Search results for 'Justin Brody' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  13
    Justin Brody & M. C. Laskowski (2012). On Rational Limits of Shelah—Spencer Graphs. Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (2):580-592.
    Given a sequence {a n } in (0,1) converging to a rational, we examine the model theoretic properties of structures obtained as limits of Shelah-Spencer graphs G(m, m -αn ). We show that in most cases the model theory is either extremely well-behaved or extremely wild, and characterize when each occurs.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Thomas Reid & Baruch A. Brody (1969). Essays on the Active Powers of the Human Mind (Intro. By Baruch A. Brody). M.I.T. Press.
  3. Baruch A. Brody (1974). Readings in the Philosophy of Religion an Analytic Approach /Edited by Baruch A. Brody. --. --. Prentice-Hall, [] 1974.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Baruch A. Brody & Nicholas Capaldi (1968). Science Men, Methods, Goals; a Reader: Methods of Physical Science. Edited by Boruch A. Brody [and] Nicolas Capaldi. W.A. Benjamin.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. R. G. Justin (2000). Compassionate Physicians-Renate G. Justin Replies. Hastings Center Report 30 (6):4-4.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Irenaeus Justin (2009). Early Christian Philosophers: Justin, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian Eric Osborn1. In Graham Robert Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), The History of Western Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press 3--187.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. F. G. Miller & H. Brody (2003). Clinical Equipoise and the Therapeutic Misconception-Miller and Brody Reply. Hastings Center Report 33 (5):7-7.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  35
    Baruch A. Brody (2010). Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (3):231-249.
    In a recent article (Brody 2010), I analyzed the debates surrounding charges of biopiracy, that is, charges that developed countries use biotechnology patents to expropriate the biological/genetic heritage of less developed countries. Such charges often are accompanied by the additional charge that biotechnology patents are used to expropriate the traditional knowledge about the use of these resources possessed by indigenous communities in less developed countries. It is this second charge that is the focus of this essay, which will develop (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  1
    H. Brody, D. Buchanan & F. G. Miller (2011). Misunderstanding, Period. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 33 (5):6.
    A letter to the editor from Howard Brody, David Buchanan, and Franklin G. Miller in response to the recent article by Erik Malmqvist Understanding Exploitation," March-April 2011).
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Stephanie Brody (2015). Entering Night Country: Psychoanalytic Reflections on Loss and Resilience. Routledge.
    None of us will escape the experience of personal loss, illness, aging, or mortality. Yet, psychoanalysis seems to shy away from a discussion of these core human experiences. Existential vulnerability is painful and we all avoid this awareness in different ways. However, when analysts fail to explore the topic of mortality, their own and their patients, they may foreclose an important exploration and short-change patient and therapist. _Entering Night Country_ focuses on the existential condition, and explores how it penetrates professional (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  8
    Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2003). A Critique of Clinical Equipoise: Therapeutic Misconception in the Ethics of Clinical Trials. Hastings Center Report 33 (3):19-28.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   54 citations  
  12.  29
    Howard Brody (2011). Clarifying Conflict of Interest. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):23 - 28.
    As the debate over how to manage or discourage physicians? financial conflicts of interest with the drug and medical device industries has become more heated, critics have questioned or dismissed the concept of ?conflict of interest? itself. A satisfactory definition relates conflict of interest to concerns about maintaining social trust and distinguishes between breaches of ethical duty and temptations to breach duty. Numerous objections to such a definition have been offered, none of which prevails on further analysis. Those concerned about (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  13.  48
    Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2002). What Makes Placebo-Controlled Trials Unethical? American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):3 – 9.
    The leading ethical position on placebo-controlled clinical trials is that whenever proven effective treatment exists for a given condition, it is unethical to test a new treatment for that condition against placebo. Invoking the principle of clinical equipoise, opponents of placebo-controlled trials in the face of proven effective treatment argue that they (1) violate the therapeutic obligation of physicians to offer optimal medical care and (2) lack both scientific and clinical merit. We contend that both of these arguments are mistaken. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   24 citations  
  14.  58
    Baruch A. Brody (1998). The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective. Oxford University Press.
    A broad critical review of national policies on biomedical research - human, epidemiologic, clinical trials, genetic, reproductive, etc.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   18 citations  
  15.  5
    Howard Brody (2011). Defining the Medical Humanities: Three Conceptions and Three Narratives. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (1):1-7.
    The definition of ‘medical humanities’ may be approached via three conceptions—the humanities as a list of disciplines, as a program of moral development, and as a supportive friend. The conceptions are grounded by linking them to three narratives—respectively, the history of the modern liberal arts college; the history of Petrarch and the studia humanitatis of the early Renaissance; and the life of Sir William Osler. The three conceptions are complementary, each filling gaps in one or more of the others. Getting (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  16.  21
    Howard Brody & Franklin G. Miller (2003). The Clinician-Investigator: Unavoidable but Manageable Tension. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (4):329-346.
    : The "difference position" holds that clinical research and therapeutic medical practice are sufficiently distinct activities to require different ethical rules and principles. The "similarity position" holds instead that clinical investigators ought to be bound by the same fundamental principles that govern therapeutic medicine—specifically, a duty to provide the optimal therapeutic benefit to each patient or subject. Some defenders of the similarity position defend it because of the overlap between the role of attending physician and the role of investigator in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   19 citations  
  17. Michael Brody & Anna Szabolcsi (2003). Overt Scope in Hungarian. Syntax 6 (1).
    The focus of this paper is the syntax of inverse scope in Hungarian, a language that largely disambiguates quantifier scope at spell-out. Inverse scope is attributed to alternate orderings of potentially large chunks of structure, but with appeal to base-generation, as opposed to nonfeature-driven movement as in Kayne 1998. The proposal is developed within mirror theory and conforms to the assumption that structures are antisymmetrical. The paper also develops a matching notion of scope in terms of featural domination, as opposed (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  18.  14
    Dena K. Plemmons, Suzanne A. Brody & Michael W. Kalichman (2006). Student Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Education in the Responsible Conduct of Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):571-582.
    Responsible conduct of research courses are widely taught, but little is known about the purposes or effectiveness of such courses. As one way to assess the purposes of these courses, students were surveyed about their perspectives after recent completion of one of eleven different research ethics courses at ten different institutions. Participants enrolled in RCR courses in spring and fall of 2003 received a voluntary, anonymous survey from their instructors at the completion of the course. Responses were received from 268 (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  19. Howard Brody (2009). The Future of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
    Bioethics' interdisciplinary base -- Patient-centered care -- Evidence-based medicine and pay-for-performance -- Community dialogue -- Overview : bioethics, power, and learning to see -- Cross-cultural concerns -- Race and health disparities -- Disabilities -- Environmental and global issues -- New technologies -- Conclusion.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  20.  48
    F. G. Miller & H. Brody (2011). Understanding and Harnessing Placebo Effects: Clearing Away the Underbrush. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):69-78.
    Despite strong growth in scientific investigation of the placebo effect, understanding of this phenomenon remains deeply confused. We investigate critically seven common conceptual distinctions that impede clear understanding of the placebo effect: (1) verum/placebo, (2) active/inactive, (3) signal/noise, (4) specific/nonspecific, (5) objective/subjective, (6) disease/illness, and (7) intervention/context. We argue that some of these should be eliminated entirely, whereas others must be used with caution to avoid bias. Clearing away the conceptual underbrush is needed to lay down a path to understanding (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  21. Baruch A. Brody (2010). Intellectual Property, State Sovereignty, and Biotechnology. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 51-73.
  22.  35
    Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2001). The Internal Morality of Medicine: An Evolutionary Perspective. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (6):581 – 599.
    A basic question of medical ethics is whether the norms governing medical practice should be understood as the application of principles and rules of the common morality to medicine or whether some of these norms are internal or proper to medicine. In this article we describe and defend an evolutionary perspective on the internal morality of medicine that is defined in terms of the goals of clinical medicine and a set of duties that constrain medical practice in pursuit of these (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  23.  8
    Howard Brody & Eric N. Avery (2009). Medicine's Duty to Treat Pandemic Illness: Solidarity and Vulnerability. Hastings Center Report 39 (1):40-48.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  24.  61
    C. M. Ashton, N. P. Wray, A. F. Jarman, J. M. Kolman, D. M. Wenner & B. A. Brody (2011). A Taxonomy of Multinational Ethical and Methodological Standards for Clinical Trials of Therapeutic Interventions. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):368-373.
    Background If trials of therapeutic interventions are to serve society's interests, they must be of high methodological quality and must satisfy moral commitments to human subjects. The authors set out to develop a clinical - trials compendium in which standards for the ethical treatment of human subjects are integrated with standards for research methods. Methods The authors rank-ordered the world's nations and chose the 31 with >700 active trials as of 24 July 2008. Governmental and other authoritative entities of the (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  25.  46
    B. A. Brody & R. K. Lie (1993). Response to Poullier. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (5):475-476.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  5
    Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (1995). Professional Integrity and Physician‐Assisted Death. Hastings Center Report 25 (3):8-17.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  27.  43
    Baruch A. Brody (1988). Life and Death Decision Making. Oxford University Press.
    Integrating theory with case studies, this book examines the practical application of moral theory in clinical decision-making through 40 composite cases based on actual clinical experience. Complex, realistic, and challenging, these examples contain the multiplicity of factors faced in clinical crises, making this a superb exploration of the ways in which theory relates to actual life-or-death situations.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  28.  4
    Howard Brody (1989). Transparency: Informed Consent in Primary Care. Hastings Center Report 19 (5):5-9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  29.  18
    Howard Brody & Franklin G. Miller (1998). The Internal Morality of Medicine: Explication and Application to Managed Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (4):384 – 410.
    Some ethical issues facing contemporary medicine cannot be fully understood without addressing medicine's internal morality. Medicine as a profession is characterized by certain moral goals and morally acceptable means for achieving those goals. The list of appropriate goals and means allows some medical actions to be classified as clear violations of the internal morality, and others as borderline or controversial cases. Replies are available for common objections, including the superfluity of internal morality for ethical analysis, the argument that internal morality (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  30.  31
    Allen E. Buchanan, Andrea Califano, Jeffrey Kahn, Elizabeth McPherson, John A. Robertson & Baruch A. Brody (2002). Pharmacogenetics: Ethical Issues and Policy Options. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):1-15.
    : Pharmacogenetics offers the prospect of an era of safer and more effective drugs, as well as more individualized use of drug therapies. Before the benefits of pharmacogenetics can be realized, the ethical issues that arise in research and clinical application of pharmacogenetic technologies must be addressed. The ethical issues raised by pharmacogenetics can be addressed under six headings: regulatory oversight, confidentiality and privacy, informed consent, availability of drugs, access, and clinicians' changing responsibilities in the era of pharmacogenetic medicine. We (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  31.  31
    C. M. Ashton, N. P. Wray, A. F. Jarman, J. M. Kolman, D. M. Wenner & B. A. Brody (2009). Ethics and Methods in Surgical Trials. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (9):579-583.
    This paper focuses on invasive therapeutic procedures, defined as procedures requiring the introduction of hands, instruments, or devices into the body via incisions or punctures of the skin or mucous membranes performed with the intent of changing the natural history of a human disease or condition for the better. Ethical and methodological concerns have been expressed about studies designed to evaluate the effects of invasive therapeutic procedures. Can such studies meet the same standards demanded of those, for example, evaluating pharmaceutical (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  32.  1
    Baruch Brody, Nancy Dubler, Jeff Blustein, Arthur Caplan, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Nancy Kass, Bernard Lo, Jonathan Moreno, Jeremy Sugarman & Laurie Zoloth (2002). The Task Force Responds. Hastings Center Report 32 (3):22-23.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  33.  59
    Franklin G. Miller, Howard Brody & Kevin C. Chung (2000). Cosmetic Surgery and the Internal Morality of Medicine. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (3):353-364.
    Cosmetic surgery is a fast-growing medical practice. In 1997 surgeons in the United States performed the four most common cosmetic procedures443,728 times, an increase of 150% over the comparable total for 1992. Estimated total expenditures for cosmetic surgery range from $1 to $2 billion. As managed care cuts into physicians' income and autonomy, cosmetic surgery, which is not covered by health insurance, offers a financially attractive medical specialty.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  34.  54
    Jacob M. Kolman, Nelda P. Wray, Carol M. Ashton, Danielle M. Wenner, Anna F. Jarman & Baruch A. Brody (2012). Conflicts Among Multinational Ethical and Scientific Standards for Clinical Trials of Therapeutic Interventions. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 40 (1):99-121.
    Utilizing a sorted compendium of international clinical trial standards, investigators identified 15 conflicts among ethical and methodological guidance. Analysis distinguishes interpretational issues, lack of clarity, and contradiction as factors to be addressed if international trial guidance is to be improved.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35.  10
    Howard Brody, Franklin G. Miller & Elizabeth Bogdan-Lovis (2005). Evidence-Based Medicine: Watching Out for Its Friends. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (4):570-584.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  36. Baruch Brody (1972). Thomson on Abortion. Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (3):335-340.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  37.  41
    Baruch A. Brody (2006). Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The U.S. Internal Experience--Part I. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (1):1-37.
    : In the development of biotechnology in the United States, many questions were raised about the appropriateness of applying to this area a traditional robust system of intellectual property rights. Despite these hesitations, the U.S. rejected suggested modifications. This was a mistake, and there is a need to develop a modified system that promotes more of the relevant ethical values.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  38.  6
    B. A. Brody & A. Halevy (1995). Is Futility a Futile Concept? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (2):123-144.
    This paper distinguishes four major types of futility (physiological, imminent demise, lethal condition, and qualitative) that have been advocated in the literature either in a patient dependent or a patient independent fashion. It proposes five criteria (precision, prospective, social acceptability, significant number, and non-agreement) that any definition of futility must satisfy if it is to serve as the basis for unilaterally limiting futile care. It then argues that none of the definitions that have been advocated meet the criteria, primarily because (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  39.  10
    Howard Brody & Susan S. Night (2007). The Pharmacist's Personal and Professional Integrity. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):16 – 17.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  40.  1
    John A. Schuster & Judit Brody (2013). Descartes and Sunspots: Matters of Fact and Systematizing Strategies in the Principia Philosophiae. Annals of Science 70 (1):1-45.
    Summary Descartes' two treatises of corpuscular-mechanical natural philosophy?Le Monde (1633) and the Principia philosophiae (1644/1647)?differ in many respects. Some historians of science have studied their significantly different theories of matter and elements. Others have routinely noted that the Principia cites much evidence regarding magnetism, sunspots, novae and variable stars which is absent from Le Monde. We argue that far from being unrelated or even opposed intellectual practices inside the Principles, Descartes' moves in matter and element theory and his adoption of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  41. Howard Brody & Franklin G. Miller (2013). The Research‐Clinical Practice Distinction, Learning Health Systems, and Relationships. Hastings Center Report 43 (5):41-47.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42. Howard Brody (1998). Bringing Clarity to the Futility Debate: Don't Use the Wrong Cases. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):269-273.
    Among those who criticize the concept of a common refrain is that we really have no idea what futility means. For example, physicians seem to disagree on whether a treatment being futile means that it has a less than 5% chance of working or a 20% chance of working. If the concept is so unclear, then it seems a thin reed upon which to base a momentous ethical decision—namely, that the physician's judgment should be allowed to override the wishes of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  43.  7
    Howard Brody (2009). Medicine's Continuing Quest for an Excuse to Avoid Relationships with Patients. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):13-15.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  44.  93
    Baruch A. Brody (1973). Why Settle for Anything Less Than Good Old-Fashioned Aristotelian Essentialism. Noûs 7 (4):351-365.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  45.  23
    B. A. Brody (1972). Towards an Aristotelean Theory of Scientific Explanation. Philosophy of Science 39 (1):20-31.
    In this paper, I consider a variety of objections against the covering-law model of scientific explanation, show that Aristotle was already aware of them and had solutions for them, and argue that these solutions are correct. These solutions involve the notions of nonHumean causality and of essential properties. There are a great many familiar objections, both methodological and epistemological, to introducing these concepts into the methodology of science, but I show that these objections are based upon misunderstandings of these concepts.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  46. Michael Brody (1998). The Minimalist Program and a Perfect Syntax: A Critical Notice of Noam Chomsky's the Minimalist Program. Mind and Language 13 (2):205–214.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Howard Brody (1980). Placebos and the Philosophy of Medicine: Clinical, Conceptual, and Ethical Issues. University of Chicago Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  48.  18
    Howard Brody (2006). Family Medicine, the Physician-Patient Relationship, and Patient-Centered Care. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):38 – 39.
  49.  13
    Janet L. Brody, John P. Cluck & Alfredo S. Aragon (1997). Participants' Understanding of the Process of Psychological Research: Informed Consent. Ethics and Behavior 7 (4):285 – 298.
    Sixty-five undergraduates participating in a wide range of psychological research experiments were interviewed in depth about their research experiences and their views on the process of informed consent. Overall, 32% of research experiences were characterized positively and 41 % were characterized negatively. One major theme of the negative experiences was that experiments were perceived as too invasive, suggesting incomplete explication of negative aspects of research during the informed consent process. Informed consent experiences were viewed positively 80% of the time. However, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  50.  36
    Baruch A. Brody (1979). Intuitions and Objective Moral Knowledge. The Monist 62 (4):446-456.
1 — 50 / 1000