Search results for 'Jude Browne' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jude Browne & Marc Stears (2005). Capabilities, Resources, and Systematic Injustice: A Case of Gender Inequality. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (3):355-373.score: 240.0
    Focusing on the debate between resource egalitarians and capability theorists, with particular attention to gender equality, this article rejects the prevailing assumption that the ‘capability approach’ to equality, as outlined by Amartya Sen, is better able to respond to important empirically identifiable inequalities than its resource egalitarian alternative, as developed by Ronald Dworkin. Developing and expanding upon the often overlooked Dworkinian ‘principle of independence’, the article contends that resource egalitarianism is capable of identifying and responding to a complex set of (...)
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  2. Alister Browne, Katharine Browne, Ezekiel J. Emanual, Joseph J. Fins, Colin Gavaghan, Christine Grady & Leonard C. Groopman (2007). William Andereck, MD, is an Internist at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco, California, Where He Chairs the Ethics Committee and is Founder and Codirector of the Program in Medicine and Human Values. R. Blake Brown, Ph. D., is a Social Science and Humanities Research Council Post-Doctoral Fellow at Saint Mary's University and a Research Associate at The. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16:1-2.score: 80.0
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  3. Derek Browne (2004). Do Dolphins Know Their Own Minds? Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):633-53.score: 30.0
    Knowledge of one's own states of mind is one of the varieties of self-knowledge. Do any nonhuman animals have the capacity for this variety of self-knowledge? The question is open to empirical inquiry, which is most often conducted with primate subjects. Research with a bottlenose dolphin gives some evidence for the capacity in a nonprimate taxon. I describe the research and evaluate the metacognitive interpretation of the dolphin's behaviour. The research exhibits some of the difficulties attached to the task of (...)
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  4. Brynmor Browne (1992). A Solution to the Problem of Moral Luck. Philosophical Quarterly 42 (168):345-356.score: 30.0
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  5. Derek Browne (1996). Cognitive Versatility. Minds and Machines 6 (4):507-23.score: 30.0
    Jerry Fodor divides the mind into peripheral, domain-specific modules and a domaingeneral faculty of central cognition. John Tooby and Lisa Cosmides argue instead that the mind is modular all the way through; cognition consists of a multitude of domain-specific processes. But human thought has a flexible, innovative character that contrasts with the inflexible, stereotyped performances of modular systems. My goal is to discover how minds that are constructed on modular principles might come to exhibit cognitive versatility.Cognitive versatility is exhibited in (...)
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  6. Derek Browne (1999). Carruthers on the Deficits of Animals. Psyche 5 (23).score: 30.0
    The simple version of the HOT theory of consciousness is easily refuted. Carruthers escapes this refutation because he is actually a closet introspectionist. I agree with Carruthers that the subjective properties of experience are constituted from discriminatory and other cognitive responses, but I disagree that conceptual uptake into a language of thought is the form of uptake that is necessary. Carruthers' neocartesian argument for a divide between 'man and brute' should be rejected.
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  7. C. Browne, Robert W. Evans, N. Sales & Igor L. Aleksander (1997). Consciousness and Neural Cognizers: A Review of Some Recent Approaches. [REVIEW] Neural Networks 10:1303-1316.score: 30.0
  8. F. W. Stella Browne (1918). A New Psychological Society. International Journal of Ethics 28 (2):266-269.score: 30.0
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  9. Stephen H. Browne & Gerard A. Hauser (2003). Editors' Remarks. Philosophy and Rhetoric 36 (4):iv-iv.score: 30.0
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  10. Stephen H. Browne (2007). Rhetorical Criticism and the Challenges of Bilateral Argument. Philosophy and Rhetoric 40 (1):108-118.score: 30.0
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  11. Kevin Killeen (2007). "The Doctor Quarrels with Some Pictures": Exegesis and Animals in Thomas Browne's Pseudodoxia Epidemica. Early Science and Medicine 12 (1):1-27.score: 21.0
    This essay explores Thomas Browne's Pseudodoxia epidemica , with its lengthy book on 'errors' in animal lore. In the limited critical literature on Browne's natural history, this author is generally seen as stumbling towards a zoological idiom and clearing away the emblematic 'clutter' of earlier writers on natural history—Gesner, Aldrovandi, Topsell or Franzius. This essay proposes that Browne is working with a more complex set of co-ordinates in his thought, beyond his experimental inclinations and his Aristotelian assumptions. (...)
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  12. Derek Browne (2009). The Bounds of Cognition • by Frederick Adams and Kenneth Aizawa. Analysis 69 (2):385-386.score: 20.0
    Tools and technologies expand our capacities, including our cognitive capacities. Microscopes extend our perceptual capacities. Notebooks extend the natural limits of memory. These facts are important, for all that they are obvious. The extended cognition hypothesis wants more. Some external devices and processes are literal parts of cognitive processes themselves. When there is fast and reliable access to external data or processes , then the cognitive processes that occur uncontroversially inside the brain literally and controversially extend out into the world (...)
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  13. Annette J. Browne, Colleen Varcoe, Victoria Smye, Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, M. Judith Lynam & Sabrina Wong (2009). Cultural Safety and the Challenges of Translating Critically Oriented Knowledge in Practice. Nursing Philosophy 10 (3):167-179.score: 20.0
    Cultural safety is a relatively new concept that has emerged in the New Zealand nursing context and is being taken up in various ways in Canadian health care discourses. Our research team has been exploring the relevance of cultural safety in the Canadian context, most recently in relation to a knowledge-translation study conducted with nurses practising in a large tertiary hospital. We were drawn to using cultural safety because we conceptualized it as being compatible with critical theoretical perspectives that foster (...)
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  14. Alister Browne & Bill Sullivan (2005). Abortion in Canada. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (03):287-291.score: 20.0
    Canada is one of the few countries in the world—China is another—that has decriminalized abortion. In Canada, there are no legislative or judicial restrictions whatsoever on abortion: When, where, and under what circumstances abortions can be performed are all unregulated. In sharp contrast, abortion is generally illegal in South American and predominantly Catholic countries, as well as in African and Muslim countries. And the countries that do allow legal abortions, including most in Europe along with America, Australia, and Russia, typically (...)
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  15. Alister Browne (1987). Defining Death. Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):155-164.score: 20.0
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  16. Alister Browne (2005). Causation, Intention, and Active Euthanasia. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (01):71-80.score: 20.0
    Mr. Paul Mills suffered from cancer of the esophagus . Three major surgeries were unsuccessful in correcting the problem, and other treatment methods likewise failed. His condition deteriorated to the point where there was no longer any hope of recovery. Dr. Morrison, who was Mr. Mills's intensive care physician at the Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre in Halifax, and Mr. Mills's family agreed that active life support should be discontinued. Dr. Morrison then removed Mr. Mills's ventilator. To everyone's surprise, (...)
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  17. Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Colleen Varcoe, Annette J. Browne, M. Judith Lynam, Koushambhi Basu Khan & Heather McDonald (2009). Critical Inquiry and Knowledge Translation: Exploring Compatibilities and Tensions. Nursing Philosophy 10 (3):152-166.score: 20.0
    Knowledge translation has been widely taken up as an innovative process to facilitate the uptake of research-derived knowledge into health care services. Drawing on a recent research project, we engage in a philosophic examination of how knowledge translation might serve as vehicle for the transfer of critically oriented knowledge regarding social justice, health inequities, and cultural safety into clinical practice. Through an explication of what might be considered disparate traditions (those of critical inquiry and knowledge translation), we identify compatibilities (...)
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  18. Derek Browne (1997). Two Conceptions of Access-Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):147-147.score: 20.0
    Block's (1995) cognitive conception of consciousness might be introduced in the service of two different projects. In one, the explanatory gap between science and folklore remains. In the other, a reductive claim is advanced, but the intuitive idea of consciousness is abandoned.
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  19. Alister Browne & Katharine Browne (2006). Morality, Prudential Rationality, and Cheating. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (01):53-62.score: 20.0
    We have a philosopher friend who was quite ill and required surgery, but she was not ill enough to be admitted to hospital under the “life, limb, and organ preservation” guidelines that control surgical admissions. Her surgeon told her to go to emergency and gave her a list of symptoms to tell the physicians there. Those, he said, would get her a bed, and he would then come and perform the necessary surgery. And that is how our friend got her (...)
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  20. D. Browne (2011). Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction * By Stephen Wilkinson. Analysis 71 (3):605-607.score: 20.0
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  21. J. Kevin Quinn, J. David Reed, M. Neil Browne & Wesley J. Hiers (1997). Honesty, Individualism, and Pragmatic Business Ethics: Implications for Corporate Hierarchy. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1419-1430.score: 20.0
    The boundaries of honesty are the focal point of this exploration of the individualistic origins of modernist ethics and the consequent need for a more pragmatic approach to business ethics. The tendency of modernist ethics to see honesty as an individual responsibility is described as a contextually naive approach, one that fails to account for the interactive effects between individual choices and corporate norms. By reviewing the empirical accounts of managerial struggles with ethical dilemmas, the article arrives at the contextual (...)
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  22. Alister Browne & Bill Sullivan (2006). Advance Directives in Canada. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (03):256-260.score: 20.0
    Advance directives enable individuals to project their healthcare preferences into a period of anticipated incapacity. With advance directives, individuals can designate whom they would like to have make healthcare decisions for them , or give their healthcare provider advice on what to do , or both. Canada has an unusually wide variety of legislative approaches to advance directives. In what follows we describe and evaluate these, with the aim of pointing the way toward the ideally best legislation and policies on (...)
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  23. Alister Browne, Vincent P. Sweeney & Margaret G. Norman (1996). Ethics Committee Education: Report on a Canadian Project. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 8 (5):290-300.score: 20.0
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  24. Craig Browne (2005). Hope, Critique, and Utopia. Critical Horizons 6 (1):63-86.score: 20.0
    This paper assesses the extent to which the category of hope assists in preserving and redefining the vestiges of utopian thought in critical social theory. Hope has never had a systematic position among the categories of critical social theory, although it has sometimes acquired considerable prominence. It will be argued that the current philosophical and everyday interest in social hope can be traced to the limited capacity of liberal conceptions of freedom to articulate a vision of social transformation apposite to (...)
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  25. Andrea Giampetro-Meyer, S. J. Timothy Brown, M. Neil Browne & Nancy Kubasek (1998). Do We Really Want More Leaders in Business? Journal of Business Ethics 17 (15):1727-1736.score: 20.0
    In this article, we focus on the concept of leadership ethics and make observations about transformational, transactional and servant leadership. We consider differences in how each definition of leadership outlines what the leader is supposed to achieve, and how the leader treats people in the organization while striving to achieve the organization's goals. We also consider which leadership styles are likely to be more popular in organizations that strive to maximize short run profits. Our paper does not tout or degrade (...)
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  26. Alice Browne (1977). Descartes's Dreams. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 40:256-273.score: 20.0
  27. A. Browne (1983). Whole-Brain Death Reconsidered. Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (1):28-44.score: 20.0
    The author, a philosopher, suggests that the concept of death should be left as it is 'in its present indeterminate state', and that we ought to reject attempts to define death in terms of whole-brain death or any other type of brain death, including cerebral death and 'irreversible coma'. Instead of 'fiddling with the definition of death' clear rules should be established specifying 'what can be appropriately done to whom when'.
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  28. Alister Browne (2007). The Institute of Medicine on Non-Heart-Beating Organ Transplantation. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (01):75-86.score: 20.0
    The current main source of transplantable organs is from heart-beating donors. These are patients who have suffered a catastrophic brain injury, been ventilated, declared dead by neurological criteria, and had their vital functions maintained mechanically until the point of transplantation. But the demand for organs far outstrips the supply, and these patients are not the only potential donors. The idea behind non-heart-beating transplantation is to expand the donor pool by including in it patients who are in hopeless conditions but who (...)
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  29. Alice Browne (1981). Dreams and Picture-Writing: Some Examples of This Comparison From the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 44:90-100.score: 20.0
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  30. Alister Browne (2010). Mental Health Acts in Canada. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (03):290-298.score: 20.0
    There are 12 different Mental Health Acts in Canada, all of which provide for the involuntary confinement of the mentally disordered to protect both them from themselves and others from them. The Acts differ in many ways, but three issues stand out above all: involuntary admission criteria, the right to refuse treatment, and who has the authority to authorize treatment. I first describe how the MHAs differ on these issues. I then take up the methodological question of how to select (...)
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  31. Derek Browne (2005). Book Review the Evolution of Cognition. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 72 (3):489-491.score: 20.0
  32. Alister Browne, Grant Gillett & Martin Tweeddale (2000). Elective Ventilation Reply to Kluge. Bioethics 14 (3):248–253.score: 20.0
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  33. Gerald M. Browne (2004). Blemmyes and Beja L. Kirwan: Studies on the History of Late Antique and Christian Nubia . Edited by T. Hägg, L. Török, and D. A. Welsby. (Variorum Collected Studies Series Cs748.) Pp. XXII + 277, Maps, Ills. Aldershot and Burlington, Vt: Ashgate, 2002. Cased, £57.50. Isbn: 0-86078-893-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 54 (01):226-.score: 20.0
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  34. Janet Browne (1980). Darwin's Botanical Arithmetic and the "Principle of Divergence," 1854-1858. Journal of the History of Biology 13 (1):53 - 89.score: 20.0
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  35. C. A. Browne (1906). Magic Squares and Pythagorean Numbers. The Monist 16 (3):422-433.score: 20.0
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  36. S. S. S. Browne (1942). Paralogisms of the Free-Will Problem. Journal of Philosophy 39 (19):513-520.score: 20.0
  37. Derek Browne (2003). Some Sceptical Thoughts About Metacognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):340-341.score: 20.0
    Metacognitive knowledge of one's own cognitive states is not as useful as is often thought. Differences between cognitive states often come down to differences in their intentional contents. For that reason, differences in behaviour are often explained by differences just in contents of first-order states. Uncertainty need not be a metacognitive condition. First-order interpretations of the target experiments are available.
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  38. Will N. Browne & Richard J. Hussey (2009). Emotional Cognitive Steps Towards Consciousness. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 1 (02):203-211.score: 20.0
  39. Alister Browne, Brent Dickson & Rena van Der Wal (2003). The Ethical Management of the Noncompliant Patient. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (03):289-299.score: 20.0
    It is a rare patient who always does everything healthcare providers advise. Sometimes no harm comes from this; sometimes good does. But occasionally, great harm comes from not listening, as when it results in patients returning time and again for costly and invasive treatments of, say, infections, valve replacements, pressure ulcers, and so forth. No class of patients arouses more anger and resentment in healthcare providers, who often put out a call to invoke some version of the three strikes rule (...)
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  40. Derek Browne (1990). Ethics Without Morality. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (4):395 – 412.score: 20.0
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  41. Alister Browne (2009). The Ethics of Aggressive Discharge Planning. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (01):75-.score: 20.0
    In any healthcare system in which demand exceeds supply—which means any typical public healthcare system—patients cannot always get the care they want or need when they want or need it. It is also unrealistic to suppose that it will ever be otherwise. There have been such advances in medicine and growth in the population that even if we forgot about all other goods such as education, roads, social services, and so forth and put the entire budget into healthcare, there would (...)
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  42. D. E. Browne (1975). The Presumption of Equality. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53 (1):46 – 53.score: 20.0
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  43. Kingsley R. Browne (1999). The Relevance of Sex Differences in Risk-Taking to the Military and the Workplace. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):218-219.score: 20.0
    Sex differences in willingness to take physical risks and in concern for peer esteem may be relevant to whether women should serve in combat, since two major fears soldiers experience are of being injured and of not measuring up as warriors. Women's relative aversion to nonphysical risk may have workplace implications, since risk taking is an attribute of most successful executives.
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  44. Alister Browne, Grant Gillet & Martin Tweeddale (2000). The Ethics of Elective (Non-Therapeutic) Ventilation. Bioethics 14 (1):42–57.score: 20.0
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  45. D. E. Browne (1976). The Contract Theory of Justice. Philosophical Papers 5 (1):1-10.score: 20.0
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  46. Alister Browne (2003). Helping Residents Live at Risk. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (01):83-90.score: 20.0
    Residents in long-term care facilities and rehab hospitals sometimes ask healthcare professionals to help them do things that HCPs judge to be on balance harmful. A person with respiratory problems may ask for a cigarette, a diabetic for alcohol, a dysphagiac for food or fluids by mouth, a person at risk for falling for her walker, and so on. These requests raise two kinds of problems. The first pits residents against HCPs. Should HCPs ever help residents do what they consider (...)
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  47. F. W. Stella Browne (1918). Book Review:Married Love: A New Contribution to the Solution of Sex Difficulties. Marie Carmichael Stopes, E. H. Starling, Stanislaus St. John. [REVIEW] Ethics 29 (1):112-.score: 20.0
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  48. Alister Browne (2004). Healthcare Reform in Canada: The Romanow Report. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (03):221-225.score: 20.0
    The recent history of the Canadian healthcare system has been increasingly one of shortages. There are delays for services that impose risk and hardship, disparities between the accessibility of healthcare for rural versus urban populations, and a lack of adequate coverage for or access to prescription drugs, diagnostic services, and homecare. Add to these problems shortages of healthcare providers—in particular, physicians and nurses—and state-of-the-art equipment, and we can understand the universal agreement that the Canadian healthcare system must change. The only (...)
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  49. Gerald M. Browne (1999). Aristotle, De Anima 428b18-25. Classical Quarterly 49 (02):629-.score: 20.0
    So Ross, incorporating Bywater's transposition of συμβέβηκε τοîς αἰσθητοîς from 24 to 20. Thereby Aristotle distinguishes ‘the three types of objects of perception: the ἲδια αἰσθητά, colour, sound, etc. , the objects to which these belong, but which are here described as being contingent on the ἳδια αἰσθητά , and the κοιυà αἰσθητà, such as movement and size ’—D. Ross, Aristotle De Anima , 6; see also 289.
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  50. Samuel S. S. Browne (1940). Does Freedom Entail Non-Predetermination? Philosophical Review 49 (5):571-576.score: 20.0
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