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Profile: Justin Leiber (Florida State University)
  1. Justin Leiber, Fritz Leiber.
               “I’ve written a story!†My eighty year old father’s rich, booming voice fired up the phone line, briefly burning through the fuzzy enunciation that stemmed from a minor stroke of three years back. It hadn’t been the stroke but rather his growing blindness that had slowed his production. Through dictation he’d still kept up his short monthly magazine column (in one of the last and most gravely scatological of these (...)
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  2. Justin Leiber, Fritz Leiber and Eyes.
    I was first struck by the influence of Fritz’ writing on himself in the summer of 1968. My wife Leslie and I were living in Buffalo. I hadn’t seen my father in a couple of years. Fritz was driving in from Los Angeles to do a science fiction workshop at Clarion College in nearby Pennsylvania. We were to see him at Clarion and then he was to visit us in Buffalo. I had just finished reading Fritz’ A Specter Is Haunting (...)
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  3. Justin Leiber, Russell and Wittgenstein: A Study in Civility and Arrogance.
    In 1956, when I was a callow sixteen-year-old sophomore early entrant to the University of Chicago, I read my first twentieth century philosophical book, A. J. Ayer’s Language, Truth, and Logic. While I had already gorged on the Russian novelists, read through the then obligatory Hemingway and Faulkner, consumed Freud and a raft of popular sociologists, and managed to get myself expelled from my tenth grade social science class for issuing disparaging quotes from Marx and Schopenhauer, I was only then (...)
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  4. Justin Leiber, Alan Mathison Turing: The Maker of Our Age.
    In his short life, Alan Turing (1912-1954) made foundational contributions to philosophy, mathematics, biology, artificial intelligence, and computer science. He, as much as anyone, invented the digital electronic computer. From September, 1939 much of his work on computation was war-driven and brutally practical. He developed high speed computing devices needed to decipher German Enigma Machine messages to and from U-boats, countering the most serious threat by far to Britain's survival during World War Two. Yet few people have an image of (...)
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  5. Justin Leiber, Alan Turing.
    In his short life, Alan Turing (1912-1954) made foundational contributions to philosophy, mathematics, biology, artificial intelligence, and computer science. He, as much as anyone, invented and showed how to program the digital electronic computer. From September, 1939, his work on computation was war-driven and brutally practical. He developed high speed computing devices needed to decipher German Enigma Machine messages to and from U-boats, countering the most serious threat by far to Britain..
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  6. Justin Leiber, Democritus (460-370 Bce.).
    Democritus was born at Abdera, about 460 BCE, although according to some 490. His father was from a noble family and of great wealth, and contributed largely towards the entertainment of the army of Xerxes on his return to Asia. As a reward for this service the Persian monarch gave and other Abderites presents and left among them several Magi. Democritus, according to Diogenes Laertius, was instructed by these Magi in astronomy and theology. After the death of his father he (...)
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  7. Justin Leiber, John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873).
    "Born in London in 1806, son of James Mill , philosopher, economist and senior official in the East India Company. Mill gave a vivid and moving account of his life, and especially of his extraordinary education, in the..
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  8. Justin Leiber, On What Sort of Speech Act Wittgenstein's Investigations is and Why It Matters (the Philosophical Forum , XXVIII, No. 3, 1997.
    Philosophers concerned with speech acts, or Wittgenstein's uses of language , mostly fix their attention on actions done by issuing just a phrase or short sentence (in the appropriate circumstances with the proper qualifications, feeling, intent, uptake, etc.). "Five red apples" is Wittgenstein's paradigm example in his Philosophical Investigations . "There's a bittern at the bottom of your garden" plays a similar role in J. L. Austin's most central and ambitious essay, "Other Minds." Indeed, as Wittgenstein points out, a single (...)
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  9. Justin Leiber (2011). Descartes: The Smear and Related Misconstruals. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):365-376.
    In part because he is known through his Meditations, a short pamphlet he wrote, rightly in fear, to conciliate (unsuccessfully) with the church, and because his rationalism is misconstrued when interpreted empirically, Descartes is subject to a variety of misunderstandings. It does not help that he is dogged by a canard invented in the late 1600s and revived by the animal rights movement, a canard that was designed to denigrate the then burgeoning mechanistic new science, discovered cruelly cutting up living (...)
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  10. Justin Leiber (2008). The First Social Psychologist. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 38 (4):489-493.
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  11. Justin Leiber (2008). The Wiles of Evolutionary Psychology and the Indeterminacy of Selection. Philosophical Forum 39 (1):53–72.
  12. Justin Leiber (2006). Instinctive Incest Avoidance: A Paradigm Case for Evolutionary Psychology Evaporates. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (4):369–388.
  13. Justin Leiber (2006). Turing's Golden: How Well Turing's Work Stands Today. Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):13-46.
    A. M. Turing has bequeathed us a conceptulary including 'Turing, or Turing-Church, thesis', 'Turing machine', 'universal Turing machine', 'Turing test' and 'Turing structures', plus other unnamed achievements. These include a proof that any formal language adequate to express arithmetic contains undecidable formulas, as well as achievements in computer science, artificial intelligence, mathematics, biology, and cognitive science. Here it is argued that these achievements hang together and have prospered well in the 50 years since Turing's death.
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  14. Justin Leiber (2005). Dickins, Cosmides, Reasoning, Modularity, and Wason's Task. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 35 (3):341–349.
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  15. Justin Leiber (2002). Philosophy, Engineering, Biology, and History: A Vindication of Turing's Views About the Distinction Between the Cognitive and Physical Sciences. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 14 (1):29-37.
    Alan Turing draws a firm line between the mental and the physical, between the cognitive and physical sciences. For Turing, following a tradition that went back to D=Arcy Thompson, if not Geoffroy and Lucretius, throws talk of function, intentionality, and final causes from biology as a physical science. He likens Amother nature@ to the earnest A. I. scientist, who may send to school disparate versions of the Achild machine,@ eventually hoping for a test-passer but knowing that the vagaries of his (...)
     
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  16. Justin Leiber (2001). Turing and the Fragility and Insubstantiality of Evolutionary Explanations: A Puzzle About the Unity of Alan Turing's Work with Some Larger Implications. Philosophical Psychology 14 (1):83-94.
    As is well known, Alan Turing drew a line, embodied in the "Turing test," between intellectual and physical abilities, and hence between cognitive and natural sciences. Less familiarly, he proposed that one way to produce a "passer" would be to educate a "child machine," equating the experimenter's improvements in the initial structure of the child machine with genetic mutations, while supposing that the experimenter might achieve improvements more expeditiously than natural selection. On the other hand, in his foundational "On the (...)
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  17. Justin Leiber, Valdir Ramalho & Edward Slowik (2001). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 28 (1-4):563-576.
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  18. Justin Leiber (2000). Sherman Wilcox, Ed., Evolution of Communication, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1997 (Semiannual, to Become Quarterly. Minds and Machines 10 (1):161-165.
  19. Justin Leiber (1999). George Graham, Philosophy of Mind: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 9 (2):293-295.
  20. Justin Leiber (1999). James H. Fetzer, Philosophy and Cognitive Science, Second Edition: Revised and Expanded, Paragon Issues in Philosophy. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 9 (3):435-437.
  21. Justin Leiber (1999). Language Without Linguistics. Synthese 120 (2):193-211.
    Though Mr. Lin purports to attack “Chomsky's view of language” and to defend the “common sense view of language”, he in fact attacks “views” that are basic and common to linguists, psycholinguists, and developmental psychologists. Indeed, though he cites W. V. O. Quine, L. Wittgenstein, and J. L. Austin in his support, they all sharply part company from his views, Austin particularly. Lin's views are not common sense but a set of scholarly and philological prejudices that linguistics disparaged from its (...)
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  22. Justin Leiber (1999). Language Without Linguistics, or Badly Reinventing Oxford Ordinary Language Philosophy. Synthese 120 (2):193 - 211.
    Though Mr. Lin purports to attack "Chomsky's view of language" and to defend the "common sense view of language", he in fact attacks "views" that are basic and common to linguists, psycholinguists, and developmental psychologists. Indeed, though he cites W. V. O. Quine, L. Wittgenstein, and J. L. Austin in his support, they all sharply part company from his views, Austin particularly. Lin's views are not common sense but a set of scholarly and philological prejudices that linguistics disparaged from its (...)
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  23. Justin Leiber (1998). Faculty Before Folk. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):579-580.
    Pace Atran, (1) folk physics, (2) folk biology, and (3) folk psychology rest on informationally encapsulated modules that emerge before language: a gifted austic person who can see objects and animals perfectly well can nonetheless be incommunicatively mind blind.
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  24. Justin Leiber (1997). Book Review. [REVIEW] Philosophia 25 (1-4):467-471.
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  25. Justin Leiber (1997). Comments on Dr. Douglas Porpora's "the Caterpillar's Question: Contesting Anti-Human's Questions". Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 27 (2&3):363–367.
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  26. Justin Leiber (1997). Comments on Robert M. Farr, "the Significance of the Skin as a Natural Boundary in the Sub-Division of Psychology.". Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 27 (2&3):369–372.
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  27. Justin Leiber (1997). Nature's Experiments, Society's Closures. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 27 (2&3):325–343.
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  28. Justin Leiber (1997). On What Sort of Speech Act Wittgenstein's Investigations is and Why It Matters. Philosophical Forum 28 (3):232-267.
     
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  29. Justin Leiber (1997). Psychology Without Brains. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):366-367.
    Rachlin's is a dubious melange. Of Aristotle's four basic the scientists and philosophers of the modern era expelled the last, or teleology, from science. Adaptionist evolutionary biologists now sometimes sanction talk of the function or purpose of organisms' structures and behavioral repertoires as a first step because they believe evolution through natural selection makes natural organisms look asif they are purposively designed. But, as Aristotle himself insisted, humans are as much artificial as natural and so teleology is much less appropriate. (...)
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  30. Justin Leiber (1996). Helen Keller as Cognitive Scientist. Philosophical Psychology 9 (4):419 – 440.
    Nature's experiments in isolation—the wild boy of Aveyron, Genie, their name is hardly legion—are by their nature illusive. Helen Keller, blind and deaf from her 18th month and isolated from language until well into her sixth year, presents a unique case in that every stage in her development was carefully recorded and she herself, graduate of Radcliffe College and author of 14 books, gave several careful and insightful accounts of her linguistic development and her cognitive and sensory situation. Perhaps (...)
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  31. Justin Leiber, Robert M. French, John A. Barnden, Syed S. Ali, Richard Wyatt, Timothy R. Colburn, Brian Harvey, Norman R. Gall, Susan G. Josephson, Francesco Orilia & Achille C. Varzi (1996). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 6 (1):89-129.
  32. Paul Sheldon Davies, David C. Graves, Justin Leiber & Anat Matar (1995). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 24 (3-4):531-558.
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  33. Justin Leiber (1995). Coming of Age in Olduvai and the Zaire Rain Forest. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):196.
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  34. Justin Leiber (1995). On Turing's Turing Test and Why the Matter Matters. Synthese 104 (1):59-69.
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  35. Eric A. Weiss, Justin Leiber, Judith Felson Duchan, Mallory Selfridge, Eric Dietrich, Peter A. Facione, Timothy Joseph Day, Johan M. Lammens, Andrew Feenberg, Deborah G. Johnson, Daniel S. Levine & Ted A. Warfield (1995). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 5 (1):109-155.
  36. Justin Leiber (1993). Paradoxes. Distributed in Usa by Focus Information Group.
  37. Justin Leiber (1993). What's Biological About the Continuity? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):654.
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  38. Justin Leiber (1992). The Light Bulb and the Turing-Tested Machine. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 22 (1):25–39.
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  39. Justin Leiber (1991). An Invitation To Cognitive Science. Cambridge: Blackwell.
  40. Justin Leiber (1989). Re(Ad) Me; Re(Ad) Myself. Philosophy and Literature 13 (1):134-139.
    I write, as Robert Graves put it in his Oxford poetry lectures, both matador and judge, both as a novelist and as philosopher and literary theorist. Considering the present aggressive stance of literary theorists, detonating, denuding, and deconstructing the humble scrivener's offerings as if works of fiction were the shoulders of midgets on which the giants of critical theory may grind their jackboots, you will think me rash to confess to the jejune offense of novel writing, but I mean not (...)
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  41. Justin Leiber (1989). Shanon on the Turing Test. Journal of Social Behavior 19 (June):257-259.
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  42. Justin Leiber (1989). The Politics of Linguistics. Review of Metaphysics 42 (3):633-634.
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  43. Justin Leiber (1988). “Cartesian” Linguistics? Philosophia 18 (4):309-346.
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  44. Justin Leiber (1987). Knowledge and the Flow of Information. Review of Metaphysics 40 (3):569-570.
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  45. Justin Leiber (1986). Logic as Grammar. Review of Metaphysics 39 (4):772-773.
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  46. Justin Leiber (1986). The Nature of Psychological Explanation. Review of Metaphysics 40 (1):109-110.
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  47. Justin Leiber (1985). Can Animals and Machines Be Persons?: A Dialogue. Hackett Pub. Co..
    COMMISSIONER KLAUS VERSEN: Counselors, I want to remind you both of two matters. First, this commission is not bound by the statutes or legal precedents of ...
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  48. Justin Leiber (1985). The Future Present Tense. Philosophy and Literature 9 (2):203-211.
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  49. Justin Leiber (1983). Semantics and the Social Sciences. Review of Metaphysics 36 (3):723-724.
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  50. Justin Leiber (1983). Why It is Unsurprising That Ape “Language Training” Enhances “Completing Incomplete (External) Representations of Action”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):151.
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