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  1. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (forthcoming). Desert, Bell Motion, and Fairness. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-17.
    In this critical review, I address two themes from Shelly Kagan’s path-breaking The Geometry of Desert. First I explain the so-called “bell motion” of desert mountains—a notion reflecting that, ceteris paribus, as people get more virtuous it becomes more important not to give them too little of whatever they deserve than not to give them too much. Having argued that Kagan’s defense of it is unsatisfactory, I offer two objections to the existence of the bell motion. Second, I take up (...)
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  2. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (forthcoming). 'To Serve and Protect': The Ends of Harm by Victor Tadros. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-23.
    In The Ends of Harm Victor Tadros develops an alternative to consequentialist, and non-consequentialist retributivist, accounts of the justifiability of punishment: the duty view. Crucial to this view is the claim that wrongdoers incur an enforceable duty to remedy their wrongs. They cannot undo them, but they can do something that is almost as good—namely, by submitting to appropriate punishment, which will deter potential wrongdoers in the future, reduce their victim’s risk of suffering similar wrongs again. Admittedly, this involves harming (...)
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  3. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2014). Human Rights and Cohen's Anti-Statism. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 13 (2):165-185.
    G. A. Cohen’s critique of standard liberal interpretations of the difference principle has been very influential. According to Cohen, justice is not realized simply because the state’s tax policies and other distributive tools maximize the position of the worst off. Rather – possibly in addition to, but not to the exclusion of, certain state policies – justice requires talented people to improve the position of the worst off through their actions in their daily lives. Specifically, it prohibits talented people from (...)
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  4. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2014). Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality, by Kok-Chor Tan. Mind 123 (490):653-656.
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  5. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2014). Neuroprediction, Truth-Sensitivity, and the Law. Journal of Ethics 18 (2):123-136.
    A recent argument by Nadelhoffer et al. defends a cautious optimism regarding the use of neuroprediction in relation to sentencing based, in part, on an assessment of the offender’s dangerousness. While this optimism may be warranted, Nadelhoffer et al.’s argument fails to justify it. Although neuropredictions provide individualized, non-statistical evidence they will often be problematic for the same reason that basing sentencing on statistical evidence is, to wit, that such predictions are insensitive to the offender’s dangerousness in relevant counterfactual situations (...)
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  6. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2013). Born Free and Equal? A Philosophical Inquiry Into the Nature of Discrimination. Oxford University Press.
    This book addresses these three issues: What is discrimination?; What makes it wrong?; What should be done about wrongful discrimination? It argues: that there are different concepts of discrimination; that discrimination is not always morally wrong and that when it is, it is so primarily because of its harmful effects.
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  7. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2013). Noncombatants and Liability to Be Attacked in Wars. Public Affairs Quarterly 27 (1).
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  8. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Estlund on Epistocracy: A Critique. [REVIEW] Res Publica 18 (3):241-258.
    An influential anti-democratic argument says: ‘(1) Answers to political questions are truth-apt. (2) A small elite only—the epistocrats—knows these truths. (3) If answers to political questions are truth-apt, then those with this knowledge about these matters should rule. (4) Thus, epistocrats should rule.’ Many democrats have responded by denying (1), arguing that, say, answers to political questions are a matter of sheer personal preference. Others have rejected (2), contending that knowledge of the true answers to political questions is evenly distributed. (...)
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  9. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Intentions and Discrimination in Hiring. Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (1):55-74.
    Fundamentally, intentions do not matter to the permissibility of actions, according to Thomas Scanlon (among others). Yet, discriminatory intentions seem essential to certain kinds of direct discrimination in hiring and firing, and appear to be something by virtue of which, in part at least, these kinds of discrimination are morally impermissible. Scanlon's account of the wrongness of discrimination attempts to accommodate this appearance through the notion of the expressive meaning of discriminatory acts and a certain view about how permissibility relates (...)
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  10. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Mads Rosendahl Thomsen & Jacob Wamberg (eds.) (2012). The Posthuman Condition: Ethics, Aesthetics and Politics of Biotechnological Challenges. Aarhus University Press ;.
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  11. Thomas Søbirk Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Ethics, Organ Donation and Tax: A Proposal. Jounal of Medical Ethics 38 (8):451-457.
    Next SectionFive arguments are presented in favour of the proposal that people who opt in as organ donors should receive a tax break. These arguments appeal to welfare, autonomy, fairness, distributive justice and self-ownership, respectively. Eight worries about the proposal are considered in this paper. These objections focus upon no-effect and counter-productiveness, the Titmuss concern about social meaning, exploitation of the poor, commodification, inequality and unequal status, the notion that there are better alternatives, unacceptable expense, and concerns about the veto (...)
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  12. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare, Marc Fleurbaey. Oxford University Press, 2008. X + 295 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):208-215.
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  13. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). Immigrants, Multiculturalism, and Expensive Cultural Tastes: Quong on Luck Egalitarianism and Cultural Minority Rights. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 6 (2):176-192.
    Kymlicka has offered an influential luck egalitarian justification for a catalogue of polyethnic rights addressing cultural disadvantages of immigrant minorities. In response, Quong argues that while the items on the list are justified, in the light of the fact that the relevant disadvantages of immigrants result from their choice to immigrate, (i) these rights cannot be derived from luck egalitarianism and (ii) that this casts doubt on luck egalitarianism as a theory of cultural justice. As an alternative to Kymlicka’s argument, (...)
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  14. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). Luck-Egalitarianism: Faults and Collective Choice. Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):151-173.
    A standard formulation of luck-egalitarianism says that ‘it is [in itself] bad – unjust and unfair – for some to be worse off than others [through no fault or choice of their own]’, where ‘fault or choice’ means substantive responsibility-generating fault or choice. This formulation is ambiguous: one ambiguity concerns the possible existence of a gap between what is true of each worse-off individual and what is true of the group of worse-off individuals, fault or choice-wise, the other concerns the (...)
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  15. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). Vote Buying and Election Promises: Should Democrats Care About the Difference? Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (2):125-144.
  16. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2011). "We Are All Different": Statistical Discrimination and the Right to Be Treated as an Individual. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 15 (1/2):47 - 59.
    There are many objections to statistical discrimination in general and racial profiling in particular. One objection appeals to the idea that people have a right to be treated as individuals. Statistical discrimination violates this right because, presumably, it involves treating people simply on the basis of statistical facts about groups to which they belong while ignoring non-statistical evidence about them. While there is something to this objection—there are objectionable ways of treating others that seem aptly described as failing to treat (...)
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  17. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2010). Review of Jon Mandle, Rawls's a Theory of Justice: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (5).
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  18. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2010). Scanlon on the Doctrine of Double Effect. Social Theory and Practice 36 (4):541-564.
    In recent work, T.M. Scanlon has unsuccessfully challenged the doctrine of double effect (DDE). First, comparing actions reflecting faulty moral deliberations and involving merely foreseen harm with actions reflecting less faulty moral deliberations involving intended harm suggests that proponents of DDE do not confuse the critical and the deliberative uses of moral principles. Second, Scanlon submits that it is odd to say to a deliberating agent that the permissibility of the actions she ponders depends on the intention with which she (...)
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  19. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen & Sigurd Lauridsen (2010). Justice and the Allocation of Healthcare Resources: Should Indirect, Non-Health Effects Count? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (3):237-246.
    Alternative allocations of a fixed bundle of healthcare resources often involve significantly different indirect, non-health effects. The question arises whether these effects must figure in accounts of the conditions under which a distribution of healthcare resources is morally justifiable. In this article we defend a Scanlonian, affirmative answer to this question: healthcare resource managers should sometimes select an allocation which has worse direct, health-related effects but better indirect, nonhealth effects; they should do this when the interests served by such a (...)
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  20. Sigurd Lauridsen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2009). Legitimate Allocation of Public Healthcare: Beyond Accountability for Reasonableness. Public Health Ethics 2 (1):59-69.
    PhD, Institute of Public Health, Unit of Medical Philosophy and Clinical Theory, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, P.O. Box 2099 1014 Copenhagen. Tel: +45 30 32 33 63; Email: s.lauridsen{at}pubhealth.ku.dk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Citizens’ consent to political decisions is often regarded as a necessary condition of political legitimacy. (...)
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  21. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2009). Responsible Nations: Miller on National Responsibility. Ethics and Global Politics 2 (2).
    In National Responsibility and Global Justice, David Miller defends the view that a member of a nation can be collectively responsible for an outcome despite the fact that: (i) she did not control it; (ii) she actively opposed those of her nation’s policies that produced the outcome; and (iii) actively opposing the relevant policy was costly for her. I argue that Miller’s arguments in favor of this strong externalist view about responsibility and control are insufficient. Specifically, I show that Miller’s (...)
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  22. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2009). Kamm on Inviolability and Agent-Relative Restrictions. Res Publica 15 (2):165-178.
    Agent-relative restrictions prohibit minimizing violations: that is, they require us not to minimize the total number of their violations by violating them ourselves. Frances Kamm has explained this prohibition in terms of the moral worth of persons, which, in turn, she explains in terms of persons’ high moral status as inviolable beings. I press the following criticism of this account: even if minimizing violations are permissible, we need not have a lower moral status provided other determinants thereof boost it. Thus, (...)
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  23. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2009). Reaction Qualifications Revisited. Social Theory and Practice 35 (3):413-439.
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  24. Kasper Lippert-rasmussen (2008). Against Self-Ownership: There Are No Fact-Insensitive Ownership Rights Over One's Body. Philosophy and Public Affairs 36 (1):86–118.
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  25. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2008). Discrimination and the Aim of Proportional Representation. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (2):159-182.
    Many organizations, companies, and so on are committed to certain representational aims as regards the composition of their workforce. One motivation for such aims is the assumption that numerical underrepresentation of groups manifests discrimination against them. In this article, I articulate representational aims in a way that best captures this rationale. My main claim is that the achievement of such representational aims is reducible to the elimination of the effects of wrongful discrimination on individuals and that this very important concern (...)
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  26. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2008). Inequality, Incentives and the Interpersonal Test. Ratio 21 (4):421-439.
    This article defends three claims: (1) even if Rawls' difference principle permits incentives to induce talented people to be more productive, it does not follow that it permits inequalities; (2) the difference principle, when adequately specified, may in some circumstances permit incentives and allow that the worst off are not made as well off as they could be; and (3) an argument for incentives might pass Cohen's interpersonal test even if it is unsound and might not pass it even (...)
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  27. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Justice and Bad Luck. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  28. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2008). Publicity and Egalitarian Justice. Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (1):30-49.
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  29. Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2007). An Introduction to Contemporary Egalitarianism. In Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.), Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Clarendon Press. 1--37.
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  30. Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.) (2007). Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Clarendon Press.
    The contributors to the volume are: Richard Arneson, Linda Barclay, Thomas Christiano, Nils Holtug, Susan Hurley, Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Dennis McKerlie, ...
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  31. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2007). Discrimination : Discrimination : What is It and What Makes It Morally Wrong? In Jesper Ryberg, Thomas S. Petersen & Clark Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan.
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  32. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2007). Nothing Personal: On Statistical Discrimination. Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (4):385–403.
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  33. Thomas Petersen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2007). Sports : Prohibiting Drugs in Sports : An Enhanced Proposal. In Jesper Ryberg, Thomas S. Petersen & Clark Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan. 237--60.
     
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  34. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2006). Book Review: World Poverty and Human Rights. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (1):97-99.
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  35. Kasper Lippert-rasmussen (2006). Racial Profiling Versus Community. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):191–205.
  36. Kasper Lippert-rasmussen (2006). The Badness of Discrimination. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (2):167 - 185.
    The most blatant forms of discrimination are morally outrageous and very obviously so; but the nature and boundaries of discrimination are more controversial, and it is not clear whether all forms of discrimination are morally bad; nor is it clear why objectionable cases of discrimination are bad. In this paper I address these issues. First, I offer a taxonomy of discrimination. I then argue that discrimination is bad, when it is, because it harms people. Finally, I criticize a rival, disrespect-based (...)
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  37. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2006). The Insignificance of the Distinction Between Telic and Deontic Egalitarianism. In Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.), Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality. Clarendon Press.
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  38. Karsten Klint Jensen & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2005). Understanding Particularism. Theoria 71 (2):118-137.
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  39. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2005). Hurley on Reason‐Responsiveness, Regression, and Responsibility. Philosophical Books 46 (3):199-209.
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  40. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2005). Deontology, Responsibility, and Equality. Institut for Medier, Erkendelse Og Formidling, Afdeling for Filosofi, Pædagogik Og Retorik, University of Copenhagen.
    This book has been accepted at the University of Copenhagen for a public defence as a Dr Phil dissertation.
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  41. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2005). Frankfurt, Responsibility, and Reflexivity. Philosophia 32 (1-4):369-382.
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  42. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2005). Hurley on Egalitarianism and the Luck-Neutralizing Aim. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (2):249-265.
    s admirable new book, Justice, Luck, and Knowledge , brings together recent developments in the fields of responsibility and egalitarian justice. This article focuses on Hurley’s critique of luck-neutralizing egalitarianism. The article concludes that the bad-luck-neutralizing aim serves better as a justificatory basis for egalitarianism than the more general luck-neutralizing aim. Since the former does not simply assume that we should aim for equality, Hurley has not demonstrated (nor indeed does she claim to have shown) that this concern cannot form (...)
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  43. Kasper Lippert-rasmussen (2004). Are Some Inequalities More Unequal Than Others? Nature, Nurture and Equality. Utilitas 16 (2):193-219.
    Many egalitarians believe that social inequalities are worse than natural ones. Others deny that one can coherently distinguish between them. I argue that although one can separate the influence of these factors by an analysis of variance, the distinction is morally irrelevant. It might be alleged that my argument in favour of moral irrelevance attacks a straw man. While I think this allegation is incorrect, I accommodate it by distinguishing between four claims that are related to, and sometimes confused with, (...)
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  44. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2004). International Journal of Ethics ISSN 1535-4776 Volume 4 Number 2, Pp. 161-177© 2004 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. International Journal of Ethics: Ije 4:161.
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  45. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2004). Smilansky's Baseline Objection to Choice-Egalitarianism. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):147-50.
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  46. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2003). Identification and Responsibility. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (4):349-376.
    Real-self accounts of moral responsibility distinguish between various types of motivational elements. They claim that an agent is responsible for acts suitably related to elements that constitute the agent's real self. While such accounts have certain advantages from a compatibilist perspective, they are problematic in various ways. First, in it, authority and authenticity conceptions of the real self are often inadequately distinguished. Both of these conceptions inform discourse on identification, but only the former is relevant to moral responsibility. Second, authority (...)
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  47. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2002). McMahan, Jeff: The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2002. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):154-158.
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  48. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2002). Must Morality Motivate? Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 37:7-36.
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  49. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2002). Real-Self Accounts of Freedom. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):50-72.
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  50. Kasper Lippert-rasmussen & Karsten Klint Jensen (2002). Does Particularism Solve the Moral Problem? Philosophical Explorations 5 (2):125 – 140.
    Moral cognitivism, internalism about moral judgements, and Humeanism about motivating reasons all possess attractions.Yet they cannot all be true.This is the so-called moral problem. Dancy offers an interesting particularist response to the moral problem. However, we argue that this response, first, provides an inadequate basis for the distinction between motivating states and states necessary for motivation although not themselves motivators; second, draws no support from considerations about weakness of the will; and third, involves an implausible account of desire.We conclude that (...)
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