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Karel Lambert [86]Karel J. Lambert [2]
  1.  33
    Karel Lambert (2002). Free Logic: Selected Essays. New Yorkcambridge University Press.
    Free logic is an important field of philosophical logic that first appeared in the 1950s. J. Karel Lambert was one of its founders and coined the term itself. The essays in this collection (written over a period of 40 years) explore the philosophical foundations of free logic and its application to areas as diverse as the philosophy of religion and computer science. Amongst the applications on offer are those to the analysis of existence statements, to definite descriptions and to partial (...)
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  2.  53
    Gerhard Schurz & Karel Lambert (1994). Outline of a Theory of Scientific Understanding. Synthese 101 (1):65-120.
    The basic theory of scientific understanding presented in Sections 1–2 exploits three main ideas.First, that to understand a phenomenonP (for a given agent) is to be able to fitP into the cognitive background corpusC (of the agent).Second, that to fitP intoC is to connectP with parts ofC (via arguments in a very broad sense) such that the unification ofC increases.Third, that the cognitive changes involved in unification can be treated as sequences of shifts of phenomena inC. How the theory fits (...)
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  3. Karel Lambert (2001). Free Logics. In Lou Goble (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Philosophical Logic. Blackwell Publishers 258--279.
     
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  4. Karel Lambert (ed.) (1991). Philosophical Applications of Free Logic. Oxford University Press.
    Free logic, an alternative to traditional logic, has been seen as a useful avenue of approach to a number of philosophical issues of contemporary interest. In this collection, Karel Lambert, one of the pioneers in, and the most prominent exponent of, free logic, brings together a variety of published essays bearing on the application of free logic to philosophical topics ranging from set theory and logic to metaphysics and the philosophy of religion. The work of such distinguished philosophers as Bas (...)
     
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  5.  34
    Karel Lambert (1983). Meinong and the Principle of Independence: Its Place in Meinong's Theory of Objects and its Significance in Contemporary Philosophical Logic. Cambridge University Press.
    As well as aiming to revive interest in Meinong's thought, this book challenges many of the most widespread assumptions of philosophical logic.
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  6.  64
    Karel Lambert (1981). On the Philosophical Foundations of Free Logic. Inquiry 24 (2):147 – 203.
    The essay outlines the character of free logic, and motivation for its construction and development. It details some technical achievements of high philosophical interest, but urges that the role of existence assumptions in logic is still not fully understood, that unresolved old problems, both technical and philosophical, abound, and presents some new problems of considerable philosophical import in free logic.
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  7.  22
    Karel Lambert (1963). Existential Import Revisited. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 4 (4):288-292.
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  8. Karel Lambert (1994). A Note on Singular and General Existence. Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):3-4.
     
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  9. Karel Lambert (1969). The Logical Way of Doing Things. New Haven, Yale University Press.
     
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  10.  39
    Robert K. Meyer & Karel Lambert (1968). Universally Free Logic and Standard Quantification Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):8-26.
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  11. Karel Lambert (1972). Derivation and Counterexample. Encino, Calif.,Dickenson Pub. Co..
     
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  12.  33
    Karel Lambert (1967). Free Logic and the Concept of Existence. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 8 (1-2):133-144.
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  13.  5
    Bas C. Van Fraassen & Karel Lambert (1967). On Free Description Theory. Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 13 (15):225-240.
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  14.  45
    Karel J. Lambert (1956). Synonymity Again. Analysis 16 (3):71 - 72.
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  15.  32
    Karel Lambert (1985). Non-Existent Objects. Grazer Philosophische Studien 25:439-446.
    This essay argues for the importance of developing theories of nonexistent objects. The grounds are utility and smoothness of logical theory. In the latter case a parallel with the theory of negative and imaginary numbers is exploited. The essay concludes with a counterexample to a general argument against the enterprise of developing theories of nonexistent objects, and outlining the foremost problem an adequate theory of nonexistent objects must solve.
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  16.  42
    Karel Lambert (1974). Impossible Objects. Inquiry 17 (1-4):303 – 314.
    This paper deals with the Meinong-Russell controversy on nonsubsistent objects. The first part notes the similarity of certain contemporary semantical developments to Meinonj;'s theory of nonsubsistent objects. Then it lays out the major features of Meinong's famous theory, considers Russell's objections to same and Meinong's counter-objections to Russell, and argues that Russell's well-known argument fails. However, it is possible to augment Russell's argument against Meinong with sound Russellian principles in such a way that it presents at least a strong inclining (...)
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  17.  10
    Bas C. Van Fraassen & Karel Lambert (1967). On Free Description Theory. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 13 (15):225-240.
  18. Karel Lambert (ed.) (1970). Philosophical Problems in Logic. Dordrecht,Reidel.
  19.  21
    Karel Lambert (1962). Notes on E! III: A Theory of Descriptions. Philosophical Studies 13 (4):51--59.
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  20.  34
    Karel Lambert (1992). Russell's Version of the Theory of Definite Descriptions. Philosophical Studies 65 (1-2):153 - 167.
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  21.  21
    Karel Lambert (2000). Set Theory and Definite Descriptions. Grazer Philosophische Studien 60:1-11.
    This paper offers an explanation of the maj or traditions in the logical treatment of definite descriptions as reactions to paradoxical naive definite descriptiontheory. The explanation closely parallels that of various set theories as reactions to paradoxical naive set theory. Indeed, naive set theory is derivable from naive definite description theory given an appropriate definition of set abstracts in terms of definite descriptions.
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  22.  16
    Karel J. Lambert (1978). The Place of the Intentional in the Explanation of Behavior: A Brief Survey. Grazer Philosophische Studien 6:75-84.
    This paper surveys the main attitudes toward intentional explanation in recent psychology. Specifically, the positions of reductionistic behaviorism, materialism and replacement behaviorism are critically examined. Finally, an assessment of the current state of the controversy is presented.
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  23.  26
    Karel Lambert (1982). A Logical Interpretation of Meinong's Principle of Independence. Topoi 1 (1-2):87-96.
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  24.  12
    Karel Lambert (1968). On the on Type Theory of Significance. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 46 (1):79 – 86.
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  25. Ermanno Bencivenga, Karel Lambert & Bas C. Van Fraassen (1986). Logic Bivalence and Denotation. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  26. Karel Lambert, Alexander Hieke & Edgar Morscher (2001). New Essays in Free Logic in Honour of Karel Lambert. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  27.  12
    Karel Lambert (1987). Predication and Ontology. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):603 - 614.
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  28. Karel Lambert (1991). A Theory of Definite Descriptions. In Philosophical Applications of Free Logic. Oxford University Press 17--27.
     
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  29.  14
    Karel Lambert (1965). On Logic an Existence. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 6 (2):135-141.
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  30.  39
    Karel Lambert & Alan Code (1991). Introduction. Topoi 10 (1):1-1.
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  31.  36
    Robert K. Meyer, Ermanno Bencivenga & Karel Lambert (1982). The Ineliminability of E! In Free Quantification Theory Without Identity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 11 (2):229 - 231.
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  32.  13
    Karel Lambert (1999). Logically Proper Definite Descriptions*. An Essay in Honor of Ruth Marcus. Dialectica 53 (3-4):271–282.
    This essay notes a striking parallel between the original Hilbert‐Bernays treatment of definite descriptions and Russell's theory of logically proper names. The formal language for the original theory is laid out and the implications of a theory of vis a vis the statements that qualify as predications in a logically proper definite descriptions sense of the word ‘predication'different from the espoused by Frege, Russell and Meinong.
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  33.  27
    Karel Lambert (1963). Quantification and Existence. Inquiry 6 (1-4):319-324.
    Those who want to interpret the quantifier ? (3 x) (. . .x. . .)'as having no existence commitment often fail to distinguish between this objective and that of merely changing the values of the variables. The confusion vitiates solutions of the singular existence anomalies which purport to be based on a non?existential interpretation of the quantifier. An example of one who makes the distinction but still interprets the particular quantifier non?existentially is offered by Czeslaw Lejewski. Objection to the classical (...)
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  34. Karel Lambert (1997). Free Logics Their Foundations, Character and Some Applications Thereof.
     
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  35.  17
    Karel Lambert & Ermanno Bencivenga (1986). A Free Logic with Simple and Complex Predicates. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (2):247-256.
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  36.  9
    Karel Lambert (1964). Notes on “E!” IV: A Reduction in Free Quantification Theory with Identity and Descriptions. Philosophical Studies 15 (6):85--88.
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  37.  26
    Karel Lambert (1959). Singular Terms and Truth. Philosophical Studies 10 (1):1 - 5.
    A 'free logic' for singular terms with restrictions on existential generalization and universal instantiation is set out and argued for. Weaker logics, Such as lambert's fd and fd1 are held incapable of proving instances of tarski's truth schema for languages containing non-Denoting terms. Stronger logics, Such as scott's and lambert's fd2, Are held to yield false theorems when given natural interpretations. The logic defended conforms essentially to russell's semantical intuitions. Some consequences are drawn for the theory of identity.
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  38.  4
    Karel Lambert (1992). Definite Descriptions and the Theory of Objects. In Kevin Mulligan (ed.), Language, Truth and Ontology. Kluwer 78--86.
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  39.  4
    Karel Lambert (1970). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
  40.  11
    Karel Lambert (1981). On "The Limits of Rationality". Grazer Philosophische Studien 12:103-104.
    This note is a comment on Suppes's essay on the limits of rationality. The substantial point is that if a theory of rationality is conceived as a structure plus scope, then, contra Suppes, intuitive judgement is part of the theory of rationality because it is part of the scope of that theory. The point is supported by analogy with a learning theory. Finally, intuitive judgement and informal knowledge is suggested to be evidence of the irreducible vagueness of theory as opposed (...)
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  41.  25
    Karel Lambert (2001). In Memoriam: Willard Van Orman Quine. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 54 (3):273-276.
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  42.  8
    Karel Lambert (2012). The Place of the Intentional in the Explanation of Behavior. Grazer Philosophische Studien 6:75-84.
    This paper surveys the main attitudes toward intentional explanation in recent psychology. Specifically, the positions of reductionistic behaviorism, materialism and replacement behaviorism are critically examined. Finally, an assessment of the current state of the controversy is presented.
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  43.  14
    Karel Lambert (1972). Notes on Free Description Theory: Some Philosophical Issues and Consequences. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (2):184 - 191.
  44.  22
    Karel Lambert (1958). Notes on “E!”. Philosophical Studies 9 (4):60 - 63.
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  45.  20
    Karel Lambert (2001). From Predication to Programming. Minds and Machines 11 (2):257-265.
    A free logic is one in which a singular term can fail to refer to an existent object, for example, `Vulcan' or `5/0'. This essay demonstrates the fruitfulness of a version of this non-classical logic of terms (negative free logic) by showing (1) how it can be used not only to repair a looming inconsistency in Quine's theory of predication, the most influential semantical theory in contemporary philosophical logic, but also (2) how Beeson, Farmer and Feferman, among others, use it (...)
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  46.  16
    Karel Lambert (1987). On the Philosophical Foundations of Free Description Theory. History and Philosophy of Logic 8 (1):57-66.
    This essay lays out the leading principles of the theories of definite descriptions advocated by Frege, Russell, and Hilbert and Bernays, and discusses various difficulties, philosophical and otherwise, with each treatment, fixing especially on the treatment of singular existence claims. Then the leading principles of free (definite) description theory are presented and it is shown how it resolves difficulties confronting the more traditional approaches. Finally, a pair of technical problems in free (definite) description theory are addressed. They help to show (...)
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  47.  19
    Karel Lambert (1974). Predication and Extensionality. Journal of Philosophical Logic 3 (3):255 - 264.
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  48.  17
    Karel Lambert (1961). Notes on “E!”: II. Philosophical Studies 12 (1-2):1 - 5.
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  49.  3
    Karel Lambert (1995). Substitution and the Expansion of the World. Grazer Philosophische Studien 50:129-143.
    The major goal of this paper is to argue that a well known argument to overturn the principle that coextensive predicates substitute in any statement without alteration of truth value can be avoided - even in the simplest of languages. Apparently this can be done nonartificially only by expanding the universe with nonexisting objects. It is not proved that the principle of substitution salva veritate holds in Meinongian model structures, but in fact it does - as any completeness proof of (...)
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  50. Karel Lambert & Thomas Scharle (1967). A translation theorem for two systems of free logic. Logique Et Analyse 10 (39):328-341.
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