Search results for 'Julian Bigelow' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Charles Pigden, Stephen Law, Julian Baggini & John Bigelow (2013). Obituaries. The Philosophers' Magazine 60 (60):9-12.score: 300.0
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  2. Arturo Rosenblueth, Norbert Wiener & Julian Bigelow (1943). Behavior, Purpose and Teleology. Philosophy of Science 10 (1):18-24.score: 240.0
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  3. Arturo Rosenblueth, Norbert Wiener & Julian Bigelow (1961). Comportement, Intention, Téléologie. Les Etudes Philosophiques 16 (2):147 - 156.score: 240.0
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  4. Kaiser Julian (2010). Galileans or Gallus?(Julian's Letter to Aetius). Classical Quarterly 60:607-609.score: 180.0
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  5. John Bigelow (1988). The Reality of Numbers: A Physicalist's Philosophy of Mathematics. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Challenging the myth that mathematical objects can be defined into existence, Bigelow here employs Armstrong's metaphysical materialism to cast new light on mathematics. He identifies natural, real, and imaginary numbers and sets with specified physical properties and relations and, by so doing, draws mathematics back from its sterile, abstract exile into the midst of the physical world.
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  6. John Bigelow (1996). Presentism and Properties. Philosophical Perspectives 10 (Metaphysics):35-52.score: 30.0
  7. John Bigelow, Brian Ellis & Caroline Lierse (1992). The World as One of a Kind: Natural Necessity and Laws of Nature. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (3):371-388.score: 30.0
  8. John C. Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (2006). Re-Acquaintance with Qualia. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (3):353 – 378.score: 30.0
    Frank Jackson argued, in an astronomically frequently cited paper on 'Epiphenomenal qualia'[Jackson 1982 that materialism must be mistaken. His argument is called the knowledge argument. Over the years since he published that paper, he gradually came to the conviction that the conclusion of the knowledge argument must be mistaken. Yet he long remained totally unconvinced by any of the very numerous published attempts to explain where his knowledge argument had gone astray. Eventually, Jackson did publish a diagnosis of the (...)
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  9. John Bigelow, John Collins & Robert Pargetter (1993). The Big Bad Bug: What Are the Humean's Chances? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):443-462.score: 30.0
    Humean supervenience is the doctrine that there are no necessary connections in the world. David Lewis identifies one big bad bug to the programme of providing Humean analyses for apparently non-Humean features of the world. The bug is chance. We put the bug under the microscope, and conclude that chance is no special problem for the Humean.
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  10. John Bigelow (2001). Time Travel Fiction. In Gerhard Preyer & Frank Siebelt (eds.), Reality and Humean Supervenience: Essays on the Philosophy of David Lewis. Rowman & Littlefield. 57--91.score: 30.0
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  11. John Bigelow (2006). Gettier's Theorem. In Stephen Cade Hetherington (ed.), Aspects of Knowing: Epistemological Essays. Elsevier. 203--218.score: 30.0
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  12. Neil McKinnon & John Bigelow (2012). Presentism, and Speaking of the Dead. Philosophical Studies 160 (2):253-263.score: 30.0
    Presentists standardly conform to the eternalist’s paradigm of treating all cases of property-exemplification as involving a single relation of instantiation. This, we argue, results in a much less parsimonious and philosophically explanatory picture than is possible if other alternatives are considered. We argue that by committing to primitive past and future tensed instantiation ties, presentists can make gains in both economy and explanatory power. We show how this metaphysical picture plays out in cases where an individual exists to partake in (...)
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  13. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (1987). Functions. Journal of Philosophy 84 (4):181-196.score: 30.0
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  14. John Bigelow, The Truth in Antirealism.score: 30.0
    Throughout his career, Barry Taylor argued for several key theses in semantics and in epistemology. He calls these theses “Antirealism”. I will suggest, however, that a “Realist” could, and perhaps should, accept these semantic and epistemic theses. Doing so would not, I argue, conflict with the core this of philosophical Realism, properly so-called, since this thesis is not semantic or epistemological, but “ontological”. A Realist about (say) badgers is just someone who believes that there are badgers. And Taylor’s semantic and (...)
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  15. John C. Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (1990). Acquaintance with Qualia. Theoria 61 (3):129-147.score: 30.0
  16. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (1997). The Validation of Induction. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (1):62 – 76.score: 30.0
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  17. John Bigelow (2010). Quine, Mereology, and Inference to the Best Explanation. Logique Et Analyse 53 (212):465.score: 30.0
    Given Quine's views on philosophical methodology, he should not have taken the axioms of classical mereology to be "self-evident", or "analytic"; but rather, he should have set out to justify them by what might be broadly called an "inference to the best explanation". He does very little to this end. In particular, he does little to examine alternative theories, to see if there might be anything they could explain better than classical mereology can. I argue that there is something important (...)
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  18. John Bigelow, Robert Pargetter & D. M. Armstrong (1988). Quantities. Philosophical Studies 54 (3):287 - 304.score: 30.0
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  19. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (1989). A Theory of Structural Universals. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (1):1 – 11.score: 30.0
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  20. John Bigelow (1991). Worlds Enough for Time. Noûs 25 (1):1-19.score: 30.0
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  21. Laura Schroeter & John Bigelow (2009). Jackson’s Classical Model of Meaning. In Ian Ravenscroft (ed.), Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Frank Jackson often writes as if his descriptivist account of public language meanings were just plain common sense. How else are we to explain how different speakers manage to communicate using a public language? And how else can we explain how individuals arrive at confident judgments about the reference of their words in hypothetical scenarios? Our aim in this paper is to show just how controversial the psychological assumptions behind in Jackson’s semantic theory really are. First, we explain how Jackson’s (...)
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  22. John Bigelow, Brian Ellis & Robert Pargetter (1988). Forces. Philosophy of Science 55 (4):614-630.score: 30.0
    Traditionally, forces are causes of a special sort. Forces have been conceived to be the direct or immediate causes of things. Other sorts of causes act indirectly by producing forces which are transmitted in various ways to produce various effects. However, forces are supposed to act directly without the mediation of anything else. But forces, so conceived, appear to be occult. They are mysterious, because we have no clear conception of what they are, as opposed to what they are postulated (...)
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  23. Neil McKinnon & John C. Bigelow (2001). Parfit, Causation, and Survival. Philosophia 28 (1-4):467-476.score: 30.0
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  24. John C. Bigelow (1988). Real Possibilities. Philosophical Studies 53 (1):37 - 64.score: 30.0
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  25. John C. Bigelow (1976). Possible Worlds Foundations for Probability. Journal of Philosophical Logic 5 (3):299--320.score: 30.0
  26. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (2006). Real Work for Aggregates. Dialectica 60 (4):485–503.score: 30.0
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  27. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (1987). Beyond the Blank Stare. Theoria 53 (2-3):97-114.score: 30.0
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  28. Kenneth Aizawa, It is Not All About Turing-Equivalent Computation.score: 30.0
    One account of the history of computation might begin in the 1930’s with some of the work of Alonzo Church, Alan Turing, and Emil Post. One might say that this is where something like the core concept of computation was first formally articulated. Here were the first attempts to formalize an informal notion of an algorithm or effective procedure by which a mathematician might decide one or another logico-mathematical question. As each of these formalisms was shown to compute the same (...)
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  29. John Bigelow, Susan M. Dodds & Robert Pargetter (1990). Temptation and the Will. American Philosophical Quarterly 27 (1):39-49.score: 30.0
    The authors argue, against Frank Jackson, that weakness (and strength) of will involves higher-order mental states. The authors hold that this is compatible with a decision-theoretic belief-desire psychology of human action.
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  30. Gary Malinas & John Bigelow (2001). Simpson's Paradox: A Logically Benign, Empirically Treacherous Hydra. The Monist 84 (2):265 - 283.score: 30.0
    An association between a pair of variables can consistently be inverted in each subpopulation of a population when the population is partitioned. E.g., a medical treatment can be associated with a higher recovery rate for treated patients compared with the recovery rate for untreated patients; yet, treated male patients and treated female patients can each have lower recovery rates when compared with untreated male patients and untreated female patients. Conversely, higher recovery rates for treated patients in each subpopulation are consistent (...)
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  31. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (1990). Metaphysics of Causation. Erkenntnis 33 (1):89 - 119.score: 30.0
    The world contains not only causes and effects, but also causal relations holding between causes and effects. Because causal relations enter into the structure of the world, their presence has various modal and probabilistic consequences. Causation and “necessary and sufficient conditions” do often go hand in hand. Causation, however, is a robust ingredient within the world itself, whereas modalities and probabilities supervene on the nature of the world as a whole, and on the resulting relations between one possible world and (...)
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  32. John Bigelow (2005). Omnificence. Analysis 65 (287):187–196.score: 30.0
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  33. John Bigelow (1986). Towards Structural Universals. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (1):94 – 96.score: 30.0
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  34. John Bigelow (1996). God and the New Math. Philosophical Studies 84 (2-3):127 - 154.score: 30.0
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  35. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (2007). Integrity and Autonomy. American Philosophical Quarterly 44 (1):39-49.score: 30.0
  36. John C. Bigelow (1976). If-Then Meets the Possible Worlds. Philosophia 6 (2):215-235.score: 30.0
  37. John C. Bigelow (1977). Semantics of Probability. Synthese 36 (4):459--72.score: 30.0
  38. Kenneth Aizawa (2010). Computation in Cognitive Science: It is Not All About Turing-Equivalent Computation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):227-236.score: 30.0
    One account of the history of computation might begin in the 1930's with some of the work of Alonzo Church, Alan Turing, and Emil Post. One might say that this is where something like the core concept of computation was first formally articulated. Here were the first attempts to formalize an informal notion of an algorithm or effective procedure by which a mathematician might decide one or another logico-mathematical question. As each of these formalisms was shown to compute the same (...)
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  39. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (1990). Colouring in the World. Mind 99 (394):279-88.score: 30.0
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  40. John C. Bigelow (1978). Believing in Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (1):101--144.score: 30.0
    This paper concerns the semantics of belief-sentences. I pass over ontologically lavish theories which appeal to impossible worlds, or other points of reference which contain more than possible worlds. I then refute ontologically stingy, quotational theories. My own theory employs the techniques of possible worlds semantics to elaborate a Fregean analysis of belief-sentences. In a belief-sentence, the embedded clause does not have its usual reference, but refers rather to its own semantic structure. I show how this theory can accommodate quantification (...)
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  41. John Bigelow & Michael Smith (1997). How Not to Be Muddled by a Meddlesome Muggletonian. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (4):511 – 527.score: 30.0
    Holton, we acknowledge, has given a good counter-example to a theory, and that theory is interesting and worth refuting. The theory we have in mind is like Smith's, but is more reductionist in spirit. It is a theory that ties value to Reason and to processes of reasoning, or inference - not to the recognition of reasons and acting on reasons. Such a theory overestimates the importance of logic, truth, inference, and thinking things through for yourself independently of any ideas (...)
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  42. John Bigelow, Secrets Plato Nearly Kept.score: 30.0
    So Emma thought, at least. Could a linguist, could a grammarian, could even a mathematician have seen what she did, have witnessed their appearance together, have heard their history of it, without feeling that circumstances had been at work to make them particularly interesting to each other? — How much more must an imaginist, like herself, be on fire with speculation and foresight!
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  43. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (1990). Science and Necessity. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    This book espouses an innovative theory of scientific realism in which due weight is given to mathematics and logic. The authors argue that mathematics can be understood realistically if it is seen to be the study of universals, of properties and relations, of patterns and structures, the kinds of things which can be in several places at once. Taking this kind of scientific platonism as their point of departure, they show how the theory of universals can account for probability, laws (...)
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  44. John Bigelow (1980). Believing in Sentences. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (1):11 – 18.score: 30.0
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  45. John Bigelow, Intelligent.score: 30.0
    Few people can have had many thrills quite like the one Hiram Bingham had when he discovered ruins of what had once been an Incan city, unexpectedly and precariously perched on the knife-edge of a ridge joining two peaks, Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu (Big Peak and Little Peak), high in the Andes Mountain Range in Peru. He was excited, but also mystified. Was it an abandoned Incan city – or a monastery? or a fortress? or a “University of (...)
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  46. John C. Bigelow (1979). Quantum Probability in Logical Space. Philosophy of Science 46 (2):223-243.score: 30.0
    Probability measures can be constructed using the measure-theoretic techniques of Caratheodory and Hausdorff. Under these constructions one obtains first an outer measure over "events" or "propositions." Then, if one restricts this outer measure to the measurable propositions, one finally obtains a classical probability theory. What I argue is that outer measures can also be used to yield the structures of probability theories in quantum mechanics, provided we permit them to range over at least some unmeasurable propositions. I thereby show that (...)
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  47. John Bigelow (1990). The World Essence. Dialogue 29 (02):205-.score: 30.0
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  48. John Bigelow & Robert Pargetter (1989). Vectors and Change. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (3):289-306.score: 30.0
    Vectors, we will argue, are not just mathematical abstractions. They are also physical properties--universals. What make them distinctive are the rich and varied essences of these universals, and the complex pattern of internal relations which hold amongst them.
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  49. John Bigelow (1994). Van Inwagen's New Clothes. Dialogue 33 (02):297-.score: 30.0
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  50. John Bigelow, John Campbell, Susan M. Dodds, Robert Pargetter, Elizabeth W. Prior & Robert Young (1988). Parental Autonomy. Journal of Applied Philosophy 5 (2):183-196.score: 30.0
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