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Profile: Julia Driver (Washington University in St. Louis)
Profile: Julia Driver (Washington University in St. Louis)
  1. Julia Driver (2001). Uneasy Virtue. Cambridge University Press.
    The predominant view of moral virtue can be traced back to Aristotle. He believed that moral virtue must involve intellectual excellence. To have moral virtue one must have practical wisdom - the ability to deliberate well and to see what is morally relevant in a given context. Julia Driver challenges this classical theory of virtue, arguing that it fails to take into account virtues which do seem to involve ignorance or epistemic defect. Some 'virtues of ignorance' are counterexamples to accounts (...)
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  2. Julia Driver (2011). Consequentialism. Routledge.
    Consequentialism is the view that the rightness or wrongness of actions depend solely on their consequences. It is one of the most influential, and controversial, of all ethical theories. In this book, Julia Driver introduces and critically assesses consequentialism in all its forms. After a brief historical introduction to the problem, Driver examines utilitarianism, and the arguments of its most famous exponents, John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham, and explains the fundamental questions underlying utilitarian theory: what value is to be (...)
     
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  3. Julia Driver (2006). Autonomy and the Asymmetry Problem for Moral Expertise. Philosophical Studies 128 (3):619 - 644.
    We seem less likely to endorse moral expertise than reasoning expertise or aesthetic expertise. This seems puzzling given that moral norms are intuitively taken to be at least more objective than aesthetic norms. One possible diagnosis of the asymmetry is that moral judgments require autonomy of judgement in away that other judgments do not. However, the author points out that aesthetic judgments that have been ‘borrowed’ by aesthetic experts generate the same autonomy worry as moral judgments which are borrowed by (...)
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  4. Geraint Rees, C. Russell, Christopher D. Frith & Julia Driver (1999). Inattentional Blindness Versus Inattentional Amnesia for Fixated but Ignored Words. Science 286 (5449):2504-7.
  5. Alvin Goldman, Ernest Sosa, Hilary Kornblith, John Greco, Jonathan Dancy, Laurence Bonjour, Linda Zagrebsky, Julia Driver, James Montmarquet, Chirstopher Hookway, Ricard Paul, Guy Axtell & Casey Swank (eds.) (2000). Knowledge, Belief, and Character: Readings in Contemporary Virtue Epistemology. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This is a unique collection of new and recently-published articles which debate the merits of virtue-theoretic approaches to the core epistemological issues of knowledge and justified belief. The readings all contribute to our understanding of the relative importance, for a theory of justified belief, of the reliability of our cognitive faculties and of the individuals responsibility in gathering and weighing evidence. Highlights of the readings include direct exchanges between leading exponents of this approach and their critics.
     
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  6. Julia Driver (2007/2006). Ethics: The Fundamentals. Blackwell Pub..
    Ethics: The Fundamentals explores core ideas and arguments in moral theory by introducing students to different philosophical approaches to ethics, including virtue ethics, Kantian ethics, divine command theory, and feminist ethics. The first volume in the new Fundamentals of Philosophy series. Presents lively, real-world examples and thoughtful discussion of key moral philosophers and their ideas. Constitutes an excellent resource for readers coming to the subject of ethics for the first time.
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  7. Julia Driver (1992). The Suberogatory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 70 (3):286 – 295.
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  8. Julia Driver (2005). Uneasy Virtue. Cambridge University Press.
    The predominant view of moral virtue can be traced back to Aristotle. He believed that moral virtue must involve intellectual excellence. To have moral virtue one must have practical wisdom - the ability to deliberate well and to see what is morally relevant in a given context. Julia Driver challenges this classical theory of virtue, arguing that it fails to take into account virtues which do seem to involve ignorance or epistemic defect. Some 'virtues of ignorance' are counterexamples to accounts (...)
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  9.  84
    Julia Driver (2013). Moral Expertise: Judgment, Practice, and Analysis. Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):280-296.
    This essay defends moral expertise against the skeptical considerations raised by Gilbert Ryle and others. The core of the essay articulates an account of moral expertise that draws on work on expertise in empirical moral psychology, and develops an analogy between moral expertise and linguistic expertise. The account holds that expertise is contrastive, so that a person is an expert relative to a particular contrast. Further, expertise is domain specific and characterized by behavior and judgment. Some disagreements in the literature (...)
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  10. Julia Driver (1989). The Virtues of Ignorance. Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):373-384.
    In The Virtues of Ignorance the author demonstrates that classical theories of virtue are flawed and developes a consequentialist theory of virtue. ;Virtues are excellences of character. They are traits which are considered to be valuable in some way. A person who is virtuous is one who has a tendency to act well. Classical philosophers, such as Plato and Aristotle, believed that virtues, as human excellences, could not involve ignorance in any way. On their view, the virtuous agent, when acting (...)
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  11.  32
    Geraint Rees, E. Wojciulik, Karen Clarke, Masud Husain, Christopher D. Frith & Julia Driver (2000). Unconscious Activation of Visual Cortex in the Damaged Right Hemisphere of a Parietal Patient with Extinction. Brain 123 (8):1624-1633.
  12. Julia Driver (2006). Virtue Theory. In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell Pub.
     
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  13. Tamar Schapiro, A. John Simmons, Seana Valentine Shiffrin, Sarah Buss, Julia Driver, G. F. Schueler, James Montmarquet, Mark van Roojen & Samantha Brennan (1999). 10. Nicholas Rescher, Objectivity: The Obligations of Impersonal Reason Nicholas Rescher, Objectivity: The Obligations of Impersonal Reason (Pp. 917-919). [REVIEW] Ethics 109 (4).
     
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  14. Julia Driver (2008). Imaginative Resistance and Psychological Necessity. Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):301-313.
    Some of our moral commitments strike us as necessary, and this feature of moral phenomenology is sometimes viewed as incompatible with sentimentalism, since sentimentalism holds that our commitments depend, in some way, on sentiment. His dependence, or contingency, is what seems incompatible with necessity. In response to this sentimentalists hold that the commitments are psychologically necessary. However, little has been done to explore this kind of necessity. In this essay I discuss psychological necessity, and how the phenomenon of imaginative resistance (...)
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  15.  10
    Patrik Vuilleumier, J. L. Armony, Karen Clarke, Masud Husain, Julia Driver & Raymond J. Dolan (2002). Neural Response to Emotional Faces with and Without Awareness; Event-Related fMRI in a Parietal Patient with Visual Extinction and Spatial Neglect. Neuropsychologia 40 (12):2156-2166.
  16.  51
    Julia Driver (2003). The Conflation of Moral and Epistemic Virtue. Metaphilosophy 34 (3):367-383.
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  17.  89
    Julia Driver (2004). Response to My Critics. Utilitas 16 (1):33-41.
    This essay is a rejoinder to comments on Uneasy Virtue made by Onora O'Neill, John Skorupski, and Michael Slote in this issue. In Uneasy Virtue I presented criticisms of traditional virtue theory. I also presented an alternative – a consequentialist account of virtue, one which is a form of ‘pure evaluational externalism’. This type of theory holds that the moral quality of character traits is determined by factors external to agency (e.g. consequences). All three commentators took exception to this account. (...)
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  18. Julia Driver (2012). Luck and Fortune in Moral Evaluation. In Martijn Blaauw (ed.), Contrastivism in Philosophy: New Perspectives. Routledge
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  19.  70
    Julia Driver (1999). Modesty and Ignorance. Ethics 109 (4):827-834.
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  20. Julia Driver (2012). Consequentialism. Routledge.
    Consequentialism is the view that the rightness or wrongness of actions depend solely on their consequences. It is one of the most influential, and controversial, of all ethical theories. In this book, Julia Driver introduces and critically assesses consequentialism in all its forms. After a brief historical introduction to the problem, Driver examines utilitarianism, and the arguments of its most famous exponents, John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham, and explains the fundamental questions underlying utilitarian theory: what value is to be (...)
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  21.  62
    Julia Driver (1995). Monkeying with Motives: Agent-Basing Virtue Ethics. Utilitas 7 (2):281.
    Virtue ethics has generated a great deal of excitement among ethicists largely because it is seen as an alternative to the traditional theories – utilitarianism and Kantian ethics – which have come under considerable scrutiny and criticism in the past 30 years. Rather than give up the enterprise of doing moral theory altogether, as some have suggested, others have opted to develop an alternative that would hopefully avoid the shortcomings of both utilitarianism and Kantian ethics. Several writers, such as Jorge (...)
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  22.  25
    Julia Driver (2007). Cosmopolitan Virtue. Social Theory and Practice 33 (4):595-608.
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  23. Julia Driver, Promising Too Much.
    This paper begins with the idea that we can learn a good deal about promising by examining the conditions and norms that govern promise- breaking. Sometimes promises are broken as a deliberate plan, other times they are broken because they are simply incompatible with other, more signifi cant moral norms, or because it becomes clear that they are impossible to keep. There are cases where people make promises that are actually incompatible with each other. Politicians, for example, often give such (...)
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  24. Julia Driver, Normative Ethical Theory in the 20th Century.
    Normative Ethical theory underwent a period of refinement in some areas and proliferation in others during the 20th century. Theories prominent in the 19th century, such as Utilitarianism, underwent refinement in light of criticisms; other approaches, such as normative intuitionism and virtue ethics, were developed in new directions, ones that reflected the sophistication of analytical techniques developed by philosophers in the 20th century, particularly in ordinary language philosophy. The middle of the 20th century was marked by an interest in conceptual (...)
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  25.  3
    Julia Driver (2014). Moral Expertise: Judgment, Practice, and Analysis. Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):280-296.
    This essay defends moral expertise against the skeptical considerations raised by Gilbert Ryle and others. The core of the essay articulates an account of moral expertise that draws on work on expertise in empirical moral psychology, and develops an analogy between moral expertise and linguistic expertise. The account holds that expertise is contrastive, so that a person is an expert relative to a particular contrast. Further, expertise is domain specific and characterized by “automatic” behavior and judgment. Some disagreements in the (...)
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  26.  71
    Julia Driver (2007). Dream Immorality. Philosophy 82 (1):5-22.
    This paper focuses on an underappreciated issue that dreams raise for moral evaluation: is immorality possible in dreams? The evaluatiotial internalist is committed to answering ‘yes.’ This is because the internalist account of moral evaluation holds that the moral quality of a person's actions, what a person does, her agency in any given case is completely determined by factors that are internal to that agency, such as the person's motives and/or intentions. Actual production of either good or bad effects is (...)
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  27. Julia Driver (2005). Consequentialism and Feminist Ethics. Hypatia 20 (4):183-199.
    : This essay attempts to show that sophisticated consequentialism is able to accommodate the concerns that have traditionally been raised by feminist writers in ethics. Those concerns have primarily to do with the fact that consequentialism is seen as both too demanding of the individual and neglectful of the agent's special obligations to family and friends. Here, I argue that instrumental justification for partiality can be provided, for example, even though an attitude of partiality is not characterized itself in instrumental (...)
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  28.  6
    Lawrence BonJour, Jonathan Dancy, Julia Driver, Alvin Goldman, John Greco & Christopher Hookway (2000). Guy Axtell has Taught Philosophy at the University of Nevada, Reno, Since Receiving His Ph. D. In 1991. He has Written Articles on Epistemology, Philosophy of Science, American Pragmatism, and Philosophy of Religion. He is Currently at Work on a Book Entitled Pragmatic Pluralism: Understanding Philosophical Diversity. [REVIEW] In Guy Axtell (ed.), Knowledge, Belief, and Character: Readings in Virtue Epistemology. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
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  29.  87
    Julia Driver, The History of Utilitarianism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  30. Julia Driver, P. Vullumieur, Martin Eimer & Geraint Rees (2001). FMRI and ERP Correlates of Conscious and Unconscious Vision in Parietal Extinction Patients. NeuroImage 14.
     
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  31.  54
    Julia Driver (2005). Moralism. Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):137–151.
    abstract In this paper moralism is defined as the illicit use of moral considerations. Three different varieties of moralism are then discussed — moral absolutism, excessive standards and demandingness, and presenting non‐moral considerations as moral ones. Both individuals and theories can be regarded as moralistic in some of these senses. Indeed, some critics of consequentialism have regarded that theory as moralistic. The author then describes the problems associated with each sense of ‘moralism’ and how casuistry evolved to try to deal (...)
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  32.  30
    Julia Driver (2007). The Moral Demands of Affluence. Philosophical Books 48 (1):66-70.
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  33.  46
    Julia Driver (1983). Promises, Obligations, and Abilities. Philosophical Studies 44 (2):221 - 223.
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  34.  21
    Julia Driver (2013). Moral Sense and Sentimentalism. In Roger Crisp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics. Oxford University Press 358.
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  35.  20
    Julia Driver (2011). Roger Crisp, Reasons and the Good (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), Pp. 178. Utilitas 23 (2):235-237.
  36.  28
    Julia Driver (1994). Hyperactive Ethics. Philosophical Quarterly 44 (174):9-25.
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  37.  58
    Julia Driver (2007). Humble Arrogance. Metaphilosophy 38 (4):365-369.
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  38.  1
    Julia Driver (2006). Autonomy and the Asymmetry Problem for Moral Expertise. Philosophical Studies 128 (3):619-644.
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  39.  48
    Julia Driver (2011). The Secret Chain: A Limited Defense of Sympathy. Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):234-238.
    This paper responds to criticisms of sympathy-based approaches to ethics made by Jesse Prinz, focusing on the criticism that emotions are too variable to form a basis for ethics. I draw on the idea, articulated by early sentimentalists such as Hutcheson and Hume, that proper reliance on sympathy is subject to a corrective procedure in order, in part, to avoid the variability problem.
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  40.  67
    Julia Driver, Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  41.  48
    Julia Driver (2006). Thomas Hurka, Virtue, Vice, and Value , Pp. Ix + 272. Utilitas 18 (2):190.
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  42.  43
    Julia Driver (2004). Candace Vogler, Reasonably Vicious:Reasonably Vicious. Ethics 114 (4):845-848.
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  43.  7
    Julia Driver (2016). Private Blame. Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (2):215-220.
    This paper explores a problem for Michael McKenna’s conversation model of moral responsibility that views blame as characteristically part of a conversational exchange. The problem for this model on which this paper focuses is the problem of private blame. Sometimes when we blame we do so without any intention to engage in a communicative exchange. It is argued that McKenna’s model cannot adequately account for private blame.
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  44.  50
    Julia Driver (1997). The Ethics of Intervention. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):851-870.
    This essay explores the obligations that may arise from benevolently intended interventions that go awry. The author argues that even when the intervening agent has acted with good intentions and in a non-negligent manner, she may be required to continue aid in cases where her initial intervention failed. This is surprising because it means that persons who perform supererogatory acts run the risk of incurring additional heavy obligations through no fault of their own. The author also considers deflationary accounts that (...)
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  45.  40
    Julia Driver (1992). Caesar's Wife: On the Moral Significance of Appearing Good. Journal of Philosophy 89 (7):331-343.
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  46.  21
    Julia Driver (2002). On Virtue Ethics. Philosophical Review 111 (1):122-127.
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  47.  25
    Julia Driver (2001). Introduction. Utilitas 13 (2):137.
    The evaluation of character has taken on new significance in moral theory, and, indeed, some advocate a shift in focus away from evaluating action to evaluating character. This has been taken to pose special challenges for utilitarian and consequentialist moral theory. Utilitarianism's commitment to impartiality and its seeming failure to accommodate virtue evaluation have led to problems, some of which are developed in the essays in this volume.
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  48.  17
    Julia Driver (1984). A Promising Puzzle. Philosophia 14 (1-2):199-200.
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  49. Julia Driver (1998). Human Nature. The Virtues and Human Nature. In Roger Crisp (ed.), How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues. Clarendon Press
     
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  50.  7
    Justin D’Arms, Julia Driver, Anthony Ellis, Francisco Gonzales, George W. Harris, Aleksandar Jokic, Leonard Kahn, Phillip Montague, G. Di Muzio & Gerald Press (2005). Manuscript Referees for The Journal of Ethics Volume 9: September 2004–June 2005. Journal of Ethics 9 (3):581.
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