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Profile: Katherine Hawley (University of St. Andrews)
  1. Katherine Hawley, Critical Study of Four-Dimensionalism, by Theodore Sider, Oxford University Press 2001, ISBN 0 19 924443 X, Hardback.
    Four-Dimensionalism is a thorough, lively and forceful defence of the claim that “necessarily, every spatiotemporal object has a temporal part at every moment at which it exists” (59). The standard four-dimensionalist view is perdurance theory, according to which everyday things like boats are temporally extended. But Sider rejects perdurance theory, nicely disparaging it as the “worm view”, and he argues for the “stage view” version of fourdimensionalism instead. According to the stage view, everyday things like boats are instantaneous, and claims (...)
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  2. Katherine Hawley, Fusion.
    ‘Fusion’ is a philosophical term of art, with a variety of uses. First, it is often a synonym for ‘sum’. In this sense, a is a fusion of b, c and d iff b, c and d are parts of a, and every part of a shares a part with b, c or d. So a cat is a fusion of the cells which compose it, and the same cat is a fusion of the molecules which compose it. Relatedly, ‘fusion’ (...)
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  3. Katherine Hawley, Temporal Parts.
    Temporal parts are analogous to spatial parts: just as the conference has one spatial part which occupies the seminar room, and another which occupies the lecture hall, it has one temporal part which ‘occupies’ Friday and another which ‘occupies’ Saturday. These temporal parts of the conference have half-hour coffee-breaks as temporal parts of their own; these coffee-breaks are also temporal parts of the whole conference.
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  4. Katherine Hawley, Throwing the Baby Out with the Bathwater.
    Every Thing Must Go is wildly ambitious. It advances substantive views on the proper scope of metaphysics (unifying science), the nature of reality (things subservient to structures), the current state of play in quantum gravity (fragmented), and the connection between fundamental physics and the rest of science (hard to summarise). It is both fascinating and infuriating. A key theme is the dismissal of ‘neo-scholastic’ metaphysics and the promotion of ‘naturalised metaphysics’. I fear my own work qualifies as neoscholastic, and although (...)
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  5. Katherine Hawley (forthcoming). David Lewis on Persistence. In Barry Loewer & Jonathan Schaffer (eds.), A Companion to David Lewis. Wiley-Blackwell. 237-49.
    This paper provides an overview on David Lewis's writings about persistence. I focus on two issues. First, what is the relationship between the doctrine of Humean Supervenience and the rejection of endurantism? Second, why did Lewis not adopt a stage theory of persistence, given that he advocated a counterpart theory of modality?
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  6. Katherine Hawley (2014). Erratum To: Partiality and Prejudice in Trusting. Synthese 191 (9):2047-2047.
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  7. Katherine Hawley (2014). Ontological Innocence. In A. J. Cotnoir & Donald L. M. Baxter (eds.), Composition as Identity. Oxford University Press. 70-89.
    In this chapter, I examine Lewis's ideas about ontological innocence, ontological commitment and double-counting, in his discussion of composition as identity in Parts of Classes. I attempt to understand these primarily as epistemic or methodological claims: how far can we get down this route without adopting radical metaphysical theses about composition as identity?
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  8. Katherine Hawley (2014). Persistence and Time. In Steven Luper (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Life and Death. Cambridge University Press. 47-63.
    In this chapter I outline some metaphysical views about time, and about persistence, and discuss how they can help us clarify our thinking about life and death.
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  9. Katherine Hawley (2014). Review of Empty Ideas. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2014 (Dec 18):xx-yy.
    A review of Peter Unger's Empty Ideas (OUP 2014).
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  10. Katherine Hawley (2014). Trust, Distrust and Commitment. Noûs 48 (1):1-20.
    I outline a number of parallels between trust and distrust, emphasising the significance of situations in which both trust and distrust would be an imposition upon the (dis)trustee. I develop an account of both trust and distrust in terms of commitment, and argue that this enables us to understand the nature of trustworthiness. Note that this article is available open access on the journal website.
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  11. Katherine Hawley (2013). Cut the Pie Any Way You Like? Cotnoir on General Identity. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 8:323-30.
    This is a short response to Aaron Cotnoir's 'Composition as General Identity', in which I suggest some further applications of his ideas, and try to press the question of why we should think of his 'general identity relation' as a genuine identity relation.
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  12. Katherine Hawley (2013). Review of Knowledge on Trust. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 63 (250):170-171.
    This is a short review of 'Knowledge on Trust' by Paul Faulkner. (Oxford UP, 2011. Pp. 240. Price £37.00.) For a more extended discussion, please see my 'The Trust Game and the Testimony Game' in Abstracta (2012).
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  13. K. Hawley, H. Hertz, D. Hilbert, R. Holton, F. Jackson, D. Kaplan, Y. Kirsch, W. Kneale, M. Lange & S. McCall (2012). Quine, VV. vo, 34, 43. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 7:315.
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  14. Katherine Hawley (2012). Partiality and Prejudice in Trusting. Synthese (9):1-17.
    You can trust your friends. You should trust your friends. Not all of your friends all of the time: you can reasonably trust different friends to different degrees, and in different domains. Still, we often trust our friends, and it is often reasonable to do so. Why is this? In this paper I explore how and whether friendship gives us reasons to trust our friends, reasons which may outstrip or conflict with our epistemic reasons. In the final section, I will (...)
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  15. Katherine Hawley (2012). Part Four: Implications and Applications-12 Knowing How and Epistemic Injustice. Philosophical Inquiry 36 (1):283.
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  16. Katherine Hawley (2012). Trust: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.
    Katherine Hawley explores the key ideas about trust in this Very Short Introduction. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines including philosophy, psychology, and evolutionary biology, she emphasizes the nature and importance of trusting and being trusted, from our intimate bonds with significant others to our relationship with the state.
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  17. Katherine Hawley (2012). The Trust Game and the Testimony Game. Abstracta 6 (3):84-91.
    This is part of a symposium on Paul Faulkner's book 'Knowledge on Trust'. The symposium also includes pieces by Guy Longworth, Arnon Keren, Edward S. Hinchman, and Peter J. Graham, with précis and replies by Paul Faulkner. For a more straightforward account of the book, see my review in Philosophical Quarterly 63.1 (2013), 170-71.
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  18. Katherine Hawley (2011). Knowing How and Epistemic Injustice. In John Bengson & Marc A. Moffett (eds.), Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action. Oxford University Press, Usa. 283-91.
    In this chapter I explore how epistemic injustice (as discussed by Miranda Fricker) can arise in connection with knowledge how. I attempt to bypass the question of whether knowledge how is a type of propositional knowledge, and instead focus on some distinctive ways in which knowledge how is sometimes sought, identified or ignored.
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  19. Katherine Hawley (2011). Trivial Truthmaking Matters. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (1):196 - 202.
    This is a contribution to a symposium on Trenton Merricks' book Truth and Ontology. The symposium includes contributions by Karen Bennett and Kris McDaniel, with précis and replies by Trenton Merricks. I argue that even the very weak truthmaking principle he is willing to endorse is nevertheless useful for some philosophical purposes.
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  20. Katherine Hawley & Alexander Bird (2011). What Are Natural Kinds? Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):205-221.
    We articulate a view of natural kinds as complex universals. We do not attempt to argue for the existence of universals. Instead, we argue that, given the existence of universals, and of natural kinds, the latter can be understood in terms of the former, and that this provides a rich, flexible framework within which to discuss issues of indeterminacy, essentialism, induction, and reduction. Along the way, we develop a 'problem of the many' for universals.
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  21. Katherine Hawley & Fiona Macpherson (eds.) (2011). The Admissible Contents of Experience. Wiley-Blackwell.
  22. Katherine Hawley (2010). Critical Notice of Every Thing Must Go. Metascience 19 (2):174-179.
    This is a critical notice of Ladyman and Ross et al's Every Thing Must Go. I argue that they mischaracterise much of so-called 'analytic metaphysics', and that they could have usefully drawn upon the resources of current metaphysics in order to articulate their own views more clearly. The piece appears in a symposium which also includes contributions by Kyle Stanford and Paul Humphreys, with responses from Ladyman and Ross.
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  23. Katherine Hawley (2010). Mereology, Modality and Magic. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):117 – 133.
    If the property _being a methane molecule_ is a universal, then it is a structural universal: objects instantiate _being a methane molecule_ just in case they have the right sorts of proper parts arranged in the right sort of way. Lewis argued that there can be no satisfactory account of structural universals; in this paper I provide a satisfactory account.
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  24. Katherine Hawley (2010). Testimony and Knowing How. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (4):397-404.
    Sometimes we work out by ourselves how to do something. But often we rely upon the help, advice or example of others. To this extent learning how resembles learning that: sometimes you can see the truth for yourself, but sometimes you need to phone a friend. Do the similarities end there? When we are tempted to think that knowing how differs significantly from knowing that, it is often because knowing how seems to be transmitted, acquired, taught and learned in distinctive (...)
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  25. Katherine Hawley (2010). Review of The Structure of Objects. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (3):336-339.
    Short review of The Structure of Objects by Kathrin Koslicki.
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  26. P. Kyle Stanford, Paul Humphreys, Katherine Hawley, James Ladyman & Don Ross (2010). Protecting Rainforest Realism. Metascience 19 (2):161-185.
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  27. P. Kyle Stanford, Paul Humphreys, Katherine Hawley, James Ladyman & Don Ross (2010). Protecting Rainforest Realism. Metascience 19 (2):161-185.
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  28. Katherine Hawley (2009). Identity and Indiscernibility. Mind 118 (469):101 - 119.
    Putative counterexamples to the Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles (PII) are notoriously inconclusive. I establish ground rules for debate in this area, offer a new response to such counterexamples for friends of the PII, but then argue that no response is entirely satisfactory. Finally, I undermine some positive arguments for PII.
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  29. Katherine Hawley (2009). Metaphysics and Relativity. In Robin Le Poidevin, Peter Simons, Ross Cameron & Andrew McGonigal (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge.
    This is a very introductory introduction to some ways in which the special and general theories of relativity may bear upon metaphysical questions about the nature of time and space, and the persistence of objects.
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  30. Katherine Hawley (2008). Persistence and Determination. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62 (62):197-212.
    Roughly speaking, perdurantism is the view that ordinary objects persist through time by having temporal parts, whilst endurantism is the view that they persist by being wholly present at different times. (Speaking less roughly will be important later.) It is often thought that perdurantists have an advantage over endurantists when dealing with objects which appear to coincide temporarily: lumps, statues, cats, tail-complements, bisected brains, repaired ships, and the like. Some cases – personal fission, for example – seem to involve temporary (...)
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  31. Katherine Hawley (2007). Review of Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (1):106-108.
    This is a short review of Identity in Physics, by Steven French and Decio Krause. (Tip: if you’re only going to read one chapter, make it chapter 4, where the philosophical juice is especially concentrated.).
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  32. Katherine Hawley (2007). Neo‐Fregeanism and Quantifier Variance. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):233 - 249.
    In his paper in the same volume, Sider argues that, of maximalism and quantifier variance, the latter promises to let us make better sense of neo-Fregeanism. I argue that neo-Fregeans should, and seemingly do, reject quantifier variance. If they must choose between these two options, they should choose maximalism.
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  33. K. Stanford, Paul Humphreys, Katherine Hawley, James Ladyman & Don Ross (2007). Protecting Rainforest Realism. Metascience 19:161-185.
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  34. N. Belnap, A. Bird, E. Cogan, F. Dechesne, H. P. van Ditmarsch, I. Douven, K. Hawley, M. P. Lynch, P. McBurney & W. Meijs (2006). van Otterloo, S., 255. Synthese 149:579.
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  35. Katherine Hawley (2006). Principles of Composition and Criteria of Identity. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (4):481 – 493.
    I argue that, despite van Inwagen’s pessimism about the task, it is worth looking for answers to his General Composition Question. Such answers or ‘principles of composition’ tell us about the relationship between an object and its parts. I compare principles of composition with criteria of identity, arguing that, just as different sorts of thing satisfy different criteria of identity, they may satisfy different principles of composition. Variety in criteria of identity is not taken to reflect ontological variety in the (...)
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  36. Katherine Hawley (2006). Science as a Guide to Metaphysics? Synthese 149 (3):451 - 470.
    Analytic metaphysics is in resurgence; there is renewed and vigorous interest in topics such as time, causation, persistence, parthood and possible worlds. We who share this interest often pay lip-service to the idea that metaphysics should be informed by modern science; some take this duty very seriously.2 But there is also a widespread suspicion that science cannot really contribute to metaphysics, and that scientific findings grossly underdetermine metaphysical claims. For some, this prompts the thought ‘so much the worse for metaphysics’; (...)
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  37. Katherine Hawley (2006). Review of Fourdimensionalism. [REVIEW] Noûs 40 (2):380–394.
    This is a critical study of Ted Sider's book 'Four-Dimensionalism' . Oxford university press 2001. ISBN 0 19 924443 X, hardback; ISBN 0 19 926352 3, paperback.
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  38. Katherine Hawley (2006). Weak Discernibility. Analysis 66 (292):300–303.
    Simon Saunders argues that, although distinct objects must be discernible, they need only be weakly discernible (Saunders 2003, 2006a). I will argue that this combination of views is unmotivated: if there can be objects which differ only weakly, there can be objects which don’t differ at all.
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  39. Katherine Hawley (2005). Fission, Fusion and Intrinsic Facts. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):602-621.
    Closest-continuer or best-candidate accounts of persistence seem deeply unsatisfactory, but it’s hard to say why. The standard criticism is that such accounts violate the ‘only a and b’ rule, but this criticism merely highlights a feature of the accounts without explaining why the feature is unacceptable. Another concern is that such accounts violate some principle about the supervenience of persistence facts upon local or intrinsic facts. But, again, we do not seem to have an independent justification for this supervenience claim. (...)
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  40. Katherine Hawley (2005). Pumped Up Physicalism. [REVIEW] Metascience 14 (2):277-281.
    This is a review of Physicalism, by Andrew Melynyk.
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  41. Katherine Hawley, Temporal Parts. Stanford Encylopedia of Philosophy.
    Material objects extend through space by having different spatial parts in different places. But how do they persist through time? According to some philosophers, things have temporal parts as well as spatial parts: accepting this is supposed to help us solve a whole bunch of metaphysical problems, and keep our philosophy in line with modern physics. Other philosophers disagree, arguing that neither metaphysics nor physics give us good reason to believe in temporal parts.
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  42. Katherine Hawley (2004). Borderline Simple or Extremely Simple. The Monist 87 (3):385-404.
    In his Material Beings, Peter van Inwagen distinguishes two questions about parthood. What are the conditions necessary and sufficient for some things jointly to compose a whole? What are the conditions necessary and sufficient for a thing to have proper parts? The first of these, the Special Composition Question (SCQ), has been widely discussed, and David Lewis has argued that an important constraint on any answer to the SCQ is that it should not permit borderline cases of composition. This is (...)
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  43. Peter Clark & Katherine Hawley (eds.) (2003). Philosophy of Science Today. Oxford University Press.
    Philosophy of Science Today offers a state-of-the-art guide to this fast-developing area. An eminent international team of authors covers a wide range of topics at the intersection of philosophy and the sciences, including causation, realism, methodology, epistemology, and the philosophical foundations of physics, biology, and psychology.
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  44. Katherine Hawley (2003). Success and Knowledge-How. American Philosophical Quarterly 40 (1):19 - 31.
    In this paper, I argue that there is a notion of 'counterfactual success' which stands to knowledge how as true belief stands to propositional knowledge. (I attempt to avoid the question of whether knowledge how is a type of propositional knowledge.).
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  45. Katherine Hawley (2002). Vagueness and Existence. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102 (1):125-140.
    Vague existence can seem like the worst kind of vagueness in the world, or seem to be an entirely unintelligible notion. This bad reputation is based upon the rumour that if there is vague existence then there are non-existent objects. But the rumour is false: the modest brand of vague existence entailed by certain metaphysical theories of composition does not deserve its bad reputation.
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  46. Katherine Hawley (2001). How Things Persist. Oxford University Press.
    Katherine Hawley explores and compares three theories of persistence -- endurance, perdurance, and stage theories - investigating the ways in which they attempt to account for the world around us. Having provided valuable clarification of its two main rivals, she concludes by advocating stage theory.
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  47. Katherine Hawley (1999). Ej Lowe [1998]. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):478-482.
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  48. Katherine Hawley (1999). It Could Be You—But Would It Be Fair? Cogito 13 (2):95-100.
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  49. Katherine Hawley (1999). Persistence and Non-Supervenient Relations. Mind 108 (429):53-67.
    I claim that, if persisting objects have temporal parts, then there are non-supervenient relations between those temporal parts. These are relations which are not determined by intrinsic properties of the temporal parts. I use the Kripke-Armstrong 'rotating homogeneous disc' argument in order to establish this claim, and in doing so I defend and develop that argument. This involves a discussion of instantaneous velocity, and of the causes and effects of rotation. Finally, I compare alternative responses to the rotating disc argument, (...)
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  50. Katherine Hawley (1999). Review of The Possibility of Metaphysics. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):478-482.
    A review of The Possibility of Metaphysics: substance, identity and time, by E.J. Lowe.
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