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  1. Katarzyna Paprzycka, Lewis Carroll and Missing Premises.
    A: Things that are equal to the same are equal to each other. B: The two sides of this triangle are things that are equal to the same. Z: So, the two sides of this triangle are equal to each other. Achilles fails because he encounters an infinite progression of hidden premises of the form “If all the premises of the argument are true, the conclusion is true”. In [a1], the hidden premise is H1 “If A and B then Z” (...)
     
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  2. Katarzyna Paprzycka, Practical Responsibility.
    The recognition of the close relation between the concept of action and the concept of responsibility goes at least as far back as Aristotle. His account of voluntary action could be seen as being the source of two general strategies for understanding the concept of action.1 One such approach is to determine when something is not an action first by studying a variety of interfering conditions. (e) The agent’s ϕing was a mere happening (non-action) iff external forces caused him to (...)
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  3. Katarzyna Paprzycka, Trying Slips.
    Very absent-minded persons in going to their bedroom to dress for dinner have been known to take off one garment after another and finally to get into bed, merely because that was the habitual issue of the first few movements when performed at a later hour. (James 1890/1983, p. 119).
     
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  4. Katarzyna Paprzycka, The Selectional Force of Reasons.
    The debate between the causalists and the teleologists has reached something of a standstill. In the 1950s, it was widely believed that the proper way of thinking about action (reason) explanations is in exclusively teleological terms and that the very idea of causality is misplaced in a systematic thinking about the relation between actions and reasons (e.g.: Anscombe 1963; Melden 1961; Peters 1958; Ch. Taylor 1964; R. Taylor 1966). This atmosphere was disrupted by Donald Davidson’s famous paper “Actions, Reasons and (...)
     
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  5. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2014). Lowe's Argument Against the Psychoneural Token Identity Thesis. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (3):372-396.
    E. J. Lowe argues that the mental event token cannot be identical to the complex neural event token for they have different counterfactual properties. If the mental event had not occurred, the behavior would not have ensued, while if the neural event had not occurred, the behavior would have ensued albeit slightly differently. Lowe's argument for the neural counterfactual relies on standard possible world semantics, whose evaluation of such counterfactuals is problematic. His argument for the mental counterfactual relies on a (...)
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  6. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2014). On a Neg‐Raising Fallacy in Determining Enthymematicity: If She Did Not Believe or Want …. Metaphilosophy 45 (1):96-119.
    Many arguments that show p to be enthymematic (in an argument for q) rely on claims like “if one did not believe that p, one would not have a reason for believing that q.” Such arguments are susceptible to the neg-raising fallacy. We tend to interpret claims like “X does not believe that p” as statements of disbelief (X's belief that not-p) rather than as statements of withholding the belief that p. This article argues that there is a tendency to (...)
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  7. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2013). Jak obalić E.J. Lowe'a obalenie teorii identyczności, czyli co by było, gdyby nie wszystkie neurony zachowały się tak, jak się rzeczywiście zachowały? Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 22 (2):471-492.
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  8. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2013). O argumentacji Lowe'a na rzecz koncepcji przyczynowości intencjonalnej i fizycznej. Filozofia Nauki 1.
    Lowe argues for a dualistic account of mental causation. He claims that the agent’s decision as well as a neural event both causally determine the resulting behavior in parallel and complementary ways. The decision determines that the arm arising occurs at all but it does not determine the detailed physical parameters of the movement. The neural cause determines the detailed parameters but does not deter-mine that the movement occurs. Lowe’s main argument for this view is the argument from counterfactual implications, (...)
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  9. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2013). On Lowe's Argument for His Conception of Intentional and Physical Causation. Filozofia Nauki 21 (1):91 - +.
  10. Krzysztof Brzechczyn & Katarzyna Paprzycka (eds.) (2012). Thinking About Provincialism in Thinking. Rodopi.
    The volume addresses a problem rarely discussed by philosophers - the question of provincialism in science (in the broadest sense of the term). There are only a few great centers of science, which attract funding and provide almost ideal opportunities for research and development. They also attract some of the best researchers. Some - but not all. For a variety of reasons, some of the best researchers, or ones who have that potential, may do science outside these centers, in the (...)
     
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  11. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2012). Ginet on the Problem of Action Externalization. Philosophia 40 (4):841-855.
    Two questions have been discussed within the context of the action individuation debate. First, the question of action individuation proper - how many actions have been performed when one kills someone by shooting, for example. Second, the question of action externalization - what are the spatial and temporal boundaries of the killing and of the shooting. The internalists (Davidson, Hornsby) argue that the boundaries of actions do not reach beyond the skin of the individual. The externalists (e.g. Ginet) argue that (...)
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  12. Katarzyna Paprzycka, Is The Skeptical Attitude the Attitude of the Skeptic?
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  13. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2012). O krytyce i pochwale zewnętrznej, o życzliwości interpretacyjnej i ludzkiej — w odpowiedzi Mariuszowi Grygiańcowi. Filozofia Nauki 1.
    The paper is a reaction to M. Grygianiec’s reply in a discussion sparked on by his paper on the status of the epiphenomenalism objection. I correct some misunderstandings. In addition I offer an intuitive summary of my reconstruction of the debate. I show that Grynianiec’s reply does not undermine the reconstruction. I argue that to the extent that (external) praise of Davidson’s ideas is possible, so is external criticism. Moreover, I argue that interpretative charity demands a charitable stance not only (...)
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  14. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2012). The Intellectual Superpower an Attempt at a Correction of Nowak's Model of Provincialism. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):289-301.
    The paper has two goals. First, I reconstruct Nowak's model of provincialism. Second, I argue that there is no room in this model for an intellectual superpower. An intellectual superpower is not simply a paradigm that is buttressed by economic, political, and social resources. Rather it is a network of paradigms that recognize one another as such. In so doing, they create a new quality on the scientific arena that surpasses all single paradigms.
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  15. Katarzyna Paprzycka & Krzysztof Brzechczyn (2012). Introduction. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):7-11.
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  16. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2011). The Epiphenomenalism Charge as an External Objection to Anomalous Monism. Filozofia Nauki 19 (2):135.
     
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  17. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2011). Zarzut epifenomenalizmu jako zarzut zewnętrzny względem monizmu anomalnego. Filozofia Nauki 2:74.
    The paper is a critical reaction to M. Grygianiec’s discussion of the status of the epiphenomenalism objection to anomalous monism. Grygianiec argues that the objection does not arise for Davidson if one takes his nominalism seriously. I show that Grygianiec construes the epiphenomenalism charge as an internal one. I argue that it can be viewed as an external objection to anomalous monism, moreover one that is justified, adequate and charitable. I distinguish two interpretations of the objection and show that an (...)
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  18. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2008). Sneddon on Action and Responsibility. Polish Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):69-88.
    The paper is a critical discussion of Sneddon’s recent proposal to revive ascriptivism in philosophy of action. Despite his declarations, Sneddon fails in his central task of giving an account of the distinction between actions and mre happenings. His failure is due to three major problems. First, the account is based on a misconceived methodology of “type” necessary and “token” sufficient conditions. Second, the “type” necessary condition he proposed is so weak that the connection that obtains between action and responsibility (...)
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  19. Jerzy Brzeziński, Andrzej Klawiter, Theo A. F. Kuipers, Krzysztof Łastowski, Katarzyna Paprzycka & Piotr Przybysz (eds.) (2007). The Courage of Doing Philosophy: Essays Dedicated to Leszek Nowak. Rodopi.
    Table of ContentsAndrzej KLAWITER, Krzystof #ASTOWSKI: Introduction: Originality, Courage and Responsibility List of Books by Leszek NowakSelected Bibliography of Leszek Nowak's WritingsScience and Idealization Theo A.F. KUIPERS: On Two ...
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  20. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2004). Teaching Logic as a Foreign Language On-Line. Teaching Philosophy 27 (2):117-125.
    Similar to learning the grammatical structures of a foreign language, one problem that students face in learning logic is that many of the operations and concepts they need to learn require more practice to fully master. To solve this problem, the author proposes the use of “repetitive exercises”, exercises that aim to develop a familiarity with a concept or operation through repeatedly focusing on that concept or operation. According to the author, the best method for implementing these exercises is the (...)
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  21. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2004). Using Short Animated Presentations (SAPs) in Teaching Elementary Logic. Teaching Philosophy 27 (4):325-336.
    This paper describes existing and potential short animated presentations that may be helpful in introductory logic courses , e.g. the progression of a proof, the distinction between inference and replacement rules, propositional variables, the use of truth tables, etc. The author offers reasons why animated presentations of various concepts and derivation rules ought to be short and simple rather than long and complex, provides an overview of some of the technical limitations associated with such presentations, and discusses the prospects for (...)
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  22. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2003). Monizm anomalny Davidsona a problem epifenomenalizmu. Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 45 (1):27-43.
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  23. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2002). False Consciousness of Intentional Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 15 (3):271-295.
    According to explanatory individualism, every action must be explained in terms of an agent's desire. According to explanatory nonindividualism, we sometimes act on our desires, but it is also possible for us to act on others' desires without acting on desires of our own. While explanatory nonindividualism has guided the thinking of many social scientists, it is considered to be incoherent by most philosophers of mind who insist that actions must be explained ultimately in terms of some desire of the (...)
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  24. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2002). Flickers of Freedom and Frankfurt-Style Cases in the Light of the New Incompatibilism of the Stit Theory. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:553-565.
    Frankfurt-style examples aim to undermine the principle that moral responsibility requires the ability to do otherwise, which in turn requires the availability of alternate possibilities.1 They are thus considered a reason for refuting incompatibilism. One lesson drawn from Frankfurt-style examples is exemplified by the compatibilist account of Fischer and Ravizza.2 They accept the impact of Frankfurt-style cases and hold that the incompatibilist requirement of regulative control, which involves the agent’s ability to perform the action and her ability to perform the (...)
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  25. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2000). Idealization in Unitarian Metaphysics. Axiomathes 11 (1-3):7-19.
    The aim of the paper is to propose an understanding of idealization in terms of Nowak’s unitarian metaphysics. Two natural interpretations of the procedure are critically discussed and rejected as inadequate. The first account of idealization is unable to explain why idealized factors cease to exert influence on the investigated magnitude. The second account of idealization solves this problem but does so at the cost of blurring the distinction between idealization and abstruction. Moreover, it faces the consequence that the process (...)
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  26. Katarzyna Paprzycka (2000). Patrick McNamara, Mind and Variability: Mental Darwinism, Memory, and Self Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 20 (4):276-277.
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  27. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1999). Ghita Holmström-Hintikka and Raimo Tuomela, Eds., Contemporary Action Theory. Volume 1: Individual Action Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 19 (4):261-263.
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  28. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1999). Normative Expectations, Intentions, and Beliefs. Southern Journal of Philosophy 37 (4):629-652.
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  29. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1999). Psychology Divided: Review of Mind and Brain Sciences in the 21st Century Robert L. Solso. [REVIEW] Psyche 5.
     
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  30. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1999). Socrates Meets Carnap. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 2:87.
    In the first third of the Theatetus, Socrates develops a Protagorean-Heraclitean account of Theatetus' thesis that knowledge is perception. It is natural to think that Plato's presentation of the views reveals that the theories of Theaetetus, Protagoras and Heraclitus are linked by implication . I show that this position does not take sufficient account of the explicatory relations between the concepts of the theories. According proper space to explication not only allows one to be clearer about the structure of the (...)
     
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  31. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1998). Collectivism on the Horizon: A Challenge to Pettit's Critique of Collectivism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (2):165 – 181.
  32. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1998). Frederick C. Doepke, The Kinds of Things: A Theory of Personal Identity Based on Transcendental Argument Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 18 (4):248-250.
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  33. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1998). Must False Consciousness Be Rationally Caused? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 28 (1):69-82.
    Denise Meyerson has recently argued that the adaptational account of false consciousness must appeal to a psychological element, contrary to explicit declarations of its proponents. In order to explain why the rulers genuinely hold ideological beliefs, one must take them to desire to think well of themselves. She concludes that the desire to think well of oneself causes the ideological beliefs. The article defends the adaptational account from Meyerson's attempt to ground it in the psychology of the rulers. Meyerson is (...)
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  34. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1998). Office Address: Home Address. Philosophy 76:165-181.
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  35. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1997). EJ Lowe, Subjects of Experience Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 17 (1):45-47.
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  36. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1997). E.J. Lowe, Subjects Of Experience. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 17:45-47.
  37. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1997). Social Anatomy of Action: Toward a Responsibility-Based Conception of Agency. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    The dissertation develops a conception of action based on the concept of practical task-responsibility rather than on the concept of intention. It answers two problems. First, it grounds the distinction between an action and a mere happening, thus meeting Wittgenstein's challenge to explain what is the difference between an agent's raising her arm and her arm rising? Second, it grounds the distinction between acting for a reason and acting while merely having a reason, thus meeting Davidson's challenge to give an (...)
     
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  38. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1996). Howard Kamler, Identification and Character. A Book on Psychological Development Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 16 (2):111-113.
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  39. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1994). A Note on Von Bretzel's Solution to an Alleged Problem with Reichenbach's Definition of Time Direction. Epistemologia 17 (1):3-12.
     
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  40. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1994). How Carnap Should Bite Goodman's Bullet. Philosophia 24 (1-2):149-156.
  41. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1991). Is the Skeptical Attitude the Attitude of a Skeptic? Auslegung 17 (2):119-123.
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  42. Katarzyna Paprzycka & Leszek Nowak (1989). 1. The Intermediate and the North/South Paradigms There Are the Two Principal Paradigms in Terms of Which the" Third World" Societies Are Analysed. According to the First," Intermediate-Paradigm", They Are Systems in-Between Capitalism and Socialism Constituting the" Intermediate World" Having Some Chances for Develop. [REVIEW] In Leszek Nowak (ed.), Dimensions of the Historical Process. Rodopi. 13--299.
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