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Profile: Juhana Toivanen (University of Jyväskylä)
  1.  23
    Juhana Toivanen (2015). Fate of the Flying Man: Medieval Reception of Avicenna's Thought Experiment. Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 3:64-98.
    This chapter discusses the reception of Avicenna’s well-known “flying man” thought experiment in twelfth- and thirteenth-century Latin philosophy. The central claim is that the argumentative role of the thought experiment changed radically in the latter half of the thirteenth century. The earlier authors—Dominicus Gundissalinus, William of Auvergne, Peter of Spain, and John of la Rochelle—understood it as an ontological proof for the existence and/or the nature of the soul. By contrast, Matthew of Aquasparta and Vital du Four used the flying (...)
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  2. Juhana Toivanen (2011). Peter of John Olivi on the Psychology of Animal Action. Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (4):413-438.
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  3.  14
    Juhana Toivanen (2016). Peter Olivi on Political Power, Will, and Human Agency. Vivarium 54 (1):22-45.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 22 - 45 This essay discusses the views of Peter Olivi on the foundations of political power and agency. The central argument is that there is a strong connection between Olivi’s voluntarist psychology and his views concerning political power. According to Olivi, political power is ultimately based on the will of God, but in such a way that both the rulers and their subjects have, through their individual freedom, the liberty to use their (...)
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  4.  87
    Jose Filipe Silva & Juhana Toivanen (2010). The Active Nature of the Soul in Sense Perception: Robert Kilwardby and Peter Olivi. Vivarium 48 (3-4):245-278.
    This article discusses the theories of perception of Robert Kilwardby and Peter of John Olivi. Our aim is to show how in challenging certain assumptions of medieval Aristotelian theories of perception they drew on Augustine and argued for the active nature of the soul in sense perception. For both Kilwardby and Olivi, the soul is not passive with respect to perceived objects; rather, it causes its own cognitive acts with respect to external objects and thus allows the subject to perceive (...)
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  5.  8
    Juhana Toivanen (2013). Perceptual Self-Awareness in Seneca, Augustine, and Olivi. Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):355-382.
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  6.  8
    Juhana Toivanen & José Filipe Silva (2010). The Active Nature of the Soul in Sense Perception: Robert Kilwardby and Peter Olivi. Vivarium 48 (3):245-278.
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  7.  1
    Juhana Toivanen (2016). Voluntarist Anthropology in Peter of John Olivi's De Contractibus. Franciscan Studies 74 (1):41-65.
    Peter of John Olivi’s Tractatus de contractibus is nowadays regarded as an important document in the history of economic thought.1 Modern scholars have proposed various interpretations of its exact contribution. Many aspects of Olivi’s argumentation have been traced to earlier discussions concerning the Roman and Canon laws, as well as to theological and philosophical literature on economic questions, but his overall approach has also been credited for transforming the medieval framework in a profound way.2 His definition of capital, recognition of (...)
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  8.  40
    Juhana Toivanen (2007). Peter Olivi on Internal Senses. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (3):427 – 454.