21 found
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Kristin Voigt [18]K. Voigt [2]Konstanstin Voigt [1]
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Profile: Kristin Voigt (McGill University)
  1.  10
    Adina Preda & Kristin Voigt (2015). The Social Determinants of Health: Why Should We Care? American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):25-36.
    A growing body of empirical research examines the effects of the so-called “social determinants of health” on health and health inequalities. Several high-profile publications have issued policy recommendations to reduce health inequalities based on a specific interpretation of this empirical research as well as a set of normative assumptions. This article questions the framework defined by these assumptions by focusing on two issues: first, the normative judgments about the fairness of particular health inequalities; and second, the policy recommendations issued on (...)
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  2. Kristin Voigt (2007). The Harshness Objection: Is Luck Egalitarianism Too Harsh on the Victims of Option Luck? [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):389 - 407.
    According to luck egalitarianism, inequalities are justified if and only if they arise from choices for which it is reasonable to hold agents responsible. This position has been criticised for its purported harshness in responding to the plight of individuals who, through their own choices, end up destitute. This paper aims to assess the Harshness Objection. I put forward a version of the objection that has been qualified to take into account some of the more subtle elements of the luck (...)
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  3.  45
    K. Voigt (2010). Smoking and Social Justice. Public Health Ethics 3 (2):91-106.
    Smoking is disproportionately common among the disadvantaged, both within many countries and globally; the burden associated with smoking is, therefore, borne to a great extent by the disadvantaged. In this paper, I argue that this should be regarded as a problem of social justice. Even though smokers do, in a sense, ‘choose’ to smoke, the extent to which these choices can legitimise the resulting inequalities is limited by the unequal circumstances in which they are made. An analysis of the empirical (...)
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  4.  22
    Kristin Voigt (2013). Appeals to Individual Responsibility for Health. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (3):328-329.
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  5.  5
    Kristin Voigt & Gry Wester (2015). Relational Equality and Health. Social Philosophy and Policy 31 (2):204-229.
    Political philosophers have become increasingly interested in questions of justice as applied to health. Much of this literature works from a distributive understanding of justice. In the recent debate, however, ‘relational’ egalitarians have proposed a different way of conceptualising equality, which focuses on the quality of social relations among citizens and/or how social institutions ‘treat’ citizens. This paper explores some implications of a relational approach to health, with particular focus on health care, health inequalities and health policy. While the relational (...)
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  6.  6
    Kalle Grill & Kristin Voigt (2015). The Case for Banning Cigarettes. Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2015-102682.
    Lifelong smokers lose on average a decade of life vis-à-vis non-smokers. Globally, tobacco causes about 5–6 million deaths annually. One billion tobacco-related deaths are predicted for the 21st century, with about half occurring before the age of 70. In this paper, we consider a complete ban on the sale of cigarettes and find that such a ban, if effective, would be justified. As with many policy decisions, the argument for such a ban requires a weighing of the pros and cons (...)
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  7.  19
    Harald Schmidt, Kristin Voigt & Daniel Wikler (2010). Carrots, Sticks, and Health Care Reform — Problems with Wellness Incentives. New England Journal of Medicine 362:e3.
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  8.  8
    Adina Preda & Kristin Voigt (2015). Health and Social Justice: Which Inequalities Matter ? Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Social Determinants of Health: Why Should We Care?”. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):1-3.
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  9.  3
    Kristin Voigt (2015). Paternalism and Equality. In Thomas Schramme (ed.), New Perspectives on Paternalism and Health Care. Springer International Publishing
    Paternalistic interventions restrict individuals’ liberty or autonomy so as to guide their decisions towards options that are more beneficial for them than the ones they would choose in the absence of such interventions. Although some philosophers have emphasised that there is a case for justifiable paternalism in certain circumstances, much of contemporary moral and political philosophy works from a strong presumption against paternalistic interventions. However, Richard Arneson has argued that there are egalitarian reasons that support the case for paternalism: paternalistic (...)
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  10.  2
    Kristin Voigt (2007). The Harshness Objection: Is Luck Egalitarianism Too Harsh on the Victims of Option Luck? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):389-407.
    According to luck egalitarianism, inequalities are justified if and only if they arise from choices for which it is reasonable to hold agents responsible. This position has been criticised for its purported harshness in responding to the plight of individuals who, through their own choices, end up destitute. This paper aims to assess the Harshness Objection. I put forward a version of the objection that has been qualified to take into account some of the more subtle elements of the luck (...)
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  11.  12
    Kristin Voigt (2007). Individual Choice and Unequal Participation in Higher Education. Theory and Research in Education 5.
    Does the unequal participation of non-traditional students in higher education indicate social injustice, even if it can be traced back to individuals' choices? Drawing on luck egalitarian approaches,this article suggests that an answer to this question must take into account the effects of unequal brute luck on educational choices.I use a framework based on expected utility theory to analyse qualitative studies on educational choice.This reveals a variety of mechanisms through which differences in background conditions make non-traditional students less likely to (...)
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  12.  6
    Kristin Voigt (2015). Responsibility for Global Health: Is There a Case for 'Duty Dumping'? Jurisprudence 6 (1):144-150.
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  13.  3
    Kristin Voigt (2013). Appeals to Individual Responsibility for Health - Reconsidering the Luck Egalitarian Perspective—ERRATUM. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (3):328-329.
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  14.  7
    Konstanstin Voigt (2010). Musikalisches Denken im Mittelalter. Eine Einführung. Early Science and Medicine 15 (3):296-298.
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  15.  3
    K. Voigt (2014). Rationing, Inefficiency and the Role of Clinicians. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (2):94-96.
    The need for rationing of clinical services and medical resources is a crucial issue facing healthcare systems. On most accounts, the demand for medical services vastly exceeds what can be provided on limited budgets, requiring difficult decisions about which services should and should not be provided to patients, whether patients might have to bear some of the cost of the services they use, and on what basis rationing decisions should be made. At the same time, we know that healthcare systems (...)
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  16. Michael S. Merry & Kristin Voigt (2014). Risk, Harm and Intervention: The Case of Child Obesity. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (2):191-200.
     
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  17. Harald Schmidt, Kristin Voigt & Daniel Wikler, Carrots, Sticks, and Health Care Reform — Problems with Wellness Incentives.
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  18.  13
    Kristin Voigt, Stuart G. Nicholls & Garrath Williams (2014). Childhood Obesity: Ethical and Policy Issues. Oxford University Press.
    Childhood obesity has become a central concern in many countries and a range of policies have been implemented or proposed to address it. This co-authored book is the first to focus on the ethical and policy questions raised by childhood obesity and its prevention. -/- Throughout the book, the authors emphasize that childhood obesity is a multi-faceted phenomenon, and just one of many issues that parents, schools and societies face. They argue that it is important to acknowledge the resulting complexities (...)
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  19. Kristin Voigt, Individual Choice and Unequal Participation in Higher Education.
    Does the unequal participation of non-traditional students in higher education indicate social injustice, even if it can be traced back to individuals' choices? Drawing on luck egalitarian approaches,this article suggests that an answer to this question must take into account the effects of unequal brute luck on educational choices.I use a framework based on expected utility theory to analyse qualitative studies on educational choice.This reveals a variety of mechanisms through which differences in background conditions make non-traditional students less likely to (...)
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  20. Kristin Voigt, Smoking and Social Justice.
    Smoking is disproportionately common among the disadvantaged, both within many countries and globally; the burden associated with smoking is, therefore, borne to a great extent by the disadvantaged. In this paper, I argue that this should be regarded as a problem of social justice. Even though smokers do, in a sense, ‘choose’ to smoke, the extent to which these choices can legitimise the resulting inequalities is limited by the unequal circumstances in which they are made. An analysis of the empirical (...)
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  21. Kristin Voigt, The Harshness Objection : Is Luck Egalitarianism Too Harsh on the Victims of Option Luck?
    According to luck egalitarianism, inequalities are justified if and only if they arise from choices for which it is reasonable to hold agents responsible. This position has been criticised for its purported harshness in responding to the plight of individuals who, through their own choices, end up destitute. This paper aims to assess the Harshness Objection. I put forward a version of the objection that has been qualified to take into account some of the more subtle elements of the luck (...)
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