Search results for 'Joshua Thomas' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Andrew Garrod, Carole R. Beal, William Jaeger, Joshua Thomas, Jay Davis, Nicole Leiser & Almin Hodzic (2003). Culture, Ethnic Conflict and Moral Orientation in Bosnian Children. Journal of Moral Education 32 (2):131-150.score: 240.0
    Previous research has identified two moral orientations in people's reasoning about moral dilemmas: an orientation to rights, fairness, and justice and another based on care, compassion and concern for others and the self. To investigate the association of political violence and ethnic conflict with children's preferred moral orientation, two studies were conducted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the first with 10-12-year-olds and the second with 6-8- and 9-11-year-olds. In the first study, children's solutions to dilemmas involving animal characters were most likely (...)
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  2. S. Joshua Thomas (2014). Beyond the Hall of Mirrors: Naturalistic Ethics Out of Doors. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 50 (1):48-68,.score: 240.0
    Over the course of a decade or so, Philip Kitcher has gradually come to embrace classical pragmatism, particularly John Dewey’s iteration of it, hailing it in his latest volume, Preludes to Pragmatism: Towards a Reconstruction of Philosophy, as “not only America’s most important contribution to philosophy, but also one of the most significant developments in the history of the subject, comparable in its potential for intellectual change to the celebrated turning points in the seventeenth century and in the wake of (...)
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  3. Seth Joshua Thomas (2006). Healing Psychiatry. Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 34 (105):39-43.score: 240.0
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  4. Seth Joshua Thomas (2009). Aesthetic Emotions and the Ethics of Authenticity. Philosophy Today 53 (3):231-247.score: 240.0
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  5. S. Joshua Thomas (2012). Review Care Crosses the River Blumenberg Hans Stanford UP Stanford. The Pluralist 7 (2):113-118.score: 240.0
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  6. Anita Allen, Bernard Boxill, Joshua Cohen, R. M. Hare, Bill Lawson, Tommy Lott, Howard McGary, Julius Moravcsik, Laurence Thomas, William Uzgalis, Julie Ward, Bernard Williams & Cynthia Willett (1998). Subjugation and Bondage: Critical Essays on Slavery and Social Philosophy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 240.0
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  7. S. Joshua Thomas (2012). Care Crosses the River (Review). The Pluralist 7 (2):113-118.score: 240.0
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  8. Joshua M. Thomas & A. Garrod (2002). Forgiveness After Genocide? Perspectives From Bosnian Youth. In Sharon Lamb & Jeffrie G. Murphy (eds.), Before Forgiving: Cautionary Views of Forgiveness in Psychotherapy. Oup Usa. 192--211.score: 240.0
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  9. R. S. D. Thomas (1999). Mathematical Proof: Dedicated to the Memory of A. Thomas Tymoczko (1943 9 1-1996 8 9). Philosophia Mathematica 7 (1):3-4.score: 120.0
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  10. D. A. Lloyd Thomas (1995). Thomas Hurka, Perfectionism, New York, Oxford University Press, 1993, Pp. Xi + 222. Utilitas 7 (02):327-.score: 120.0
  11. Cheryl Thomas (1999). Norman L. Thomas 1925-1997. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 72 (5):217 - 219.score: 120.0
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  12. Hugh M. Thomas (2012). Shame, Masculinity, and the Death of Thomas Becket. Speculum 87 (4):1050-1088.score: 120.0
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  13. Harry Thomas (1974). The Linguistic Geography of Wales. Alan R. Thomas Pp. Xiv + 558. (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1973.) Price £10. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 6 (3):393-396.score: 120.0
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  14. Ivo Thomas (1965). The Written Liar and Thomas Oliver. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 6 (3):201-208.score: 120.0
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  15. David Thomas (2008). Thomas E. Burman, Reading the Qur'ān in Latin Christendom, 1140–1560.(Material Texts.) Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007. Pp. Vii, 317; 10 Black-and-White Figures. $59.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 83 (4):963-964.score: 120.0
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  16. J. Heywood Thomas (1979). D. O. Thomas. The Honest Mind: The Thought and Work of Richard Price. Pp. Vi + 306. (Clarendon Press: Oxford University Press, 1977.) £12.50. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 15 (2):257.score: 120.0
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  17. Hugh Thomas (2008). Michael Staunton, Thomas Becket and His Biographers.(Studies in the History of Medieval Religion, 28.) Woodbridge, Eng., and Rochester, NY: Boydell and Brewer, 2006. Pp. Viii, 246. $80. [REVIEW] Speculum 83 (3):760-762.score: 120.0
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  18. J. Heywood Thomas (1980). Thomas C. Oden (Ed.), Parables of Kierkegaard. Pp. 186+Xxv, (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1978.) $10.00. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 16 (3):368.score: 120.0
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  19. John of St Thomas (1955). The Material Logic of John of St. Thomas: Basic Treatises. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.score: 120.0
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  20. W. J. Greenstreet (1898). Book Review:Thomas and Matthew Arnold, and Their Influence on English Education. Joshua Fitch; Arnold of Rugby: His School Life and Contributions to Education. J. J. Findlay. [REVIEW] Ethics 8 (4):533-.score: 72.0
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  21. Philip Kitcher (2014). Extending the Pragmatist Tradition: Replies to Commentators. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 50 (1):97-114,.score: 30.0
    I want to begin by thanking Judith Green for organizing this symposium, and all the contributors for their thoughtful attention to my work.Pragmatism is currently undergoing an apparent revival, with a number of philosophers not normally associated with the movement claiming to have joined the club: following the lead of Dick Rorty, Isaac Levi, and Hilary Putnam, Robert Brandom and Huw Price have also declared their pragmatist allegiance. I, too, have signed on. But, as Seth Joshua Thomas astutely (...)
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  22. Judith Green (2014). Introduction: A Collaborative Critical Conversation on Philip Kitcher's Preludes to Pragmatism. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 50 (1):1-8,.score: 30.0
    On April 26, 2013, Philip Kitcher met with a line-up of six critics at the New York Pragmatist Forum to learn what they thought about his latest large book, Preludes to Pragmatism: Toward a Reconstruction in Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 2012). The following contributions, as well as Kitcher’s reply, originated in this meeting, with each author taking into account Kitcher’s initial responses while further developing his or her arguments.As S. Joshua Thomas notes below, our purpose as critics has (...)
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  23. Eddy A. Nahmias (2006). Folk Fears About Freedom and Responsibility: Determinism Vs. Reductionism. Journal of Cognition and Culture 6 (1-2):215-237.score: 24.0
    My initial work, with collaborators Stephen Morris, Thomas Nadelhoffer, and Jason Turner (2005, 2006), on surveying folk intuitions about free will and moral responsibility was designed primarily to test a common claim in the philosophical debates: that ordinary people see an obvious conflict between determinism and both free will and moral responsibility, and hence, the burden is on compatibilists to motivate their theory in a way that explains away or overcomes this intuitive support for incompatibilism. The evidence, if any, (...)
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  24. Kenneth Baynes (2009). Toward a Political Conception of Human Rights. Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (4):371-390.score: 24.0
    Human rights have become a wider and more visible feature of our political discourse, yet many have also noted the great discrepancy between the human rights invoked in this discourse and traditional philosophical accounts that conceive of human rights as natural rights. This article explores an alternative approach in which human rights are conceived primarily as international norms aimed at securing the basic conditions of membership or inclusion in a political society. Central to this `political conception' of human rights is (...)
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  25. Frank Hindriks (2011). Control, Intentional Action, and Moral Responsibility. Philosophical Psychology 24 (6):787 - 801.score: 24.0
    Skill or control is commonly regarded as a necessary condition for intentional action. This received wisdom is challenged by experiments conducted by Joshua Knobe and Thomas Nadelhoffer, which suggest that moral considerations sometimes trump considerations of skill and control. I argue that this effect (as well as the Knobe effect) can be explained in terms of the role normative reasons play in the concept of intentional action. This explanation has significant advantages over its rivals. It involves at most (...)
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  26. Alfred R. Mele (2006). The Folk Concept of Intentional Action: A Commentary. Journal of Cognition and Culture.score: 24.0
    In this commentary, I discuss the three main articles in this volume that present survey data relevant to a search for something that might merit the label “the folk concept of intentional action” – the articles by Joshua Knobe and Arudra Burra, Bertram Malle, and Thomas Nadelhoffer. My guiding question is this: What shape might we find in an analysis of intentional action that takes at face value the results of all of the relevant surveys about vignettes discussed (...)
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  27. Kenneth Baynes (2009). Discourse Ethics and the Political Conception of Human Rights. Ethics and Global Politics 2 (1).score: 24.0
    This article examines two recent alternatives to the traditional conception of human rights as natural rights: the account of human rights found in discourse ethics and the ‘political conception’ of human rights influenced by the work of Rawls. I argue that both accounts have distinct merits and that they are not as opposed to one another as is sometimes supposed. At the same time, the discourse ethics account must confront a deep ambiguity in its own approach: are rights derived in (...)
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  28. Alison M. Jaggar (ed.) (2010). Thomas Pogge and His Critics. Polity.score: 24.0
    With a clear and informative introduction by Alison Jaggar, and original contributions from Neera Chandhoke, Jiwei Ci, Joshua Cohen, Erin Kelly, Lionel ...
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  29. Christopher McMahon (1999). :Deliberative Democracy: Essays on Reason and Politics. Ethics 109 (3):648-650.score: 24.0
    Ideals of democratic participation and rational self-government have long informed modern political theory. As a recent elaboration of these ideals, the concept of deliberative democracy is based on the principle that legitimate democracy issues from the public deliberation of citizens. This remarkably fruitful concept has spawned investigations along a number of lines. Areas of inquiry include the nature and value of deliberation, the feasibility and desirability of consensus on contentious issues, the implications of institutional complexity and cultural diversity for democratic (...)
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  30. David Danks, Thomas L. Griffiths & Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Dynamical Causal Learning.score: 24.0
    Current psychological theories of human causal learning and judgment focus primarily on long-run predictions: two by estimating parameters of a causal Bayes nets (though for different parameterizations), and a third through structural learning. This paper focuses on people’s short-run behavior by examining dynamical versions of these three theories, and comparing their predictions to a real-world dataset.
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  31. Thomas L. Griffiths, David M. Sobel, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Alison Gopnik (2011). Bayes and Blickets: Effects of Knowledge on Causal Induction in Children and Adults. Cognitive Science 35 (8):1407-1455.score: 24.0
    People are adept at inferring novel causal relations, even from only a few observations. Prior knowledge about the probability of encountering causal relations of various types and the nature of the mechanisms relating causes and effects plays a crucial role in these inferences. We test a formal account of how this knowledge can be used and acquired, based on analyzing causal induction as Bayesian inference. Five studies explored the predictions of this account with adults and 4-year-olds, using tasks in which (...)
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  32. Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Jacob Feldman & Thomas L. Griffiths (2008). A Rational Analysis of Rule‐Based Concept Learning. Cognitive Science 32 (1):108-154.score: 24.0
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  33. Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Thomas L. Griffiths (2001). Generalization, Similarity, and Bayesian Inference. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):629-640.score: 24.0
    Shepard has argued that a universal law should govern generalization across different domains of perception and cognition, as well as across organisms from different species or even different planets. Starting with some basic assumptions about natural kinds, he derived an exponential decay function as the form of the universal generalization gradient, which accords strikingly well with a wide range of empirical data. However, his original formulation applied only to the ideal case of generalization from a single encountered stimulus to a (...)
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  34. Thomas C. Foreman, Dorothyann Curran, Joshua T. Landry & Michael A. Kekewich (forthcoming). Documentation of Capacity and Identification of Substitute Decisionmakers in Ontario. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics:1-7.score: 24.0
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  35. Thomas L. Griffiths & Joshua B. Tenenbaum (2007). From Mere Coincidences to Meaningful Discoveries. Cognition 103 (2):180-226.score: 24.0
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  36. Amy Perfors, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Thomas L. Griffiths & Fei Xu (2011). A Tutorial Introduction to Bayesian Models of Cognitive Development. Cognition 120 (3):302-321.score: 24.0
  37. Edward Vul, Noah Goodman, Thomas L. Griffiths & Joshua B. Tenenbaum (2014). One and Done? Optimal Decisions From Very Few Samples. Cognitive Science 38 (4):599-637.score: 24.0
    In many learning or inference tasks human behavior approximates that of a Bayesian ideal observer, suggesting that, at some level, cognition can be described as Bayesian inference. However, a number of findings have highlighted an intriguing mismatch between human behavior and standard assumptions about optimality: People often appear to make decisions based on just one or a few samples from the appropriate posterior probability distribution, rather than using the full distribution. Although sampling-based approximations are a common way to implement Bayesian (...)
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  38. Steven M. Cahn (ed.) (2002). Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy provides in one volume the major writings from nearly 2,500 years of political and moral philosophy. The most comprehensive collection of its kind, it moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Cicero) through medieval views (Augustine, Aquinas) to modern perspectives (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Rousseau, Hume, Adam Smith, Kant). It includes major nineteenth-century thinkers (Hegel, Bentham, Mill, Nietzsche) as well as twentieth-century theorists (Rawls, Nozick, Nagel, Foucault, Habermas, Nussbaum). Also included are numerous essays from (...)
     
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  39. Steven M. Cahn (ed.) (2005). Political Philosophy: The Essential Texts. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    Ideal for survey courses in social and political philosophy, this volume is a substantially abridged and slightly altered version of Steven M. Cahn's Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy (OUP, 2001). Offering coverage from antiquity to the present, Political Philosophy: The Essential Texts is a historically organized collection of the most significant works from nearly 2,500 years of political philosophy. It moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle) through the medieval period (Aquinas) to modern perspectives (Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hume, Adam (...)
     
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  40. Nick Chater, Noah Goodman, Thomas L. Griffiths, Charles Kemp, Mike Oaksford & Joshua B. Tenenbaum (2011). The Imaginary Fundamentalists: The Unshocking Truth About Bayesian Cognitive Science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):194-196.score: 24.0
    If Bayesian Fundamentalism existed, Jones & Love's (J&L's) arguments would provide a necessary corrective. But it does not. Bayesian cognitive science is deeply concerned with characterizing algorithms and representations, and, ultimately, implementations in neural circuits; it pays close attention to environmental structure and the constraints of behavioral data, when available; and it rigorously compares multiple models, both within and across papers. J&L's recommendation of Bayesian Enlightenment corresponds to past, present, and, we hope, future practice in Bayesian cognitive science.
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  41. David Etlin, Maarten Van Dyck, Phil Dowe, Julian Reiss, Thomas Ac Reydon, Sabina Leonelli, Marshall Abrams, William Bechtel, Joshua Filler & Yoichi Ishida (2009). 10. The Problem of Noncounterfactual Conditionals The Problem of Noncounterfactual Conditionals (Pp. 676-688). Philosophy of Science 76 (5).score: 24.0
     
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  42. Michael C. Frank, Sharon Goldwater, Thomas L. Griffiths & Joshua B. Tenenbaum (2010). Modeling Human Performance in Statistical Word Segmentation. Cognition 117 (2):107-125.score: 24.0
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  43. Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Thomas L. Griffiths & Jacob Feldman (2008). Compositionality in Rational Analysis: Grammar-Based Induction for Concept Learning. In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. Oup Oxford.score: 24.0
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  44. Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Thomas L. Griffiths & Feldman & Jacob (2008). Compositionality in Rational Analysis: Grammar-Based Induction for Concept Learning. In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. Oup Oxford.score: 24.0
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  45. Thomas L. Griffiths, Nick Chater, Charles Kemp, Amy Perfors & Joshua B. Tenenbaum (2010). Probabilistic Models of Cognition: Exploring Representations and Inductive Biases. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8):357-364.score: 24.0
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  46. Thomas L. Griffiths & Joshua B. Tenenbaum (2007). Two Proposals for Causal Grammars. In Alison Gopnik & Laura Schulz (eds.), Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation. Oxford University Press. 323--345.score: 24.0
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  47. Joshua L. Hood, William H. Brooks & Thomas L. Roszman (2006). Subcellular Mobility of the Calpain/Calpastatin Network: An Organelle Transient. Bioessays 28 (8):850-859.score: 24.0
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  48. Charles Kemp, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Sourabh Niyogi & Thomas L. Griffiths (2010). A Probabilistic Model of Theory Formation. Cognition 114 (2):165-196.score: 24.0
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  49. Joshua Parens & Joseph C. Macfarland (2011). Thomas Aquinas and Peter of Auvergne, Commentary on the Politics. In Joshua Parens & Joseph C. Macfarland (eds.), Medieval Political Philosophy: A Sourcebook. Cornell University Press.score: 24.0
     
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  50. Joshua Parens & Joseph C. Macfarland (2011). Thomas Aquinas, Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics. In Joshua Parens & Joseph C. Macfarland (eds.), Medieval Political Philosophy: A Sourcebook. Cornell University Press.score: 24.0
     
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