Search results for 'Justus Schonlau' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Richard Bellamy & Justus Schonlau (2004). The Normality of Constitutional Politics: An Analysis of the Drafting of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. Constellations 11 (3):412-433.
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  2.  3
    Richard Bellamy & Justus Schönlau (2005). La normalité de la politique constitutionnelle. Archives de Philosophie du Droit 49:85-108.
    On oppose souvent politique constitutionnelle et politique normale, parce que la première implique des délibérations en matière de principes et débouche sur un consensus normatif, tandis que la seconde se caractérise par un marchandage intéressé et aboutit à un compromis. Nous critiquons cette position pour deux raisons. Nous soutenons d’abord que ce que Rawls a appelé les « fardeaux du jugement » signifie que, même sur les questions de principe, il peut exister quantité de points de vue raisonnables, tous n’étant (...)
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  3.  73
    James Justus (2012). Carnap on Concept Determination: Methodology for Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (2):161-179.
    Abstract Recent criticisms of intuition from experimental philosophy and elsewhere have helped undermine the authority of traditional conceptual analysis. As the product of more empirically informed philosophical methodology, this result is compelling and philosophically salutary. But the negative critiques rarely suggest a positive alternative. In particular, a normative account of concept determination—how concepts should be characterized—is strikingly absent from such work. Carnap's underappreciated theory of explication provides such a theory. Analyses of complex concepts in empirical sciences illustrates and supports this (...)
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  4. Joshua Shepherd & James Justus (2015). X-Phi and Carnapian Explication. Erkenntnis 80 (2):381-402.
    The rise of experimental philosophy has placed metaphilosophical questions, particularly those concerning concepts, at the center of philosophical attention. X-phi offers empirically rigorous methods for identifying conceptual content, but what exactly it contributes towards evaluating conceptual content remains unclear. We show how x-phi complements Rudolf Carnap’s underappreciated methodology for concept determination, explication. This clarifies and extends x-phi’s positive philosophical import, and also exhibits explication’s broad appeal. But there is a potential problem: Carnap’s account of explication was limited to empirical and (...)
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  5. Mark Colyvan, James Justus & Helen M. Regan, The Natural Environment is Valuable but Not Infinitely Valuable.
    It has been argued in the conservation literature that giving conservation absolute priority over competing interests would best protect the environment. Attributing infinite value to the environment or claiming it is ‘priceless’ are two ways of ensuring this priority (e.g. Hargrove 1989; Bulte and van Kooten 2000; Ackerman and Heinzerling 2002; McCauley 2006; Halsing and Moore 2008). But such proposals would paralyse conservation efforts. We describe the serious problems with these proposals and what they mean for practical applications, and we (...)
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  6. Joshua Shepard & James Justus (2014). X-Phi and Carnapian Explication. Erkenntnis 80 (2):381--402.
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  7.  28
    James Justus (2014). Carnap's Forgotten Criterion of Empirical Significance. Mind 123 (490):415-436.
    The waning popularity of logical empiricism and the supposed discovery of insurmountable technical difficulties led most philosophers to abandon the project to formulate a formal criterion of empirical significance. Such a criterion would delineate claims that observation can confirm or disconfirm from those it cannot. Although early criteria were clearly inadequate, criticisms made of later, more sophisticated criteria were often indefensible or easily answered. Most importantly, Carnap’s last criterion was seriously misinterpreted and an amended version of it remains tenable.
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  8.  50
    James Justus (2008). Ecological and Lyapunov Stability. Philosophy of Science 75 (4):421-436.
    Ecologists have proposed several incompatible definitions of ecological stability. Emulating physicists, mathematical ecologists commonly define it as Lyapunov stability. This formalizes the problematic concept by integrating it into a well‐developed mathematical theory. The formalization also seems to capture the intuition that ecological stability depends on how ecological systems respond to perturbation. Despite these advantages, this definition is flawed. Although Lyapunov stability adequately characterizes perturbation responses of many systems studied in physics, it does not for ecological systems. This failure reveals a (...)
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  9.  22
    James Justus (2012). The Elusive Basis of Inferential Robustness. Philosophy of Science 79 (5):795-807.
  10.  37
    James Justus (2006). Loop Analysis and Qualitative Modeling: Limitations and Merits. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):647-666.
    Richard Levins has advocated the scientific merits of qualitative modeling throughout his career. He believed an excessive and uncritical focus on emulating the models used by physicists and maximizing quantitative precision was hindering biological theorizing in particular. Greater emphasis on qualitative properties of modeled systems would help counteract this tendency, and Levins subsequently developed one method of qualitative modeling, loop analysis, to study a wide variety of biological phenomena. Qualitative modeling has been criticized for being conceptually and methodologically problematic. As (...)
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  11.  42
    James Justus (2005). Qualitative Scientific Modeling and Loop Analysis. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1272-1286.
    Loop analysis is a method of qualitative modeling anticipated by Sewall Wright and systematically developed by Richard Levins. In Levins’ (1966) distinctions between modeling strategies, loop analysis sacrifices precision for generality and realism. Besides criticizing the clarity of these distinctions, Orzack and Sober (1993) argued qualitative modeling is conceptually and methodologically problematic. Loop analysis of the stability of ecological communities shows this criticism is unjustified. It presupposes an overly narrow view of qualitative modeling and underestimates the broad role models play (...)
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  12.  48
    James Justus (2011). Evidentiary Inference in Evolutionary Biology. Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):419-437.
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  13.  28
    James Justus (2013). Philosophical Issues in Ecology. In K. Kampourakis (ed.), Philosophy of Biology: A Companion for Educators. Springer 343–371.
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  14.  1
    Timothy Justus & Alexandra List (2005). Auditory Attention to Frequency and Time: An Analogy to Visual Local–Global Stimuli. Cognition 98 (1):31-51.
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  15.  11
    Timothy C. Justus & Jamshed J. Bharucha (2002). Music Perception and Cognition. In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley
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  16.  21
    Sahotra Sarkar & James Justus, The Principle of Complementarity in the Design of Reserve Networks to Conserve Biodiversity: A Preliminary History.
    Explicit, quantitative procedures for identifying biodiversity priority areas are replacing the often ad hoc procedures used in the past to design networks of reserves to conserve biodiversity. This change facilitates more informed choices by policy makers, and thereby makes possible greater satisfaction of conservation goals with increased efficiency. A key feature of these procedures is the use of the principle of complementarity, which ensures that areas chosen for inclusion in a reserve network complement those already selected. This paper sketches the (...)
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  17.  13
    Timothy C. Justus (2001). Developing a Distributed Language Network. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):451-452.
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  18.  14
    James Justus (2011). A Case Study in Concept Determination: Ecological Diversity. In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. North-Holland 11--147.
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  19.  10
    TimothyC Justus (2002). Musical Jabberwocky? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (3):144-145.
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  20.  12
    James Justus (2010). The Diversities of Biodiversity. Metascience 19 (2):247-250.
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  21.  4
    Timothy Justus (2004). Blueprints, Swiss Army Knives, and Other Metaphors. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (5):201-203.
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  22.  20
    James Justus, Effectiveness of Environmental Surrogates for the Selection of Conservation Area Networks.
    ebec and Queensland, we applied four methods to assess the extent to which environmental surrogates can represent biodiversity components: (1) surrogacy graphs; (2) marginal representation plots; (3) Hamming distance function; and (4) Syrjala statistical test for spatial congruence. For Qu´ebec we used 719 faunal and floral species as biodiversity components, and for Queensland we used 2348 plant species. We used four climatic parameter types (annual mean temperature, minimum temperature during the coldest quarter, maximum temperature during the hottest quarter, and annual (...)
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  23.  4
    James Justus (2014). Methodological Individualism in Ecology. Philosophy of Science 81 (5):770-784.
    Methodological individualism has a long, successful, and controversial track record in the social sciences. Its record in ecology is much shorter but proving as successful and controversial with so-called individual-based models. Distinctions and debates about methodological individualism in social sciences clarify the commitments of this general, individualistic approach to modeling ecological phenomena and show that there is a lot recommending it. In particular, a representational priority on individual organisms yields a cogent albeit deflationary account of ecological emergence and helps reveal (...)
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  24.  2
    James Justus (2009). The Cambridge Companion to Carnap. [REVIEW] Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 15 (4):428-430.
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  25. James Justus (2004). Bryan G. Norton: Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 71 (2):232-235.
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  26. J. Justus (2006). Cognitive Significance. In J. Pfeifer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Psychology Press 1--131.
     
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  27. James Justus (2009). REVIEWS-M. Friedman and R. Creath (Editors), The Cambridge Companion to Carnap. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 35 (4).
     
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  28. Judy Plantinga, Laurel J. Trainor, Thierry Nazzi, Timothy Justus, Alexandra List, An Rich, Jl Bradshaw, Jb Mattingley, Marco Bertamini & Theodore E. Parks (2006). Orlando Espino, Carlos Santamaría, Enrique Meseguer and Manuel Carreiras (Universidad de la Laguna) Early and Late Processes in Syllogistic Reasoning: Evidence From Eye-Movements, B1–B9. Cognition 98:311-313.
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  29. Anja Schonlau (2007). Werk und Stil des alten Künstlers. Altersbegrifflichkeit um 1900. In Jörg Vögele, Johannes Siegrist, Hans-Georg Pott, Andrea von Hülsen-Esch, Christoph auf der Horst, Henriette Herwig, Monika Gomille & Heiner Fangerau (eds.), Alterskulturen Und Potentiale des Alters. Akademie Verlag 227-236.
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  30.  8
    John Sellars (2014). Stoic Fate in Justus Lipsius's De Constantia and Physiologia Stoicorum. Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (4):653-674.
    In his De Constantia of 1584, Justus Lipsius examines the Stoic theory of fate, distancing himself from it by outlining four key points at which it should be modified. The modified theory is often presented as a distinctly Christianized form of Stoicism. Later, in his Physiologia Stoicorum of 1604, Lipsius revisits the Stoic theory, this time offering a more sympathetic reading, with the four modifications forgotten. It is widely assumed that Lipsius’s position shifted between these two works, perhaps due (...)
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  31.  24
    John Sellars (2007). Justus Lipsius's De Constantia, A Stoic Spiritual Exercise. Poetics Today 28 (3):339-62.
    This essay offers an introduction to Justus Lipsius's dialogue De Constantia, first published in 1584. Although the dialogue bears a superficial similarity to philosophical works of consolation, I suggest that it should be approached as a spiritual exercise written by Lipsius primarily for his own benefit.
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  32.  22
    Leon Niemoczynski (2010). Phenomenology in the American Vein: Justus Buchler's Ordinal Naturalism and its Importance for the Justi?Cation of Epistemic Objects. Spontaneous Generations 3 (1):9-27.
    In this essay, I explore Justus Buchler’s ordinal naturalism with the goal of establishing how his phenomenological approach extends the range of human inquiry to include the many and varied traits of natural phenomena that are not “simply” the result of sensate experience or material functions. To achieve this goal I critically assess Buchler’s notion of “ontological parity”–the idea that abstract phenomena such as values, relations, ideals, and other mental contents are just as relevant as sense-data when one attempts (...)
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  33.  9
    Petra Werner & Frederic L. Holmes (2002). Justus Liebig and the Plant Physiologists. Journal of the History of Biology 35 (3):421 - 441.
    In his book "Organic Chemistry in its Application to Agriculture and Chemistry." Justus Liebig attacked "the plant physiologists" for their support of the humus theory and for their general ignorance of chemistry. Two leading botanists, Matthias Schleiden and Hugo von Mohl, responded by sharply criticizing Liebig for his lack of knowledge of plants and his misrepresentation of the views of plant physiologists. The origin and character of this debate can be understood in part through the temperaments of Liebig and (...)
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  34.  9
    Robert S. Corrington & Justus Buchler (1989). Conversation Between Justus Buchler and Robert S. Corrington. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 3 (4):261 - 274.
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  35.  5
    Tessa Rajak (1973). Justus of Tiberias. Classical Quarterly 23 (02):345-.
    Justus of Tiberias played a part in the first Jewish revolt against the Romans. He was also the author of an historical work, or works, now lost. Various distinctions have been attributed to his writings; the loss of Jewish Antiquities comparable to those of Josephus, and of an account of the Jewish War far more reliable than Josephus', have at different times been regretted. Certainly, the writings would have been of great value to us, and it will be seen (...)
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  36. Atila Bayat (ed.) (2014). Two Metaphysical Naturalisms: Aristotle and Justus Buchler. Lexington Books.
    Victorino Tejera combines an American naturalist approach to Aristotle's modes of knowing with new applications of Justus Buchler's systematic metaphysics. Bridging the gap between classical and modern, Tejera reveals a cohesive revitalization of metaphysical naturalism for contemporary scholars.
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  37. Erik De Bom, Marijke Janssens, Toon Van Houdt & Jan Papy (eds.) (2010). Masking the Realities of Power: Justus Lipsius and the Dynamics of Political Writing in Early Modern Europe. Brill.
    Starting from Justus Lipsius's _Monita et exempla politica _, this book offers a collection of essays dealing with the disputed Macchiavellian, Tacitean or Neostoic character of Lipsius's political thought, and its impact on the dynamics of political discourse in Early Modern Europe.
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  38.  1
    Erik de Bom (2011). Geleerden En Politiek: De Politieke Ideeën van Justus Lipsius in de Vroegmoderne Nederlanden. Verloren.
    De Brabantse humanist Justus Lipsius (1547-1606) verwierf in zijn eigen tijd naam en faam met zijn filologische en antiquarische studies, en meer nog met zijn filosofische en politieke werken.
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  39. John Herman Randall & Justus Buchler (1963). Philosophy, an Introduction [by] John Herman Randall, Jr. [And] Justus Buchler. Barnes & Noble.
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  40. Victorino Tejera (2014). Two Metaphysical Naturalisms: Aristotle and Justus Buchler. Lexington Books.
    Victorino Tejera combines an American naturalist approach to Aristotle's modes of knowing with new applications of Justus Buchler's systematic metaphysics. Bridging the gap between classical and modern, Tejera reveals a cohesive revitalization of metaphysical naturalism for contemporary scholars.
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  41. Martin O. Yalcin (2013). Naturalism's Philosophy of the Sacred: Justus Buchler, Karl Jaspers, and George Santayana. Lexington Books.
    Naturalism’s Philosophy of the Sacred furthers the tradition of religious naturalism by offering an approach to the sacred through the metaphysical categories of ordinality and ontological parity put forward by twentieth-century American naturalist Justus Buchler. The book’s chief argument is that the most effective antidote to religious violence is an aesthetic interpretation of the sacred understood as an order in and of nature.
     
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  42.  2
    Lawrence Cahoone (2016). Two Metaphysical Naturalisms: Aristotle and Justus Buchler by Victorino Tejera. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 51 (4):539-542.
    The American philosophical school called “Columbia Naturalism” began with Aristotle. That is, the naturalist thinkers at Columbia University over the first half of the 20th century, including John Dewey and Ernest Nagel, began with F.J.E. Woodbridge, Columbia’s famed Aristotelian from 1902 to 1937 and founder of The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods. Dewey arrived in 1904, retired in 1930. Later John Herman Randall took up the cause of interpreting Aristotle so as to be consistent with the “functionalist” naturalism (...)
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  43.  13
    George P. Klubertanz (1966). "Wittgenstein and Modern Philosophy," by Justus Hartnack, Trans. Maurice Cranston. Modern Schoolman 43 (3):330-330.
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  44. Rudolf De Smet & Karin Verelst (2001). Newton's Scholium Generale: The Platonic and Stoic Legacy — Philo, Justus Lipsius and the Cambridge Platonists. History of Science 39 (123):30.
  45.  15
    Robert Bunch (2004). Justus Buchler's Impact on My Approach to Philosophy. Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 32 (98):16-19.
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  46.  11
    William H. Hay (1957). Justus Lipsius; the Philosophy of Renaissance Stocism. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 54 (17):538-539.
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  47.  16
    Robert S. Corrington (1987). Finitude and Transcendence in the Thought of Justus Buchler. Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):445-459.
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  48.  4
    Clemens M. Bruehl (1960). Josef Justus Scaliger. Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 12 (3):201-218.
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  49.  8
    George P. Klubertanz (1966). "Wittgenstein and Modern Philosophy," by Justus Hartnack, Trans. Maurice Cranston. Modern Schoolman 43 (3):330-330.
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  50.  6
    Clemens M. Bruehl (1961). Josef Justus Scaliger. Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 13 (1):45-65.
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