Search results for 'Judit Madarász X' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  44
    Hajnal Andréka, Judit X. Madarász, István Németi & Gergely Székely (2012). A Logic Road From Special Relativity to General Relativity. Synthese 186 (3):633 - 649.
    We present a streamlined axiom system of special relativity in first-order logic. From this axiom system we "derive" an axiom system of general relativity in two natural steps. We will also see how the axioms of special relativity transform into those of general relativity. This way we hope to make general relativity more accessible for the non-specialist.
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  2.  43
    Judit X. Madarász, István Németi & Gergely Székely (2006). Twin Paradox and the Logical Foundation of Relativity Theory. Foundations of Physics 36 (5):681-714.
    We study the foundation of space-time theory in the framework of first-order logic (FOL). Since the foundation of mathematics has been successfully carried through (via set theory) in FOL, it is not entirely impossible to do the same for space-time theory (or relativity). First we recall a simple and streamlined FOL-axiomatization Specrel of special relativity from the literature. Specrel is complete with respect to questions about inertial motion. Then we ask ourselves whether we can prove the usual relativistic properties of (...)
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  3.  20
    Hajnal Andréka, Judit X. Madarász & István Németi (2005). Mutual Definability Does Not Imply Definitional Equivalence, a Simple Example. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 51 (6):591-597.
    We give two theories, Th1 and Th2, which are explicitly definable over each other , but are not definitionally equivalent. The languages of the two theories are disjoint.
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  4.  14
    Judit X. Madarász, István Németi & Csaba Toke (2004). On Generalizing the Logic-Approach to Space-Time Towards General Relativity: First Steps. In Vincent F. Hendricks (ed.), First-Order Logic Revisited. Logos 225--268.
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  5.  6
    Judit X. Madarász (1998). Interpolation and Amalgamation; Pushing the Limits. Part I. Studia Logica 61 (3):311-345.
    Continuing work initiated by Jónsson, Daigneault, Pigozzi and others; Maksimova proved that a normal modal logic (with a single unary modality) has the Craig interpolation property iff the corresponding class of algebras has the superamalgamation property (cf. [Mak 91], [Mak 79]). The aim of this paper is to extend the latter result to a large class of logics. We will prove that the characterization can be extended to all algebraizable logics containing Boolean fragment and having a certain kind of local (...)
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  6.  61
    Hajnal Andréka, Judit X. Madarász, István Németi & Gergely Székely, A Logic Road From Special to General Relativity.
    We present a streamlined axiom system of special relativity in firs-order logic. From this axiom system we ``derive'' an axiom system of general relativity in two natural steps. We will also see how the axioms of special relativity transform into those of general relativity. This way we hope to make general relativity more accessible for the non-specialist.
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  7.  16
    Judit X. Madarász (1999). Interpolation and Amalgamation; Pushing the Limits. Part II. Studia Logica 62 (1):1-19.
    This is the second part of the paper [Part I] which appeared in the previous issue of this journal.
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  8.  4
    Judit X. Madarász (2012). Interpolation in Algebraizable Logics Semantics for Non-Normal Multi-Modal Logic. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 8 (1-2):67-105.
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  9. Judit X. Madarász & Gergely Székely (2014). The Existence of Superluminal Particles is Consistent with Relativistic Dynamics. Journal of Applied Logic 12 (4):477-500.
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  10.  14
    J. X. Madarász (1995). The Craig Interpolation Theorem in Multi-Modal Logics. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 3 (24):147-151.
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  11.  1
    Judit Madarász & Tarek Ahmed (2009). Neat Reducts and Amalgamation in Retrospect, a Survey of Results and Some Methods Part II: Results on Amalgamation. Logic Journal of the IGPL 17 (6):755-802.
    Introduced by Leon Henkin back in the fifties, the notion of neat reducts is an old venerable notion in algebraic logic. But it is often the case that an unexpected viewpoint yields new insights. Indeed, the repercussions of the fact that the class of neat reducts is not closed under forming subalgebras turn out to be enormous. In this paper we review and, in the process, discuss, some of these repercussions in connection with the algebraic notion of amalgamation. Some new (...)
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  12.  7
    H. Andréka, J. X. Madarász, I. Németi & G. Székely (2008). Axiomatizing Relativistic Dynamics Without Conservation Postulates. Studia Logica 89 (2):163 - 186.
    A part of relativistic dynamics is axiomatized by simple and purely geometrical axioms formulated within first-order logic. A geometrical proof of the formula connecting relativistic and rest masses of bodies is presented, leading up to a geometric explanation of Einstein's famous E = mc² . The connection of our geometrical axioms and the usual axioms on the conservation of mass, momentum and four-momentum is also investigated.
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  13.  1
    Judit Madarász & Tarek Ahmed (2009). Neat Reducts and Amalgamation in Retrospect, a Survey of Results and Some Methods Part I: Results on Neat Reducts. Logic Journal of the IGPL 17 (4):429-483.
    Introduced by Leon Henkin back in the fifties, the notion of neat reducts is an old venerable notion in algebraic logic. But it is often the case that an unexpected viewpoint yields new insights. Indeed, the repercussions of the fact that the class of neat reducts is not closed under forming subalgebras turn out to be enormous. In this paper we review and, in the process, discuss, some of these repercussions in connection with the algebraic notion of amalgamation. Some new (...)
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  14.  51
    Hajnal Andréka, Judit Madarász X., István Németi & Gergely Székely (2008). Axiomatizing Relativistic Dynamics Without Conservation Postulates. Studia Logica 89 (2):163 - 186.
    A part of relativistic dynamics is axiomatized by simple and purely geometrical axioms formulated within first-order logic. A geometrical proof of the formula connecting relativistic and rest masses of bodies is presented, leading up to a geometric explanation of Einstein’s famous E = mc 2. The connection of our geometrical axioms and the usual axioms on the conservation of mass, momentum and four-momentum is also investigated.
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  15.  28
    Judit X. Madarasz, Istvan Nemeti & Gergely Szekely, First-Order Logic Foundation of Relativity Theories.
    Motivation and perspective for an exciting new research direction interconnecting logic, spacetime theory, relativity--including such revolutionary areas as black hole physics, relativistic computers, new cosmology--are presented in this paper. We would like to invite the logician reader to take part in this grand enterprise of the new century. Besides general perspective and motivation, we present initial results in this direction.
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  16.  28
    Michèle Friend & Daniele Molinini (2016). Using Mathematics to Explain a Scientific Theory. Philosophia Mathematica 24 (2):185-213.
    We answer three questions: 1. Can we give a wholly mathematical explanation of a physical phenomenon? 2. Can we give a wholly mathematical explanation for a whole physical theory? 3. What is gained or lost in giving a wholly, or partially, mathematical explanation of a phenomenon or a scientific theory? To answer these questions we look at a project developed by Hajnal Andréka, Judit Madarász, István Németi and Gergely Székely. They, together with collaborators, present special relativity theory in (...)
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  17.  16
    Tarek Sayed Ahmed (2005). On Amalgamation in Algebras of Logic. Studia Logica 81 (1):61 - 77.
    We show that not all epimorphisms are surjective in certain classes of infinite dimensional cylindric algebras, Pinter's substitution algebras and Halmos' quasipolyadic algebras with and without equality. It follows that these classes fail to have the strong amalgamation property. This answers a question in [3] and a question of Pigozzi in his landmark paper on amalgamation [9]. The cylindric case was first proved by Judit Madarasz [7]. The proof presented herein is substantially different. By a result of Németi, our (...)
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  18.  1
    Tarek Ahmed (2012). Epimorphisms Are Not Surjective, Even in Simple Algebras. Logic Journal of the IGPL 20 (1):22-26.
    Using techniques developed by Comer on sheaf-theoretic duality for cylindric algebras, we refine a result of Judit Madarász by showing that epimorphisms are not surjective even in the class of simple infinite dimensional cylindric algebras.
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  19.  30
    David Boyd (2010). Ethical Determinants for Generations X and Y. Journal of Business Ethics 93 (3):465 - 469.
    The present study examines student perception of protagonist behavior in three case vignettes. One demographic group consists of professionally employed MBA students who show characteristics of Generation X. The second cohort consists of Generation Y business undergraduates. Differences emerge between the groups. Even when they propose similar action, their respective rationale differs. Generation Xers show themselves to be astute pragmatists whose focus is on self rather than society. Yet the younger cohort, in its quest to find fulfillment, may give short (...)
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  20.  50
    Henk J. Verkuyl (1981). Numerals and Quantifiers in X-Bar Syntax and Their Semantic Interpretation. In Jeroen A. G. Groenendijk, Theo M. V. Janssen & Martin B. Stokhof (eds.), Formal Methods in the Study of Language Volume 2. U of Amsterdam 567-599.
    The first aim of the paper is to show that under certain conditions generative syntax can be made suitable for Montague semantics, based on his type logic. One of the conditions is to make branching in the so-called X-bar syntax strictly binary, This makes it possible to provide an adequate semantics for Noun Phrases by taking them as referring to sets of collections of sets of entities ( type <ett,t>) rather than to sets of sets of entities (ett).
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  21.  8
    Adrian Desmond (2001). Redefining the X Axis: "Professionals," "Amateurs" and the Making of Mid-Victorian Biology: A Progress Report. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):3 - 50.
    A summary of revisionist accounts of the contextual meaning of "professional" and "amateur," as applied to the mid-Victorian X Club, is followed by an analysis of the liberal goals and inner tensions of this coalition of gentlemen specialists and government teachers. The changing status of amateurs is appraised, as are the new sites for the emerging laboratory discipline of "biology." Various historiographical strategies for recovering the women's role are considered. The relationship of science journalism to professionalization, and the constructive engagement (...)
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  22.  8
    C. Curceanu, S. Bartalucci, A. Bassi, M. Bazzi, S. Bertolucci, C. Berucci, A. M. Bragadireanu, M. Cargnelli, A. Clozza, L. De Paolis, S. Di Matteo, S. Donadi, A. D’Uffizi, J.-P. Egger, C. Guaraldo, M. Iliescu, T. Ishiwatari, M. Laubenstein, J. Marton, E. Milotti, A. Pichler, D. Pietreanu, K. Piscicchia, T. Ponta, E. Sbardella, A. Scordo, H. Shi, D. L. Sirghi, F. Sirghi, L. Sperandio, O. Vazquez Doce & J. Zmeskal (2016). Spontaneously Emitted X-Rays: An Experimental Signature of the Dynamical Reduction Models. Foundations of Physics 46 (3):263-268.
    We present the idea of searching for X-rays as a signature of the mechanism inducing the spontaneous collapse of the wave function. Such a signal is predicted by the continuous spontaneous localization theories, which are solving the “measurement problem” by modifying the Schrödinger equation. We will show some encouraging preliminary results and discuss future plans and strategy.
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  23.  16
    J. J. Rehr (2003). Failure of the Quasiparticle Picture of X-Ray Absorption? Foundations of Physics 33 (12):1735-1742.
    The Golden rule expression for x-ray absorption spectra (XAS) is typically calculated within a one-particle (quasiparticle) approximation and generally leads to good agreement between theory and experiment. The fact that a quasiparticle approximation works fairly well is surprising, since it neglects satellite excitations and intrinsic losses due to a suddenly created core-hole. The resolution of this paradox requires physics beyond the independent particle approximation. This is discussed here using an effective Green's function formulation based on a quasi-boson model that takes (...)
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  24.  9
    George Georgescu (2008). Fuzzy Power Structures. Archive for Mathematical Logic 47 (3):233-261.
    Power structures are obtained by lifting some mathematical structure (operations, relations, etc.) from an universe X to its power set ${\mathcal{P}(X)}$ . A similar construction provides fuzzy power structures: operations and fuzzy relations on X are extended to operations and fuzzy relations on the set ${\mathcal{F}(X)}$ of fuzzy subsets of X. In this paper we study how this construction preserves some properties of fuzzy sets and fuzzy relations (similarity, congruence, etc.). We define the notions of good, very good, Hoare good (...)
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  25.  1
    Carina Ganuza (2011). Teorías para la construcción del poder temporal: el papado y la iglesia en el occidente europeo (siglos X-XIII). Enfoques 23 (1):75-100.
    Se analizará el papel de la iglesia católica como detentora de poder en el siglo X, sus íntimas relaciones con la forma de construcción del poder político, permitiendo su fortalecimiento en un tiempo de fragmentación territorial. Se perseguirá la interpretación de la interrelación poder temporal-esp..
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  26. Iris Pinheiro, Lien Dejager & Claude Libert (2011). X-Chromosome-Located microRNAs in Immunity: Might They Explain Male/Female Differences?: The X Chromosome-Genomic Context May Affect X-Located miRNAs and Downstream Signaling, Thereby Contributing to the Enhanced Immune Response of Females. Bioessays 33 (11):791-802.
    In this paper, we hypothesize that X chromosome-associated mechanisms, which affect X-linked genes and are behind the immunological advantage of females, may also affect X-linked microRNAs. The human X chromosome contains 10% of all microRNAs detected so far in the human genome. Although the role of most of them has not yet been described, several X chromosome-located microRNAs have important functions in immunity and cancer. We therefore provide a detailed map of all described microRNAs located on human and mouse X (...)
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  27.  5
    Iris Pinheiro, Lien Dejager & Claude Libert (2011). X‐Chromosome‐Located microRNAs in Immunity: Might They Explain Male/Female Differences? Bioessays 33 (11):791-802.
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  28.  6
    Eugene Thacker (2002). Bio-X: Removing Bodily Contingency in Regenerative Medicine. Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (3/4):239-253.
    This paper addresses the social, cultural, and ethical dynamics of research in regenerative medicine. The author turns to both science fiction and recent developments in regenerative medicine for clues about the future of the body and medical practice, suggesting that regenerative medicine uses the body as its own resource for the purposes of preserving life, and that by attempting to remove the body from the limitations of both mortality and contingency, regenerative medicine fundamentally alters the meaning of human.
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  29.  1
    Ada Cristina Machado Silveira & Camila Esteves (2010). Entre a Memória E a Promessa. A Dialética Idem X Ipse Na Cobertura Dos Jogos Pan-Americanos. Logos 17 (2):137-150.
    This article studies the characteristics of memory and promise in narratives of identity used in the journalistic coverage of the Pan American Games that happened in Rio de Janeiro in 2007. The action of referencing the sports coverage from a regional look, with special attention to the Zero Hora Journal, from Porto Alegre, should be hierarchically articulated to the national level, in a kind of range of identification scales.
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  30.  1
    Michael P. Gantier (2013). X‐Chromosome‐Encoded microRNA‐19 and ‐18 Are Possible Modulators of Female Immunity. Bioessays 35 (8):671-671.
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  31. Elena V. Dementyeva, Alexander I. Shevchenko & Suren M. Zakian (2009). X‐Chromosome Upregulation and Inactivation: Two Sides of the Dosage Compensation Mechanism in Mammals. Bioessays 31 (1):21-28.
  32. Satya K. Kota (2009). RNAi in X Inactivation: Contrasting Findings on the Role of Interference. Bioessays 31 (12):1280-1283.
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  33. Joshua Shepherd & James Justus (2015). X-Phi and Carnapian Explication. Erkenntnis 80 (2):381-402.
    The rise of experimental philosophy has placed metaphilosophical questions, particularly those concerning concepts, at the center of philosophical attention. X-phi offers empirically rigorous methods for identifying conceptual content, but what exactly it contributes towards evaluating conceptual content remains unclear. We show how x-phi complements Rudolf Carnap’s underappreciated methodology for concept determination, explication. This clarifies and extends x-phi’s positive philosophical import, and also exhibits explication’s broad appeal. But there is a potential problem: Carnap’s account of explication was limited to empirical and (...)
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  34. Herman Cappelen (forthcoming). X-Phi Without Intuitions? In Anthony Robert Booth & Darrell P. Rowbottom (eds.), Intuitions.
    One central purpose of Experimental Philosophy (hereafter, x-phi) is to criticize the alleged reliance on intuitions in contemporary philosophy. In my book Philosophy without Intuitions (hereafter, PWI), I argue that philosophers don’t rely on intuitions. If those arguments are good, experimental philosophy has been engaged in an attack on a strawman. The goal of this paper is to bolster the criticism of x-phi in the light of responses.
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  35.  7
    Manuel Gustavo Isaac (2015). L'idée de la Logique Formelle Dans les Appendices VI À X du Volume 12 des Husserliana. History and Philosophy of Logic 36 (4):321-345.
    Au terme des Prolégomènes, Husserl formule son idée de la logique pure en la structurant sur deux niveaux: l'un, supérieur, de la logique formelle fondé transcendantalement et d'un point de vue épistémologique par l'autre, inférieur, d'une morphologie des catégories. Seul le second de ces deux niveaux est traité dans les Recherches logiques, tandis que les travaux théoriques en logique formelle menés par Husserl à la même époque en paraissent plutôt indépendants. Cet article est consacré à ces travaux tels que recueillis (...)
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  36.  6
    Martin Capstick (forthcoming). Defending Dreyfus Against the ‘Expert in X’. Topoi:1-11.
    Since its introduction, Hubert Dreyfus’ account of expertise has been a topic of debate and continues to be. This article focuses on one particular critique: Selinger and Crease :245–279, 2002) argument that Dreyfus wrongfully denies expertise to those whose expertise is a matter of propositional knowledge, which they call an ‘expert in x’. This article sets out to defend Dreyfus against the ‘expert in x’ by showing that Selinger and Crease’s use of Gilbert Ryle’s distinction between know-how and know-that as (...)
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  37. Samuel Alexander (2013). This Sentence Does Not Contain the Symbol X. The Reasoner 7 (9):108.
    A suprise may occur if we use a similar strategy to the Liar's paradox to mathematically formalize "This sentence does not contain the symbol X".
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  38. Remo Job, Claudio Mulatti, Sara Dellantonio & Luigi Pastore (2015). On the Nature and Composition of Abstract Concepts: The X-Ception Theory and Methods for Its Assessment. In Woosuk Park, Ping Li & Lorenzo Magnani (eds.), Philosophy and Cognitive Science Ii. Springer International Publishing
    The ‘standard picture of meaning’ suggests that natural languages are composed of two different kinds of words: concrete words whose meaning rely on observable properties of external objects and abstract words which are essentially linguistic constructs. In this study, we challenge this picture and support a new view of the nature and composition of abstract concepts suggesting that they also rely to a greater or lesser degree on body-related information. Specifically, we support a version of this new view which we (...)
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  39.  53
    Frederick R. Adams & Kenneth Aizawa (1992). 'X' Means X: Semantics Fodor-Style. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 2 (2):175-83.
    InPsychosemantics Jerry Fodor offered a list of sufficient conditions for a symbol “X” to mean something X. The conditions are designed to reduce meaning to purely non-intentional natural relations. They are also designed to solve what Fodor has dubbed the “disjunction problem”. More recently, inA Theory of Content and Other Essays, Fodor has modified his list of sufficient conditions for naturalized meaning in light of objections to his earlier list. We look at his new set of conditions and give his (...)
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  40.  3
    Cecília Ethne Pessoa de Oliveira (2016). A dificuldade da efetiva proteção jurídica global dos direitos humanos: Universalismo X relativismo cultural. Revista Fides 7 (1).
    A DIFICULDADE DA EFETIVA PROTEÇÃO JURÍDICA GLOBAL DOS DIREITOS HUMANOS: UNIVERSALISMO X RELATIVISMO CULTURAL.
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  41.  27
    Yufita & Yohanes Budiarto (2010). Motivasi Kerja Guru Ditinjau Dari Self-Efficacy Dan Iklim Sekolah (Studi Pada Guru-Guru Yayasan ”X”). Phronesis 8 (2).
    As education institution, school has the biggest role to achieve education qualities. Teacher as the actor of education activities is the important constituent in a school. Highly working motivated teachers should be able to motivate the students in order to get good academic results. Teachers working motivation has affected by teacher’s self efficacy and the organizational climate at school. This research will investigate the influence of teacher’s self efficacy and organizational climate at school to teachers in five schools which hold (...)
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  42.  20
    Maria Concetta Di Maio & Alberto Zanardo (1998). A Gabbay-Rule Free Axiomatization of T X W Validity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (5):435 - 487.
    The semantical structures called T x W frames were introduced in (Thomason, 1984) for the Ockhamist temporal-modal language, $[Unrepresented Character]_{o}$ , which consists of the usual propositional language augmented with the Priorean operators P and F and with a possibility operator ◇. However, these structures are also suitable for interpreting an extended language, $[Unrepresented Character]_{so}$ , containing a further possibility operator $\lozenge^{s}$ which expresses synchronism among possibly incompatible histories and which can thus be thought of as a cross-history 'simultaneity' operator. (...)
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  43.  84
    Christopher Grau (2010). American History X, Cinematic Manipulation, and Moral Conversion. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 34 (1):52-76.
    American History X (hereafter AHX) has been accused by numerous critics of a morally dangerous cinematic seduction: using stylish cinematography, editing, and sound, the film manipulates the viewer through glamorizing an immoral and hate-filled neo-nazi protagonist. In addition, there’s the disturbing fact that the film seems to accomplish this manipulation through methods commonly grouped under the category of “fascist aesthetics.” More specifically, AHX promotes its neo-nazi hero through the use of several filmic techniques made famous by Nazi propagandist Leni Riefenstahl. (...)
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  44.  40
    Jonathan M. Weinberg & Stephen Crowley (2009). The X-Phi(Les): Unusual Insights Into the Nature of Inquiry. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):227-232.
    Experimental philosophy (henceforth “XΦ”) takes seriously the idea that philosophical inquiry may benefit directly from quantitative empirical research. That view strikes many as deeply misguided, perhaps oxymoronic: experimentation is simply the wrong kind of investigatory technique for solving philosophical puzzles. But to think XΦ an oxymoron is to have an opinion about the relationship between scientific and philosophical inquiry – in particular, that philosophy and science are distinct, independent enterprises each pursuable on its own terms. We argue that this ‘separate (...)
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  45.  19
    Jakub Jirsa (2008). Plato on Characteristics of God: Laws X. 887c5-899d3. Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 5:265-285.
    The following article reconstructs Plato’s argument for the existence of god in Laws X. The article starts with interpreting the argument for the priority of soul and continues with a discussion of the argumentation for rationality of the soul in charge of heavens . The view defended here is that Plato first defines the essential characteristics of the divine, namely self-motion and rationality, and then shows that there are entities which possess these characteristics and therefore deserve to be called gods (...)
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  46. J. Gastaldi, S. Agliozzo, A. Létoublon, J. Wang & L. Mancini (2003). Degree of Structural Perfection of Icosahedral Quasicrystalline Grains Investigated by Synchrotron X-Ray Diffractometry and Imaging Techniques. Philosophical Magazine 83 (1):1-29.
    A study of the structural perfection of icosahedral quasicrystalline grains of various alloys and Al-Cu-Fe), grown by different slow solidification techniques was performed using high-resolution diffraction, including recording rocking curves combined with X-ray topography and phase contrast radiography, at a third-generation synchrotron radiation source . For Al-Pd-Mn, additional coherent diffraction and diffuse scattering measurements were also carried out. After evaluating the potentialities of the techniques used, in the light of the criteria defined for crystals, it is shown that the structural (...)
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  47.  66
    David Cole (2009). Jerry Fodor, Lot 2: The Language of Thought Revisited , New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, X+228, $37.95, Isbn 978-0-119-954877-. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 19 (3):439-443.
    Jerry Fodor, LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited , New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, x+228, $37.95, ISBN 978-0-119-954877-4 Content Type Journal Article Pages 439-443 DOI 10.1007/s11023-009-9164-4 Authors David Cole, University of Minnesota-Duluth Department of Philosophy 369 A B Anderson Hall Duluth MN 55812 USA Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495 Journal Volume Volume 19 Journal Issue Volume 19, Number 3.
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  48.  11
    Roberto de Andrade Martins (1998). Jevons e o Papel da Analogia na Arte da Descoberta Experimental: o Caso da Descoberta dos Raios x e sua Investigação Pré-Teórica. Episteme 6:222-249.
    This paper discusses the role of analogy in pre-theoretical experimental research, studying a particular historical case (the discovery and early investigation of X rays) and using the methodological ideas of William Stanley Jevons. The historical data and Jevons’ analysis suggest that the discovery of a completely new phenomenon is due to chance, but soon afterwards it is necessary that some assumptions provide a guidance to the research – otherwise, observations and experiments would occur at random, and that would sendom lead (...)
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  49. M. Perez, F. Perrard, V. Massardier, X. Kleber, A. Deschamps, H. de Monestrol, P. Pareige & G. Covarel (2005). Low-Temperature Solubility of Copper in Iron: Experimental Study Using Thermoelectric Power, Small Angle X-Ray Scattering and Tomographic Atom Probe. Philosophical Magazine 85 (20):2197-2210.
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  50.  14
    Juan José Jorge López (2001). La antropología en el humanismo cristiano (de Benito Arias Montano a X. Zubiri). Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 18:177.
    Dentro del Humanismo Cristiano se da un concepto preciso de lo que sea la naturaleza humana. El hombre es una unidad intrínseca cuerpo-espíritu; por ello es un ser abierto a todo tipo de realidad, tanto material como espiritual o divina. Ha de construir su propia vida en vista de esta realidad si quiere salvarse individualmente y como especie. Actúa de acuerdo al modelo de vida que escoje y al fin que desea alcanzar. Los modelos de sociedad que construye, las instituciones (...)
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