Search results for 'Kai P. Spiekermann' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Kai Spiekermann (London School of Economics)
  1.  18
    Kai P. Spiekermann (2009). Sort Out Your Neighbourhood. Synthese 168 (2):273 - 294.
    Axelrod (The evolution of cooperation, 1984) and others explain how cooperation can emerge in repeated 2-person prisoner’s dilemmas. But in public good games with anonymous contributions, we expect a breakdown of cooperation because direct reciprocity fails. However, if agents are situated in a social network determining which agents interact, and if they can influence the network, then cooperation can be a viable strategy. Social networks are modelled as graphs. Agents play public good games with their neighbours. After each game, they (...)
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  2. Kai Spiekermann (2014). Small Impacts and Imperceptible Effects: Causing Harm with Others. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 38 (1):75-90.
  3. Franz Dietrich & Kai Spiekermann (2013). Independent Opinions? On the Causal Foundations of Belief Formation and Jury Theorems. Mind 122 (487):fzt074.
    It is often claimed that opinions are more likely to be correct if they are held independently by many individuals. But what does it mean to hold independent opinions? To clarify this condition, we distinguish four notions of probabilistic opinion independence. Which notion applies depends on environmental factors such as commonly perceived evidence. More formally, it depends on the causal network that determines how people interact and form their opinions. In a general theorem, we identify conditions on this network that (...)
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  4.  55
    Christian List & Kai Spiekermann (2013). Methodological Individualism and Holism in Political Science: A Reconciliation. American Political Science Review 107 (4):629-643.
    Political science is divided between methodological individualists, who seek to explain political phenomena by reference to individuals and their interactions, and holists (or nonreductionists), who consider some higher-level social entities or properties such as states, institutions, or cultures ontologically or causally significant. We propose a reconciliation between these two perspectives, building on related work in philosophy. After laying out a taxonomy of different variants of each view, we observe that (i) although political phenomena result from underlying individual attitudes and behavior, (...)
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  5.  15
    Franz Dietrich & Kai Spiekermann (2013). Epistemic Democracy with Defensible Premises. Economics and Philosophy 29 (1):87--120.
    The contemporary theory of epistemic democracy often draws on the Condorcet Jury Theorem to formally justify the ‘wisdom of crowds’. But this theorem is inapplicable in its current form, since one of its premises – voter independence – is notoriously violated. This premise carries responsibility for the theorem's misleading conclusion that ‘large crowds are infallible’. We prove a more useful jury theorem: under defensible premises, ‘large crowds are fallible but better than small groups’. This theorem rehabilitates the importance of deliberation (...)
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  6.  14
    Robert E. Goodin & Kai Spiekermann (2015). Epistemic Solidarity as a Political Strategy. Episteme 12 (4):439-457.
    Solidarity is supposed to facilitate collective action. We argue that it can also help overcome false consciousness. Groups practice if they pool information about what is in their true interest and how to vote accordingly. The more numerous can in this way overcome the but only if they are minimally confident with whom they share the same interests and only if they are better-than-random in voting for the alternative that promotes their interests. Being more cohesive and more competent than the (...)
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  7. Goodin, E. Robert & Kai Spiekermann (2012). Epistemic Aspects of Representative Government. European Political Science Review 4 (3):303--325.
    The Federalist, justifying the Electoral College to elect the president, claimed that a small group of more informed individuals would make a better decision than the general mass. But the Condorcet Jury Theorem tells us that the more independent, better-than-random voters there are, the more likely it will be that the majority among them will be correct. The question thus arises as to how much better, on average, members of the smaller group would have to be to compensate for the (...)
     
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  8. Kai Spiekermann & Robert E. Goodin (2012). Courts of Many Minds. British Journal of Political Science 42:555-571.
    In 'A Constitution of Many Minds' Cass Sunstein argues that the three major approaches to constitutional interpretation – Traditionalism, Populism and Cosmopolitanism – all rely on some variation of a ‘many-minds’ argument. Here we assess each of these claims through the lens of the Condorcet Jury Theorem. In regard to the first two approaches we explore the implications of sequential influence among courts (past and foreign, respectively). In regard to the Populist approach, we consider the influence of opinion leaders.
     
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  9.  11
    Fabienne Peter & Kai Spiekermann (2011). Rules, Norms, and Commitment. In Jarvie, Ian & Jesus Zamora-Bonilla (eds.), Handbook of Philosophy of Social Sciences. Sage 216--232.
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  10.  9
    Kai Spiekermann (2010). Judgement Aggregation and Distributed Thinking. AI and Society 25 (4):401-412.
    In recent years, judgement aggregation has emerged as an important area of social choice theory. Judgement aggregation is concerned with aggregating sets of individual judgements over logically connected propositions into a set of collective judgements. It has been shown that even seemingly weak conditions on the aggregation function make it impossible to find functions that produce rational collective judgements from all possible rational individual judgements. This implies that the step from individual judgements to collective judgements requires trade-offs between different desiderata, (...)
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  11.  11
    Kai Spiekermann (2007). Translucency, Assortation, and Information Pooling: How Groups Solve Social Dilemmas. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (3):285-306.
    In one-shot public goods dilemmas, defection is the strictly dominant strategy. However, agents with cooperative strategies can do well if (1) agents are `translucent' (that is, if agents can fallibly recognize the strategy other agents play ex ante ) and (2) an institutional structure allows `assortation' such that cooperative agents can increase the likelihood of playing with their own kind. The model developed in this article shows that even weak levels of translucency suffice if cooperators are able to pool their (...)
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  12.  3
    Kai Spiekermann (2013). Kelly, Jamie Terence.Framing Democracy: A Behavioral Approach to Democratic Theory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2012. Pp. 157. $35.00. [REVIEW] Ethics 123 (3):568-572.
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  13.  1
    Kai Spiekermann (2015). Explaining Norms, Geoffrey Brennan, Lina Eriksson, Robert E. Goodin and Nicholas Southwood. Oxford University Press, 2013, Vii + 290 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 31 (1):174-181.
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  14.  3
    Kai Spiekermann (2008). Reply: Clubbish Justice. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (4):447-453.
    Replying to my earlier article `Translucency, Assortation, and Information Pooling: How Groups Solve Social Dilemmas', Robert Goodin examines the normative implications of the rule `cooperate with those whose inclusion benefits the larger scheme of cooperation', and gives several reasons for why the conversion of justice into a club good is normatively unappealing. This reply to Goodin discusses whether the rule leads to an exclusion of poor agents, whether a group should hire agents to detect free-riders, and how a group should (...)
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  15. Kai Spiekermann (forthcoming). Buying Low, Flying High: Carbon Offsets and Partial Compliance. Political Studies.
    Many companies offer their customers voluntary carbon ‘offset’ certificates to compensate for greenhouse gas emissions. Voluntary offset certificates are cheap because the demand for them is low, allowing consumers to compensate for their emissions without significant sacrifices. Regarding the distribution of emission reduction responsibilities I argue that excess emissions are permissible if they are offset properly. However, if individuals buy offsets only because they are cheap, they fail to be robustly motivated to choose a permissible course of action.This suspected lack (...)
     
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  16.  4
    A. B. P. (1998). Allen P. F. Sell. John Locke and the Eighteenth Century Divines. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1997.) Pp. 444. £40.00 Hbk. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 34 (2):231-234.
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  17.  6
    Brian R. Clack, C. B. & H. P. (1996). Eberhard Herrmann. Scientific Theory and Religious Belief: An Essay on the Rationality of Views of Life. Pp. 128. Dfl. 69.90.Peter Van Inwagen. God, Knowledge and Mystery: Essays in Philosophical Theology, Pp. 284. Morton Klass. Ordered Universes: Approaches to the Anthropology of Religion. Pp. Xiv + 177. £37.00 Hb, £11.50 Pb.Ian S. Markham. Plurality and Christian Ethics. Pp. Xiv + 225. £32.50.M. A. Stewart & John P. Wright, Ed. Hume and Hume's Connexions. Pp. Xvi + 266. £39.50. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 32 (2):293.
  18.  3
    H. J. W. T. (1919). ΑΡΙΩΝ-ἡ Μουσικὴ τω̑ν Ἑλλήνων ὡς διεσώθη ἀπὸ τω̑ν ἀρχαιοτάτων χρόνων μεχρὶ τω̑ς σήμερονὑπὸ Α. Ρεμαντα̑ καὶ Π. Δ. ΖαχαρίαARIWN-h Mousikh twn Ellhnwn ws dieswqh apo twn arxaiotatwn xronwn mexri tws shmeronupo A. Remanta kai P. D. Zaxaria. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 39:236.
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  19.  3
    Kai Nielsen (1986). La longue marche à travers les institutions : de Wittgenstein à Marx : Allocution présidentielle de M. Kai Nielsen, 28e Congrès de l'A.C.P., juin 1984. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 13 (1):113-129.
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  20.  7
    W. M., Édouard Driault, Michel Lhéritier, Edouard Driault & Michel Lheritier (1926). Histoire diplomatique de la Grèce de 1821 à nos joursΣύγχρονος Ἱστορία τω̑ν Ἑλλήνων καὶ τω̑ν λοιπω̑ν λαω̑ν τη̑ς Ἀνατολη̑ς ἀπὸ 1821 μέχρι 1921. 'Υπὸ Π. Καραλίδου. Τόμ. i-v. [1821-62]Histoire diplomatique de la Grece de 1821 a nos joursSugxronos Istoria twn Ellhnwn kai twn loipwn lawn ths Anatolhs apo 1821 mexri 1921. 'Upo P. Karalidou. Tom. i-v. [1821-62]. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 46:132.
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  21.  2
    Peter Byrne & Leslie Houlden (1994). Philip A. Rolnick. Analogical Possibilities: How Words Refer to God. Pp. 316. $29.95 Hdbk; $19.95 Pbk.Joseph Runzo. World Views and Perceiving God. Pp. Xxiii+244. £45.00J. P. Moreland and Kai Nielsen. Does God Exist? The Debate Between Theists and Atheists. Pp. 320. £14.50 Pbk.B. R. Rilghman. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion. Pp. Xi+235. £35.00 Hdbk, £10.99 Pbk.Coakley Sarah and Pailin David . The Making and Remaking of Christian Doctrine. Essays in Honour of Maurice Wiles. Pp. X+294. £30 Hdbk. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 30 (2):257.
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  22.  2
    Yves Labbé (2007). Kai Nielsen et D.Z. Phillips, Wittgensteinian Fideism ?. Londres, SCM Press, 2005, 383 p. Revue des Sciences Religieuses 81:273-275.
    La philosophie de la religion de Wittgenstein et des philosophes analytiques qui l’ont suivi est-elle ou non un fidéisme ? Le livre est né d’une rencontre tardive entre deux penseurs qui ont engagé le débat, indépendamment l’un de l’autre, au milieu des années soixante. Au terme d’une douzaine de chapitres composés en alternance, à l’écriture toujours serrée et au ton parfois vif, les auteurs n’abandonnent pas leurs positions initiales, même si elles se sont nuancées avec les années. Il revie..
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  23.  3
    J. Nicolas Kaufmann (1993). Éthique Et Rationalité Conférences de David Gauthier, Jan Narveson Et Kai Nielsen Introduction Et Traduction Par Jocelyne Couture Collection «Philosophie Et Langage» Bruxelles, Pierre Mardaga, 1992, 128 P. [REVIEW] Dialogue 32 (03):642-.
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  24. Thomas Alexander, John Ammonius, James Roycroft, Thomas Martyn & Allestry (1658). [Alexandrou Aphrodisieos Pros Tous Autokratoras Peri Heimarmenes Kai Tou Eph'emin.] = Alexandri Aphrodisiensis Ad Imperatores de Fato & de Eo Quod Nostræpotestatis Est. Cui Accesit, [Ammoniou Tou Hermeiou Eis to Tou Aristotelois [Sic] P[E]Ri Hermeneias Tmema Deuteron Hypomnema] Ammonii Hermiae in Libri Aristotelis de Interpretatione Sectionem Secundam Commentarius. Cum Latina Utriusque Versione. [REVIEW] Typis Thomæroycroft, Impensis Jo. Martin, Jacobi Allestrye, & Tho. Dicas, Ad Insigne Campanæin Cœiterio D. Pauli.
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  25. Linos G. Benakēs (2006). Mnēmē Iōannou N. Theodōrakopoulou (1900-1981), Panagiōtē K. Kanellopoulou (1902-1986), Kōnstantinou D. Tsatsou (1899-1987), Euangelou P. Papanoutsou (1900-1982), Vasileiou N. Tatakē (1897-1986): Keimena Gia Tous Pente Philosophous, Viographika Sēmeiōmata Kai Exantlētikē Ergographia Tous. [REVIEW] Parousia.
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  26. Panagiōtēs Pantazakos (2006). Hē Physikē Theologia Kai to Physiko Dikaio Stē Philosophia Tōn Sophistōn Tou 5ou P. Ch. Aiōna. Hellēnika Grammata.
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  27.  68
    Kai-Yee Wong, Reply to Kai-Yee Wong and Chris Fraser.
    I thought the paper by Kai-yee Wong and Chris Fraser was fascinating and insightful. Two things I especially appreciated are the clarity with which they summarize my views. I think they are quite fair and accurate. Second, I appreciate their suggestion that the way to deal with the practical problem of weakness of will has much to do with the role of the Background in shaping our actions. I think they are especially on the right track when they say that (...)
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  28.  13
    John P. Anton (1962). To Sympan Kai Ho Anthropos Stēn Amerikanikē Philosophia. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 59 (10):275-278.
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  29.  4
    A. P. D. M. (1960). To Sympan Kai Ho Anthropos Sten Americanike Philosophia(The Universe and Man in American Philosophy). Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):531-531.
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  30.  7
    G. P. Henderson (1981). Aitiaki Exigisi Kai Kinoniki Erminia Ton Technon Ston David Hume (Causal Explanation and Social Interpretation of the Arts in David Hume). [REVIEW] Hume Studies 7 (2):178-180.
  31.  2
    R. J. H. Jenkins, P. P. Argenti & S. P. Kyriakidis (1946). H Xios para tois gewgrafois kai perihghtais apo tou ogdoou mexri tou eikostou aiwnos. Journal of Hellenic Studies 66:150.
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  32.  12
    P. J. Rhodes (2006). Arnaoutoglou (I.N.) Thusias Heneka Kai Sunousias. Private Religious Associations in Hellenistic Athens. (Yearbook of the Research Centre for the History of Greek Law, Volume 37, Supplement 4.) Pp. 231. Athens: Academy of Athens, 2003. Paper. ISBN: 960-404-034-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 56 (02):412-.
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  33.  8
    P. Clayton (1992). Book Reviews : Kai Nielsen, God, Scepticism and Modernity. Philosophica, Vol. 40. Ottawa and London: University of Ottawa Press, 1989. Pp. 252, $40.00. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (4):519-525.
  34.  1
    W. M., Konstantinos A. Sgouros, Philip P. Argenti & Skarlatos D. Magkanas (1937). Istoria ths nhsou Xiou apo twn arxaiotatwn Xronwn mexri tou 1700 m.XXias htoi emmetros afhghsis twn kuriwterwn muqologikwn kai istorikwn epeisodiwn ths nhsou Xiou. Poihma epikon. Journal of Hellenic Studies 57:283.
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  35.  2
    G. P. Henderson & A. E. Vakalopoulos (1974). Istoria tou neou Ellhnismou. D. Tourkokratia 1669-1812: h oikonomikh anodos kai o fwtismos tou genous. Journal of Hellenic Studies 94:263.
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  36.  1
    W. M. & P. Karolides (1928). Σύγχρονος Ἱστορία τῶν Ἑλλήνων ϰαὶ τῶν λοιπῶν λαῶν τῆς Ἀνατολῆς ἀπὸ 1821, μέχρι 1921Sugxronos Istoria twn Ellhnwn kai twn loipwn lawn ths Anatolhs apo 1821, mexri 1921. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 48:98.
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  37.  1
    W. M. & P. Karolides (1930). Sugxronos Istoria twn Ellhnwn kai twn loipwn lawn ths Anatolhs apo 1821 mexri 1921 Vol. VII. [1864-1900]. Journal of Hellenic Studies 50:166.
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  38.  1
    A. H. S. Megaw & P. L. Vokotopoulos (1977). H Ekklhsiastikh Arxitektonikh Eis Thn Dntikhn Sterean Ellada Kai Thn Hpeiron Apo Tou Teloustou 7on Mexri Tou Telous Tou 10on Aiwnos. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 97:237.
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  39.  2
    Leofranc Holford-Strevens (1992). Kai For Et. Classical Quarterly 42 (01):284-.
    The late Sir Roger Mynors, in a letter to Sebastiano Timpanaro quoted in the latter's Contributi difilologia e di storia della lingua latina , p. 543 n. 15, states that he had wondered ‘whether it might be a habit of Latin writers, when they were putting only one or two “parolette” between two pieces of Greek’, to use Greek rather than Latin: he invents as an example ‘θος κα πθος where logic demanded θος et πθος’. The answer is that they (...)
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  40.  1
    W. M. & Sp P. Lampros (1930). Palaiologeia kai Peloponnhsiaka. Journal of Hellenic Studies 50:363.
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  41. P. P. A. & Apostolos Bakalopoulos (1942). Prosfuges Kai Prosfugikon Zhthma Kata Thn Epanastasin Tou 1821. Journal of Hellenic Studies 62:114.
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  42. John P. Cavarnos (1950). Βυζαντινῶν Βίος Καί Πολυτισμός [Byzantium Bios Kai Politismos]Phaedo Koukoulès. Speculum 25 (4):590-594.
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  43. Elkhonon Goldberg, Kenneth Podell, J. Proust, Karl H. Pribram, Vittorio Gallese, Marianne Hammerl, Andy P. Field, Frederick Travis, R. Keith Wallace & J. Allan Cheyne (1999). Kai Vogeley, Martin Kurthen, Peter Falkai, and Wolfgang Maier. Essential Functions of the Human. Consciousness and Cognition 8:270.
     
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  44. A. A. Long, Orbilian Society, P. M. Jennings & D. S. Massouris (1967). A Classical Catalogue: Audiovisual AidsSumbolh Eis to Genos Kai Thn Monofqalmian Twn Kuklwpwn. Journal of Hellenic Studies 87:218.
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  45. Kōnstantinos P. [from old catalog] Michaēlidēs (1967). Ho Anthrōpos Kai Ho Kosmos.
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  46. W. M. & Dionysios P. Kalogeropoulos (1937). Sumbolh Eis Thn Bibliografian Ths Nhsou Euboias Kai Twn Qessalikwn Sporadwn 1471-1937. Journal of Hellenic Studies 57:284.
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  47. E. P. [from old catalog] Papanoutsos (1962). Epikaira Kai Anepikaira.
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  48. E. P. Papanoutsos (1974). Ho Nomos Kai He Arete. Ekdoseis Dodone.
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  49. E. P. Papanoutsos (1975). To Dikaio Tes Pygmes Kai Alla Dokimia. Ekdoseis Dodone.
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  50. George P. Stavropoulos (2004). Thesis Te Kai Apodeixis Tou Theou: Synolikē Logikē-Epistēmonikē Tēs Hōs Pneumatos Kai Prosōpou Apolytou Historikēs Hyparxeōs Kai Tēs En Tē Kath' Hēmas Historia Enanthrōpēseōs. G.P. Stavropoulos.
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