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Profile: Kalevi Kull (University of Tartu)
  1.  39
    Kalevi Kull, Terrence Deacon, Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Frederik Stjernfelt (2009). Theses on Biosemiotics: Prolegomena to a Theoretical Biology. Biological Theory 4 (2):167-173.
    Theses on the semiotic study of life as presented here provide a collectively formulated set of statements on what biology needs to be focused on in order to describe life as a process based on semiosis, or sign action. An aim of the biosemiotic approach is to explain how life evolves through all varieties of forms of communication and signification (including cellular adaptive behavior, animal communication, and human intellect) and to provide tools for grounding sign theories. We introduce the concept (...)
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  2.  17
    Kalevi Kull (2010). Ecosystems Are Made of Semiosic Bonds: Consortia, Umwelten, Biophony and Ecological Codes. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 3 (3):347-357.
    The paper focuses on the semiotic principles of the organisation of ecosystems, attempting to find concepts that point to relations and not to elements. (1) Consortium (the term introduced by Johannes Reinke around 1873) can be defined as a group of organisms connected via (sign) relations, or groups of interspecific semiosic links in biocoenosis. The consortial relations include trophic and topic relations, both implying a recognition (identification) of the object by an organism involved (these, i.e., are sign relations). These relations (...)
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  3.  5
    Kalevi Kull (2016). The Biosemiotic Concept of the Species. Biosemiotics 9 (1):61-71.
    Any biological species of biparental organisms necessarily includes, and is fundamentally dependent on, sign processes between individuals. In this case, the natural category of the species is based on family resemblances, which is why a species is not a natural kind. We describe the mechanism that generates the family resemblance. An individual recognition window and biparental reproduction almost suffice as conditions to produce species naturally. This is due to assortativity of mating which is not based on certain individual traits, but (...)
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  4.  12
    Kalevi Kull (1999). Biosemiotics in the Twentieth Century: A View From Biology. Semiotica 127 (1-4):385-414.
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  5.  9
    Kalevi Kull, Claus Emmeche & Donald Favareau (2008). Biosemiotic Questions. Biosemiotics 1 (1):41-55.
    This paper examines the biosemiotic approach to the study of life processes by fashioning a series of questions that any worthwhile semiotic study of life should ask. These questions can be understood simultaneously as: (1) questions that distinguish a semiotic biology from a non-semiotic (i.e., reductionist–physicalist) one; (2) questions that any student in biosemiotics should ask when doing a case study; and (3) still currently unanswered questions of biosemiotics. In addition, some examples of previously undertaken biosemiotic case studies are examined (...)
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  6.  16
    Kalevi Kull (1998). Semiotic Ecology: Different Natures in the Semiosphere. Sign Systems Studies 26 (1):344-371.
  7. Kalevi Kull (1998). On Semiosis, Umwelt, and Semiosphere. Semiotica 120 (3-4):299-310.
     
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  8.  24
    Howard H. Pattee & Kalevi Kull (2009). A Biosemiotic Conversation. Sign Systems Studies 37 (1-2):311-330.
    In this dialogue, we discuss the contrast between inexorable physical laws and the semiotic freedom of life. We agree that material and symbolic structures require complementary descriptions, as do the many hierarchical levels of their organizations. We try to clarify our concepts of laws, constraints, rules, symbols, memory, interpreters, and semiotic control. We briefly describe our different personal backgrounds that led us to a biosemiotic approach, and we speculate on the future directions of biosemiotics.
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  9.  15
    Kalevi Kull (2008). The Importance of Semiotics to University. Semiotics:494-514.
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  10.  15
    Kalevi Kull (2004). Uexküll and the Post-Modern Evolutionism. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):99-114.
    Jakob von Uexküll’s evolutionary views are described and analysed in the context of changes in semiotic and biological thinking at the end of Modern age. As different from the late Modernist biology, a general feature of Post-Modern interpretation of living systems is that an evolutionary explanation has rather secondary importance, it is not obligatory for an understanding of adaptation. Adaptation as correspondence to environment is a communicative, hence a semiotic phenomenon.
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  11.  11
    Kalevi Kull (2005). Semiosphere and a Dual Ecology. Sign Systems Studies 33 (1):175-188.
    This article compares the methodologies of two types of sciences (according to J. Locke) — semiotics, and physics — and attempts thereby to characterise the semiotic and non-semiotic approaches to the description of ecosystems. The principal difference between the physical and semiotic sciences is that there exists just a single physical reality that is studied by physics via repetitiveness, whereas there are many semiotic realities that are studied as unique individuals. Seventeen complementary definitions of the semiosphere are listed, among them, (...)
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  12.  13
    Kalevi Kull (2011). Juri Lotman inglise keeles. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):356-356.
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  13. Kalevi Kull (forthcoming). Jakob von Uexküll. Special Issue Of. Semiotica.
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  14. Kaie Kotov & Kalevi Kull (2011). Semiosphere is the Relational Biosphere. In Claus Emmeche (ed.), Towards a Semiotic Biology: Life is the Action of Signs. Imperial College Press 179--194.
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  15.  10
    Kati Lindström, Kalevi Kull & Hannes Palang (2011). Semiotic Study of Landscapes. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):12-36.
    The article provides an overview of different approaches to the semiotic study of landscapes both in the field of semiotics proper and in landscape studiesin general. The article describes different approaches to the semiotic processes in landscapes from the semiological tradition where landscape has been seen as analogous to a text with its language, to more naturalized and phenomenological approaches, as well as ecosemiotic view of landscapes that goes beyond anthropocentric definitions. Special attention is paid to the potential of cultural (...)
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  16.  11
    Kalevi Kull (2003). Ladder, Tree, Web. Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):589-602.
    Fundamental turns in biological understanding can be interpreted as replacements of deep models that organise the biological knowledge. Three deep models distinguished here are a holistic ladder model that sees all levels of nature being complete (from Aristotle to the 18th century), a modernist tree model that emphasises progress and evolution (from Enlightenment to the recent times), and a web model that evaluates diversity (since the 20th century). The turn from the tree model to the web model in biology includes (...)
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  17.  16
    Ekaterina Velmezova & Kalevi Kull (2011). Interview with Vyacheslav V. Ivanov About Semiotics, the Languages of the Brain and History of Ideas. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):290-313.
    The interview with one of the founders of the Tartu–Moscow school, semiotician Vyacheslav Vsevolodovich Ivanov (b. 1929) from August 2010, describes V. V. Ivanov’s opinions of several scholars and their work (including Evgenij Polivanov, Mikhail Bakhtin, Andrej Kolmogorov, Nikolaj Marr etc.), his relationships with his father Vsevolod Ivanov, as well as V. V. Ivanov’s views on the past and future of semiotics, with some emphasis on neurosemiotics, zoosemiotics, semiotics of culture, cybernetics, history of linguistics, study and protection of small languages. (...)
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  18.  18
    Kalevi Kull (2002). Copenhagen, Tartu, World. Sign Systems Studies 30 (2):773-775.
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  19.  13
    Kalevi Kull & Jesper Hoffmeyer (2005). Thure von Uexküll 1908–2004. Sign Systems Studies 33 (2):487-494.
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  20.  5
    Kalevi Kull (2000). An Introduction to Phytosemiotics. Sign Systems Studies 28:326-350.
    Asking, whether plants have semiosis, the article gives a review of the works on phytosemiotics, referring to the tradition in botany that has seen plants as non-mechanic systems. This approach can use the concept of biological need as the primary holistic process in living systems. Demonstrating the similarity between the need and semiosis, it is concluded that sign is a meronomic entity. A distinction between five levels of sign systems is proposed: cellular, vegetative, animal, linguistic, and cultural. Vegetative sign systems (...)
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  21.  4
    Jesper Hoffmeyer & Kalevi Kull (2003). Baldwin and Biosemiotics: What Intelligence is For. In Bruce H. Weber & David J. Depew (eds.), Evolution and Learning: The Baldwin Effect Reconsidered. MIT Press 253--272.
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  22.  23
    Kalevi Kull & Timo Maran (2013). Journals of Semiotics in the World. Sign Systems Studies 41 (1):140-145.
    Hereby we provide a list of all semiotic journals currently published in the world, which includes 53 titles. From among these, 42 are printed on paper (among them six international journals on general semiotics, 16 journals specializing in some branch of semiotics, and 20 regional semiotics journals), while 11 appearonly as electronic publications. All in all, these journals publish articles in 16 languages.
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  23.  8
    Kalevi Kull (2005). Семиосфера и двоякая экология. Sign Systems Studies 33 (1):188-188.
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  24.  12
    Kalevi Kull (2001). Biosemiotics and the Problem of Intrinsic Value of Nature. Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):353-364.
    This article poses the hypothesis that the problem of the intrinsic value of nature that stems from the work of G. E. Moore and is widely discussed in environmental philosophy, bas a parallel in a contemporary discussion in semiotics on the existence of semiosis in nature. From a semiotic point of view. value can be defined as an intentional dimension of sign. This is concordant with a biological interpretation of value that relates to biological needs. Thus. a semiotic approach in (...)
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  25.  8
    Kalevi Kull (2003). Лестница, дерево, сеть. Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):603-603.
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  26.  7
    Kalevi Kull (2002). A Sign is Not Alive — a Text Is. Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):327-335.
    The article deals with the relationships between the concepts of life process and sign process, arguing against the simplified equation of these concepts. Assuming that organism (and its particular case — cell) is the carrier of what is called ‘life’, we attempt to find a correspondent notion in semiotics that can be equalled to the feature of being alive. A candidate for this is the textual process as a multiple sign action. Considering that biological texts are generally non-linguistic, the concept (...)
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  27.  8
    Kalevi Kull (2008). The Importance of Semiotics to University. Semiotics:494-514.
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  28.  9
    Kalevi Kull (2001). A Note on Biorhetorics. Sign Systems Studies 29 (2):693-703.
    This article analyses the possibility to look at living systems as biorhetorical systems. Rhetorics of biology, which studies the rhetoric of biological discourse, is distinguishable from biorhetorics, which attempts to analyse the expressive behaviour of organisms in terms of primordial (unconscious) rhetoric. The appearance of such a view is a logical consequence from recent developments in new (or general) rhetorics on the one hand (e.g., G. A. Kennedy's claim that rhetoric exists among social animals), and from the biosemiotic approach to (...)
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  29.  13
    Kalevi Kull (2011). Juri Lotman in English. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):343-356.
    The bibliography provides a list of all known English-language publications by Juri M. Lotman (including in co-authorship and reprints), in chronologicalorder, described de visu. The first English translation of J. Lotman’s work appeared in 1973, altogether there is 109 entries in the list. The bibliography demonstrates that in the 1970s and 1980s, most of the translations were published in the context of slavistics, whereas after 2000 Lotman’s work starts to appear in the anthologies of general semiotics.
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  30.  13
    Kalevi Kull, Silvi Salupere, Peeter Torop & Mihhail Lotman (2011). Семиотика в эстонии. Резюме. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):341-342.
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  31.  11
    Riin Magnus & Kalevi Kull (2009). Exemplifying Umweltlehre Through One's Own Life A Biography of Jakob von Uexküll by Florian Mildenberger. Biosemiotics 2 (1):121-125.
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  32.  11
    Kalevi Kull (2003). Semiotics Is a Theory of Life. Semiotics:15-31.
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  33.  17
    Rachele Malavasi, Kalevi Kull & Almo Farina (2014). The Acoustic Codes: How Animal Sign Processes Create Sound-Topes and Consortia Via Conflict Avoidance. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 7 (1):89-95.
    In this essay we argue for the possibility to describe the co-presence of species in a community as a consortium built by acoustic codes, using mainly the examples of bird choruses. In this particular case, the consortium is maintained via the sound-tope that different bird species create by singing in a chorus. More generally, the formation of acoustic codes as well as cohesive communicative systems (the consortia) can be seen as a result of plastic adaptational behaviour of the specimen who (...)
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  34.  6
    Winfried Nöth & Kalevi Kull (2001). Introduction. Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):9-11.
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  35.  6
    Ekaterina Velmezova & Kalevi Kull (2011). Intervjuu Vjatšeslav V. Ivanoviga semiootikast, aju keeltest ja ideede ajaloost. Kokkuvõte. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):313-313.
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  36.  3
    Kalevi Kull (1999). On the History of Joining Bio with Semio: FS Rothschild and the Biosemiotic Rules. Sign Systems Studies 27:128-138.
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  37.  5
    Kalevi Kull (2012). Лестница, дерево, сеть. Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):603-603.
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  38.  9
    Riin Magnus, Timo Maran & Kalevi Kull (2004). Jakob von Uexküll Centre, Since 1993. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):375-378.
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  39.  5
    Winfried Nöth & Kalevi Kull (2001). Introduction. Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):9-11.
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  40.  6
    Kati Lindström, Kalevi Kull & Hannes Palang (2011). Maastike semiootiline uurimine. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):36-36.
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  41.  8
    Ekaterina Velmezova & Kalevi Kull (2011). Intervjuu Vjatšeslav V. Ivanoviga semiootikast, aju keeltest ja ideede ajaloost. Kokkuvõte. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):313-313.
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  42.  12
    Kalevi Kull, Silvi Salupere, Peeter Torop & Mihhail Lotman (2011). The Institution of Semiotics in Estonia. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):314-341.
    The article gives a historical overview of the institutional development of semiotics in Estonia during two centuries, and describes briefly its current status. The key characteristics of semiotics in Estonia include: (1) seminal role of two world-level classics of semiotics from the University of Tartu, Juri Lotman and Jakob von Uexkull; (2) the impact of Tartu–Moscow school of semiotics, with a series of summer schools in Kaariku in 1960s and the establishment of semiotic study of culture; (3) the publication of (...)
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  43.  4
    Winfried Nöth & Kalevi Kull (2001). Introduction. Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):9-11.
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  44.  4
    Kalevi Kull (2004). Юкскюлл и постмодернистский эволюционизм. Резюме. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):114-114.
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  45.  4
    Kalevi Kull & Jesper Hoffmeyer (2005). Obituary: Thure von Uexküll 1908–2004. Sign Systems Studies 2:487-494.
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  46.  7
    Kalevi Kull (2011). Juri Lotman inglise keeles. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):356-356.
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  47.  7
    Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Kalevi Kull (2002). Editors' Comment. Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):11-13.
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  48.  6
    Peeter Torop, Mihhail Lolman & Kalevi Kull (2000). Intercommunication. Sign Systems Studies 28:11-14.
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  49.  6
    Howard H. Pattee & Kalevi Kull (2009). Биосемиотическая беседа. Sign Systems Studies 37 (1-2):331-331.
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  50.  6
    Kalevi Kull (2003). Лестница, дерево, сеть. Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):603-603.
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