Search results for 'Kai-wing Chow' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Kai-wing Chow (1994). The Rise of Confucian Ritualism in Late Imperial China: Ethics, Classics, and Lineage Discourse. Stanford University Press.score: 870.0
    This pathbreaking work argues that the major intellectual trend in China from the seventeenth through to the early nineteenth century was Confucian ritualism, as expressed in ethics and classical learning. Through the performance of rites, the early Qing scholars believed they could cultivate Confucian virtues and achieve social order. The author shows how Confucian ritualism, with its emphasis on lineage, became a broad movement of social reform that stressed conformity and clearly prescribed rules of behavior, expressed notably in the growing (...)
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  2. Kai-wing Chow (1993). Ritual, Cosmology, and Ontology: Chang Tsai's Moral Philosophy and Neo-Confucian Ethics. Philosophy East and West 43 (2):201-228.score: 870.0
  3. Wing S. Chow & Yang Chen (2012). Corporate Sustainable Development: Testing a New Scale Based on the Mainland Chinese Context. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 105 (4):519-533.score: 240.0
    According to the predominant corporate sustainable development (CSD) framework, this exploratory paper verifies that CSD construct can be modeled by integrating the dimensions of social, economic, and environmental development. We first developed and validated measurement scales for these three dimensions based on a survey of 314 managers in mainland China. Then, using structural equation modelling, we confirmed that the proposed model is valid. Therefore, our findings may allow researchers to explore CSD further, and practitioners to develop their understanding of CSD (...)
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  4. S. Chow Wing, P. Wu Jane & K. K. Chan Allan (2009). The Effects of Environmental Factors on the Behavior of Chinese Managers in the Information Age in China. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4).score: 240.0
    This paper examines the effects of environmental factors on the ethical behavior of managers using computers at work in Mainland China. In this study, environmental factors refer to senior management, peer groups, company policies, professional practices, and legal considerations. Ethical behaviors include attitudes to disclosure, protection of privacy, conflict of interest, personal conduct, social responsibility, and integrity. A questionnaire survey was used for data collection, and 125 mainland Chinese managers participated in the study. The results show that peer groups, professional (...)
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  5. Wing S. Chow, Jane P. Wu & Allan K. K. Chan (2009). The Effects of Environmental Factors on the Behavior of Chinese Managers in the Information Age in China. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):629 - 639.score: 240.0
    This paper examines the effects of environmental factors on the ethical behavior of managers using computers at work in Mainland China. In this study, environmental factors refer to senior management, peer groups, company policies, professional practices, and legal considerations. Ethical behaviors include attitudes to disclosure, protection of privacy, conflict of interest, personal conduct, social responsibility, and integrity. A questionnaire survey was used for data collection, and 125 mainland Chinese managers participated in the study. The results show that peer groups, professional (...)
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  6. A. S. Cua (ed.) (2003). Encyclopedia of Chinese Philosophy. Routledge.score: 90.0
    Featuring contributions from the world's most highly esteemed Asian philosophy scholars, this important encyclopedia covers the complex and increasingly influential field of Chinese thought, from earliest recorded times to the present day. Including coverage on the subject previously unavailable to English speakers, the Encyclopedia sheds light on the extensive range of concepts, movements, philosophical works, and thinkers that populate the field. It includes a thorough survey of the history of Chinese philosophy; entries on all major thinkers from Confucius to Mou (...)
     
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  7. Dr Siu L. Chow (2003). Some Meta-Theoretical Issues Relating to Statistical Inference. Philosophical Explorations.score: 60.0
    This paper is a reply to some comments made by Green (2002) on Chow’s (2002) critique of Wilkinson and Task Force's (1999) report on statistical inference. Issues raised are (a) the inappropriateness of accepting methodological prescription on authority, (ii) the vacuity of non-falsifiable theories, (iii) the need to distinguish between experiment and meta﷓experiment, and (iv) the probability foundation of the null﷓hypothesis significance﷓test procedure (NHSTP). This reply is intended to foster a better understanding of research methods in general, and of (...)
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  8. Siu L. Chow (1998). The Null-Hypothesis Significance-Test Procedure is Still Warranted. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):228-235.score: 30.0
    Entertaining diverse assumptions about empirical research, commentators give a wide range of verdicts on the NHSTP defence in Statistical significance. The null-hypothesis significance-test procedure (NHSTP) is defended in a framework in which deductive and inductive rules are deployed in theory corroboration in the spirit of Popper's Conjectures and refutations (1968b). The defensible hypothetico-deductive structure of the framework is used to make explicit the distinctions between (1) substantive and statistical hypotheses, (2) statistical alternative and conceptual alternative hypotheses, and (3) making (...)
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  9. William Harper, Sheldon J. Chow & Gemma Murray (2012). Bayesian Chance. Synthese 186 (2):447-474.score: 30.0
    This paper explores how the Bayesian program benefits from allowing for objective chance as well as subjective degree of belief. It applies David Lewis’s Principal Principle and David Christensen’s principle of informed preference to defend Howard Raiffa’s appeal to preferences between reference lotteries and scaling lotteries to represent degrees of belief. It goes on to outline the role of objective lotteries in an application of rationality axioms equivalent to the existence of a utility assignment to represent preferences in Savage’s famous (...)
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  10. Siu L. Chow (1988). Significance Test or Effect Size? Philosophical Explorations.score: 30.0
    I describe and question the argument that in psychological research, the significance test should be replaced (or, at least, supplemented) by a more informative index (viz., effect size or statistical power) in the case of theory-corroboration experimentation because it has been made on the basis of some debatable assumptions about the rationale of scientific investigation. The rationale of theory-corroboration experimentation requires nothing more than a binary decision about the relation between two variables. This binary decision supplies the minor premise for (...)
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  11. Siu L. Chow (1989). An Intentional Analysis of "Affordance" Revisited. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (3):357–365.score: 30.0
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  12. Siu L. Chow (1998). Précis of Statistical Significance: Rationale, Validity, and Utility. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):169-194.score: 30.0
    The null-hypothesis significance-test procedure (NHSTP) is defended in the context of the theory-corroboration experiment, as well as the following contrasts: (a) substantive hypotheses versus statistical hypotheses, (b) theory corroboration versus statistical hypothesis testing, (c) theoretical inference versus statistical decision, (d) experiments versus nonexperimental studies, and (e) theory corroboration versus treatment assessment. The null hypothesis can be true because it is the hypothesis that errors are randomly distributed in data. Moreover, the null hypothesis is never used as a categorical proposition. Statistical (...)
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  13. Wendy W. N. Wan, Chung-Leung Luk, Oliver H. M. Yau, Alan C. B. Tse, Leo Y. M. Sin, Kenneth K. Kwong & Raymond P. M. Chow (2009). Do Traditional Chinese Cultural Values Nourish a Market for Pirated CDs? Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):185 - 196.score: 30.0
    On one hand, Chinese consumers are well known for conspicuous consumption and the adoption of luxury products and named brands. On the other hand, they also have a bad reputation for buying counterfeit products. Their simultaneous preferences for two contrasting types of product present a paradox that has not been addressed in the literature. This study attempts to present an explanation of this paradox by examining the effects of traditional Chinese cultural values and consumer values on consumers' deontological judgment of (...)
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  14. Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato (2007). An Eight-Year Follow-Up National Study of Medical School and General Hospital Ethics Committees in Japan. BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.score: 30.0
    Background Ethics committees and their system of research protocol peer-review are currently used worldwide. To ensure an international standard for research ethics and safety, however, data is needed on the quality and function of each nation's ethics committees. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and developments of ethics committees established at medical schools and general hospitals in Japan. Methods This study consisted of four national surveys sent twice over a period of eight years to two separate (...)
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  15. Hiroaki Miyata, Hiromi Shiraishi & Ichiro Kai (2006). Survey of the General Public's Attitudes Toward Advance Directives in Japan: How to Respect Patients' Preferences. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-9.score: 30.0
    Background Japanese people have become increasingly interested in the expression and enhancement of their individual autonomy in medical decisions made regarding medical treatment at and toward the end of life. However, while many Western countries have implemented legislation that deals with patient autonomy in the case of terminal illness, no such legislation exists in Japan. The rationale for this research is based on the need to investigate patient's preferences regarding treatment at the end of life in order to re-evaluate advance (...)
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  16. W. N. Wan Wendy, Oliver Chung-Leung Luk, Alan H. M. Yau, Leo C. B. Tse, Kenneth Y. M. Sin, Raymond K. Kwong & P. M. Chow (forthcoming). Do Traditional Chinese Cultural Values Nourish a Market for Pirated Cds? Journal of Business Ethics.score: 30.0
    On one hand, Chinese consumers are well known for conspicuous consumption and the adoption of luxury products and named brands. On the other hand, they also have a bad reputation for buying counterfeit products. Their simultaneous preferences for two contrasting types of product present a paradox that has not been addressed in the literature. This study attempts to present an explanation of this paradox by examining the effects of traditional Chinese cultural values and consumer values (...)
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  17. Siu L. Chow (2000). The Popperian Framework, Statistical Significance, and Rejection of Chance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):294-298.score: 30.0
    That Haig and Sohn find the hypothetico-deductive approach wanting in different ways shows that multiple conditional syllogisms are being used in different stages of theory corroboration in the Popperian approach. The issues raised in the two commentaries assume a different complexion when certain distinctions are made.
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  18. Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai (2003). Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):1-9.score: 30.0
    Background In Japan, discussion concerning advance directives (ADs) has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan. Method A self-administered questionnaire was sent (...)
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  19. Siu L. Chow (1987). Science, Ecological Validity and Experimentation. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 17 (2):181–194.score: 30.0
    Some important meta-theoretical insights about experimental psychology are integrated into the "conjectures and refutations" framework in order to reinforce a realist's view of scientific methodology. Some issues which may be difficult for the realist's position are discussed. It is argued that there is no need for the evidential observation to mimic the phenomenon of interest; such a mimicry may even be counter-productive. A case is also made that questions about ecological validity are not relevant to the rationale of experimentation.
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  20. Hajime Sato, Akira Akabayashi & Ichiro Kai (2005). Public Appraisal of Government Efforts and Participation Intent in Medico-Ethical Policymaking in Japan: A Large Scale National Survey Concerning Brain Death and Organ Transplant. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):1-12.score: 30.0
    Public satisfaction with policy process influences the legitimacy and acceptance of policies, and conditions the future political process, especially when contending ethical value judgments are involved. On the other hand, public involvement is required if effective policy is to be developed and accepted.
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  21. Rey Chow (2006). The Age of the World Target: Self-Referentiality in War, Theory, and Comparative Work. Duke University Press.score: 30.0
    The age of the world target: atomic bombs, alterity, area studies -- The interruption of referentiality, or, poststructuralism's outside -- The old/new question of comparison in literary studies: a post-European perspective.
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  22. Justin Tan & Irene Hau-Siu Chow (2009). Isolating Cultural and National Influence on Value and Ethics: A Test of Competing Hypotheses. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):197 - 210.score: 30.0
    We live in an increasingly globalizing world, in which countries are closely linked by international trade and investment ties. Cross-cultural comparative studies of national values and ethics have attracted growing research interest in recent years, because shared practices, values and ethical standards depend on shared beliefs. However, the findings of such studies have been unable to reach a consensus on the impact of culture on ethics-related attitudes and behavior. Empirically, many "cross–cultural" differences reported by previous studies might actually stem from (...)
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  23. Siu L. Chow (1992). Acceptance of a Theory: Justification or Rhetoric? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 22 (4):447–474.score: 30.0
    The rhetoric-analytic critique of experimental psychology owes its apparent attractiveness to (a) some erroneous ideas about cognitive psychology and the rationale of experimentation, (b) the failure to distinguish between prior data and evidential data vis-à-vis the to-be-corroborated explanatory theory, and (c) evidential data owes their identity to a theory that is independent of the theory being tested. Theories in cognitive psychology are accepted because they can withstand concerted efforts to falsify them.
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  24. Siu L. Chow (1994). The Experimenter's Expectancy Effect: A Meta-Experiment. Philosophical Explorations.score: 30.0
    The claim that the outcome of an experiment may be determined by what its experimenter expects to obtain was empirically assessed with a meta-experiment. Three groups of experimenters were asked to conduct Rosenthal & Fode's (1963a) photorating task under two conditions which jointly satisfied the formal requirement of an experiment. The three groups of experimenters were given different information about the expected outcome. There was no evidence of experimenter's expectancy effect when it was properly defined in terms of the difference (...)
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  25. J. K. Wing (1978). Reasoning About Madness. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Controversy has centered on the frightening potential possessed by the state to deprive of his rights the individual officially classified as mad.In this book, ...
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  26. Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato (2008). A Five Year Follow-Up National Study of Ethics Committees in Medical Organizations in Japan. HEC Forum 20 (1):49-60.score: 30.0
    Compared to institutional and area-based ethics committees, little is known about the structure and activities performed by ethics committees at national medical organizations and societies. This five year follow-up study aimed to determine (1) the creation and function of ethics committees at medical organizations in Japan, and (2) their general strategies to deal with ethical problems. The study sample included the member societies of the Japanese Association of Medical Sciences (n=92 in 1998, n=96 in 2003). Instruments consisted of two sections: (...)
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  27. Siu L. Chow (2004). Additional Requirements for a Balanced Social Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):329-331.score: 30.0
    Ambiguous data obtained by deception say nothing about social behavior. A balanced social psychology requires separating statistical hypotheses from substantive hypotheses. Neither statistical norms nor moral rules are psychological theories. Explanatory substantive theories stipulate the structures and processes underlying behavior. The Bayesian approach is incompatible with the requirement that all to-be-tested theories be given the benefit of the doubt.
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  28. Dr Siu L. Chow (2002). Issues in Statistical Inference. Philosophical Explorations.score: 30.0
    The APA Task Force’s treatment of research methods is critically examined. The present defense of the experiment rests on showing that (a) the control group cannot be replaced by the contrast group, (b) experimental psychologists have valid reasons to use non-randomly selected subjects, (c) there is no evidential support for the experimenter expectancy effect, (d) the Task Force had misrepresented the role of inductive and deductive logic, and (e) the validity of experimental data does not require appealing to the effect (...)
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  29. Siu L. Chow (1989). Significance Tests and Deduction: Reply to Folger (1989). Philosophical Explorations.score: 30.0
    Shows that agreeing with Folger's (1989) methodological observations does not mean that it is incorrect to use significance tests. This contention is based on the dynamics of theory corroboration, with reference to which the following distinctions are illustrated, namely, the distinctions between (a) statistical hypothesis testing, theory corroboration, and syllogistic argument, (b) a responsible experimenter and a cynical experimenter, (c) logical validity and methodological correctness, and (d) warranted assertability and truth.
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  30. Siu L. Chow (1995). In Defense of Experimental Data in a Relativistic Milieu. Philosophical Explorations.score: 30.0
    The objectivity and utility of experimental data as evidential support for knowledge-claims may be found suspect when it is shown that (a) the interpretation of experimental data is inevitably complicated by social factors like experimenter effects, subject effects and demand characteristics, (b) social factors which affect experimental data are themselves sensitive to societal conventions or cultural values, (c) all observations (including experimental observations) are necessarily theory-dependent, and (d) experimental data have limited generality because they are collected in artificial settings. These (...)
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  31. Dr Siu L. Chow (1994). Cognitive Science and Psychology. Philosophical Explorations.score: 30.0
    The protocol algorithm abstracted from a human cognizer's own narrative in the course of doing a cognitive task is an explanation of the corresponding mental activity in Pylyshyn's (1984) virtual machine model of mind. Strong equivalence between an analytic algorithm and the protocol algorithm is an index of validity of the explanatory model. Cognitive psychologists may not find the index strong equivalence useful as a means to ensure that a theory is not circular because (a) research data are also used (...)
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  32. M. Miyasaka, A. Akabayashi, I. Kai & G. Ohi (1999). An International Survey of Medical Ethics Curricula in Asia. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (6):514-521.score: 30.0
    SETTING: Medical ethics education has become common, and the integrated ethics curriculum has been recommended in Western countries. It should be questioned whether there is one, universal method of teaching ethics applicable worldwide to medical schools, especially those in non-Western developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To characterise the medical ethics curricula at Asian medical schools. DESIGN: Mailed survey of 206 medical schools in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea, Mongolia, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Australia and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: A total (...)
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  33. Rey Chow (2010). Economies of Disruption : The Elusive Material : What the Dog Doesn't Understand. In Diana H. Coole & Samantha Frost (eds.), New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics. Duke University Press.score: 30.0
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  34. Rey Chow (2003). Sexuality. In Mary Eagleton (ed.), A Concise Companion to Feminist Theory. Blackwell.score: 30.0
     
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  35. C. Gordon Scorer & Antony John Wing (eds.) (1979). Decision Making in Medicine: The Practice of its Ethics. E. Arnold.score: 30.0
     
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  36. J. K. Wing (1975). The Ethics of Clinical Trials. Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (4):174-175.score: 30.0
    In summary, the discussion by Professors Helmchen and Müller-Oerlinghausen of the morality of clinical trials has emphasized a point that is frequently overlooked. It is an essential to consider those situations in which it might be unethical not to conduct a trial as it is to be concerned about the ways in which trials might restrict the rights of the individuals taking part in them. They and I have dealt mainly with the first of these two issues because it has (...)
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  37. Romina Surugiu (2010). Nae Ionescu on Democracy, Individuality, Leadership and Nation Philosophical (Re)Sources for a Right-Wing Ideology. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (23):68-81.score: 24.0
    Nae Ionescu is one of the most influential and controversial Romanian thinkers. The present article explores a less used perspective in studying Nae Ionescu’s philosophical, political and journalistic activity: the philosophical roots of his major political ideas. The anti-democratic position of Nae Ionescu was, theoretically explained, by the criticism to Rene Descartes and J.J. Rousseau’s ideas. The individual is supposed to be an instrument of history and nation. Any individualizing tendency is allegedly a betrayal to the nation. Moreover, the leader (...)
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  38. Wing Kai Lam, Richard S. W. Masters & Jonathan P. Maxwell (2010). Cognitive Demands of Error Processing Associated with Preparation and Execution of a Motor Skill. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1058-1061.score: 24.0
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  39. Wing Hong Loke & Kai Foong Tan (1992). Effects of Framing and Missing Information in Expert and Novice Judgment. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (3):187-190.score: 24.0
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  40. Kai Nielsen (2007). Metaphilosophy, Pragmatism and a Kind of Critical Theory: Kai Nielsen and Richard Rorty. Philosophical Papers 36 (1):119-150.score: 21.0
    Metaphilosophy is itself philosophy about philosophy. It is not something before or independent of philosophy. Both Kai Nielsen and Richard Rorty are deeply concerned (someone might say obsessively preoccupied) with metaphilosophy. They both are thoroughly historicist and contextualist resolutely rejecting any form of a transcendental or metaphysical turn. They argue against claims to absolute validity (as well as against absolutism in any form) and a natural order of reasons: some 'Reason' to which any rational agent must be committed. They both (...)
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  41. Kai-Yee Wong, Reply to Kai-Yee Wong and Chris Fraser.score: 21.0
    I thought the paper by Kai-yee Wong and Chris Fraser was fascinating and insightful. Two things I especially appreciated are the clarity with which they summarize my views. I think they are quite fair and accurate. Second, I appreciate their suggestion that the way to deal with the practical problem of weakness of will has much to do with the role of the Background in shaping our actions. I think they are especially on the right track when they say that (...)
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  42. Nathaniel Wing (1987). Story and Situation. Narrative Seduction and the Power of Fiction (Review). Philosophy and Literature 11 (2):352-354.score: 20.0
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  43. William A. Rottschaefer (2011). Why Wilfrid Sellars Is Right (and Right-Wing). Journal of Philosophical Research 36:291-325.score: 18.0
    Scholars of Wilfrid Sellars’s thought split into Right- and Left-wing Sellarsians. Right-wing Sellarsians urge Sellars’s scientific realism and the prominence of the scientific image of man in the synoptic vision. Left-wing Sellarsians emphasize the prominence of the logical space of reasons over that of causes, rejecting Sellars’s scientism. In his recent book James O’Shea attempts to reconcile these Sellarsian images, arguing that one best understands the Sellarsian synoptic image in terms of a norm/nature meta-principle that endorses the conceptual irreducibility and (...)
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  44. Brian A. Smith, Ellen Wright Clayton & David Robertson (2011). Experimental Arrest of Cerebral Blood Flow in Human Subjects The Red Wing Studies Revisited. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 54 (2):121-131.score: 18.0
    Aircraft with increasingly high performance were important to the war effort in World War II. Changes in technology allowed aircraft to reach faster speeds and to complete missions at higher altitudes. With these changes came new obstacles for pilots who had to tolerate these stresses. Of primary concern to the U.S. War Department was the loss of consciousness that often occurred with high-speed maneuvers and especially during pull-up after dive-bombing missions. In some cases, pilots would experience up to 9G of (...)
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  45. Elizabeth Li (2012). Wang, Kai 王楷, Naturalistic Human Nature and Cultivation of the Self: The Spirit of Xunzi's Virtue Philosophy 天然與修為—荀子道德哲學的精神. Beijing 北京: Peking University Press, 2011, 206 Pages. [REVIEW] Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (1):115-118.score: 18.0
    Wang, Kai 王楷, Naturalistic Human Nature and Cultivation of the Self: The Spirit of Xunzi’s Virtue Philosophy 天然與修為—荀子道德哲學的精神. Beijing 北京: Peking University Press, 2011, 206 pages Content Type Journal Article Pages 115-118 DOI 10.1007/s11712-011-9252-z Authors Elizabeth Woo Li, Department of Philosophy, Peking University, Beijing, China Journal Dao Online ISSN 1569-7274 Print ISSN 1540-3009 Journal Volume Volume 11 Journal Issue Volume 11, Number 1.
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  46. Hisao Honda, Masaharu Tanemura & Akihiro Yoshida (2000). Differentiation of Wing Epidermal Scale Cells in a Butterfly Under the Lateral Inhibition Model - Appearance of Large Cells in a Polygonal Pattern. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (2).score: 18.0
    Cellular pattern formations of some epithelia are believed to be governed by the direct lateral inhibition rule of cell differentiation. That is, initially equivalent cells are all competent to differentiate, but once a cell has differentiated, the cell inhibits its immediate neighbors from following this pathway. Such a differentiation repeats until all non-inhibited cells have differentiated. The cellular polygonal patterns can be characterized by the numbers of undifferentiated cells and differentiated ones. When the differentiated cells become large in size, the (...)
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  47. Christopher D. Green (2002). Comment on Chow's "Issues in Statistical Inference". Philosophical Explorations.score: 18.0
    Contrary to Chow, Wilkinson's report, though more tentative than it might have been, is a reasoned and valuable contribution to psychological science. For those who are quite familiar with the details of statistical methods, it confirms much of what has been happening in the literature over the past few decades. For those who have not been keeping abreast of new developments on the statistical scene, it alerts them in a gentle way that there have been some important changes since (...)
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  48. Deborah G. Mayo (1998). Some Problems with Chow's Problems with Power. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):212-213.score: 18.0
    Chow correctly pinpoints several confusions in the criticisms of statistical hypothesis testing but his book is considerably weakened by its own confusions about concepts of testing (perhaps owing to an often very confusing literature). My focus is on his critique of power analysis (Ch. 6). Having denied that NHSTP considers alternative statistical hypotheses, and having been misled by a quotation from Cohen, Chow finds power analysis conceptually suspect.
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  49. Hendrik Hart (1987). Kai Nielsen's Philosophy & Atheism. Philosophy and Theology 1 (4):334-346.score: 18.0
    Kai Nielsen’s recent book Philosophy and Atheism is discussed here. The main point is that Nielsen’s arguments against Christianity can be turned against his own rationalist atheism with similar results, namely that the position seems incoherent from its own point of view. Christianity is unempirical and irrational by certain arguments, but the position assumed underneath those arguments does not survive treatment by those same arguments. Nielsen’s dependence on arguments that undermine the position assumed in these arguments should make him open (...)
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  50. Paul M. Brakefield & Vernon French (1993). Butterfly Wing Patterns. Acta Biotheoretica 41 (4).score: 18.0
    This paper integrates genetical studies of variation in the wing patterns of Lepidoptera with experimental investigations of developmental mechanisms. Research on the tropical butterfly,Bicyclus anynana, is described. This work includes artificial selection of lines with different patterns of wing eyespots followed by grafting experiments on the lines to examine the phenotypic and genetic differences in terms of developmental mechanisms. The results are used to show how constraints on the evolution of this wing pattern may be related to the developmental organisation. (...)
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