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Profile: Kevin Smith (DeVRY Institute of Technology, Columbus)
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  1. Kelly Smith, €œGenetic Testing of the General Population: Ethical and Informatic Concernsâ€.
    I. Introductory Comments   The Human Genome Project will be completed within 2 years, and “targeted†sequence data from the most promising sections of the genome will be released even sooner. Based on this wealth of information, at least 400 new genetic tests will become available within the next decade. The blending of microelectronic and genetic technology will make the “genetic report card†an affordable and routine part of medical care. The implicit assumption driving much of this push for (...)
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  2. Kelly C. Smith & Hardin Hall, Scientific Contribution.
      What exactly is a genetic disease? For a phrase one hears on a daily basis, there has been surprisingly little analysis of the underlying concept. Medical doctors seem perfectly willing to admit that the etiology of disease is typically complex, with a great many factors interacting to bring about a given condition. On such a view, descriptions of diseases like cancer as genetic seem at best highly simplistic, and at worst philosophically indefensible. On the other hand, there is (...)
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  3. Kelly C. Smith, Genetic Disease, Genetic Testing and the Clinician.
    Modern medicine emphasizes treatment of the sick. It is often said that the widespread genetic testing soon to follow the completion of the Human Genome Project will usher in a new era of preventive medicine. Such changes require new ways of thinking, however. For example, there may be nothing clinically wrong with a healthy patient who requests genetic testing, even if the tests reveal disease genes. Since all individuals have genetic skeletons in their closets, it is important to be careful (...)
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  4. Kelly C. Smith, Lightsey Fellowship Proposal for Summer 2000.
    Proposal in Brief : I have been invited by Michael Ruse, editor of the Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology series for Cambridge University Press, to submit a book proposal on the Philosophy of Developmental Biology. This is both a great honor and a magnificent opportunity for a relatively junior professor, especially since the field is new - done well, this book could help set the basic parameters of an emerging discipline.
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  5. B. Sanders, C. Lattimore, K. Smith & L. Dierker (forthcoming). Unilateral Breathing and Cognition, Bruin Und. Cognition.
     
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  6. Kevin R. Smith (forthcoming). Biomedical Ethics: A Utilitarian Perspective. International Journal of Ethics. 5 (3-4).
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  7. Kim Smith (forthcoming). The Sign-Status of Specular Reflections. Semiotics:73-81.
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  8. Catriona Silvey, Simon Kirby & Kenny Smith (2014). Word Meanings Evolve to Selectively Preserve Distinctions on Salient Dimensions. Cognitive Science 38 (5).
    Words refer to objects in the world, but this correspondence is not one-to-one: Each word has a range of referents that share features on some dimensions but differ on others. This property of language is called underspecification. Parts of the lexicon have characteristic patterns of underspecification; for example, artifact nouns tend to specify shape, but not color, whereas substance nouns specify material but not shape. These regularities in the lexicon enable learners to generalize new words appropriately. How does the lexicon (...)
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  9. Kevin Smith & Vul (2014). Reductionism and Practicality. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 10 (1):78-85.
    Like most domains of science, the study of the mind has been tackled at many scales of analysis, from the behavior of large groups of people (economics and ecology), to the diffusion of ions across cellular membranes (molecular biology and biophysics). At each of these scales, researchers often believe that the critical phenomena of interest, and the most powerful explanatory constructs and mechanisms, reside at their scale of analysis, with finer scales argued to be incapable of predicting the interesting phenomena, (...)
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  10. Kimberley J. Smith, Sinead Mullally, Declan McLoughlin & Shane O'Mara (2014). Validation of the Face-Name Pairs Task in Major Depression: Impaired Recall but Not Recognition. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  11. Kevin Smith (2013). Synthetic Biology: A Utilitarian Perspective. Bioethics 27 (8):453-463.
    I examine the positive and negative features of synthetic biology (‘SynBio’) from a utilitarian ethical perspective. The potential beneficial outcomes from SynBio in the context of medicine are substantial; however it is not presently possible to predict precise outcomes due to the nascent state of the field. Potential negative outcomes from SynBio also exist, including iatrogenesis and bioterrorism; however it is not yet possible to quantify these risks. I argue that the application of a ‘precautionary’ approach to SynBio is ethically (...)
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  12. Kevin A. Smith, David E. Huber & Edward Vul (2013). Multiply-Constrained Semantic Search in the Remote Associates Test. Cognition 128 (1):64-75.
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  13. Kevin A. Smith & Edward Vul (2013). Sources of Uncertainty in Intuitive Physics. Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (1):185-199.
    Recent work suggests that people predict how objects interact in a manner consistent with Newtonian physics, but with additional uncertainty. However, the sources of uncertainty have not been examined. In this study, we measure perceptual noise in initial conditions and stochasticity in the physical model used to make predictions. Participants predicted the trajectory of a moving object through occluded motion and bounces, and we compared their behavior to an ideal observer model. We found that human judgments cannot be captured by (...)
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  14. Kyle Smith (2013). E.D. Digeser A Threat to Public Piety. Christians, Platonists, and the Great Persecution. Pp. Xviii + 218. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2012. Cased, US$45. ISBN: 978-0-8014-4181-3. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 63 (1):169-171.
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  15. Joseph B. Stanford & Ken R. Smith (2013). Marital Fertility and Income: Moderating Effects of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Religion in Utah. Journal of Biosocial Science 45 (2):239-248.
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  16. Owen F. Temby & Ken R. Smith (2013). The Association Between Adult Mortality Risk and Family History of Longevity: The Moderating Effects of Socioeconomic Status. Journal of Biosocial Science:1-14.
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  17. Carmel M. Martin, Carl Vogel, Deirdre Grady, Atieh Zarabzadeh, Lucy Hederman, John Kellett, Kevin Smith & Brendan O' Shea (2012). Implementation of Complex Adaptive Chronic Care: The Patient Journey Record System (PaJR). Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1226-1234.
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  18. K. V. Smith, J. Witt, J. Klaassen, C. Zimmerman & A. -L. Cheng (2012). High-Fidelity Simulation and Legal/Ethical Concepts: A Transformational Learning Experience. Nursing Ethics 19 (3):390-398.
    Students in an undergraduate legal and ethical issues course continually told the authors that they did not have time to study for the course because they were busy studying for their clinical courses. Faculty became concerned that students were failing to realize the value of legal and ethical concepts as applicable to clinical practice. This led the authors to implement a transformational learning experience in which students applied legal and ethical course content in a high-fidelity human simulation (HFHS) scenario. A (...)
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  19. Karl E. Smith (2012). Castoriadis: Psyche, Society, Autonomy. Thesis Eleven 108 (1):136-140.
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  20. Kathryn A. Smith (2012). Hanna and Turville-Petre, Eds., The Wollaton Medieval Manuscripts: Texts, Owners and Readers. (Manuscript Culture in the British Isles 3.) Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: University of York, 2010. Pp. Xi, 146; 28 Color and 16 B&W Figs., Genealogical Tables, and 1 Map. $95. ISBN: 9781903153345. [REVIEW] Speculum 87 (4):1205-1207.
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  21. Kevin Smith (2012). Homeopathy is Unscientific and Unethical. Bioethics 26 (9):508-512.
    In opposition to the premises of Against Homeopathy – a Utilitarian Perspective, all four respondents base their objections on the central claims that homeopathy is in fact scientifically plausible and is supported by empirical evidence. Despite ethical aspects forming the main thrust of Against Homeopathy, the respondents’ focus on scientific aspects represents sound strategy, since the ethical case against homeopathy would be weakened concomitant with the extent to which any plausibility for homeopathy could be demonstrated. The trouble here is that (...)
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  22. Kimberly Smith (2012). Kimberly N. Ruffin: Black on Earth: African American Ecoliterary Traditions. Environmental Ethics 34 (2):211-212.
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  23. Kimberly K. Smith (2012). Books in Review: Redeeming Democracy in America. Political Theory 40 (1):123-127.
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  24. Kimberly K. Smith (2012). Governing Animals: Animal Welfare and the Liberal State. Oup Usa.
    Governing Animals explores the role of the liberal state in protecting animal welfare. Examining liberal concepts such as the social contract, property rights, and representation, Kimberly K. Smith argues that liberalism properly understood can recognize the moral status and social meaning of animals and provides guidance in fashioning animal policy.
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  25. Kristen Smith (2012). The Problematization of Medical Tourism: A Critique of Neoliberalism. Developing World Bioethics 12 (1):1-8.
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  26. Kurt Smith (2012). Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians. By Steven Nadler. (Oxford UP, 2011. Pp. Xii + 207. Price £37.00.). Philosophical Quarterly 62 (248):643-643.
  27. Henrietta Grönlund, Kirsten Holmes, Chulhee Kang, Ram Cnaan, Femida Handy, Jeffrey Brudney, Debbie Haski-Leventhal, Lesley Hustinx, Meenaz Kassam, Lucas Meijs, Anne Pessi, Bhangyashree Ranade, Karen Smith, Naoto Yamauchi & Siniša Zrinščak (2011). Cultural Values and Volunteering: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Students' Motivation to Volunteer in 13 Countries. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (2):87-106.
    Voluntary participation is connected to cultural, political, religious and social contexts. Social and societal factors can provide opportunities, expectations and requirements for voluntary activity, as well as influence the values and norms promoting this. These contexts are especially central in the case of voluntary participation among students as they are often responding to the societal demands for building a career and qualifying for future assignments and/or government requirements for completing community service. This article questions how cultural values affect attitudes towards (...)
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  28. Lisa Harris, Lorraine Warren, Kelly Smith & Charlotte Carey (2011). Web 2.0. International Journal of Cyber Ethics in Education 1 (3):78-91.
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  29. K. Smith (2011). The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760, by Stephen Gaukroger. [REVIEW] Mind 120 (479):860-863.
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  30. Kelly C. Smith (2011). Foiling the Black Knight. Synthese 178 (2):219 - 235.
    Why is the academy in general, and philosophy in particular, not more involved in the fight against the creationist threat? And why, when a response is offered, is it so curiously ineffective? I argue, by using an analogy with the battle against the Black Knight from the movie Monty Python and the Holy Grail, that the difficulty lies largely in a failure to see the nature of the problem clearly. By modifying the analogy, it is possible to see both why (...)
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  31. Kenny Smith, Andrew D. M. Smith & Richard A. Blythe (2011). Cross-Situational Learning: An Experimental Study of Word-Learning Mechanisms. Cognitive Science 35 (3):480-498.
    Cross-situational learning is a mechanism for learning the meaning of words across multiple exposures, despite exposure-by-exposure uncertainty as to the word's true meaning. We present experimental evidence showing that humans learn words effectively using cross-situational learning, even at high levels of referential uncertainty. Both overall success rates and the time taken to learn words are affected by the degree of referential uncertainty, with greater referential uncertainty leading to less reliable, slower learning. Words are also learned less successfully and more slowly (...)
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  32. Kevin Smith (2011). Against Homeopathy – a Utilitarian Perspective. Bioethics 26 (8):398-409.
    I examine the positive and negative features of homeopathy from an ethical perspective. I consider: (a) several potentially beneficial features of homeopathy, including non-invasiveness, cost-effectiveness, holism, placebo benefits and agent autonomy; and (b) several potentially negative features of homeopathy, including failure to seek effective healthcare, wastage of resources, promulgation of false beliefs and a weakening of commitment to scientific medicine. A utilitarian analysis of the utilities and disutilities leads to the conclusion that homeopathy is ethically unacceptable and ought to be (...)
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  33. Kurt Smith (2011). Matters of Spirit. Review of Metaphysics 64 (4):880-882.
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  34. Lora Humphrey Beebe & Kathlene Smith (2010). Informed Consent to Research in Persons with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders. Nursing Ethics 17 (4):425-434.
    This manuscript describes the responses and correlates of outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders to a tool designed to measure comprehension before obtaining informed consent for research participation. We used the Evaluation to Sign Consent form to document comprehension in 100 outpatients as part of their consent to participate in an ongoing study of an exercise intervention. The findings suggest that using this form is a feasible and acceptable approach to documenting comprehension of research procedures prior to obtaining informed consent. Age (...)
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  35. Richard A. Blythe, Kenny Smith & Andrew D. M. Smith (2010). Learning Times for Large Lexicons Through Cross‐Situational Learning. Cognitive Science 34 (4):620-642.
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  36. Pablo Bri?? ol, Kenneth G. DeMarree, K. Rachelle Smith, Paula M. Niedenthal, Martial Mermillod, Marcus Maringer & Ursula Hess (2010). The Role of Embodied Change in Perceiving and Processing Facial Expressions of Others. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):437.
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  37. Pablo Briñol, Kenneth G. DeMarree & K. Rachelle Smith (2010). The Role of Embodied Change in Perceiving and Processing Facial Expressions of Others. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (6):437-438.
    The embodied simulation of smiles involves motor activity that often changes the perceivers' own emotional experience (e.g., smiling can make us feel happy). Although Niedenthal et al. mention this possibility, the psychological processes by which embodiment changes emotions and their consequences for processing other emotions are not discussed in the target article's review. We argue that understanding the processes initiated by embodiment is important for a complete understanding of the effects of embodiment on emotion perception.
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  38. Nancye M. Peel, Catherine Travers, Rebecca A. R. Bell & Kate Smith (2010). Evaluation of a Health Service Delivery Intervention to Promote Falls Prevention in Older People Across the Care Continuum. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1254-1261.
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  39. Karl E. Smith (2010). Meaning, Subjectivity, Society: Making Sense of Modernity. Brill.
    This book grapples with these perennial questions, primarily through a dialogue with Cornelius Castoriadis and Charles Taylor, using an interdisciplinary ...
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  40. Kate Smith (2010). Resource Evaluation: Community Cop. Ethos 18 (3):31.
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  41. Kenny Smith & Elizabeth Wonnacott (2010). Eliminating Unpredictable Variation Through Iterated Learning. Cognition 116 (3):444-449.
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  42. Kit Smith (2010). The Singing Assembly: How Does Music Affect the Faith Life of a Worshipping Community? Australasian Catholic Record, The 87 (3):284.
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  43. Kurt Smith (2010). Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period. Oxford University Press.
    Preliminaries : the context of modern matter. The visible and the intelligible ; Plato's early and late methods ; Matter and division -- Analysis. Analysis and clarity and distinctness ; A general theory of clarity and distinctness ; The general theory continued ; Enumeration, quantity, and measurement -- Synthesis. Synthesis and system building ; Synthesis and the principle of addition ; Metaphysics, mathematics, and metaphor ; Material structure and calculating machines ; How analysis and synthesis are related -- Sensible and (...)
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  44. Kurt Smith (2010). Raffaella De Rosa, Descartes and The Puzzle of Sensory Representation. Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (5):324-327.
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  45. Stephen R. Carpenter, E. Virginia Armbrust, Peter W. Arzberger, F. Stuart Chapin, James J. Elser, Edward J. Hackett, Anthony R. Ives, Peter M. Kareiva, Mathew A. Leibold, Per Lundberg, Marc Mangel, Nirav Merchant, William W. Murdoch, Margaret A. Palmer, Debra P. C. Peters, Steward T. A. Pickett, Kathleen K. Smith, Diana H. Wall & Ann S. Zimmerman (2009). Accelerate Synthesis in Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Bioscience 59 (8):699-701.
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  46. K. Smith & A. Nelson (2009). Divisibility and Cartesian Extension. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 5.
     
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  47. Karl E. Smith (2009). Introduction: Charles Taylor. Thesis Eleven 99 (1):3-6.
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  48. Karl E. Smith (2009). Meaning and Porous Being. Thesis Eleven 99 (1):7-26.
    In A Secular Age, Taylor introduces the idea of porous subjectivity by way of elucidating the mode of being typical of the enchanted pre-modern world, and juxtaposes it to the buffered self typical of the disenchanted modern world. The framing of the problem in this way, with the argument so clearly oriented as an attack on the latter position, risks a polarization that defaults to the former as the preferred option. These, though, are not our only choices. There is much (...)
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  49. Kelly C. Smith (2009). The Trouble with Intrinsic Value : An Ethical Primer for Astrobiology. In Constance M. Bertka (ed.), Exploring the Origin, Extent, and Future of Life: Philosophical, Ethical, and Theological Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  50. Kenny Smith (2009). Iterated Learning in Populations of Bayesian Agents. In. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 697--702.
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