Search results for 'Karen A. Crain' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  74
    Karen A. Crain & Kenneth A. Heischmidt (1995). Implementing Business Ethics: Sexual Harassment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 14 (4):299 - 308.
    Sexual harassment is a problem for many organizations. Organizations must understand that sexual harassment lies within the broader context of sex discrimination and inequality of opportunity in the workplace. Sexual harassment is both an illegal and unethical practice. Companies need to implement a policy which respects the rights of individual employees by prohibiting sexual harassment. This policy need to be clearly stated in the company Code of Ethics and enforced rigorously.
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  2.  11
    Ram Frost, Christina Behme, Madeleine El Beveridge, Thomas H. Bak, Jeffrey S. Bowers, Max Coltheart, Stephen Crain, Colin J. Davis, S. Hélène Deacon & Laurie Beth Feldman (2012). Towards a Universal Model of Reading. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):263.
    In the last decade, reading research has seen a paradigmatic shift. A new wave of computational models of orthographic processing that offer various forms of noisy position or context-sensitive coding have revolutionized the field of visual word recognition. The influx of such models stems mainly from consistent findings, coming mostly from European languages, regarding an apparent insensitivity of skilled readers to letter order. Underlying the current revolution is the theoretical assumption that the insensitivity of readers to letter order reflects the (...)
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  3.  93
    Stephen Crain & Paul M. Pietroski (2002). Why Language Acquisition is a Snap. Linguistic Review.
    Nativists inspired by Chomsky are apt to provide arguments with the following general form: languages exhibit interesting generalizations that are not suggested by casual (or even intensive) examination of what people actually say; correspondingly, adults (i.e., just about anyone above the age of four) know much more about language than they could plausibly have learned on the basis of their experience; so absent an alternative account of the relevant generalizations and speakers' (tacit) knowledge of them, one should conclude that there (...)
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  4.  19
    Steven D. Crain (1997). Divine Action in a World Chaos. Faith and Philosophy 14 (1):41-61.
    John Polkinghorne, formerly a physicist and now an Anglican priest and theologian, has made a significant contribution to the current dialogue between Christian theology and the natural sciences. I examine here his reflection on what is commonly called the problem of special divine action in the world. Polkinghorne argues that God acts in the world via a “topdown” or “downward” mode of causation that exploits the indeterministic openness of chaotic systems without requiring that God violate natural laws. In response, I (...)
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  5. Stephen Crain, The Acquisition of Disjunction: Evidence for a Grammatical View of Scalar Implicatures.
    This paper investigates young children's knowledge of scalar implicatures and downward entailment. In previous experimental work, we have shown that young children access the full range of truth-conditions associated with logical words in classical logic, including the disjunction operator, as well as the indefinite article. The present study extends this research in three ways, taking disjunction as a case study. Experiment 1 draws upon the observation that scalar implicatures (SIs) are cancelled (or reversed) in downward entailing (DE) linguistic environments, e.g., (...)
     
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  6.  15
    Steven D. Crain (1997). Must a Classical Theist Be an Immaterialist? Religious Studies 33 (1):81-92.
    In this paper I examine two arguments, one by R. A. Oakes and the other by P. A. Byrne, that Berkeley's immaterialism is the only metaphysic consistent with classical theism. I show that not only do Oakes and Byrne fail to demonstrate the incompatibility of physical realism with classical theism, but also that their line of argument reveals a grave inconsistency between the latter and immaterialism. For as they expound Berkeley's metaphysic, it seems incapable of explicating the metaphysical dependency of (...)
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  7. Vincenzo Moscati, Jacopo Romoli, Tommaso Federico Demarie & Stephen Crain (forthcoming). Born in the USA: A Comparison of Modals and Nominal Quantifiers in Child Language. Natural Language Semantics:1-37.
    One of the challenges confronted by language learners is to master the interpretation of sentences with multiple logical operators, where different interpretations depend on different scope assignments. Five-year-old children have been found to access some readings of potentially ambiguous sentences much less than adults do :73–102, 2006; Musolino, Universal Grammar and the acquisition of semantic knowledge, 1998; Musolino and Lidz, Lang Acquis 11:277–291, 2003, among many others). Recently, Gualmini et al. have shown that, by careful contextual manipulation, it is possible (...)
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  8.  2
    Donald Shankweiler & Stephen Crain (1986). Language Mechanisms and Reading Disorder: A Modular Approach. Cognition 24 (1-2):139-168.
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  9. Docksey Chris & Williams Karen (1992). In Search of 1992--A Stroll Through the Law Books. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 12 (1).
     
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  10.  11
    A. Lauren Crain, Brian C. Martinson & Carol R. Thrush (2013). Relationships Between the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) and Self-Reported Research Practices. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):835-850.
    The Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) is a validated tool to facilitate promotion of research integrity and research best practices. This work uses the SORC to assess shared and individual perceptions of the research climate in universities and academic departments and relate these perceptions to desirable and undesirable research practices. An anonymous web- and mail-based survey was administered to randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows in the United States. Respondents reported their perceptions of the research (...)
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  11.  5
    Brian C. Martinson, Carol R. Thrush & A. Lauren Crain (2013). Development and Validation of the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC). Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):813-834.
    Development and targeting efforts by academic organizations to effectively promote research integrity can be enhanced if they are able to collect reliable data to benchmark baseline conditions, to assess areas needing improvement, and to subsequently assess the impact of specific initiatives. To date, no standardized and validated tool has existed to serve this need. A web- and mail-based survey was administered in the second half of 2009 to 2,837 randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows at 40 (...)
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  12. Stephen Crain, At the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface in Child Language.
    This paper investigates scalar implicatures and downward entailment in child English. In previous experimental work we have shown that adults’ computation of scalar implicatures is sensitive to entailment relations. For instance, when the disjunction operator or occurs in positive contexts, an implicature of exclusivity arises. By contrast when the disjunction operator occurs within the scope of a downward entailing linguistic expression, no implicature of exclusivity is computed. Investigations on children’s computation of scalar implicatures in the same contexts have led to (...)
     
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  13. Stephen Crain, How Children Avoid Kindergarten Paths.
    Many experimental investigations of human sentence processing have shown that listeners do not wait until they reach the end of a sentence before they begin to compute an interpretation. Rather, listeners incrementally make commitments to an interpretation as the linguistic input unfolds in real time. A consequence of this property of sentence comprehension is that it sometimes gives rise to so-called garden-path effects. In the presence of a temporary ambiguity, listeners may assign an interpretation that later turns out to be (...)
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  14. Stephen Crain, On Not Being Led Down the Kindergarten Path.
    Studies of adult sentence processing have established that the referential context in which sentences are presented plays an immediate role in their interpretation, such that referential features of the context mitigate, and even eliminate, so-called ‘garden-path’ effects. Perceivers experience garden path effects almost exclusively when they are attempting to parse locally ambiguous linguistic structures in the absence of context, or in infelicitous contexts. The finding that the referential context ordinarily obviates garden path effects is compelling evidence for the Referential Theory (...)
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  15. K. Dhami Mandeep, R. Mandel David & A. Souza Karen (2005). Escape From Reality: Prisoners' Counterfactual Thinking About Crime, Justice, and Punishment. In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge
     
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  16.  67
    Amy L. Goff-Yates (2000). Karen Warren and the Logic of Domination: A Defense. Environmental Ethics 22 (2):169-181.
    Karen Warren claims that there is a “logic of domination” at work in the oppressive conceptual frameworks informing both sexism and naturism. Although her account of the principle of domination as a connection between oppressions has been an influential one in ecofeminist theory, it has been challenged by recent criticism. Both Karen Green and John Andrews maintain that the principle of domination,as Warren articulates it, is ambiguous. The principle, according to Green, admits of two possible readings, each of (...)
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  17.  3
    Christine Bard (2003). Karen OFFEN, European Feminisms 1700-1950. A political history, Stanford University Press, 2000, 554 p. Clio 1:22-22.
    Historienne, membre de l'Institute for Research on Women and Gender de Stanford, active au sein de l'International federation for research in women's history, Karen Offen concentre dans ce livre vingt-cinq ans de lectures et de recherches sur l'histoire du féminisme en Europe. Elle tire un grand profit de l'explosion récente des études sur l'histoire du féminisme et des colloques internationaux sur le féminisme en Europe. C'est le genre de livre que l'on lit, crayon à la main, et où l'..
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  18.  13
    Peter Milward (2013). The Life of Saint Katherine of Alexandria. By John Capgrave. Trans. By Karen A. Winstead. Pp.203, University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, Indiana, 2011, $20.85. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 54 (6):1029-1030.
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  19.  1
    Stanley J. Ulijaszek (1994). Demographic Change in Sub-Saharan Africa. Edited by Karen A. Foote, Kenneth H. Hill & Linda G. Martin. Pp. 379. (National Academy Press, 1993.). [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 26 (3):420-422.
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  20. Jeffery L. Nicholas (1999). Lenore Langsdorf, Stephen H. Watson, and Karen A. Smith, Eds., Reinterpreting the Political: Continental Philosophy and Political Theory Reviewed By. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 19 (3):196-198.
     
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  21. Sarah Stanbury (2008). Karen A. Winstead, John Capgrave's Fifteenth Century.(The Middle Ages Series.) Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007. Pp. Xiii, 233; 9 Black-and-White Figures. $55. [REVIEW] Speculum 83 (4):1060-1061.
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  22. Sarah Stanbury (2003). Karen A. Winstead, Ed. And Trans., Chaste Passions: Medieval English Virgin Martyr Legends. Ithaca, N.Y., and London: Cornell University Press, 2000. Pp. Xi, 201; 7 Black-and-White Figures. $39.95 ; $16.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (1):297-298.
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  23.  35
    Andreea Mihali (2013). Descartes' Meditations—A Critical Guide Detlefsen Karen, Editor Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013; Reviewed By. [REVIEW] Dialogue (4):1-3.
    The Cambridge Descartes’ Meditations—A Critical Guide, a recent addition to the numerous companion texts, guidebooks, introductions and commentaries already available, aims to provide novel approaches to important themes of Descartes’ Meditations by combining contextualism and analysis (of arguments). Organized in four parts (Skepticism, Substance and Cause, Sensations, and The Human Being), the volume contains contributions from (mainly) established scholars of Early Modern Philosophy.
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  24.  3
    Janie B. Butts & Karen L. Rich (2008). Comment by Janie B Butts and Karen L Rich On:Guilty but Good: Defending Voluntary Active Euthanasia From a Virtue Perspective'. Nursing Ethics 15 (4):449-451.
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  25.  5
    Thomas A. Regelski (forthcoming). Aristotle, Praxis, and Music Revisited: A Reply to Karen Hanson. Philosophy of Music Education Review.
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  26.  9
    Karen Slattery (1994). Journalism as a Community Enterprise: A Book Review by Karen Slattery. [REVIEW] Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (3):186 – 189.
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  27.  7
    Karen Slattery (1994). Book Review: Journalism as a Community Enterprise: A Book Review by Karen Slattery. [REVIEW] Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (3):186 – 189.
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  28. Thomas Hankins (1999). Experiencing Nature: Proceedings of a Conference in Honor of Allen G. Debus by Paul H. Theerman; Karen Hunger Parshall. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 90:789-790.
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  29. Bernadette M. Ruf & Krishnarnurty Muralidhar (2001). Robea M Brown, Jay J Janney, Karen Paul. An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Change in Corporate Social Performance and Financial Performance: A Stakeholder Theory Perspective. Journal of Business Ethics 32 (2).
     
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  30.  26
    James P. Sterba (2002). Karen J. Warren, Ecofeminist Philosophy: A Western Perspective on What It Is and Why It Matters:Ecofeminist Philosophy: A Western Perspective on What It Is and Why It Matters. Ethics 113 (1):182-185.
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  31.  1
    Marie-Karine Schaub (2011). Jacqueline Broad & Karen Green, A History of Women's Political Thought in Europe, 1400-1700. Clio 2:271-273.
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  32.  11
    Eileen O'Neill (2009). Review of Jacqueline Broad, Karen Green, A History of Women's Political Thought in Europe, 1400-1700. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (11).
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  33.  2
    Lucia Giovani (1995). Ariel, lo spirito del 'fool' da Shakespeare a Karen Blixen. Annali Della Facoltà di Lettere E Filosofia 16:99-122.
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  34.  10
    Bart Geurts (2000). Stephen Crain & Rosalind Thornton, Investigations in Universal Gram-Mar: A Guide to Experiments on the Acquisition of Syntax and Semantics. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 23 (5):523-532.
  35.  1
    J. B. Butts & K. L. Rich (2008). Comment by Janie B Butts and Karen L Rich On: `Guilty but Good: Defending Voluntary Active Euthanasia From a Virtue Perspective'. Nursing Ethics 15 (4):449-451.
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  36. M. F. Cross (2003). European Feminisms 1700-1950: A Political History. By Karen Offen. The European Legacy 8 (1):98-99.
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  37. Nancy Vine Durling (2009). Karen Fresco and Wendy Pfeffer, Eds.,” Chançon Legiere a Chanter”: Essays on Old French Literature in Honor of Samuel N. Rosenberg. Birmingham, Ala.: Summa Publications, 2007. Pp. Xxx, 479; Black-and-White Frontispiece Portrait, Black-and-White Figures, Tables, 1 Graph, and Musical Examples. $59.95. [REVIEW] Speculum 84 (2):431-433.
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  38. Chikako Ozawa-de Silva (2015). A Disability of the Soul: An Ethnography of Schizophrenia and Mental Illness in Contemporary Japan. Karen Nakamura. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 2013. Vii-248 Pp. [REVIEW] Ethos 43 (1):E9-E11.
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  39. Christopher Tyerman (2003). Karen Skovgaard-Petersen, A Journey to the Promised Land: Crusading Theology in the “Historia de Profectione Danorum in Hierosolymam” . Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2001. Paper. Pp. 84; 1 Map. $21. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (4):1407-1408.
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  40.  40
    Thomas Hofweber (2016). How Metaphysics is Special: Comments on Bennett. Philosophical Studies 173 (1):39-48.
    Karen Bennett argues that there is no distinct problem with metaphysics, and she proposes a disjunctive conception of the subject matter of metaphysics. This paper critically examines her arguments and positive view. I defend that metaphysics prima facie is distinctly problematic, and I raise some questions about Bennett’s disjunctive conception of the subject matter of metaphysics and the a priori aspect of its methodology.
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  41.  71
    Lidia Wiśniewska (2012). Cleopatra – a Queen, a Lover, a Mother: Transformations of the Image. ARGUMENT 2 (1):151-169.
    Transformations are not only conditioned by facts encompassing narrower or wider panoramas: from concentrating on death and one (political) role (the ode of Horace), through recalling Cleopatra’s mature life and love (the drama of Shakespeare), to creating an image embracing the heroine’s whole life with its numerous roles, but as a mother and a daughter in the first place, because even her lovers resemble a father and a child (the fictional biography of Karen Essex). Above all, they appear to (...)
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  42.  8
    Elizabeth D. Scott & Karen A. Jehn (2003). Multiple Stakeholder Judgments of Employee Behaviors: A Contingent Prototype Model of Dishonesty. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 46 (3):235 - 250.
    This paper describes the moral judgments made by various stakeholders in determining whether an event, caused by an organizational employee, constitutes dishonesty. It models person-situation interaction effects of situations in organizational settings and persons making moral judgments to predict judgments of dishonesty. Using a prototype definition of dishonesty, the paper examines the effects of differences in four areas (the prototypicality of the act, the actor''s motivation, the potential consequences, and the person judging the event) on the moral judgment of whether (...)
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  43. Karen Armstrong (1993/2004). A History of God: The 4000-Year Quest of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Gramercy Books.
    Over 700,000 copies of the original hardcover and paperback editions of this stunningly popular book have been sold. Karen Armstrong's superbly readable exploration of how (...)the three dominant monotheistic religions of the worldJudaism, Christianity, and Islamhave shaped and altered the conception of God is a tour de force. One of Britain's foremost commentators on religious affairs, Armstrong traces the history of how men and women have perceived and experienced God, from the time of Abraham to the present. From classical philosophy and medieval mysticism to the Reformation, the Enlightenment, and the modern age of skepticism, Armstrong performs the near miracle of distilling the intellectual history of monotheism into one compelling volume. (shrink)
     
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  44. Karen L. F. Houle (2013). Responsibility, Complexity, and Abortion: Toward a New Image of Ethical Thought. Lexington Books.
    Responsibility, Complexity, and Abortion: Toward a New Image of Ethical Thought draws from feminist theory, post-structuralist theory, and complexity theory to develop a new set of ethical concepts for broaching the thinking challenges that attend the experience of unwanted pregnancy. Author Karen Houle does not only argue for these concepts; she enacts a method for working with them, a method that brackets the tendency to take positions and to think that position-taking is what ethical analysis involves. This book thus (...)
     
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  45. Maurice Nagington, Catherine Walshe & Karen A. Luker (forthcoming). Quality Care as Ethical Care: A Poststructural Analysis of Palliative and Supportive District Nursing Care. Nursing Inquiry:n/a-n/a.
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  46. Gretl A. McHugh, Karen A. Luker, Malcolm Campbell, Peter R. Kay & Alan J. Silman (2008). Pain, Physical Functioning and Quality of Life of Individuals Awaiting Total Joint Replacement: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):19-26.
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  47.  1
    Elizabeth D. Scott & Karen A. Jehn (1999). Ranking Rank Behaviors A Comprehensive Situation-Based Definition of Dishonesty. Business and Society 38 (3):296-325.
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  48.  1
    Gretl A. McHugh, Malcolm Campbell, Alan J. Silman, Peter R. Kay & Karen A. Luker (2008). Patients Waiting for a Hip or Knee Joint Replacement: Is There Any Prioritization for Surgery? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (3):361-367.
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  49.  6
    Karen A. Haworth (2008). Perceiving Peirce: Or Why I Believe Becoming a Peircean is Necessary. Semiotics:661-667.
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  50.  3
    Laura A. Hanson, Martha Grypma, Karen A. Tee & G. William MacEwan (2006). Evaluation of a Community Mental Health Carepath for Early Psychosis. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (1):112-119.
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