Search results for 'Karen A. Crain' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  78
    Karen A. Crain & Kenneth A. Heischmidt (1995). Implementing Business Ethics: Sexual Harassment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 14 (4):299 - 308.
    Sexual harassment is a problem for many organizations. Organizations must understand that sexual harassment lies within the broader context of sex discrimination and inequality of opportunity in the workplace. Sexual harassment is both an illegal and unethical practice. Companies need to implement a policy which respects the rights of individual employees by prohibiting sexual harassment. This policy need to be clearly stated in the company Code of Ethics and enforced rigorously.
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  2.  18
    Ram Frost, Christina Behme, Madeleine El Beveridge, Thomas H. Bak, Jeffrey S. Bowers, Max Coltheart, Stephen Crain, Colin J. Davis, S. Hélène Deacon & Laurie Beth Feldman (2012). Towards a Universal Model of Reading. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):263.
    In the last decade, reading research has seen a paradigmatic shift. A new wave of computational models of orthographic processing that offer various forms of noisy position or context-sensitive coding have revolutionized the field of visual word recognition. The influx of such models stems mainly from consistent findings, coming mostly from European languages, regarding an apparent insensitivity of skilled readers to letter order. Underlying the current revolution is the theoretical assumption that the insensitivity of readers to letter order reflects the (...)
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  3. Stephen Crain & Paul M. Pietroski (2002). Why Language Acquisition is a Snap. Linguistic Review.
    Nativists inspired by Chomsky are apt to provide arguments with the following general form: languages exhibit interesting generalizations that are not suggested by casual (or even intensive) examination of what people actually say; correspondingly, adults (i.e., just about anyone above the age of four) know much more about language than they could plausibly have learned on the basis of their experience; so absent an alternative account of the relevant generalizations and speakers' (tacit) knowledge of them, one should conclude that there (...)
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  4.  4
    Vincenzo Moscati, Jacopo Romoli, Tommaso Federico Demarie & Stephen Crain (2016). Born in the USA: A Comparison of Modals and Nominal Quantifiers in Child Language. Natural Language Semantics 24 (1):79-115.
    One of the challenges confronted by language learners is to master the interpretation of sentences with multiple logical operators, where different interpretations depend on different scope assignments. Five-year-old children have been found to access some readings of potentially ambiguous sentences much less than adults do :73–102, 2006; Musolino, Universal Grammar and the acquisition of semantic knowledge, 1998; Musolino and Lidz, Lang Acquis 11:277–291, 2003, among many others). Recently, Gualmini et al. have shown that, by careful contextual manipulation, it is possible (...)
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  5.  23
    Steven D. Crain (1997). Divine Action in a World Chaos. Faith and Philosophy 14 (1):41-61.
    John Polkinghorne, formerly a physicist and now an Anglican priest and theologian, has made a significant contribution to the current dialogue between Christian theology and the natural sciences. I examine here his reflection on what is commonly called the problem of special divine action in the world. Polkinghorne argues that God acts in the world via a “topdown” or “downward” mode of causation that exploits the indeterministic openness of chaotic systems without requiring that God violate natural laws. In response, I (...)
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  6.  25
    Steven D. Crain (1997). Must a Classical Theist Be an Immaterialist? Religious Studies 33 (1):81-92.
    In this paper I examine two arguments, one by R. A. Oakes and the other by P. A. Byrne, that Berkeley's immaterialism is the only metaphysic consistent with classical theism. I show that not only do Oakes and Byrne fail to demonstrate the incompatibility of physical realism with classical theism, but also that their line of argument reveals a grave inconsistency between the latter and immaterialism. For as they expound Berkeley's metaphysic, it seems incapable of explicating the metaphysical dependency of (...)
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  7. Stephen Crain, The Acquisition of Disjunction: Evidence for a Grammatical View of Scalar Implicatures.
    This paper investigates young children's knowledge of scalar implicatures and downward entailment. In previous experimental work, we have shown that young children access the full range of truth-conditions associated with logical words in classical logic, including the disjunction operator, as well as the indefinite article. The present study extends this research in three ways, taking disjunction as a case study. Experiment 1 draws upon the observation that scalar implicatures (SIs) are cancelled (or reversed) in downward entailing (DE) linguistic environments, e.g., (...)
     
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  8. Paul F. Sowman, Stephen Crain, Elisabeth Harrison & Blake W. Johnson (2014). Lateralization of Brain Activation in Fluent and Non-Fluent Preschool Children: A Magnetoencephalographic Study of Picture-Naming. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  9.  2
    Donald Shankweiler & Stephen Crain (1986). Language Mechanisms and Reading Disorder: A Modular Approach. Cognition 24 (1-2):139-168.
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  10.  2
    Amiruddin Azhani, Fox Allison, Clunies-Ross Karen, Connaughton Veronica & Bothma Vicole (2015). The Error-Related Negativity as a Marker of Individual Differences in Cognitive Empathy. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  11. Docksey Chris & Williams Karen (1992). In Search of 1992--A Stroll Through the Law Books. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 12 (1).
     
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  12.  14
    A. Lauren Crain, Brian C. Martinson & Carol R. Thrush (2013). Relationships Between the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) and Self-Reported Research Practices. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):835-850.
    The Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) is a validated tool to facilitate promotion of research integrity and research best practices. This work uses the SORC to assess shared and individual perceptions of the research climate in universities and academic departments and relate these perceptions to desirable and undesirable research practices. An anonymous web- and mail-based survey was administered to randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows in the United States. Respondents reported their perceptions of the research (...)
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  13.  7
    Brian C. Martinson, Carol R. Thrush & A. Lauren Crain (2013). Development and Validation of the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC). Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):813-834.
    Development and targeting efforts by academic organizations to effectively promote research integrity can be enhanced if they are able to collect reliable data to benchmark baseline conditions, to assess areas needing improvement, and to subsequently assess the impact of specific initiatives. To date, no standardized and validated tool has existed to serve this need. A web- and mail-based survey was administered in the second half of 2009 to 2,837 randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows at 40 (...)
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  14. Stephen Crain, At the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface in Child Language.
    This paper investigates scalar implicatures and downward entailment in child English. In previous experimental work we have shown that adults’ computation of scalar implicatures is sensitive to entailment relations. For instance, when the disjunction operator or occurs in positive contexts, an implicature of exclusivity arises. By contrast when the disjunction operator occurs within the scope of a downward entailing linguistic expression, no implicature of exclusivity is computed. Investigations on children’s computation of scalar implicatures in the same contexts have led to (...)
     
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  15. Stephen Crain, How Children Avoid Kindergarten Paths.
    Many experimental investigations of human sentence processing have shown that listeners do not wait until they reach the end of a sentence before they begin to compute an interpretation. Rather, listeners incrementally make commitments to an interpretation as the linguistic input unfolds in real time. A consequence of this property of sentence comprehension is that it sometimes gives rise to so-called garden-path effects. In the presence of a temporary ambiguity, listeners may assign an interpretation that later turns out to be (...)
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  16. Stephen Crain, On Not Being Led Down the Kindergarten Path.
    Studies of adult sentence processing have established that the referential context in which sentences are presented plays an immediate role in their interpretation, such that referential features of the context mitigate, and even eliminate, so-called ‘garden-path’ effects. Perceivers experience garden path effects almost exclusively when they are attempting to parse locally ambiguous linguistic structures in the absence of context, or in infelicitous contexts. The finding that the referential context ordinarily obviates garden path effects is compelling evidence for the Referential Theory (...)
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  17. Stephen Crain (2012). The Emergence of Meaning. Cambridge University Press.
    Over the past forty years, scientists have developed models of human reasoning based on the principle that human languages and classical logic involve fundamentally different concepts and different methods of interpretation. In The Emergence of Meaning Stephen Crain challenges this view, arguing that a common logical nativism underpins human language and logical reasoning. The approach which Crain takes is twofold. Firstly, he uncovers the underlying meanings of logical expressions and logical principles that appear in typologically different languages - (...)
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  18. K. Dhami Mandeep, R. Mandel David & A. Souza Karen (2005). Escape From Reality: Prisoners' Counterfactual Thinking About Crime, Justice, and Punishment. In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge
  19.  87
    Amy L. Goff-Yates (2000). Karen Warren and the Logic of Domination: A Defense. Environmental Ethics 22 (2):169-181.
    Karen Warren claims that there is a “logic of domination” at work in the oppressive conceptual frameworks informing both sexism and naturism. Although her account of the principle of domination as a connection between oppressions has been an influential one in ecofeminist theory, it has been challenged by recent criticism. Both Karen Green and John Andrews maintain that the principle of domination,as Warren articulates it, is ambiguous. The principle, according to Green, admits of two possible readings, each of (...)
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  20.  3
    Christine Bard (2003). Karen OFFEN, European Feminisms 1700-1950. A political history, Stanford University Press, 2000, 554 p. Clio 1:22-22.
    Historienne, membre de l'Institute for Research on Women and Gender de Stanford, active au sein de l'International federation for research in women's history, Karen Offen concentre dans ce livre vingt-cinq ans de lectures et de recherches sur l'histoire du féminisme en Europe. Elle tire un grand profit de l'explosion récente des études sur l'histoire du féminisme et des colloques internationaux sur le féminisme en Europe. C'est le genre de livre que l'on lit, crayon à la main, et où l'..
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  21.  3
    William Knight (2016). Karen A. Rader; Victoria E. M. Cain.Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century. Xiv + 467 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2014. $45. [REVIEW] Isis 107 (1):202-204.
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  22.  13
    Peter Milward (2013). The Life of Saint Katherine of Alexandria. By John Capgrave. Trans. By Karen A. Winstead. Pp.203, University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, Indiana, 2011, $20.85. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 54 (6):1029-1030.
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  23.  3
    Sarah Stanbury (2008). Karen A. Winstead, John Capgrave's Fifteenth Century.(The Middle Ages Series.) Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007. Pp. Xiii, 233; 9 Black-and-White Figures. $55. [REVIEW] Speculum 83 (4):1060-1061.
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  24.  1
    Stanley J. Ulijaszek (1994). Demographic Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Edited by Karen A. Foote, Kenneth H. Hill & Linda G. Martin. Pp. 379. (National Academy Press, 1993.). [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 26 (3):420-422.
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  25. Samuel J. M. M. Alberti (2015). Karen A. Rader and Victoria E.M. Cain, Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2014. Pp. Xiv + 467. ISBN 978-0-2260-7966-0. $45.00/£31.50. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 48 (4):719-721.
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  26. Erika Lorraine Milam (2014). Liv Emma Thorsen; Karen A. Rader; Adam Dodd .Animals on Display: The Creaturely in Museums, Zoos, and Natural History. Ix + 222 Pp., Illus., Index. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2013. $64.95. [REVIEW] Isis 105 (4):835-836.
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  27. Jeffery L. Nicholas (1999). Lenore Langsdorf, Stephen H. Watson, and Karen A. Smith, Eds., Reinterpreting the Political: Continental Philosophy and Political Theory Reviewed By. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 19 (3):196-198.
     
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  28. Sarah Stanbury (2003). Karen A. Winstead, Ed. And Trans., Chaste Passions: Medieval English Virgin Martyr Legends. Ithaca, N.Y., and London: Cornell University Press, 2000. Pp. Xi, 201; 7 Black-and-White Figures. $39.95 ; $16.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (1):297-298.
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  29. Andreea Mihali (2013). Descartes' Meditations—A Critical Guide Detlefsen Karen, Editor Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013; Reviewed By. [REVIEW] Dialogue (4):1-3.
    The Cambridge Descartes’ Meditations—A Critical Guide, a recent addition to the numerous companion texts, guidebooks, introductions and commentaries already available, aims to provide novel approaches to important themes of Descartes’ Meditations by combining contextualism and analysis (of arguments). Organized in four parts (Skepticism, Substance and Cause, Sensations, and The Human Being), the volume contains contributions from (mainly) established scholars of Early Modern Philosophy.
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  30.  6
    Thomas A. Regelski (forthcoming). Aristotle, Praxis, and Music Revisited: A Reply to Karen Hanson. Philosophy of Music Education Review.
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  31.  3
    Janie B. Butts & Karen L. Rich (2008). Comment by Janie B Butts and Karen L Rich On:Guilty but Good: Defending Voluntary Active Euthanasia From a Virtue Perspective'. Nursing Ethics 15 (4):449-451.
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  32.  9
    Karen Slattery (1994). Journalism as a Community Enterprise: A Book Review by Karen Slattery. [REVIEW] Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (3):186 – 189.
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  33.  7
    Karen Slattery (1994). Book Review: Journalism as a Community Enterprise: A Book Review by Karen Slattery. [REVIEW] Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (3):186 – 189.
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  34. Thomas Hankins (1999). Experiencing Nature: Proceedings of a Conference in Honor of Allen G. Debus by Paul H. Theerman; Karen Hunger Parshall. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 90:789-790.
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  35. Bernadette M. Ruf & Krishnarnurty Muralidhar (2001). Robea M Brown, Jay J Janney, Karen Paul. An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Change in Corporate Social Performance and Financial Performance: A Stakeholder Theory Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics 32 (2).
     
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  36.  18
    Bart Geurts (2000). Stephen Crain & Rosalind Thornton, Investigations in Universal Gram-Mar: A Guide to Experiments on the Acquisition of Syntax and Semantics. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 23 (5):523-532.
  37.  2
    John Henry (2005). L EONHART F UCHS, De Historia Stirpium Commentarii Insignes. With a Commentary by Karen Reeds. Octavo Digital Editions. Oakland: Octavo, 2003. ISBN 1-59110-051-8. £29.00, $30.00 . N ICOLAUS C OPERNICUS, De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium Libri VI. With a Commentary by Owen Gingerich. Octavo Digital Editions. Oakland: Octavo, 2003. ISBN 1-891788-14-0. £24.00, $40.00 . G ALILEO G ALILEI, Siderius Nuncius. With a Commentary by Albert van Helden. Octavo Digital Editions. Oakland: Octavo, 2003. ISBN 1-891788-12-4. £15.00, $25.00 . R OBERT H OOKE, Micrographia. With a Commentary by Brian J. Ford. Octavo Digital Editions. Oakland: Octavo, 2003. ISBN 1-891788-02-7. £29.00, $30.00 . B ENJAMIN F RANKLIN, Experiments and Observations on Electricity. With a Commentary by I. Bernard Cohen. Octavo Digital Editions. Oakland: Octavo, 2003. ISBN 1-891788-13-2. £23.00, $25.00. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 38 (3):361.
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  38.  26
    James P. Sterba (2002). Karen J. Warren, Ecofeminist Philosophy: A Western Perspective on What It Is and Why It Matters:Ecofeminist Philosophy: A Western Perspective on What It Is and Why It Matters. Ethics 113 (1):182-185.
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  39.  1
    Anna Mudde (2016). Karen L.F. Houle, Responsibility, Complexity, and Abortion: Toward a New Image of Ethical Thought. Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 36 (3):115-117.
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  40.  3
    Nancy Vine Durling (2009). Karen Fresco and Wendy Pfeffer, Eds.,” Chançon Legiere a Chanter”: Essays on Old French Literature in Honor of Samuel N. Rosenberg. Birmingham, Ala.: Summa Publications, 2007. Pp. Xxx, 479; Black-and-White Frontispiece Portrait, Black-and-White Figures, Tables, 1 Graph, and Musical Examples. $59.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 84 (2):431-433.
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  41.  4
    J. B. Butts & K. L. Rich (2008). Comment by Janie B Butts and Karen L Rich On: `Guilty but Good: Defending Voluntary Active Euthanasia From a Virtue Perspective'. Nursing Ethics 15 (4):449-451.
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  42.  12
    Eileen O'Neill (2009). Review of Jacqueline Broad, Karen Green, A History of Women's Political Thought in Europe, 1400-1700. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (11).
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  43. Lucia Giovani (1995). Ariel, lo spirito del 'fool' da Shakespeare a Karen Blixen. Annali Della Facoltà di Lettere E Filosofia 16:99-122.
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  44.  1
    Marie-Karine Schaub (2011). Jacqueline Broad & Karen Green, A History of Women's Political Thought in Europe, 1400-1700. Clio 2:271-273.
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  45. Francine F. Abeles (2007). Tony Crilly.Arthur Cayley: Mathematician Laureate of the Victorian Age.Xxi + 609 Pp., Illus., Figs., Apps., Bibl., Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. $69.95 .Karen Hunger Parshall.James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian World.Xi + 461 Pp., Apps., Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. $69.95. [REVIEW] Isis 98 (3):641-642.
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  46. Geoffrey Cantor (2004). Creating the Royal Societys Sylvester Medal I Am Indebted to the Leverhulme Trust for the Award of a Major Research Fellowship, Which has Enabled Me to Pursue Research for This Paper. For Permission to Quote From Unpublished Archive Material I Would Like to Thank the Royal Society of London, the Maccabans and the Archives of Imperial College, London. For Their Generous Assistance with Various Aspects of This Project I Would Like to Express My Appreciation to the Hartley Library , Anne Barrett, Norman Biggs, Barbara Cantor, Hannah Gay, Karen Hunger Parshall and Two Anonymous Referees. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 37 (1):75-92.
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  47. M. F. Cross (2003). European Feminisms 1700-1950: A Political History. By Karen Offen. The European Legacy 8 (1):98-99.
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  48. Jeremy Gray (2008). Karen Hunger Parshall, James Joseph Sylvester: Jewish Mathematician in a Victorian World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. Pp. Xiii+461. ISBN 0-8018-8291-5. £46.50. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 41 (2).
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  49. Thomas L. Hankins (1999). Experiencing Nature: Proceedings of a Conference in Honor of Allen G. DebusPaul H. Theerman Karen Hunger Parshall. Isis 90 (4):789-790.
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  50. Hubert Heinen (1973). The Partisan Voice: A Study of the Political Lyric in France and Germany, 1180-1230. Karen Wilk Klein. Speculum 48 (4):763-764.
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