Search results for 'Justus Schonlau' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Richard Bellamy & Justus Schonlau (2004). The Normality of Constitutional Politics: An Analysis of the Drafting of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. Constellations 11 (3):412-433.score: 240.0
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  2. James Justus & Lynn A. Maguire (2009). Response From Justus and Maguire. BioScience 59 (2):101.score: 180.0
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  3. James Justus (2012). Carnap on Concept Determination: Methodology for Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (2):161-179.score: 60.0
    Abstract Recent criticisms of intuition from experimental philosophy and elsewhere have helped undermine the authority of traditional conceptual analysis. As the product of more empirically informed philosophical methodology, this result is compelling and philosophically salutary. But the negative critiques rarely suggest a positive alternative. In particular, a normative account of concept determination—how concepts should be characterized—is strikingly absent from such work. Carnap's underappreciated theory of explication provides such a theory. Analyses of complex concepts in empirical sciences illustrates and supports this (...)
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  4. Joshua Shepherd & James Justus (forthcoming). X-Phi and Carnapian Explication. Erkenntnis:1-22.score: 30.0
    The rise of experimental philosophy (x-phi) has placed metaphilosophical questions, particularly those concerning concepts, at the center of philosophical attention. X-phi offers empirically rigorous methods for identifying conceptual content, but what exactly it contributes towards evaluating conceptual content remains unclear. We show how x-phi complements Rudolf Carnap’s underappreciated methodology for concept determination, explication. This clarifies and extends x-phi’s positive philosophical import, and also exhibits explication’s broad appeal. But there is a potential problem: Carnap’s account of explication was limited to empirical (...)
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  5. James Justus (2011). Evidentiary Inference in Evolutionary Biology. Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):419-437.score: 30.0
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  6. James Justus (2014). Carnap's Forgotten Criterion of Empirical Significance. Mind 123 (490):415-436.score: 30.0
    The waning popularity of logical empiricism and the supposed discovery of insurmountable technical difficulties led most philosophers to abandon the project to formulate a formal criterion of empirical significance. Such a criterion would delineate claims that observation can confirm or disconfirm from those it cannot. Although early criteria were clearly inadequate, criticisms made of later, more sophisticated criteria were often indefensible or easily answered. Most importantly, Carnap’s last criterion was seriously misinterpreted and an amended version of it remains tenable.
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  7. James Justus (2008). Ecological and Lyapunov Stability. Philosophy of Science 75 (4):421-436.score: 30.0
    Ecologists have proposed several incompatible definitions of ecological stability. Emulating physicists, mathematical ecologists commonly define it as Lyapunov stability. This formalizes the problematic concept by integrating it into a well‐developed mathematical theory. The formalization also seems to capture the intuition that ecological stability depends on how ecological systems respond to perturbation. Despite these advantages, this definition is flawed. Although Lyapunov stability adequately characterizes perturbation responses of many systems studied in physics, it does not for ecological systems. This failure reveals a (...)
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  8. Mark Colyvan, James Justus & Helen M. Regan, The Natural Environment is Valuable but Not Infinitely Valuable.score: 30.0
    It has been argued in the conservation literature that giving conservation absolute priority over competing interests would best protect the environment. Attributing infinite value to the environment or claiming it is ‘priceless’ are two ways of ensuring this priority (e.g. Hargrove 1989; Bulte and van Kooten 2000; Ackerman and Heinzerling 2002; McCauley 2006; Halsing and Moore 2008). But such proposals would paralyse conservation efforts. We describe the serious problems with these proposals and what they mean for practical applications, and we (...)
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  9. James Justus (2006). Loop Analysis and Qualitative Modeling: Limitations and Merits. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 21 (5):647-666.score: 30.0
    Richard Levins has advocated the scientific merits of qualitative modeling throughout his career. He believed an excessive and uncritical focus on emulating the models used by physicists and maximizing quantitative precision was hindering biological theorizing in particular. Greater emphasis on qualitative properties of modeled systems would help counteract this tendency, and Levins subsequently developed one method of qualitative modeling, loop analysis, to study a wide variety of biological phenomena. Qualitative modeling has been criticized for being conceptually and methodologically problematic. As (...)
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  10. Sahotra Sarkar & James Justus, The Principle of Complementarity in the Design of Reserve Networks to Conserve Biodiversity: A Preliminary History.score: 30.0
    Explicit, quantitative procedures for identifying biodiversity priority areas are replacing the often ad hoc procedures used in the past to design networks of reserves to conserve biodiversity. This change facilitates more informed choices by policy makers, and thereby makes possible greater satisfaction of conservation goals with increased efficiency. A key feature of these procedures is the use of the principle of complementarity, which ensures that areas chosen for inclusion in a reserve network complement those already selected. This paper sketches the (...)
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  11. James Justus (2005). Qualitative Scientific Modeling and Loop Analysis. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1272-1286.score: 30.0
    Loop analysis is a method of qualitative modeling anticipated by Sewall Wright and systematically developed by Richard Levins. In Levins’ (1966) distinctions between modeling strategies, loop analysis sacrifices precision for generality and realism. Besides criticizing the clarity of these distinctions, Orzack and Sober (1993) argued qualitative modeling is conceptually and methodologically problematic. Loop analysis of the stability of ecological communities shows this criticism is unjustified. It presupposes an overly narrow view of qualitative modeling and underestimates the broad role models play (...)
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  12. James Justus, Effectiveness of Environmental Surrogates for the Selection of Conservation Area Networks.score: 30.0
    ebec and Queensland, we applied four methods to assess the extent to which environmental surrogates can represent biodiversity components: (1) surrogacy graphs; (2) marginal representation plots; (3) Hamming distance function; and (4) Syrjala statistical test for spatial congruence. For Qu´ebec we used 719 faunal and floral species as biodiversity components, and for Queensland we used 2348 plant species. We used four climatic parameter types (annual mean temperature, minimum temperature during the coldest quarter, maximum temperature during the hottest quarter, and annual (...)
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  13. James Justus (2012). The Elusive Basis of Inferential Robustness. Philosophy of Science 79 (5):795-807.score: 30.0
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  14. James Justus (2010). The Diversities of Biodiversity. Metascience 19 (2):247-250.score: 30.0
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  15. Timothy Justus & Alexandra List (2005). Auditory Attention to Frequency and Time: An Analogy to Visual Local–Global Stimuli. Cognition 98 (1):31-51.score: 30.0
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  16. James Justus (2013). Philosophical Issues in Ecology. In K. Kampourakis (ed.), Philosophy of Biology: A Companion for Educators. Springer. 343–371.score: 30.0
  17. Raimundo Espinoza, James Justus, Lynn A. Maguire, Marcelino Fuentes, Christopher L. Lant, J. B. Ruhl, Steven E. Kraft, Brigitte Braschler, Steve Nash & Natalie Dawson (2009). 10. News and Opinion. BioScience 59 (2).score: 30.0
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  18. James Justus (2011). A Case Study in Concept Determination: Ecological Diversity. In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. North-Holland. 11--147.score: 30.0
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  19. Timothy Justus (2004). Blueprints, Swiss Army Knives, and Other Metaphors. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (5):201-203.score: 30.0
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  20. J. Justus (2006). Cognitive Significance. In J. Pfeifer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Psychology Press. 1--131.score: 30.0
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  21. Timothy C. Justus (2001). Developing a Distributed Language Network. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):451-452.score: 30.0
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  22. James Justus & Lynn A. Maguire (2009). Intrinsic Value Can Help Conservation Response. BioScience 59 (2):101-101.score: 30.0
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  23. TimothyC Justus (2002). Musical Jabberwocky? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (3):144-145.score: 30.0
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  24. Timothy C. Justus & Jamshed J. Bharucha (2002). Music Perception and Cognition. In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.score: 30.0
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  25. James Justus (2009). REVIEWS-M. Friedman and R. Creath (Editors), The Cambridge Companion to Carnap. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 35 (4).score: 30.0
     
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  26. James Justus (2002). Taking Stock of Conservation Biology: Old Problems and New Directions. BioScience 52 (9):854.score: 30.0
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  27. Lynn A. Maguire & James Justus (2008). Why Intrinsic Value is a Poor Basis for Conservation Decisions. BioScience 58 (10):910-911.score: 30.0
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  28. Judy Plantinga, Laurel J. Trainor, Thierry Nazzi, Timothy Justus, Alexandra List, An Rich, Jl Bradshaw, Jb Mattingley, Marco Bertamini & Theodore E. Parks (2006). Orlando Espino, Carlos Santamaría, Enrique Meseguer and Manuel Carreiras (Universidad de la Laguna) Early and Late Processes in Syllogistic Reasoning: Evidence From Eye-Movements, B1–B9. Cognition 98:311-313.score: 30.0
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  29. John Sellars (2007). Justus Lipsius's De Constantia, A Stoic Spiritual Exercise. Poetics Today 28 (3):339-62.score: 18.0
    This essay offers an introduction to Justus Lipsius's dialogue De Constantia, first published in 1584. Although the dialogue bears a superficial similarity to philosophical works of consolation, I suggest that it should be approached as a spiritual exercise written by Lipsius primarily for his own benefit.
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  30. Robert S. Corrington & Justus Buchler (1989). Conversation Between Justus Buchler and Robert S. Corrington. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 3 (4):261 - 274.score: 18.0
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  31. Leon Niemoczynski (2010). Phenomenology in the American Vein: Justus Buchler's Ordinal Naturalism and its Importance for the Justi?Cation of Epistemic Objects. Spontaneous Generations 3 (1):9-27.score: 18.0
    In this essay, I explore Justus Buchler’s ordinal naturalism with the goal of establishing how his phenomenological approach extends the range of human inquiry to include the many and varied traits of natural phenomena that are not “simply” the result of sensate experience or material functions. To achieve this goal I critically assess Buchler’s notion of “ontological parity”–the idea that abstract phenomena such as values, relations, ideals, and other mental contents are just as relevant as sense-data when one attempts (...)
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  32. Petra Werner & Frederic L. Holmes (2002). Justus Liebig and the Plant Physiologists. Journal of the History of Biology 35 (3):421 - 441.score: 18.0
    In his book "Organic Chemistry in its Application to Agriculture and Chemistry." Justus Liebig attacked "the plant physiologists" for their support of the humus theory and for their general ignorance of chemistry. Two leading botanists, Matthias Schleiden and Hugo von Mohl, responded by sharply criticizing Liebig for his lack of knowledge of plants and his misrepresentation of the views of plant physiologists. The origin and character of this debate can be understood in part through the temperaments of Liebig and (...)
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  33. Erik De Bom (2011). Geleerden En Politiek: De Politieke Ideeën van Justus Lipsius in de Vroegmoderne Nederlanden. Verloren.score: 18.0
    De Brabantse humanist Justus Lipsius (1547-1606) verwierf in zijn eigen tijd naam en faam met zijn filologische en antiquarische studies, en meer nog met zijn filosofische en politieke werken.
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  34. John Sellars (ed.) (2006). Justus Lipsius On Constancy. Bristol Phoenix Press.score: 15.0
    This book makes available again a long out-of-print translation of a major sixteenth-century philosophical text. Lipsius' De Constantia (1584) is an important Humanist text and a key moment in the reception of Stoicism. A dialogue in two books, conceived as a philosophical consolation for those suffering through contemporary religious wars, it proved immensely popular in its day and formed the inspiration for what has become known as 'Neostoicism'. This movement advocated the revival of Stoic ethics in a form that would (...)
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  35. Ann Moss (1998). The Politica of Justus Lipsius and the Commonplace-Book. Journal of the History of Ideas 59 (3):421-436.score: 15.0
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  36. Roland Garrett (1989). The Limits of Generalization in Metaphysics: The Case of Justus Buchler. Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (1):1-28.score: 15.0
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  37. Beth J. Singer (1976). Introduction: The Philosophy of Justus Buchler. Southern Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):3-30.score: 15.0
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  38. Michael J. Walsh (2013). Were the Popes Against the Jews? Tracking the Myths and Confronting the Ideologues. By Justus George Lawler. Pp. Xviii, 387, Grand Rapids MI/Cambridge, Eerdmans, 2012, $35.00/£23.99. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 54 (3):528-529.score: 15.0
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  39. Philippa Foot (1957). Nature and Judgment. By Justus Buchler. (Columbia University Press. 1955. Pp. 210. 30s.). Philosophy 32 (123):372-.score: 15.0
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  40. John Sellars, Justus Lipsius. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 15.0
  41. Willard E. Arnett (1959). Reflections on Justus Buchler's Theory of Meaning. Journal of Philosophy 56 (5):220-233.score: 15.0
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  42. Beth J. Singer (1993). Systematic Nonfoundationalism: The Philosophy of Justus Buchler. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 7 (3):191 - 205.score: 15.0
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  43. Marjorie C. Miller (1987). Method and System in Justus Buchler and Chu Hsi. A Comparison. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 14 (2):209-225.score: 15.0
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  44. Jan Papy, Justus Lipsius. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 15.0
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  45. Tessa Rajak (1973). Justus of Tiberias. Classical Quarterly 23 (02):345-.score: 15.0
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  46. Catherine Grisé (1975). Jean-Baptiste Chassignet and Justus Lipsius. Vivarium 13 (2):153-164.score: 15.0
  47. Ivor Leclerc (1971). A Rejoinder to Justus Buchler. Process Studies 1 (1):55-59.score: 15.0
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  48. E. H. Alton (1916). Ovid: Metamorphoses. With an English Translation by Frank Justus Miller, Ph.D., LL.D., Professor in the University of Chicago. Two Vols. London: William Heinemann. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1916 (Loeb Classical Library). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 30 (08):237-238.score: 15.0
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  49. Venant Cauchy (1958). Justus Lipsius. New Scholasticism 32 (3):418-419.score: 15.0
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  50. V. C. C. (1956). Justus Lipsius. Review of Metaphysics 9 (4):710-710.score: 15.0
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