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  1. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (forthcoming). Desert, Bell Motion, and Fairness. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-17.
    In this critical review, I address two themes from Shelly Kagan’s path-breaking The Geometry of Desert. First I explain the so-called “bell motion” of desert mountains—a notion reflecting that, ceteris paribus, as people get more virtuous it becomes more important not to give them too little of whatever they deserve than not to give them too much. Having argued that Kagan’s defense of it is unsatisfactory, I offer two objections to the existence of the bell motion. Second, I take up (...)
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  2. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2015). Are Enabling and Allowing Harm Morally Equivalent? Utilitas 27 (3):365-383.
    It is sometimes asserted that enabling harm is morally equivalent to allowing harm. In this article, I criticize this view. Positively, I show that cases involving self-defence and cases involving people acting on the basis of a reasonable belief to the effect that certain obstacles to harm will remain in place, or will be put in place, show that enabling harm is harder to justify than allowing it. Negatively, I argue that certain cases offered in defence of the moral equivalence (...)
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  3. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2015). Genetic Discrimination and Health Insurance. Res Publica 21 (2):185-199.
    According to US law, insurance companies can lawfully differentiate individual health insurance premiums on the basis of non-genetic medical information, but not on the basis of genetic information. The article reviews the case for such genetic exceptionalism. First, I critically assess some standard justifications. Next, I scrutinize an argument appealing to the view that genetically based premium differentiation expresses that persons do not all merit equal concern and respect. In the final section, I argue that even if genetic exceptionalism is (...)
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  4. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2015). Kamm , Frances Myrna . Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Pp. 599. $35.00. [REVIEW] Ethics 125 (3):879-883.
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  5. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2015). Luck Egalitarians Versus Relational Egalitarians: On the Prospects of a Pluralist Account of Egalitarian Justice. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (2):220-241.
    Pluralist egalitarians think that luck and relational egalitarianism each articulates a component in a pluralist account of egalitarian justice. However, this ecumenical view appears problematic in the light of Elizabeth Anderson's claim that the divide arises because two incompatible views of justification are in play, which in turn generates derivative disagreements – e.g. about the proper currency of egalitarian justice. In support of pluralist egalitarianism I argue that two of Anderson's derivative disagreements are not rooted in the disagreement over justification (...)
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  6. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2015). To Serve and Protect’: The Ends of Harm by Victor Tadros. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 9 (1):49-71.
    In The Ends of Harm Victor Tadros develops an alternative to consequentialist, and non-consequentialist retributivist, accounts of the justifiability of punishment: the duty view. Crucial to this view is the claim that wrongdoers incur an enforceable duty to remedy their wrongs. They cannot undo them, but they can do something that is almost as good—namely, by submitting to appropriate punishment, which will deter potential wrongdoers in the future, reduce their victim’s risk of suffering similar wrongs again. Admittedly, this involves harming (...)
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  7. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2014). Human Rights and Cohen’s Anti-Statism. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 13 (2):165-185.
    G. A. Cohen’s critique of standard liberal interpretations of the difference principle has been very influential. According to Cohen, justice is not realized simply because the state’s tax policies and other distributive tools maximize the position of the worst off. Rather – possibly in addition to, but not to the exclusion of, certain state policies – justice requires talented people to improve the position of the worst off through their actions in their daily lives. Specifically, it prohibits talented people from (...)
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  8. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2014). Indirect Discrimination is Not Necessarily Unjust. Journal of Practical Ethics 2 (2):33-57.
    This article argues that, as commonly understood, indirect discrimination is not necessarily unjust: 1) indirect discrimination involves the disadvantaging in relation to a particular benefit and such disadvantages are not unjust if the overall distribution of benefits and burdens is just; 2) indirect discrimination focuses on groups and group averages and ignores the distribution of harms and benefits within groups subjected to discrimination, but distributive justice is concerned with individuals; and 3) if indirect discrimination as such is unjust, strict egalitarianism (...)
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  9. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2014). Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality, by Kok-Chor Tan. Mind 123 (490):653-656.
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  10. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2014). Neuroprediction, Truth-Sensitivity, and the Law. Journal of Ethics 18 (2):123-136.
    A recent argument by Nadelhoffer et al. defends a cautious optimism regarding the use of neuroprediction in relation to sentencing based, in part, on an assessment of the offender’s dangerousness. While this optimism may be warranted, Nadelhoffer et al.’s argument fails to justify it. Although neuropredictions provide individualized, non-statistical evidence they will often be problematic for the same reason that basing sentencing on statistical evidence is, to wit, that such predictions are insensitive to the offender’s dangerousness in relevant counterfactual situations (...)
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  11. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2013). Born Free and Equal? A Philosophical Inquiry Into the Nature of Discrimination. Oxford University Press.
    This book addresses these three issues: What is discrimination?; What makes it wrong?; What should be done about wrongful discrimination? It argues: that there are different concepts of discrimination; that discrimination is not always morally wrong and that when it is, it is so primarily because of its harmful effects.
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  12. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2013). Noncombatants and Liability to Be Attacked in Wars. Public Affairs Quarterly 27 (1).
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  13. K. Lippert-Rasmussen & T. S. Petersen (2012). Ethics, Organ Donation and Tax: A Reply to Quigley and Taylor. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):463-464.
    A national opt-out system of post-mortem donation of scarce organs is preferable to an opt-in system. Unfortunately, the former system is not always feasible, and so in a recent JME article we canvassed the possibility of offering people a tax break for opting-in as a way of increasing the number of organs available for donation under an opt-in regime. Muireann Quigley and James Stacey Taylor criticize our proposal. Roughly, Quigley argues that our proposal is costly and, hence, is unlikely to (...)
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  14. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Democratic Egalitarianism Versus Luck Egalitarianism: What Is at Stake? Philosophical Topics 40 (1):117-134.
    This paper takes a fresh look at Elizabeth Anderson’s democratic egalitarianism and its relation to luck egalitarianism in the light of recent trends toward greater socioeconomic inequality. Anderson’s critique of luck egalitarianism and her alternative ideal of democratic equality are set out. It is then argued that the former is not very powerful, and that the latter is vulnerable to many of Anderson’s criticisms of luck egalitarianism. The paper also seeks to show that, on many of the issues over which (...)
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  15. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Estlund on Epistocracy: A Critique. [REVIEW] Res Publica 18 (3):241-258.
    An influential anti-democratic argument says: ‘(1) Answers to political questions are truth-apt. (2) A small elite only—the epistocrats—knows these truths. (3) If answers to political questions are truth-apt, then those with this knowledge about these matters should rule. (4) Thus, epistocrats should rule.’ Many democrats have responded by denying (1), arguing that, say, answers to political questions are a matter of sheer personal preference. Others have rejected (2), contending that knowledge of the true answers to political questions is evenly distributed. (...)
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  16. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Intentions and Discrimination in Hiring. Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (1):55-74.
    Fundamentally, intentions do not matter to the permissibility of actions, according to Thomas Scanlon (among others). Yet, discriminatory intentions seem essential to certain kinds of direct discrimination in hiring and firing, and appear to be something by virtue of which, in part at least, these kinds of discrimination are morally impermissible. Scanlon's account of the wrongness of discrimination attempts to accommodate this appearance through the notion of the expressive meaning of discriminatory acts and a certain view about how permissibility relates (...)
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  17. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Mads Rosendahl Thomsen & Jacob Wamberg (eds.) (2012). The Posthuman Condition: Ethics, Aesthetics and Politics of Biotechnological Challenges. Aarhus University Press ;.
     
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  18. Thomas Søbirk Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Ethics, Organ Donation and Tax: A Proposal. Jounal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):451-457.
    Next SectionFive arguments are presented in favour of the proposal that people who opt in as organ donors should receive a tax break. These arguments appeal to welfare, autonomy, fairness, distributive justice and self-ownership, respectively. Eight worries about the proposal are considered in this paper. These objections focus upon no-effect and counter-productiveness, the Titmuss concern about social meaning, exploitation of the poor, commodification, inequality and unequal status, the notion that there are better alternatives, unacceptable expense, and concerns about the veto (...)
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  19. T. Sobirk Petersen & K. Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Ethics, Organ Donation and Tax: A Proposal. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):451-457.
    Next SectionFive arguments are presented in favour of the proposal that people who opt in as organ donors should receive a tax break. These arguments appeal to welfare, autonomy, fairness, distributive justice and self-ownership, respectively. Eight worries about the proposal are considered in this paper. These objections focus upon no-effect and counter-productiveness, the Titmuss concern about social meaning, exploitation of the poor, commodification, inequality and unequal status, the notion that there are better alternatives, unacceptable expense, and concerns about the veto (...)
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  20. K. Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). Luck Egalitarianism and Group Responsibility. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press
     
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  21. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare, Marc Fleurbaey. Oxford University Press, 2008. X + 295 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):208-215.
  22. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). Immigrants, Multiculturalism, and Expensive Cultural Tastes: Quong on Luck Egalitarianism and Cultural Minority Rights. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 6 (2):176-192.
    Kymlicka has offered an influential luck egalitarian justification for a catalogue of polyethnic rights addressing cultural disadvantages of immigrant minorities. In response, Quong argues that while the items on the list are justified, in the light of the fact that the relevant disadvantages of immigrants result from their choice to immigrate, (i) these rights cannot be derived from luck egalitarianism and (ii) that this casts doubt on luck egalitarianism as a theory of cultural justice. As an alternative to Kymlicka’s argument, (...)
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  23. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). Luck-Egalitarianism: Faults and Collective Choice. Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):151-173.
    A standard formulation of luck-egalitarianism says that ‘it is [in itself] bad – unjust and unfair – for some to be worse off than others [through no fault or choice of their own]’, where ‘fault or choice’ means substantive responsibility-generating fault or choice. This formulation is ambiguous: one ambiguity concerns the possible existence of a gap between what is true of each worse-off individual and what is true of the group of worse-off individuals, fault or choice-wise, the other concerns the (...)
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  24. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). No Title Available: Reviews. Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):208-215.
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  25. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). Vote Buying and Election Promises: Should Democrats Care About the Difference? Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (2):125-144.
  26. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). "We Are All Different": Statistical Discrimination and the Right to Be Treated as an Individual. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 15 (1/2):47 - 59.
    There are many objections to statistical discrimination in general and racial profiling in particular. One objection appeals to the idea that people have a right to be treated as individuals. Statistical discrimination violates this right because, presumably, it involves treating people simply on the basis of statistical facts about groups to which they belong while ignoring non-statistical evidence about them. While there is something to this objection—there are objectionable ways of treating others that seem aptly described as failing to treat (...)
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  27. K. Lippert-Rasmussen (2010). Luck Egalitarianism: Equality, Responsibility, and Justice * by Carl Knight. Analysis 70 (4):804-805.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  28. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2010). Review of Jon Mandle, Rawls's a Theory of Justice: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (5).
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  29. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2010). Scanlon on the Doctrine of Double Effect. Social Theory and Practice 36 (4):541-564.
    In recent work, T.M. Scanlon has unsuccessfully challenged the doctrine of double effect (DDE). First, comparing actions reflecting faulty moral deliberations and involving merely foreseen harm with actions reflecting less faulty moral deliberations involving intended harm suggests that proponents of DDE do not confuse the critical and the deliberative uses of moral principles. Second, Scanlon submits that it is odd to say to a deliberating agent that the permissibility of the actions she ponders depends on the intention with which she (...)
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  30. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen & Sigurd Lauridsen (2010). Justice and the Allocation of Healthcare Resources: Should Indirect, Non-Health Effects Count? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (3):237-246.
    Alternative allocations of a fixed bundle of healthcare resources often involve significantly different indirect, non-health effects. The question arises whether these effects must figure in accounts of the conditions under which a distribution of healthcare resources is morally justifiable. In this article we defend a Scanlonian, affirmative answer to this question: healthcare resource managers should sometimes select an allocation which has worse direct, health-related effects but better indirect, nonhealth effects; they should do this when the interests served by such a (...)
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  31. Sigurd Lauridsen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2009). Legitimate Allocation of Public Healthcare: Beyond Accountability for Reasonableness. Public Health Ethics 2 (1):59-69.
    PhD, Institute of Public Health, Unit of Medical Philosophy and Clinical Theory, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, P.O. Box 2099 1014 Copenhagen. Tel: +45 30 32 33 63; Email: s.lauridsen{at}pubhealth.ku.dk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Citizens’ consent to political decisions is often regarded as a necessary condition of political legitimacy. (...)
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  32. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2009). Responsible Nations: Miller on National Responsibility. Ethics and Global Politics 2 (2):109-130.
    In National Responsibility and Global Justice, David Miller defends the view that a member of a nation can be collectively responsible for an outcome despite the fact that: (i) she did not control it; (ii) she actively opposed those of her nation’s policies that produced the outcome; and (iii) actively opposing the relevant policy was costly for her. I argue that Miller’s arguments in favor of this strong externalist view about responsibility and control are insufficient. Specifically, I show that Miller’s (...)
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  33. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2009). Kamm on Inviolability and Agent-Relative Restrictions. Res Publica 15 (2):165-178.
    Agent-relative restrictions prohibit minimizing violations: that is, they require us not to minimize the total number of their violations by violating them ourselves. Frances Kamm has explained this prohibition in terms of the moral worth of persons, which, in turn, she explains in terms of persons’ high moral status as inviolable beings. I press the following criticism of this account: even if minimizing violations are permissible, we need not have a lower moral status provided other determinants thereof boost it. Thus, (...)
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  34. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2009). Reaction Qualifications Revisited. Social Theory and Practice 35 (3):413-439.
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  35. Kasper Lippert-rasmussen (2008). Against Self-Ownership: There Are No Fact-Insensitive Ownership Rights Over One's Body. Philosophy and Public Affairs 36 (1):86–118.
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  36. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2008). Discrimination and the Aim of Proportional Representation. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (2):159-182.
    Many organizations, companies, and so on are committed to certain representational aims as regards the composition of their workforce. One motivation for such aims is the assumption that numerical underrepresentation of groups manifests discrimination against them. In this article, I articulate representational aims in a way that best captures this rationale. My main claim is that the achievement of such representational aims is reducible to the elimination of the effects of wrongful discrimination on individuals and that this very important concern (...)
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  37. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2008). Inequality, Incentives and the Interpersonal Test. Ratio 21 (4):421-439.
    This article defends three claims: (1) even if Rawls' difference principle permits incentives to induce talented people to be more productive, it does not follow that it permits inequalities; (2) the difference principle, when adequately specified, may in some circumstances permit incentives and allow that the worst off are not made as well off as they could be; and (3) an argument for incentives might pass Cohen's interpersonal test even if it is unsound and might not pass it even (...)
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  38. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Justice and Bad Luck. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  39. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2008). Publicity and Egalitarian Justice. Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (1):30-49.
    Recently, the issue of publicity has surfaced in discussions of the correct interpretation of the Rawlsian principles of justice. In an intriguing critique of G.A. Cohen's preferred interpretation of the difference principle as a principle that is incompatible with incentive-based inequalities, Andrew Williams points to a gap in Cohen's argument, alleging that Cohen's interpretation of the difference principle is unlikely to be compatible with the Rawlsian endorsement of publicity. Having explored a possible extrapolation of Cohen's critique to aggregate consumer choices (...)
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  40. Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2007). An Introduction to Contemporary Egalitarianism. In Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.), Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Clarendon Press 1--37.
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  41. Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.) (2007). Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Clarendon Press.
    The contributors to the volume are: Richard Arneson, Linda Barclay, Thomas Christiano, Nils Holtug, Susan Hurley, Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Dennis McKerlie, ...
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  42. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2007). Discrimination : Discrimination : What is It and What Makes It Morally Wrong? In Jesper Ryberg, Thomas S. Petersen & Clark Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan
     
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  43. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2007). Nothing Personal: On Statistical Discrimination. Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (4):385–403.
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  44. Thomas Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2007). Sports : Prohibiting Drugs in Sports : An Enhanced Proposal. In Jesper Ryberg, Thomas S. Petersen & Clark Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan 237--60.
     
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  45. Justin D'Arms, Robert Francesscotti, I. Haji, Susan Hurley, Leonard Kahn, Brian Kierland, K. Lippert-Rasmussen, Douglas Portmore, Betsy Postow & Bernard Rollin (2006). Manuscript Referees for The Journal of Ethics: August 2005–July 2006. Journal of Ethics 10 (4):507.
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  46. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2006). Book Review: World Poverty and Human Rights. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (1):97-99.
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  47. Kasper Lippert-rasmussen (2006). Racial Profiling Versus Community. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):191–205.
  48. Kasper Lippert-rasmussen (2006). The Badness of Discrimination. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (2):167 - 185.
    The most blatant forms of discrimination are morally outrageous and very obviously so; but the nature and boundaries of discrimination are more controversial, and it is not clear whether all forms of discrimination are morally bad; nor is it clear why objectionable cases of discrimination are bad. In this paper I address these issues. First, I offer a taxonomy of discrimination. I then argue that discrimination is bad, when it is, because it harms people. Finally, I criticize a rival, disrespect-based (...)
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  49. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2006). The Insignificance of the Distinction Between Telic and Deontic Egalitarianism. In Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.), Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Clarendon Press
  50. Karsten Klint Jensen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2005). Understanding Particularism. Theoria 71 (2):118-137.
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