
    Herbert Spencer (1893). A Letter From Mr. Herbert Spencer. The Monist 3 (2):272-272.
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  33.  6
    Herbert Spencer, First Principles, by Herbert Spencer.
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  34. Jacques Abbadie & W. T. (1695). The Art of Knowing One-Self: Or, an Enquiry Into the Sources of Morality [Tr. By T.W.].
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  35. Thomas Rawson Birks & Herbert Spencer (1876). Modern Physical Fatalism and the Doctrine of Evolution, Including an Examination of ... Herbert Spencer's 'First Principles'.
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  36. E. Edmond & Herbert Spencer (1878). Free Notes on Herbert Spencer's First Principles, with Suggestions Regarding Space, Time, and Force. Also, Theories of Life.
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  37. Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. (1713). An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. John Locke [by J. Le Clerc, Tr. By T.F.P.].
     
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  38. Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. (1714). An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. John Locke [by J. Le Clerc, Tr. By T.F.P.]. [Followed by] the Last Will and Testament of John Locke. [REVIEW]
     
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  39. Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. (1706). The Life and Character of Mr. John Locke. Done Into Engl. By T.F.P.
     
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  40. William Henry Lyttelton & Herbert Spencer (1874). Sins of Trade and Business, a Sermon, by the Hon. W.H. Lyttelton, and the Morals of Trade, by H. Spencer.
     
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  41. Charles Pritchard, Thomas Rawson Birks & Herbert Spencer (1882). Preface to the Second Edition of 'Modern Physical Fatalism' by Thomas Rawson Birks, Being a Reply to the Strictures of H. Spencer [in an Appendix to the 4th Ed. Of First Principles].
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  42. Clarence H. Seyler & Herbert Spencer (1891). Evolutionary Ethics, Critical Study of H. Spencer's 'Data of Ethics', a Paper.
     
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  43. Herbert Spencer & Julia Raymond Gingell (1894). Aphorisms From the Writings of Herbert Spencer, Selected and Arranged by J.R. Gingell.
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  44. Herbert Spencer & F. Howard Collins (1897). Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy of Herbert Spencer. Williams and Northgate.
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  45. Herbert Spencer (1969). Herbert Spencer. London, Collier-Macmillan.
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  46. Herbert Spencer (1966). Herbert Spencer on Education. New York, Teachers College Press, Teachers College, Columbia University.
     
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  47.  5
    Herbert Spencer (1878). Illustrations of Universal Progress a Series of Discussions by Herbert Spencer ; with a Notice of Spencer's "New System of Philosophy". --. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  48. Herbert Spencer (1873). Illustrations of Universal Progress a Series of Discussions. With a Notice of Spencer's New System of Philosophy. D. Appleton.
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  49. Herbert Spencer (1873). John Stuart Mill: His Life and Works, 12 Sketches by H. Spencer [and Others].
     
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  50. Herbert Spencer (1874). Mr. Herbert Spencer and the British Quarterly Review [a Reply to Criticisms. With] Appendices.
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