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Profile: Justin Smith (Eastern University)
  1. Ohad Nachtomy & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) (2014). The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy. Oup Usa.
    This volume explores the intersection between early modern philosophy and the life sciences by presenting the contributions of important but often neglected figures such as Cudworth, Grew, Glisson, Hieronymus Fabricius, Stahl, Gallego, Hartsoeker, and More, as well as familiar figures such as Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Malebranche, and Kant.
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  2. Justin E. H. Smith (2014). Natives, Nature, and Natural Slavery. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 35 (1-2):81-100.
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  3. Mogens Laerke, Justin E. H. Smith & Eric Schliesser (eds.) (2013). Philosophy and Its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy. OUP USA.
    This volume collects contributions from leading scholars of early modern philosophy from a wide variety of philosophical and geographic backgrounds. The distinguished contributors offer very different, competing approaches to the history of philosophy.
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  4. Justin E. H. Smith (2013). Reply to Sarah Tietz. The Leibniz Review 23:129-131.
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  5. Justin E. H. Smith (2012). “Curious Kinks of the Human Mind”: Cognition, Natural History, and the Concept of Race. Perspectives on Science 20 (4):504-529.
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  6. Justin E. H. Smith (2012). Diet, Embodiment, and Virtue in the Mechanical Philosophy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):338-348.
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  7. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Abbreviations. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  8. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Appendix 1. Directions Pertaining to the Institution of Medicine. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 275-287.
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  9. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Appendix 4. On Writing the New Elements of Medicine. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 297-302.
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  10. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Appendix 5. On Botanical Method. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 303-310.
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  11. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Appendix 2. The Animal Machine. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 288-289.
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  12. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Appendix 3. The Human Body, Like That of Any Animal, is a Sort of Machine. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 290-296.
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  13. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Bibliography. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 357-374.
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  14. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Contents. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  15. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Chapter Four. Organic Bodies, Part II: Context and Legacy. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 137-162.
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  16. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Chapter Five. The Divine Preformation Of Organic Bodies. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 165-196.
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  17. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Chapter One. “Que Les Philosophes Medicinassent. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 25-58.
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  18. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Chapter Six. Games of Nature, the Emergence of Organic Form, and the Problem of Spontaneity. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 197-232.
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  19. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Chapter Seven. The Nature And Boundaries Of Biological Species. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 235-274.
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  20. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Chapter Three. Organic Bodies, Part I. Nature and Structure. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 97-136.
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  21. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Chapter Two. The “Hydraulico-Pneumaticopyrotechnical Machine of Quasi-Perpetual Motion. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 59-94.
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  22. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Daniel Garber . Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad . New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Pp. Xxii+428. $55.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):153-157.
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  23. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  24. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Introduction. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 1-22.
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  25. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Index. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 375-380.
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  26. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Machines, Souls, and Vital Principles. In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oup Oxford.
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  27. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Notes. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. 311-356.
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  28. Justin E. H. Smith (2011). Preface. In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  29. Justin E. H. Smith (2010). Leibniz, le Vivant Et L'Organisme. The Leibniz Review 20:85-96.
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  30. Justin E. H. Smith (2010). Leibniz Und Das Judentum. Studia Leibnitiana Sonderhefte. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):344 – 347.
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  31. Justin E. H. Smith (2009). “The Unity of the Generative Power”: Modern Taxonomy and the Problem of Animal Generation. Perspectives on Science 17 (1):pp. 78-104.
    Much recent scholarly treatment of the theoretical and practical underpinnings of biological taxonomy from the 16 th to the 18 th centuries has failed to adequately consider the importance of the mode of generation of some living entity in the determination of its species membership, as well as in the determination of the ontological profile of the species itself. In this article, I show how a unique set of considerations was brought to bear in the classification of creatures whose species (...)
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  32. Justin E. H. Smith (2008). Leibniz and the Natural World : Activity, Passivity and Corporeal Substances in Leibniz's Philosophy. [REVIEW] The Leibniz Review:73-84.
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  33. Justin E. H. Smith (2008). Language, Bipedalism and the Mind–Body Problem in Edward Tyson's Orang‐Outang (1699). Intellectual History Review 17 (3):291-304.
    (2007). Language, Bipedalism and the Mind–Body Problem in Edward Tyson’s Orang‐Outang (1699) Intellectual History Review: Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 291-304.
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  34. Justin E. H. Smith (2007). La Génération Spontanée Et le Problème de la Reproduction des Espèces Avant Et Après Descartes. Philosophiques 34 (2):273-294.
    Dans cet article je mets en évidence quelques problèmes conceptuels importants posés par le prétendu phénomène de la génération spontanée, en montrant comment ils étaient liés historiquement à la question théorique des origines et de l’ontologie des espèces biologiques. Au XVIe et XVIIe siècle tout particulièrement, la possibilité que des formes organiques soient générées dans la matière inorganique supposait la possibilité que le hasard gouverne non seulement l’apparition d’une anguille ou d’une souris, mais qu’il gouverne l’apparition originelle de leurs espèces (...)
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  35. Justin E. H. Smith (2007). Leibniz on Spermatozoa and Immortality. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 89 (3):264-282.
    In this article, I consider the significance of the discovery of spermatozoa for Leibniz's deeply held beliefs that (i) no true substance can ever be generated or destroyed, except miraculously; and (ii) that every substance must be perpetually organically embodied. I further consider the way these beliefs are transformed as Leibniz's basic middle-period commitment to corporeal substance gives way (though not entirely) to a metaphysics of monadological immaterialsm. What endures throughout, I show, is the conviction that whatever is real must (...)
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  36. Justin E. H. Smith (2007). The Body-Machine in Leibniz's Early Physiological and Medical Writings: A Selection of Texts with Commentary. The Leibniz Review:141-179.
    Other than the historical writings, the edition of which has yet to begin, Series VIII of the Academy Edition of Leibniz’s writings, presenting his “natural-scientific, medical, and technical” contributions, has been, since the project began in 1923, consistently deemed to be of low priority, and it is only very recently that the project has got fully underway. Coming, as it does, nearer to the end of the edition of the complete works, Series VIII has the advantage of accumulating some of (...)
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  37. Justin E. H. Smith (2007). The Body-Machine in Leibniz's Early Physiological and Medical Writings. The Leibniz Review 17:141-179.
    Other than the historical writings, the edition of which has yet to begin, Series VIII of the Academy Edition of Leibniz’s writings, presenting his “natural-scientific, medical, and technical” contributions, has been, since the project began in 1923, consistently deemed to be of low priority, and it is only very recently that the project has got fully underway. Coming, as it does, nearer to the end of the edition of the complete works, Series VIII has the advantage of accumulating some of (...)
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  38. Justin E. H. Smith (2006). Imagination and the Problem of Heredity in Mechanist Embryology. In The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  39. Justin E. H. Smith (2006). Leibniz and the Natural World. The Leibniz Review 16:73-84.
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  40. Justin E. H. Smith (ed.) (2006). The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines the early modern science of generation, which included the study of animal conception, heredity, and fetal development. Analyzing how it influenced the contemporary treatment of traditional philosophical questions, it also demonstrates how philosophical presuppositions about mechanism, substance, and cause informed the interpretations offered by those conducting empirical research on animal reproduction. Composed of cutting-edge essays written by an international team of leading scholars, the book offers a fresh perspective on some of the basic problems in early modern (...)
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  41. Justin E. H. Smith (2005). Making Sense of the U.S. Prison Industry. Radical Philosophy Review 8 (1):83-96.
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  42. Justin E. H. Smith (2005). The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics. Teaching Philosophy 28 (4):391-394.
  43. Justin E. H. Smith (2004). Beyond Philosophy: Ethics, History, Marxism, and Liberation Theology. [REVIEW] Teaching Philosophy 27 (4):398-401.
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  44. Justin E. H. Smith (2004). Beyond Philosophy. Teaching Philosophy 27 (4):398-401.
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  45. Justin E. H. Smith (2003). Confused Perception and Corporeal Substance in Leibniz. The Leibniz Review 13:45-64.
    I argue against the view that Leibniz’s construction of reality out of perceiving substances must be seen as the first of the modern idealist philosophies. I locate this central feature of Leibniz’s thought instead in a decidedly premodern tradition. This tradition sees bodiliness as a consequence of the confused perception of finite substances, and equates God’s uniquely disembodied being with his maximally distinct perceptions. But unlike modern idealism, the premodern view takes confusion as the very feature of any created substance (...)
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