Search results for 'Jukka Corander' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jukka Corander & Pekka Marttinen (2006). Bayesian Model Learning Based on Predictive Entropy. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (1-2):5-20.score: 240.0
    Bayesian paradigm has been widely acknowledged as a coherent approach to learning putative probability model structures from a finite class of candidate models. Bayesian learning is based on measuring the predictive ability of a model in terms of the corresponding marginal data distribution, which equals the expectation of the likelihood with respect to a prior distribution for model parameters. The main controversy related to this learning method stems from the necessity of specifying proper prior distributions for all unknown parameters of (...)
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  2. Thomas L. Carson (2000). Jukka Kilpi, the Ethics of Bankruptcy. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (4):565-570.score: 15.0
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  3. R. Albritton (1989). Book Reviews : On the Formation of Marxism. By Jukka Gronow. Philadelphia: Coronet Books, 1986. Pp. 253. $28.50 (Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 19 (3):394-396.score: 15.0
  4. Jennifer Judkins (1999). Jukka Gronow, The Sociology of Taste Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 19 (1):19-20.score: 15.0
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  5. Janet Martin (2010). Jukka Korpela, The World of Ladoga: Society, Trade, Transformation and State Building in the Eastern Fennoscandian Boreal Forest Zone, C. 1000–1555.(Nordische Geschichte, 7.) Berlin: Lit, 2008. Paper. Pp. 400; 6 Black-and-White Pictures, 3 Black-and-White Figures, 6 Tables, and 13 Maps.€ 39.90. Distributed in North America by Transaction Publishers, Rutgers University, 35 Berrue Circle, Piscataway, NJ 08854. [REVIEW] Speculum 85 (2):418-419.score: 15.0
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  6. James H. Spence (1999). Jukka Kilpi, The Ethics of Bankruptcy Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 19 (4):266-267.score: 15.0
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  7. Jukka Varelius (2011). Minimally Conscious State, Human Dignity, and the Significance of Species: A Reply to Kaczor. Neuroethics (Browse Results) 6 (1):85-95.score: 6.0
    Abstract In a recent issue of Neuroethics , I considered whether the notion of human dignity could help us in solving the moral problems the advent of the diagnostic category of minimally conscious state (MCS) has brought forth. I argued that there is no adequate account of what justifies bestowing all MCS patients with the special worth referred to as human dignity. Therefore, I concluded, unless that difficulty can be solved we should resort to other values than human dignity in (...)
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  8. Jukka Varelius (2009). Is Whistle-Blowing Compatible with Employee Loyalty? Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):263 - 275.score: 3.0
    Whistle-blowing would appear to involve a conflict between employee loyalty and protection of public interest. Several business ethicists have, however, argued that this conflict is indeed merely apparent. According to the central argument to that effect, when the nature of employee loyalty is understood correctly, it becomes clear that whistle-blowing does not threaten employees' loyalty to their employer. This is because blowing the whistle about one's employer's wrongdoing and being loyal to them serves the same goal, the moral good of (...)
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  9. Jukka Varelius (2006). Voluntary Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide, and the Goals of Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (2):121 – 137.score: 3.0
    It is plausible that what possible courses of action patients may legitimately expect their physicians to take is ultimately determined by what medicine as a profession is supposed to do and, consequently, that we can determine the moral acceptability of voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide on the basis of identifying the proper goals of medicine. This article examines the main ways of defining the proper goals of medicine found in the recent bioethics literature and argues that they cannot provide a (...)
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  10. Jukka Mikkonen (2009). Intentions and Interpretations: Philosophical Fiction as Conversation. Contemporary Aesthetics 7.score: 3.0
    Appeals to the actual author's intention in order to legitimate an interpretation of a work of literary narrative fiction have generally been considered extraneous in Anglo-American philosophy of literature since Wimsatt and Beardsley's well-known manifesto from the 1940s. For over sixty years now so-called anti-intentionalists have argued that the author's intentions – plans, aims, and purposes considering her work – are highly irrelevant to interpretation. In this paper, I shall argue that the relevance of the actual author's intentions varies in (...)
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  11. Jukka Varelius (2011). Respect for Autonomy, Advance Directives, and Minimally Conscious State. Bioethics 25 (9):505-515.score: 3.0
    In this article, I consider whether the advance directive of a person in minimally conscious state ought to be adhered to when its prescriptions conflict with her current wishes. I argue that an advance directive can have moral significance after its issuer has succumbed to minimally conscious state. I also defend the view that the patient can still have a significant degree of autonomy. Consequently, I conclude that her advance directive ought not to be applied. Then I briefly assess whether (...)
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  12. Jukka Varelius (2009). Minimally Conscious State and Human Dignity. Neuroethics 2 (1):35-50.score: 3.0
    Recent progress in neurosciences has improved our understanding of chronic disorders of consciousness. One example of this advancement is the emergence of the new diagnostic category of minimally conscious state (MCS). The central characteristic of MCS is impaired consciousness. Though the phenomenon now referred to as MCS pre-existed its inclusion in diagnostic classifications, the current medical ethical concepts mainly apply to patients with normal consciousness and to non-conscious patients. Accordingly, how we morally should stand with persons in minimally conscious state (...)
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  13. Jukka Varelius (2007). Execution by Lethal Injection, Euthanasia, Organ-Donation and the Proper Goals of Medicine. Bioethics 21 (3):140–149.score: 3.0
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  14. Jukka Varelius (2013). Voluntary Euthanasia, Physician-Assisted Suicide, and the Right to Do Wrong. HEC Forum 25 (3):1-15.score: 3.0
    It has been argued that voluntary euthanasia (VE) and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) are morally wrong. Yet, a gravely suffering patient might insist that he has a moral right to the procedures even if they were morally wrong. There are also philosophers who maintain that an agent can have a moral right to do something that is morally wrong. In this article, I assess the view that a suffering patient can have a moral right to VE and PAS despite the moral (...)
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  15. Jukka Keränen (2001). The Identity Problem for Realist Structuralism. Philosophia Mathematica 9 (3):308--30.score: 3.0
    According to realist structuralism, mathematical objects are places in abstract structures. We argue that in spite of its many attractions, realist structuralism must be rejected. For, first, mathematical structures typically contain intra-structurally indiscernible places. Second, any account of place-identity available to the realist structuralist entails that intra-structurally indiscernible places are identical. Since for her mathematical singular terms denote places in structures, she would have to say, for example, that 1 = –1 in the group (Z, +). We call this the (...)
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  16. Jukka Keränen & Wesley Salmon (2005). Explanatoriness: Cause Versus Craig. Synthese 143 (1-2):125 - 147.score: 3.0
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  17. Jukka Varelius (2006). Allhoff on Business Bluffing. Journal of Business Ethics 65 (2):163 - 171.score: 3.0
    The moral status of business bluffing is a controversial issue. On the one hand, bluffing would seem to be relevantly similar to lying and deception. Because of this, business bluffing can be taken to be an activity that is at least prima facie morally condemnable. On the other hand, it has often been claimed that in business bluffing is part of the game and that therefore there is nothing morally questionable in business bluffing. In a recent issue of this journal, (...)
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  18. Jukka Mikkonen (2008). Philosophical Fiction and the Act of Fiction-Making. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):116-132.score: 3.0
    In this paper, I shall sketch a preliminary ground for a cognitivist theory of fiction and argue that theories which align fiction-making with (aesthetically valuable) story-telling consider the act of fiction-making too narrowly. As a paradigmatic example of such anti-cognitivist theories, I shall examine Peter Lamarque and Stein Haugom Olsen’s influential theory of fiction, which suggests that recognizing the author’s fictive and literary intentions manifested in the text would lead to dismissing her aims to make genuine claims and suggestions. I (...)
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  19. Jukka Törrönen (2014). Situational, Cultural and Societal Identities: Analysing Subject Positions as Classifications, Participant Roles, Viewpoints and Interactive Positions. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1):80-98.score: 3.0
    In this article I develop tools for analyzing the identities that emerge in qualitative material. I approach identities as historically, socially and culturally produced subject positions, as processes that are in a constant state of becoming and that receive their temporary stability and meaning in concrete contexts and circumstances. I suggest that the identities and subject positions that materialize in qualitative material can be analyzed from four different perspectives. They can be approached by focusing on (1) classifications that define the (...)
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  20. Jukka Mikkonen (2010). Literary Fictions as Utterances and Artworks. Theoria 46 (1):68-80.score: 3.0
    During the last decades, there has been a debate on the question whether literary works are utterances, or have utterance meaning, and whether it is reasonable to approach them as such. Proponents of the utterance model in literary interpretation, whom I will refer to as ‘utterance theorists,’ such as Noël Carroll and especially Robert Stecker, suggest that because of their nature as linguistic products of intentional human action, literary works are utterances similar to those used in everyday discourse. Conversely, those (...)
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  21. Jukka Varelius (2007). Illness, Suffering and Voluntary Euthanasia. Bioethics 21 (2):75–83.score: 3.0
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  22. Jukka Varelius (2010). On Taylor's Justification of Medical Informed Consent. Bioethics 26 (4):207-214.score: 3.0
    In contemporary Western biomedical ethics, informed consent practices are commonly justified in terms of the intrinsic value of patient autonomy. James Stacey Taylor maintains that this conception of the moral grounding of medical informed consent is mistaken. On the basis of his reasoning to that effect, Taylor argues that medical informed consent is justified by the instrumental value of personal autonomy. In this article, I examine whether Taylor's justification of medical informed consent is plausible.
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  23. Jukka Husu & Kirsi Tirri (2001). Teachers' Ethical Choices in Sociomoral Settings. Journal of Moral Education 30 (4):361-375.score: 3.0
    This article discusses ethical dilemmas in early childhood education as identified by kindergarten and elementary school teachers (N = 26). Ethical dilemmas are investigated in the theoretical framework of moral relevance and moral conflict (Wallace 1988). Professional ethics challenges teachers to collaborate with colleagues and parents. The empirical findings present conflicts between teachers and parents, collegial conflicts between teachers, and cultural conflicts in the community. The method used in the study is a relational reading of teachers' narratives. Interpretative accounts are (...)
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  24. Jukka Mikkonen (2008). David Davies: Aesthetics and Literature. [REVIEW] Estetika 45 (1):108-117.score: 3.0
    A review of David Davies’s Aesthetics and Literature (London & New York: Continuum, 2007, 212 pp. ISBN 0826496121).
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  25. Jukka Mikkonen (2009). Philosophy of Literature (Review). Philosophy and Literature 33 (1):pp. 224-227.score: 3.0
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  26. Jukka Varelius (2013). Pascal's Wager and Deciding About the Life-Sustaining Treatment of Patients in Persistent Vegetative State. Neuroethics 6 (2):277-285.score: 3.0
    An adaptation of Pascal’s Wager argument has been considered useful in deciding about the provision of life-sustaining treatment for patients in persistent vegetative state. In this article, I assess whether people making such decisions should resort to the application of Pascal’s idea. I argue that there is no sufficient reason to give it an important role in making the decisions.
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  27. Jukka Mikkonen (2010). On the Body of Literary Persuasion. Estetika 47 (1):51-71.score: 3.0
    In the analytic philosophy of literature, a common objection to the cognitive value of literary narrative fiction has been that literary works do not argue for the genuine truths they may contain. The argument maintains that although literary works could make or imply humanly interesting truth-claims, the works do not reason or justify the claims and thus they do not make significant contributions to knowledge. In this paper, I shall argue that literary works have distinct cognitive significance in changing their (...)
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  28. Jukka Mikkonen (2009). The Realistic Fallacy, Or: The Conception of Literary Narrative Fiction in Analytic Aesthetics. Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (1):1-18.score: 3.0
    In this paper, my aim is to show that in Anglo-American analytic aesthetics, the conception of narrative fiction is in general realistic and that it derives from philosophical theories of fiction-making, the act of producing works of literary narrative fiction. I shall firstly broadly show the origins of the problem and illustrate how the so-called realistic fallacy – the view which maintains that fictions consist of propositions which represent the fictional world “as it is” – is committed through the history (...)
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  29. Jukka Varelius (2009). Collective Informed Consent and Decision Power. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (1):39-50.score: 3.0
    It has been suggested that, in addition to individual level decision-making, informed consent procedures could be used in collective decision-making too. One of the main criticisms directed at this suggestion concerns decision-making power. It is maintained that consent is a veto power concept and that, as such, it is not appropriate for collective decision-making. This paper examines this objection to collective informed consent. It argues that veto power informed consent can have some uses in the collective level and that when (...)
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  30. Jukka Varelius (2008). Ethics Consultation and Autonomy. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (1):65-76.score: 3.0
    Services of ethics consultants are nowadays commonly used in such various spheres of life as engineering, public administration, business, law, health care, journalism, and scientific research. It has however been maintained that use of ethics consultants is incompatible with personal autonomy; in moral matters individuals should be allowed to make their own decisions. The problem this criticism refers to can be conceived of as a conflict between the professional autonomy of ethics experts and the autonomy of the persons they serve. (...)
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  31. Jukka Varelius (2012). Ending Life, Morality, and Meaning. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):559-574.score: 3.0
    Opponents of voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide often maintain that the procedures ought not to be accepted because ending an innocent human life would both be morally wrong in itself and have unfortunate consequences. A gravely suffering patient can grant that ending his life would involve such harm but still insist that he would have reason to continue living only if there were something to him in his abstaining from ending his life. Though relatively rarely, the notion of meaning of (...)
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  32. Jukka Varelius (2003). Autonomy, Subject-Relativity, and Subjective and Objective Theories of Well-Being in Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (5):363-379.score: 3.0
    Among the different approaches to questions of biomedical ethics, there is a view that stresses the importance of a patient’s right to make her own decisions in evaluative questions concerning her own well-being. This approach, the autonomy-based approach to biomedical ethics, has usually led to the adoption of a subjective theory of well-being on the basis of its commitment to the value of autonomy and to the view that well-being is always relative to a subject. In this article, it is (...)
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  33. Jukka Mikkonen (2010). Contemplation and Hypotheses in Literature. Philosophical Frontiers 5 (1):73-83.score: 3.0
    In literary aesthetics, the debate on whether literary fictions provide propositional knowledge generally centres around the question whether there are authors’ explicit or implicit truth-claims in literary works and whether the reader’s act of looking for and assessing such claims as true or false is an appropriate stance toward the works as literary works. Nevertheless, in reading literary fiction, readers cannot always be sure whether the author is actually asserting or suggesting a view she expresses or presents because of the (...)
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  34. Jukka Varelius (2009). Defining Mental Disorder in Terms of Our Goals for Demarcating Mental Disorder. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):35-52.score: 3.0
  35. Jukka Mikkonen (2013). How to Do Things with FictionsBy Joshua Landy. Analysis 73 (3):597-598.score: 3.0
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  36. Jukka Varelius (2006). Autonomy, Well-Being, and the Case of the Refusing Patient. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):117-125.score: 3.0
    A moral problem arises when a patient refuses a treatment that would save her life. Should the patient be treated against her will? According to an influential approach to questions of biomedical ethics, certain considerations pertaining to individual autonomy provide a solution to this problem. According to this approach, we should respect the patient’s autonomy and, since she has made an autonomous decision against accepting the treatment, she should not be treated. This article argues against the view that our answer (...)
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  37. Jukka Mikkonen (2010). Sutrop on Literary Fiction-Making: Defending Currie. Disputatio 3 (28):151-157.score: 3.0
    In her study Fiction and Imagination: The Anthropological Function of Literature (2000), Margit Sutrop criticizes Gregory Currie’s theory of fiction-making, as presented in The Nature of Fiction (1990), for using an inappropriate conception of the author’s ‘fictive intention.’ As Sutrop sees it, Currie is mistaken in reducing the author’s fictive intention to that of achieving a certain response in the audience. In this paper, I shall discuss Sutrop’s theory of fiction-making and argue that although her view is insightful in distinguishing (...)
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  38. Jukka Varelius (2006). The Value of Autonomy in Medical Ethics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (3):377-388.score: 3.0
    This articles assesses the arguments that bioethicists have presented for the view that patient’ autonomy has value over and beyond its instrumental value in promoting the patients’ wellbeing. It argues that this view should be rejected and concludes that patients’ autonomy should be taken to have only instrumental value in medicine.
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  39. Jukka Mikkonen (2009). Assertions in Literary Fiction. Minerva 13:144-180.score: 3.0
    In this paper, I shall examine two types of assertions in literary narrative fiction: direct assertions and those I call literary assertions. Direct assertions put forward propositions on a literal level and function as the author’s assertions even if detached from their original context and applied in so-called ordinary discourse. Literary assertions, in turn, intertwine with the fictional discourse: they may be, for instance, uttered by a fictional character or refer to fictitious objects and yet convey the author’s genuine assertions. (...)
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  40. Jukka Mikkonen (ed.) (2008). Philosophy of Literature by Finnish Researchers: A Bibliography 1968-2008. Filosofia.fi.score: 3.0
    This bibliography aims to gather together studies in the philosophy of literature by Finnish researchers. It consists of articles and monographs which treat i) philosophical literary theory, ii) philosophical literature, or iii) literary philosophy and philosophers’ use of literary devices. The bibliography, collected by requests of publication data and from several Finnish publication databases, is not intended inclusive. Nevertheless, it is being throughout updated, and all kinds of suggestions, updates and corrections are most welcome.
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  41. Jukka Törrönen (2001). The Concept of Subject Position in Empirical Social Research. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 31 (3):313–329.score: 3.0
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  42. Jukka Varelius (2012). Two Challenges for Dignity as an Expressive Norm. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (3):327-340.score: 3.0
    The concept of dignity figures prominently in legal and moral discussion on such topics as human rights, euthanasia, abortion, and criminal punishment. Yet the notion has been criticized for being indeterminate and either insufficient or redundant (or both) in justifying the kinds of legal and moral rights and views its proponents use it to vindicate. The criticisms have inspired some novel conceptions of dignity. One of them is Tarunabh Khaitan’s proposal that dignity should be understood as an expressive norm. In (...)
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  43. Jukka Kilpi (1986). A Refutation of an Argument for Utilitarianism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (2):217 – 219.score: 3.0
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  44. Jukka Mikkonen, Implicit Assertions in Literary Fiction. Proceedings of the European Society for Aesthetics, vol. 2.score: 3.0
    In analytic aesthetics, a popular ‘cognitivist’ line of thought maintains that literary works of fictional kind may ‘imply’ or ‘suggest’ truths. Nevertheless, so-called anti-cognitivists have considered the concepts of implication and suggestion both problematic. For instance, cognitivists’s use of the word ‘implication’ seems to differ from all philosophical conceptions of implication, and ‘suggestion’ is generally left unanalysed in their theories. This paper discusses the role, kinds and conception of implication or suggestion in literature, issues which have received little attention in (...)
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  45. Jukka Mikkonen (2013). The Cognitive Value of Philosophical Fiction. Bloomsbury Academic.score: 3.0
    Can literary fictions convey significant philosophical views, understood in terms of propositional knowledge? This study addresses the philosophical value of literature by examining how literary works impart philosophy truth and knowledge and to what extent the works should be approached as communications of their authors. Beginning with theories of fiction, it examines the case against the prevailing ‘pretence’ and ‘make-believe’ theories of fiction hostile to propositional theories of literary truth. Tackling further arguments against the cognitive function and value of literature, (...)
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  46. Jukka Mikkonen (2009). Truth-Claiming in Fiction: Towards a Poetics of Literary Assertion. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 38 (18):34.score: 3.0
    In the contemporary analytic philosophy of literature and especially literary theory, the paradigmatic way of understanding the beliefs and attitudes expressed in works of literary narrative fiction is to attribute them to an implied author, an entity which the literary critic Wayne C. Booth introduced in his influential study The Rhetoric of Fiction. Roughly put, the implied author is an entity between the actual author and the narrator whose beliefs and attitudes cannot be appropriately ascribed to the actual author. Over (...)
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  47. Jukka Varelius (2009). Still Defining Mental Disorder in Terms of Our Goals for Demarcating Mental Disorder. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):67-72.score: 3.0
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  48. Jukka Mikkonen (2008). Fiction and the Weave of Life (Review). [REVIEW] Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 66 (4):403-406.score: 3.0
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  49. Jukka Vuorinen (2007). Ethical Codes in the Digital World: Comparisons of the Proprietary, the Open/Free and the Cracker System. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1):27-38.score: 3.0
    The digital world provides various ethical frames for individuals to become ethical subjects. In this paper I examine – in a Foucauldian and Luhmannian way – the differences between three systems of communication: the proprietary, the open/free and the cracker system. It is argued that all three systems provide a different set of ethical codes which one can be subjected to. The language of each system is restricted and they cannot understand each other, they merely consider each other as the (...)
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  50. Jukka Jernvall (2013). The Causality Horizon and the Developmental Bases of Morphological Evolution. Biological Theory 8 (3):286-292.score: 3.0
    With the advent of evolutionary developmental research, or EvoDevo, there is hope of discovering the roles that the genetic bases of development play in morphological evolution. Studies in EvoDevo span several levels of organismal organization. Low-level studies identify the ultimate genetic changes responsible for morphological variation and diversity. High-level studies of development focus on how genetic differences affect the dynamics of gene networks and epigenetic interactions to modify morphology. Whereas an increasing number of studies link independent acquisition of homoplastic or (...)
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