Search results for 'Judgment (Ethics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  24
    Nhung T. Nguyen, M. Tom Basuray, William P. Smith, Donald Kopka & Donald McCulloh (2008). Moral Issues and Gender Differences in Ethical Judgment Using Reidenbach and Robin's (1990) Multidimensional Ethics Scale: Implications in Teaching of Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 77 (4):417 - 430.
    In this study, we examined moral issues and gender differences in ethical judgment using Reidenbach and Robin’s [Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1990) 639) multidimensional ethics scale (MES). A total of 340 undergraduate students were asked to provide ethical judgment by rating three moral issues in the MES labeled: ‚sales’, ‚auto’, and ‚retail’ using three ethics theories: moral equity, relativism, and contractualism. We found that female students’ ratings of ethical judgment were consistently higher (...)
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  2.  14
    Daulatram B. Lund (2008). Gender Differences in Ethics Judgment of Marketing Professionals in the United States. Journal of Business Ethics 77 (4):501 - 515.
    This empirical investigation reexamines the impact of gender on ethics judgment of marketing professionals in a cross-section of firms in the United States. In the study, gender differences in ethics judgment focus on decisions in the context of marketing-mix elements (product, promotion, pricing, and distribution). The results of statistical analyses indicate that men and women marketing professionals differ significantly in their ethics judgment. Overall, female marketing professionals evinced significantly higher ethics judgment than their male counterparts. Given (...)
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  3.  9
    Nonna Martinov-Bennie & Rosina Mladenovic (2015). Investigation of the Impact of an Ethical Framework and an Integrated Ethics Education on Accounting Students’ Ethical Sensitivity and Judgment. Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):189-203.
    This research is motivated by the criticism levelled at the academic community for its failure to incorporate sufficient ethics education into the accounting curriculum :53–71, 2004; Madison and Schmidt 2006). The inclusion of ethics decision-making frameworks by professional bodies in their codes of conduct or as a standalone tool and the encouragement of their use as a part of ethics education to help students to identify and think through ethical issues in a business context has been subject to very limited (...)
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  4.  8
    Hyemin Han & Changwoo Jeong (2013). Improving Epistemological Beliefs and Moral Judgment Through an STS-Based Science Ethics Education Program. Science and Engineering Ethics (1):1-24.
    This study develops a Science–Technology–Society (STS)-based science ethics education program for high school students majoring in or planning to major in science and engineering. Our education program includes the fields of philosophy, history, sociology and ethics of science and technology, and other STS-related theories. We expected our STS-based science ethics education program to promote students’ epistemological beliefs and moral judgment development. These psychological constructs are needed to properly solve complicated moral and social dilemmas in the fields of (...)
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  5.  7
    Liz C. Wang & Lisa Calvano (2015). Is Business Ethics Education Effective? An Analysis of Gender, Personal Ethical Perspectives, and Moral Judgment. Journal of Business Ethics 126 (4):591-602.
    Although ethics instruction has become an accepted part of the business school curriculum at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, some scholars have questioned its effectiveness, and research results have been mixed. However, studies yield interesting results regarding certain factors that influence the ethicality of business students and may impact the effectiveness of business ethics instruction. One of these factors is gender. Using personal and business ethics scenarios, we examine the main and interactive effects of gender and business ethics education (...)
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  6.  33
    Ricardo Blaug (2000). Citizenship and Political Judgment: Between Discourse Ethics and Phronesis. Res Publica 6 (2):179-198.
    Political judgment is notoriously hard to theorise, and in the recent debates surrounding Habermas's discourse ethics we encounter classic disagreements around the nature, operation and validity of such judgments. This paper evaluates Habermas's account of political judgment and explores the problems raised by his critics. It then focuses on the contentious role played by universals within his account. What emerges is a reformulated theory of judgment based on the thin universalism of fair deliberation, and a description of (...)
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  7. José María Torralba (2009). Libertad, Objeto Práctico y Acción: La Facultad Del Juicio En la Filosofía Moral de Kant: Appendix, The Three-Fold Function of the Faculty of Judgement in Kant's Ethics--Typik, Moral Judgement and Conscience. G. Olms.
  8.  11
    Nhung T. Nguyen, M. Tom Basuray, William P. Smith, Donald Kopka & Donald McCulloh (2008). Moral Issues and Gender Differences in Ethical Judgment Using Reidenbach and Robin's (1990) Multidimensional Ethics Scale: Implications in Teaching of Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 77 (4):417-430.
    In this study, we examined moral issues and gender differences in ethical judgment using Reidenbach and Robin's [Journal of Business Ethics 9 639) multidimensional ethics scale . A total of 340 undergraduate students were asked to provide ethical judgment by rating three moral issues in the MES labeled: 'sales', 'auto', and 'retail' using three ethics theories: moral equity, relativism, and contractualism. We found that female students' ratings of ethical judgment were consistently higher than that of male students (...)
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  9.  73
    Mohamed M. Ahmed, Kun Young Chung & John W. Eichenseher (2003). Business Students' Perception of Ethics and Moral Judgment: A Cross-Cultural Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 43 (1-2):89 - 102.
    Business relations rely on shared perceptions of what is acceptable/expected norms of behavior. Immense expansion in transnational business made rudimentary consensus on acceptable business practices across cultural boundaries particularly important. Nonetheless, as more and more nations with different cultural and historical experiences interact in the global economy, the potential for misunderstandings based on different expectations is magnified. Such misunderstandings emerge in a growing literature on "improper" business practices – articulated from a narrow cultural perspective. This paper reports an ongoing research (...)
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  10.  18
    Patrick Maclagan (2012). Conflicting Obligations, Moral Dilemmas and the Development of Judgement Through Business Ethics Education. Business Ethics 21 (2):183-197.
    Learning to address moral dilemmas is important for participants on courses in business ethics and corporate social responsibility (CSR). While modern, rule-based ethical theory often provides the normative input here, this has faced criticism in its application. In response, post-modern and Aristotelian perspectives have found favour. This paper follows a similar line, presenting an approach based initially on a critical interpretation of Ross's theory of prima facie duties, which emphasises moral judgement in actual situations. However, the retention of a modern (...)
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  11.  26
    Susan M. Bosco, David E. Melchar, Laura L. Beauvais & David E. Desplaces (2010). Teaching Business Ethics: The Effectiveness of Common Pedagogical Practices in Developing Students' Moral Judgment Competence. Ethics and Education 5 (3):263 - 280.
    This study investigates the effectiveness of pedagogical practices used to teach business ethics. The business community has greatly increased its demands for better ethics education in business programs. Educators have generally agreed that the ethical principles of business people have declined. It is important, then, to examine how common methods of instruction used in business ethics could contribute to the development of higher levels of moral judgment competence for students. To determine the effectiveness of these methods, moral judgment (...)
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  12. T. Thornton (2006). Judgement and the Role of the Metaphysics of Values in Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (6):365-370.
    Despite its authors’ intentions, the four principles approach to medical ethics can become crudely algorithmic in practice. The first section sets out the bare bones of the four principles approach drawing out those aspects of Beauchamp and Childress’s Principles of biomedical ethics that encourage this misreading. The second section argues that if the emphasis on the guidance of moral judgement is augmented by a particularist account of what disciplines it, then the danger can be reduced. In the third section, I (...)
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  13.  12
    T. Nguyen Nhung, William M. Tom Basuray, Donald Kopka P. Smith & Donald McCulloh (2008). Moral Issues and Gender Differences in Ethical Judgment Using Reidenbach and Robin's (1990) Multidimensional Ethics Scale: Implications in Teaching of Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 77 (4).
    In this study, we examined moral issues and gender differences in ethical judgment using Reidenbach and Robin’s [ Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1990) 639) multidimensional ethics scale (MES). A total of 340 undergraduate students were asked to provide ethical judgment by rating three moral issues in the MES labeled: ‚sales’, ‚auto’, and ‚retail’ using three ethics theories: moral equity, relativism, and contractualism. We found that female students’ ratings of ethical judgment were consistently higher than that of (...)
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  14.  14
    Melissa Lane (2014). When the Experts Are Uncertain: Scientific Knowledge and the Ethics of Democratic Judgment. Episteme 11 (1):97-118.
    Can ordinary citizens in a democracy evaluate the claims of scientific experts? While a definitive answer must be case by case, some scholars have offered sharply opposed general answers: a skeptical versus an optimistic. The article addresses this basic conflict, arguing that a satisfactory answer requires a first-order engagement in judging the claims of experts which both skeptics and optimists rule out in taking the issue to be one of second-order assessments only. Having argued that such first-order judgments are necessary, (...)
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  15.  7
    L. B. McCullough (2013). Critical Appraisal of Clinical Judgment: An Essential Dimension of Clinical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (1):1-5.
    The morally responsible practice of clinical medicine depends on many factors, the integrity of clinical judgment chief among them. Responsible clinical judgment requires that it be deliberative. The disciplines of the humanities, all of which contribute to clinical ethics—as the papers that follow illustrate—teach that deliberative reasoning includes critical self-awareness and self-scrutiny. Critical appraisal proves essential to achieving both. The papers in the 2013 Clinical Ethics number of the Journal provide distinctive critical appraisals of clinical judgment: concepts (...)
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  16.  18
    Evan Selinger, Paul Thompson & Harry Collins (2011). Catastrophe Ethics and Activist Speech: Reflections on Moral Norms, Advocacy, and Technical Judgment. Metaphilosophy 42 (1-2):118-144.
    Abstract: This essay critically examines whether there are ethical dimensions to the way that expertise, knowledge claims, and expressions of skepticism intersect on technical matters that influence public policy, especially during times of crisis. It compares two different perspectives on the matter: a philosophical outlook rooted in discourse and virtue ethics and a sociological outlook rooted in the so-called third-wave approach to science studies. The comparison occurs through metaphilosophical analysis and applied claims that clarify how the disciplinary orientations appear to (...)
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  17.  7
    P. Nortvedt (1998). Sensitive Judgement: An Inquiry Into the Foundations of Nursing Ethics. Nursing Ethics 5 (5):385-392.
    This article considers the foundation of nursing as a moral practice. Its basic claim is that all nursing knowledge and action reside on a moral foundation. The clinical gaze meets vulnerability in the patient’s human condition. To see a patient’s wound is to see his or her hurt and discomfort; it is a concerned observation. To see the factual and pathophysiological is at the same time to see the ethical: the moral realities of suffering, pain and discomfort. A nurse’s emotional (...)
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  18.  29
    Charles H. Schwepker & Thomas N. Ingram (1996). Improving Sales Performance Through Ethics: The Relationship Between Salesperson Moral Judgment and Job Performance. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (11):1151 - 1160.
    This study examines the relationship between salespeople's moral judgment and their job performance. Results indicate a positive relationship between moral judgment and job performance when certain characteristics are present. Implications for sales managers and sales researchers are provided. Additionally, directions for future research are given.
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  19.  67
    John K. Davis (2007). Intuition and the Junctures of Judgment in Decision Procedures for Clinical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (1):1-30.
    Moral decision procedures such as principlism or casuistry require intuition at certain junctures, as when a principle seems indeterminate, or principles conflict, or we wonder which paradigm case is most relevantly similar to the instant case. However, intuitions are widely thought to lack epistemic justification, and many ethicists urge that such decision procedures dispense with intuition in favor of forms of reasoning that provide discursive justification. I argue that discursive justification does not eliminate or minimize the need for intuition, or (...)
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  20.  6
    Sarah J. L. Edwards, Richard Ashcroft & Simon Kirchin (2004). Research Ethics Committees: Differences and Moral Judgement. Bioethics 18 (5):408–427.
  21.  11
    J. Douglas Rabb & J. Michael Richardson (2008). Medical Ethics, Clinical Judgment, and Cognitive Science: A Critique of Wright's Means, Ends, and Medical Care. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (6):419-422.
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  22.  36
    Talbot Brewer (2001). Rethinking Our Maxims: Perceptual Salience and Practical Judgment in Kantian Ethics. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (3):219-230.
    Some contemporary Kantians have argued that one could not be virtuous without having internalized certain patterns of awareness that permit one to identify and respond reliably to moral reasons for action. I agree, but I argue that this insight requires unrecognized, farreaching, and thoroughly welcome changes in the traditional Kantian understanding of maxims and virtues. In particular, it implies that one''s characteristic emotions and desires will partly determine one''s maxims, and hence the praiseworthiness of one''s actions. I try to show (...)
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  23.  22
    J. D. Rabb & J. M. Richardson (2008). Medical Ethics, Clinical Judgment, and Cognitive Science: A Critique of Wright's Means, Ends, and Medical Care. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (6):419-422.
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  24.  1
    A. Macbeath & Abraham Edel (1956). Ethical Judgment. The Use of Science in Ethics. Philosophical Quarterly 6 (24):286.
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  25. Joseph Kariuki (1981). The Possibility of Universal Moral Judgement in Existential Ethics: A Critical Analysis of the Phenomenology of Moral Ecperience [Sic] According to Jean-Paul Sartre. Lang.
  26. Paul Stringer (1970). Ethics and Judgement in Surgery and Medicine. London,Heinemann Medical.
     
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  27. Geoffrey Thomas (1993). An Introduction to Ethics Five Central Problems of Moral Judgement.
     
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  28.  2
    Cristina Neesham & Jun Gu (2015). Strengthening Moral Judgment: A Moral Identity-Based Leverage Strategy in Business Ethics Education. Journal of Business Ethics 131 (3):527-534.
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  29.  58
    L. Neal-Boylan (2010). Book Review: Benner P, Tanner C, Chesla C, Expertise in Nursing Practice: Caring, Clinical Judgment, and Ethics, Second Edition, Springer Publishing: New York, 2009, 497 Pp.: 9780826125446, US$60.00. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 17 (5):675-675.
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  30.  16
    Michael Luntley (2003). Ethics in the Face of Uncertainty: Judgement Not Rules. Business Ethics 12 (4):325–333.
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  31. Daulatram B. Lund (2008). Gender Differences in Ethics Judgment of Marketing Professionals in the United States. Journal of Business Ethics 77 (4):501-515.
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  32.  3
    Evan Selinger, Paul B. Thompson & Harold Maurice Collins (2011). Catastrophe Ethics and Activist Speech: Reflections on Moral Norms, Advocacy, and Technical Judgment. Metaphilosophy 42:118-144.
    This essay critically examines whether there are ethical dimensions to the way that expertise, knowledge claims, and expressions of skepticism intersect on technical matters that influence public policy, especially during times of crisis. It compares two different perspectives on the matter: a philosophical outlook rooted in discourse and virtue ethics and a sociological outlook rooted in the so-called third-wave approach to science studies. The comparison occurs through metaphilosophical analysis and applied claims that clarify how the disciplinary orientations appear to lead (...)
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  33.  34
    Linus Broström, The Substituted Judgment Standard. Studies on the Ethics of Surrogate Decision Making.
    Patients who are incompetent need a surrogate decision maker to make treatment decisons on their behalf. One of the main ethical questions that arise in this context is what standard ought to govern such decision making. According to the Substituted Judgment Standard, a surrogate ought to make the decision that the patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Although this standard has sometimes been criticized on the grounds of being difficult to apply, it has found wide (...)
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  34. Michael Luntley (2003). Ethics in the Face of Uncertainty: Judgement Not Rules. Business Ethics: A European Review 12 (4):325-333.
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  35.  7
    John R. Stone (2013). Commentary: Ethics and Medical Judgment: Whose Values? What Process? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (4):404-406.
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  36.  6
    Lynn A. Jansen (2009). Consensus and Independent Judgment in Clinical Ethics: Or What Can an Eighteenth-Century French Mathematician Teach Us About Ethics Consultation? Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (1):56.
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  37.  13
    John C. Moskop (1982). Book Review:Philosophy and Medicine Series. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 1: Explanation and Evaluation in the Biomedical Sciences. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 2: Philosophical Dimensions of the Neuro-Medical Sciences. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 3: Philosophical Medical Ethics: Its Nature and Significance. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 4. Mental Health: Philosophical Perspectives. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 5: Mental Illness: Law and Public Policy. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 6: Clinical Judgment: A Critical Appraisal. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker, Bernard Towers; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 7. Organism, Medicine, and Metaphysi. [REVIEW] Ethics 92 (2):381-.
  38.  2
    S. M. Padgett (1998). Book Review: Expertise in Nursing Practice: Caring, Clinical Judgment and Ethics. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 5 (2):179-181.
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  39.  3
    Warner Wick (1955). Book Review:Ethical Judgment: The Use of Science in Ethics. Abraham Edel. [REVIEW] Ethics 66 (1):67-.
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  40.  1
    L. Neal-Boylan (2011). Book Review: Book Review: Benner P, Tanner C and Chesla C, Expertise in Nursing Practice: Caring, Clinical Judgment, and Ethics, Second Edition, Springer Publishing: New York, 2009, 497 Pp.: 9780826125446, USD60.00. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 18 (2):274-274.
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  41. Patrick Maclagan (2012). Conflicting Obligations, Moral Dilemmas and the Development of Judgement Through Business Ethics Education. Business Ethics: A European Review 21 (2):183-197.
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  42. P. A. Scott (1997). Book Review: Sensitive Judgment: Nursing, Moral Philosophy and an Ethics of Care. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 4 (5):442-443.
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  43.  8
    Jason Borenstein, Matthew J. Drake, Robert Kirkman & Julie L. Swann (2010). The Engineering and Science Issues Test (ESIT): A Discipline-Specific Approach to Assessing Moral Judgment. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (2):387-407.
    To assess ethics pedagogy in science and engineering, we developed a new tool called the Engineering and Science Issues Test (ESIT). ESIT measures moral judgment in a manner similar to the Defining Issues Test, second edition, but is built around technical dilemmas in science and engineering. We used a quasi-experimental approach with pre- and post-tests, and we compared the results to those of a control group with no overt ethics instruction. Our findings are that several (but not all) stand-alone (...)
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  44.  15
    Michael Davis (2012). A Plea for Judgment. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (4):789-808.
    Judgment is central to engineering, medicine, the sciences and many other practical activities. For example, one who otherwise knows what engineers know but lacks engineering judgment may be an expert of sorts, a handy resource much like a reference book or database, but cannot be a competent engineer. Though often overlooked or at least passed over in silence, the central place of judgment in engineering, the sciences, and the like should be obvious once pointed out. It is (...)
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  45.  79
    Alice Crary (2007). Beyond Moral Judgment. Harvard University Press.
    Wider possibilities for moral thought -- Objectivity revisited: a lesson from the work of J.L. Austin -- Ethics, inheriting from Wittgenstein -- Moral thought beyond moral judgment: the case of literature -- Reclaiming moral judgment: the case of feminist thought -- Moralism as a central moral problem.
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  46. T. Martin (1981). Do Courses in Ethics Improve the Ethical Judgment of Students? Business and Society 20 (2):17-26.
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  47.  11
    Richard B. Brandt (1955). Ethical Judgment; the Use of Science in Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 52 (22):637-641.
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  48.  22
    Karyn L. Lai (2009). Judgment in Confucian Ethics. Sophia 48 (1):77-84.
  49.  18
    T. J. Bachmeyer (1973). Ethics and the Psychology of Moral Judgment. Zygon 8 (2):82-95.
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  50.  3
    Soledad García Ferrer (2013). TORRALBA, J.M.: "Libertad, objeto práctico y acción. La facultad del juicio en la filosofía moral de Kant. Appendix: The Three-fold Function of the Faculty of Judgment in Kant's Ethics:Typik, Moral Judgmentand Conscience", Hildesheim-Zürich-New York. [REVIEW] Logos: Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 46:391-394.
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