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  1. Olena Vynoslavska, Joseph A. McKinney, Carlos W. Moore & Justin G. Longenecker (2005). Transition Ethics: A Comparison of Ukrainian and United States Business Professionals. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 61 (3):283 - 299.
    This article compares the ethical attitudes of Ukrainian business professionals with those of United States business professionals. A widely used survey instrument consisting of 16 hypothetical situations involving ethical dilemmas was employed to gather information on ethical attitudes in the two countries. On 13 of 16 vignettes, Ukrainian respondents demonstrated less stringent ethical attitudes than did their United States counterparts. Possible reasons for these differences are discussed, with primary emphasis on the transition from one economic system to another that is (...)
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  2. William A. Weeks, Justin G. Longenecker, Joseph A. McKinney & Carlos W. Moore (2005). The Role of Mere Exposure Effect on Ethical Tolerance: A Two-Study Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):281 - 294.
    This paper reports on the results from two studies that were conducted eight years apart with different respondents. The studies examined the role of the Mere Exposure Effect on ethical tolerance or acceptability of particular business decisions. The results from Study 1 show there is a significant difference in ethical judgment for 12 out of 16 vignettes between those who have been exposed to such situations compared to those who have not been exposed to them. In those 12 situations, those (...)
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  3. Justin G. Longenecker, Joseph A. McKinney & Carlos W. Moore (2004). Religious Intensity, Evangelical Christianity, and Business Ethics: An Empirical Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 55 (4):373 - 386.
    Research on the relationship between religious commitment and business ethics has produced widely varying results and made the impact of such commitment unclear. This study presents an empirical investigation based on a questionnaire survey of business managers and professionals in the United States yielding a database of 1234 respondents. Respondents evaluated the ethical acceptability of 16 business decisions. Findings varied with the way in which the religion variable was measured. Little relationship between religious commitment and ethical judgment was found when (...)
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  4. William A. Weeks, Carlos W. Moore, Joseph A. McKinney & Justin G. Longenecker (1999). The Effects of Gender and Career Stage on Ethical Judgment. Journal of Business Ethics 20 (4):301 - 313.
    This article reports the findings of a survey examining if there are gender and career stage differences between male and female practitioners regarding ethical judgment. The results show that, on average, females adopted a more strict ethical stance than their male counterparts on 7 out of 19 vignettes. Males on the other hand, demonstrated a more ethical stance than their female counterparts on 2 out of 19 vignettes. The results furthermore indicate there is a significant difference in ethical judgment across (...)
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  5. Justin G. Longenecker, Joseph A. McKinney & Carlos W. Moore (1989). Do Smaller Firms Have Higher Ethics? Business and Society Review 71:19-21.
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  6. Justin G. Longenecker, Joseph A. McKinney & Carlos W. Moore (1988). The Ethical Issue of International Bribery: A Study of Attitudes Among U.S. Business Professionals. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (5):341 - 346.
    Restrictions upon international bribery by U.S. business firms, as incorporated in the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, have been controversial since this legislation was passed in 1977. Despite many attempts to repeal or change the law, it remains as originally enacted.This article reports on a survey of U.S. business professionals concerning international bribery. Response to our survey reveals a divided business community in terms of their opinions on the ethics of international payments prohibited by the present law.
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  7. John A. Wood, Justin G. Longenecker, Joseph A. McKinney & Carlos W. Moore (1988). Ethical Attitudes of Students and Business Professionals: A Study of Moral Reasoning. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (4):249 - 257.
    A questionnaire on business ethics was administered to business professionals and to upper-class business ethics students. On eight of the seventeen situations involving ethical dilemmas in business, students were significantly more willing to engage in questionable behavior than were their professional counterparts. Apparently, many students were willing to do whatever was necessary to further their own interests, with little or no regard for fundamental moral principles. Many students and professionals functioned within Lawrence Kohlberg's stage four of moral reasoning, the law (...)
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  8. Justin G. Longenecker (1985). Management Priorities and Management Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 4 (1):65 - 70.
    The management process affects the level of ethical performance in organizational life. As one part of this process, managers establish priorities which give direction to an organization. In business firms, management typically stresses the attainment of profits and other related economic and technical factors. Since little explicit recognition is given to ethics, the resulting climate makes it easy to ignore ethical factors. Changing this situation by making ethics a significant part of the corporate culture is difficult and requires a combination (...)
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