Search results for 'Justin Knight' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  16
    Gene A. Brewer, Justin Knight, J. Thadeus Meeks & Richard L. Marsh (2011). On the Role of Imagery in Event-Based Prospective Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):901-907.
    The role of imagery in encoding event-based prospective memories has yet to be fully clarified. Herein, it is argued that imagery augments a cue-to-context association that supports event-based prospective memory performance. By this account, imagery encoding not only improves prospective memory performance but also reduces interference to intention-related information that occurs outside of context. In the current study, when lure words occurred outside of the appropriate responding context, the use of imagery encoding strategies resulted in less interference when compared with (...)
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  2.  7
    Nicola Knight, Paulo Sousa, Justin L. Barrett & Scott Atran (2004). Children's Attributions of Beliefs to Humans and God: Cross‐Cultural Evidence. Cognitive Science 28 (1):117-126.
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  3.  41
    Emma Cohen, Emily Burdett, Nicola Knight & Justin Barrett (2011). Cross-Cultural Similarities and Differences in Person-Body Reasoning: Experimental Evidence From the United Kingdom and Brazilian Amazon. Cognitive Science 35 (7):1282-1304.
    We report the results of a cross-cultural investigation of person-body reasoning in the United Kingdom and northern Brazilian Amazon (Marajó Island). The study provides evidence that directly bears upon divergent theoretical claims in cognitive psychology and anthropology, respectively, on the cognitive origins and cross-cultural incidence of mind-body dualism. In a novel reasoning task, we found that participants across the two sample populations parsed a wide range of capacities similarly in terms of the capacities’ perceived anchoring to bodily function. Patterns of (...)
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  4.  12
    J. Thadeus Meeks, Justin B. Knight, Gene A. Brewer, Gabriel I. Cook & Richard L. Marsh (2014). Investigating the Subjective Reports of Rejection Processes in the Word Frequency Mirror Effect. Consciousness and Cognition 24:57-69.
  5. R. G. Justin (2000). Compassionate Physicians-Renate G. Justin Replies. Hastings Center Report 30 (6):4-4.
     
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  6. Irenaeus Justin (2009). Early Christian Philosophers: Justin, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian Eric Osborn1. In Graham Robert Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), The History of Western Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press 3--187.
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  7. Frank H. Knight (1946). By Frank H. Knight. Ethics 57:199.
     
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  8. William Angus Knight, Jan Pieter N. Land & Allan Menzies (1882). Spinoza; 4 Essays, by Land [and Others, Tr. By A. Menzies and Others] Ed. By Prof. Knight.
     
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  9.  35
    Kelvin Knight (2007). Aristotelian Philosophy: Ethics and Politics From Aristotle to Macintyre. Polity.
    Aristotle is the most influential philosopher of practice, and Knight's new book explores the continuing importance of Aristotelian philosophy. First, it examines the theoretical bases of what Aristotle said about ethical, political and productive activity. It then traces ideas of practice through such figures as St Paul, Luther, Hegel, Heidegger and recent Aristotelian philosophers, and evaluates Alasdair MacIntyre's contribution. Knight argues that, whereas Aristotle's own thought legitimated oppression, MacIntyre's revision of Aristotelianism separates ethical excellence from social elitism and (...)
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  10. Paul Blackledge & Kelvin Knight (eds.) (2011). Virtue and Politics: Alasdair Macintyre's Revolutionary Aristotelianism. University of Notre Dame Press.
    The essays in this collection explore the implications of Alasdair MacIntyre's critique of liberalism, capitalism, and the modern state, his early Marxism, and the complex influences of Marxist ideas on his thought. A central idea is that MacIntyre's political and social theory is a form of revolutionary--not reactionary--Aristotelianism. The contributors aim, in varying degrees, both to engage with the theoretical issues of MacIntyre's critique and to extend and deepen his insights. The book features a new introductory essay by MacIntyre, "How (...)
     
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  11.  24
    Kevin M. Knight (2003). Two Information Measures for Inconsistent Sets. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (2):227-248.
    I present two measures of information for both consistentand inconsistent sets of sentences in a finite language ofpropositional logic. The measures of information are based onmeasures of inconsistency developed in Knight (2002).Relative information measures are then provided corresponding to thetwo information measures.
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  12.  9
    David Knight (2012). Sundry Times and Sundry Places. Metascience 21 (3):737-739.
    Sundry times and sundry places Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9670-5 Authors David Knight, Philosophy Department, Durham University, 50, Old Elvet, Durham, DH1 3HN UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  13.  2
    Nick Knight (1996). Li Da and Marxist Philosophy in China. Westview Press.
    Li Da (1890–1966) was one of China’s most important Marxist intellectuals and a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party. He played a major role in the introduction of Marxist philosophy and theory to China and in its dissemination among Chinese revolutionaries. His works are now regarded in China as classics of Marxist philosophy, and he is numbered among the ten most influential Chinese intellectuals of this century. Yet, almost nothing has been written about Li Da in English.In this seminal (...)
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  14. H. Barker, F. C. S. Schiller, Stanley V. Keeling, A. C. Ewing, E. J. Thomas, Helen Knight & O. de Selincourt (1928). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 37 (146):239-251.
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  15. Julia F. Knight (1994). Nonarithmetical ℵ0-Categorical Theories with Recursive Models. Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (1):106 - 112.
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  16. Julia F. Knight (1977). A Complete Lω 1ω-Sentence Characterizing ℵ. Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (1):59 - 62.
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  17.  6
    Frank Knight (1921). Risk, Uncertainty and Profit. University of Chicago Press.
    Role of the entrepreneur in a distinct role of profit.
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  18.  60
    Karola Stotz, Paul E. Griffiths & Rob Knight (2004). How Biologists Conceptualize Genes: An Empirical Study. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (4):647-673.
    Philosophers and historians of biology have argued that genes are conceptualized differently in different fields of biology and that these differences influence both the conduct of research and the interpretation of research by audiences outside the field in which the research was conducted. In this paper we report the results of a questionnaire study of how genes are conceptualized by biological scientists at the University of Sydney, Australia. The results provide tentative support for some hypotheses about conceptual differences between different (...)
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  19. Julia F. Knight (1976). Hanf Numbers for Omitting Types Over Particular Theories. Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (3):583-588.
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  20. Paul E. Griffiths & Robin D. Knight (1998). What is the Developmentalist Challenge? Philosophy of Science 65 (2):253-258.
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  21. Andrew Knight (2011). The Costs and Benefits of Animal Experiments. Palgrave Macmillan.
  22. Carl Knight (2005). In Defence of Luck Egalitarianism. Res Publica 11 (1):1-10.
    This paper considers issues raised by Elizabeth Anderson's recent critique of the position she terms luck egalitarianism. It is maintained that luck egalitarianism, once clarified and elaborated in certain regards, remains the strongest egalitarian stance. Anderson's arguments that luck egalitarians abandon both the negligent and prudent dependent caretakers fails to account for the moderate positions open to luck egalitarians and overemphasizes their commitment to unregulated market choices. The claim that luck egalitarianism insults citizens by redistributing on the grounds of paternalistic (...)
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  23. Jack Knight & James Johnson (1994). Aggregation and Deliberation: On the Possibility of Democratic Legitimacy. Political Theory 22 (2):277-296.
  24. J. W. Scott, E. M. Whetnall, H. R. Mackintosh, John Laird, T. Whittaker, James Drever, C. A. Mace, E. S. Waterhouse, Helen Knight & L. Roth (1928). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 37 (145):106-124.
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  25.  91
    T. E. Jessop, H. F. Hallett, Michael B. Foster, F. C. S. Schiller, James Drever, H. R. Mackintosh, Rex Knight, S. V. Keeling & E. J. Thomas (1930). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 39 (153):101-120.
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  26. Carl Knight (2009). Egalitarian Justice and Valuational Judgment. Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (4):482-498.
    Contemporary discussions of egalitarian justice have often focused on the issue of expensive taste. G.A. Cohen has recently abandoned the view that all chosen disadvantages are non-compensable, now maintaining that chosen expensive judgmental tastes—those endorsed by valuational judgment—are compensable as it is unreasonable to expect persons not to develop them. But chosen expensive brute taste—the main type of non-compensable expensive taste on the new scheme—cannot be described in such a way that there is a normative difference between it and chosen (...)
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  27. Julia F. Knight & Michael Stob (2000). Computable Boolean Algebras. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (4):1605-1623.
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  28.  26
    Kathy Knight (1988). Cultural Roots of a Peace Paradigm. The Personalist Forum 4 (1):13-26.
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  29. Deborah Knight (1999). Why We Enjoy Condemning Sentimentality: A Meta-Aesthetic Perspective. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 57 (4):411-420.
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  30. Carl Knight (2009). Describing Equality. Law and Philosophy 28 (4):327 - 365.
    This articles proposes that theories and principles of distributive justice be considered substantively egalitarian iff they satisfy each of three conditions: (1) they consider the bare fact that a person is in certain circumstances to be a conclusive reason for placing another relevantly identically entitled person in the same circumstances, except where this conflicts with other similarly conclusive reasons arising from the circumstances of other persons; (2) they can be stated as 'equality of x for all persons', making no explicit (...)
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  31.  53
    Julia F. Knight (1988). Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic: San Antonio, 1987. Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (3):1000-1006.
  32. M. A., P. Leon, H. B. Acton, W. G. de Burgh, F. R. Tennant, H. R. Mackintosh, A. S., J. Wisdom, Rex Knight, F. C. S. Schiller, T. E. Jessop & J. S. Mackenzie (1934). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 43 (170):238-265.
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  33.  63
    Rob Knight (2007). Reports of the Death of the Gene Are Greatly Exaggerated. Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):293-306.
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  34. Jack Knight & James Johnson (1996). Political Consequences of Pragmatism. Political Theory 24 (1):68-96.
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  35. David Knight (2000). Higher Pantheism. Zygon 35 (3):603-612.
    Romantic sensibility and political necessity led Humphry Davy, Britain's most prominent scientist in the first quarter of the nineteenth century, to pantheism: nature worship, involving for him a fervent belief in the immortality of the soul. Rapt with a vision of sublimity, from mountain tops or balloons, men of science in succeeding generations also found in pantheism a reason for their vocation and a way of making sense of their world. It should be seen as an alternative both to active (...)
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  36.  43
    Helen Knight (1928). Notes. Mind 37 (147):391-392.
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  37.  73
    Carl Knight (2006). The Metaphysical Case for Luck Egalitarianism. Social Theory and Practice 32 (2):173-189.
    Some critics of luck egalitarianism have suggested that its reference to responsibility leaves it either assuming metaphysical libertarianism or (in the inevitable absence of a resolution of the free will problem) practically impotent. This paper argues that luck egalitarianism need not fall into either trap. It may in fact be sensitive to the possibility that libertarianism is false, and would not be undermined were this the case. Here luck egalitarianism actually fares better than outcome egalitarianism, which assumes, in just the (...)
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  38. Owen Holland, Rob Knight & Richard Newcombe (2007). The Role of the Self Process in Embodied Machine Consciousness. In Antonio Chella & Riccardo Manzotti (eds.), Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic 156-173.
  39.  39
    Kevin Knight (2002). Measuring Inconsistency. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (1):77-98.
    I provide a method of measuring the inconsistency of a set of sentences from 1-consistency, corresponding to complete consistency, to 0-consistency, corresponding to the explicit presence of a contradiction. Using this notion to analyze the lottery paradox, one can see that the set of sentences capturing the paradox has a high degree of consistency (assuming, of course, a sufficiently large lottery). The measure of consistency, however, is not limited to paradoxes. I also provide results for general sets of sentences.
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  40.  9
    Andrew Knight (2008). The Beginning of the End for Chimpanzee Experiments? Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 (1):16-.
    The advanced sensory, psychological and social abilities of chimpanzees confer upon them a profound ability to suffer when born into unnatural captive environments, or captured from the wild – as many older research chimpanzees once were – and when subsequently subjected to confinement, social disruption, and involuntary participation in potentially harmful biomedical research. Justifications for such research depend primarily on the important contributions advocates claim it has made toward medical advancements. However, a recent large-scale systematic review indicates that invasive chimpanzee (...)
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  41.  14
    B. Knight (1990). Medicine and the Law. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (3):163-164.
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  42.  36
    E. J. Furlong, Helen Knight, H. B. Acton & Arthur T. Shillinglaw (1938). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 47 (186):259-270.
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  43.  9
    Rodney G. Downey, Sergei S. Goncharov, Asher M. Kach, Julia F. Knight, Oleg V. Kudinov, Alexander G. Melnikov & Daniel Turetsky (2010). Decidability and Computability of Certain Torsion-Free Abelian Groups. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (1):85-96.
    We study completely decomposable torsion-free abelian groups of the form $\mathcal{G}_S := \oplus_{n \in S} \mathbb{Q}_{p_n}$ for sets $S \subseteq \omega$. We show that $\mathcal{G}_S$has a decidable copy if and only if S is $\Sigma^0_2$and has a computable copy if and only if S is $\Sigma^0_3$.
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  44.  7
    Julia F. Knight (1986). Degrees Coded in Jumps of Orderings. Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (4):1034-1042.
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  45.  13
    Chris Knight (2007). Language Co-Evolved with the Rule of Law. Mind and Society 7 (1):109-128.
    Many scholars assume a connection between the evolution of language and that of distinctively human group-level morality. Unfortunately, such thinkers frequently downplay a central implication of modern Darwinian theory, which precludes the possibility of innate psychological mechanisms evolving to benefit the group at the expense of the individual. Group level moral regulation is indeed central to public life in all known human communities. The production of speech acts would be impossible without this. The challenge, therefore, is to explain on a (...)
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  46. Robert T. Knight & M. Grabowecky (1995). Escape From Linear Time: Prefrontal Cortex and Conscious Experience. In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press
  47.  4
    David C. Knight, Hanh T. Nguyen & Peter A. Bandettini (2006). The Role of Awareness in Delay and Trace Fear Conditioning in Humans. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 6 (2):157-162.
  48.  79
    Carl Knight (2006). The Method of Reflective Equilibrium: Wide, Radical, Fallible, Plausible. Philosophical Papers 35 (2):205-229.
    This article argues that, suitably modified, the method of reflective equilibrium is a plausible way of selecting moral principles. The appropriate conception of the method is wide and radical, admitting consideration of a full range of moral principles and arguments, and requiring the enquiring individual to consider others' views and undergo experiences that may offset any formative biases. The individual is not bound by his initial considered judgments, and may revise his view in any way whatsoever. It is appropriate to (...)
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  49.  11
    P. D'Aquino, J. F. Knight & S. Starchenko (2010). Real Closed Fields and Models of Peano Arithmetic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (1):1-11.
    Shepherdson [14] showed that for a discrete ordered ring I, I is a model of IOpen iff I is an integer part of a real closed ordered field. In this paper, we consider integer parts satisfying PA. We show that if a real closed ordered field R has an integer part I that is a nonstandard model of PA (or even IΣ₄), then R must be recursively saturated. In particular, the real closure of I, RC (I), is recursively saturated. We (...)
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  50.  7
    C. J. Ash & J. F. Knight (1994). Mixed Systems. Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (4):1383-1399.
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