Search results for 'Katharina Rasmussen' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Katharina Berndt Rasmussen (Stockholm University)
  1.  42
    Katharina Rasmussen (2012). Should the Probabilities Count? Philosophical Studies 159 (2):205-218.
    When facing a choice between saving one person and saving many, some people have argued that fairness requires us to decide without aggregating numbers; rather we should decide by coin toss or some form of lottery, or alternatively we should straightforwardly save the greater number but justify this in a non-aggregating contractualist way. This paper expands the debate beyond well-known number cases to previously under-considered probability cases, in which not (only) the numbers of people, but (also) the probabilities of success (...)
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  2. Douglas Den Uyl & Douglas Rasmussen (2011). Smith on Economic Happiness: Rejoinder to Dennis C. Rasmussen. Reason Papers 33:102-106.
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  3. Dennis Rasmussen (2011). Adam Smith on Commerce and Happiness: A Response to Den Uyl and Rasmussen. Reason Papers 33:95-101.
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  4. Joshua Rasmussen (2014). Defending the Correspondence Theory of Truth. Cambridge University Press.
    The correspondence theory of truth is a precise and innovative account of how the truth of a proposition depends upon that proposition's connection to a piece of reality. Joshua Rasmussen refines and defends the correspondence theory of truth, proposing new accounts of facts, propositions, and the correspondence between them. With these theories in hand, he then offers original solutions to the toughest objections facing correspondence theorists. Addressing the Problem of Funny Facts, Liar Paradoxes, and traditional epistemological questions concerning how (...)
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  5.  52
    Joshua Rasmussen (2015). Tenseless Times. Philosophical Studies 172 (12):3221-3227.
    I develop a new theory of times. I show how to analyze times as tenselessly describable “abstract” entities. Some philosophers make use of ersatz times, which are abstract entities such as maximal states of affairs that bear earlier than and later than relations to one another. Although these times are normally thought to exemplify A-properties that cannot be expressed in a purely tenseless language, I explain how a tenseless theory can accommodate abstract times. I do this by defending (...)’s tenseless presentism against a recent objection, and getting on the table a new theory of time that combines eternalism with a B-series of genuine, abstract times. The result is a new way to think about a familiar category: time. (shrink)
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  6.  1
    Dennis C. Rasmussen (2008). The Problems and Promise of Commercial Society: Adam Smith's Response to Rousseau. Penn State University Press.
    In this first book-length comparative study of these leading eighteenth-century thinkers, Dennis Rasmussen highlights Smith's sympathy with Rousseau's concerns and analyzes in depth the ways in which Smith crafted his arguments to defend ...
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  7. Douglas B. Rasmussen & Douglas J. Den Uyl (2005). Norms of Liberty: A Perfectionist Basis for Non-Perfectionist Politics. Penn State University Press.
    How can we establish a political/legal order that in principle does not require the human flourishing of any person or group to be given structured preference over that of any other? Addressing this question as the central problem of political philosophy,_ Norms of Liberty_ offers a new conceptual foundation for political liberalism that takes protecting liberty, understood in terms of individual negative rights, as the primary aim of the political/legal order. Rasmussen and Den Uyl argue for construing individual rights (...)
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  8.  4
    Larry L. Rasmussen (2012). Earth-Honoring Faith: Religious Ethics in a New Key. OUP Usa.
    Larry L. Rasmussen offers a dramatic new way of thinking about human society, ethics, and the health of our planet. Rejecting the modern ethical assumption that morality applies to human society alone, Earth-honoring Faith argues that we must derive a system of ethics and morality that accounts for the wellbeing of all creation on Earth.
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  9.  2
    David M. Rasmussen (ed.) (1990). Universalism Vs. Communitarianism: Contemporary Debates in Ethics. MIT Press.
    Universalism vs. Communitarianism focuses on the question, raised by recent work in normative philosophy, of whether ethical norms are best derived and justified on the basis of universal or communitarian standards. It is unique in representing both Continental and American points of view and both the older and a younger generation of scholars. The essays introduce the key issues involved in universalism vs. communitarianism and take up ethics in historical perspective, practical reason and ethical responsibility, justification, application and history, and (...)
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  10.  2
    Georgia Warnke & David M. Rasmussen (1992). Reading Habermas. Philosophical Quarterly 42 (166):129.
    In the past decade the work of Jurgen Habermas has sparked off a series of lively debates over modernity and post-modernity, the nature of language, the interplay of law and politics and the dilemmas of morality. Significantly, these debates unfold in the context of his particular reading of the modern philosophical tradition from the German enlightment to the present period. In this original interpretation, David Rasmussen provides both guide and critique to the later Habermas encountered in the context of (...)
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  11. Tibor Machan & Douglas Rasmussen (1995). Liberty for the 21st Century: Contemporary Libertarian Thought. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Fifteen distinguished contributors free present up-to-date arguments for the libertarian alternative. Part One introduces libertarianism and outlines some approaches by which it might be justified. Part Two addresses how a society that embraces libertarian principles might deal with various social problems, especially those that seem to require government intervention. Part Three responds to criticisms of libertarianism from other political perspectives and presents a libertarian critique of those viewpoints. Contributors: N. Scott Arnold; James E. Chesher; Mike Gemmell; John Hospers; Gregory R. (...)
     
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  12.  4
    Douglas B. Rasmussen (2007). Rejoinder to Robert Hartford, "Objectivity and the Proof of Egoism" (Spring 2007): Rand's Metaethics. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 8 (2):307 - 316.
    In response to Robert Hartford's criticisms of his Spring 2006 Journal of Ayn Rand Studies essay, "Regarding Choice and the Foundations of Morality," Rasmussen argues against "the official" interpretation of Rand's ethics as resting on a basic "choice to live." Drawing from his work with Douglas Den Uyl, Rasmussen argues that Rand's metaethics is best understood in "biocentric," neo-Aristotelian terms: that human choice does not set the context in which it operates and that "man's life qua man" is (...)
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  13.  4
    Douglas B. Rasmussen (2002). Rand on Obligation and Value. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 4 (1):69 - 86.
    Douglas B. Rasmussen examines, in this revised and extended version of his 1990 address to the Ayn Rand Society, whether Rand's ethics are best interpreted as dependent on a "pre-moral" choice. He argues that such an interpretation undercuts Rand's claim to provide a rational foundation for ethics. He suggests an alternative, neo-Aristotelian interpretation of Rand's ethics, which treats "man's survival qua man" as the telos of human choice and takes the obligation to achieve this ultimate end as the result (...)
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  14.  3
    Gregory R. Johnson & David Rasmussen (2001). Rejoinder to Machan and Tabarrok: Rand on Abortion, Revisited. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (2):469 - 485.
    Gregory R. Johnson and David Rasmussen defend their critique of Ayn Rand's views on abortion, arguing that their critics miss its main points. Tibor Machan and Alexander Tabarrok actually depart from Rand's own position under the guise of defending it; they introduce a non-Randian distinction between being a human organism and being a moral person.
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  15.  6
    Nicolas Rasmussen (2012). Book Notice. [REVIEW] Metascience 21 (1):251-252.
    Book notice Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9588-3 Authors Nicolas Rasmussen, School of History and Philosophy, University of NSW, Sydney, 2052 Australia Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  16.  2
    Gregory R. Johnson & David Rasmussen (2000). Rand on Abortion: A Critique. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 1 (2):245 - 261.
    GREGORY R. JOHNSON and DAVID RASMUSSEN argue that Rand's defense of abortion on demand is inconsistent with her own fundamental metaphysical, epistemological, and moral principles, namely that everything that exists has a determinate identity, that the concept of man refers to all of man's characteristics, not just his essential characteristics, and that there is no gap between what an organism truly is and what it ought to be.
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  17. Gregory R. Johnson & David Rasmussen (2001). Rand on Abortion, Revisited. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (2):469-485.
    GREGORY R. JOHNSON and DAVID RASMUSSEN defend their critique of Ayn Rand's views on abortion, arguing that their critics miss its main points. Tibor Machan and Alexander Tabarrok actually depart from Rand's own position under the guise of defending it; they introduce a non-Randian distinction between being a human organism and being a moral person.
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  18. Douglas B. Rasmussen & Douglas J. Den Uyl (2008). Norms of Liberty : Challenges and Prospects. In Aeon J. Skoble (ed.), Reading Rasmussen and Den Uyl: Critical Essays on Norms of Liberty. Lexington Books
     
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  19. Dennis C. Rasmussen (2009). The Problems and Promise of Commercial Society: Adam Smith's Response to Rousseau. Penn State University Press.
    Adam Smith is popularly regarded as the ideological forefather of laissez-faire capitalism, while Rousseau is seen as the passionate advocate of the life of virtue in small, harmonious communities and as a sharp critic of the ills of commercial society. But, in fact, Smith had many of the same worries about commercial society that Rousseau did and was strongly influenced by his critique. In this first book-length comparative study of these leading eighteenth-century thinkers, Dennis Rasmussen highlights Smith’s sympathy with (...)
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  20. Dennis C. Rasmussen (2013). The Pragmatic Enlightenment: Recovering the Liberalism of Hume, Smith, Montesquieu, and Voltaire. Cambridge University Press.
    This is a study of the political theory of the Enlightenment, focusing on four leading eighteenth-century thinkers: David Hume, Adam Smith, Montesquieu and Voltaire. Dennis C. Rasmussen calls attention to the particular strand of the Enlightenment these thinkers represent, which he terms the 'pragmatic Enlightenment'. He defends this strand of Enlightenment thought against both the Enlightenment's critics and some of the more idealistic Enlightenment figures who tend to have more followers today, such as John Locke, Immanuel Kant and Jeremy (...)
     
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  21.  6
    David M. Rasmussen, Jurgen Habermas, Christian Lenhardt & Shierry Weber Nicholsen (1993). Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):571.
    This long-awaited book sets out the implications of Habermas's theory of communicative action for moral theory. "Discourse ethics" attempts to reconstruct a moral point of view from which normative claims can be impartially judged. The theory of justice it develops replaces Kant's categorical imperative with a procedure of justification based on reasoned agreement among participants in practical discourse.Habermas connects communicative ethics to the theory of social action via an examination of research in the social psychology of moral and interpersonal development. (...)
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  22. Douglas B. Rasmussen (1980). A Groundwork for Rights: Man's Natural End. Journal of Libertarian Studies 4 (1):65-76.
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  23.  19
    Joshua Rasmussen & Christopher Gregory Weaver (forthcoming). Why is There Anything? In Jerry L. Walls Trent Dougherty (ed.), Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project. Oxford University Press
    We argue that there exists a necessary causally potent being. We then argue that that being is God.
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  24. Nicolas Rasmussen (2013). On Slicing an Obvious Salami Thinly: Science, Patent Case Law, and the Fate of the Early Biotech Sector in the Making of EPO. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):198-222.
    There was a time, in the late 1970s and 1980s, when great feats were expected of recombinant DNA biotechnology, some verging on the miraculous. According to both business enthusiasts and sober analysts like the U.S. Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, the new techniques of gene splicing would not only lift the drug industry out of its deep scientific and economic rut (characterized by long-declining introduction rates of genuinely novel medicines), but rejuvenate the American manufacturing sector (Chase 1979; Chemical Week 1987; (...)
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  25.  96
    Larry Rasmussen (forthcoming). Book Review: Waiting for the Word: Dietrich Bonhoeffer on Speaking About God by Frits de Lange Translated by Martin N. Walton. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2000. 161 Pp. $19.00. ISBN 0-8028-4532-0.; The Wisdom and Witness of Dietrich Bonhoeffer Edited by Wayne Whitson Floyd Fortress, Minneapolis, 2000. 128 Pp. $9.00. ISBN 0-8006-3274-5. [REVIEW] Interpretation 55 (3):328-328.
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  26.  16
    Anne S. Rasmussen & Dorthe Berntsen (2011). The Unpredictable Past: Spontaneous Autobiographical Memories Outnumber Autobiographical Memories Retrieved Strategically. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1842-1846.
    Involuntary autobiographical memories are spontaneously arising memories of personal events, whereas voluntary memories are retrieved strategically. Voluntary remembering has been studied in numerous experiments while involuntary remembering has been largely ignored. It is generally assumed that voluntary recall is the standard way of remembering, whereas involuntary recall is the exception. However, little is known about the actual frequency of these two types of remembering in daily life. Here, 48 Danish undergraduates recorded their involuntary versus voluntary autobiographical memories during a day (...)
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  27.  19
    Lisa M. Rasmussen (2012). Patient Advocacy in Clinical Ethics Consultation. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):1 - 9.
    The question of whether clinical ethics consultants may engage in patient advocacy in the course of consultation has not been addressed, but it highlights for the field that consultants? allegiances, and the boundaries of appropriate professional practice, must be better understood. I consider arguments for and against patient advocacy in clinical ethics consultation, which demonstrate that patient advocacy is permissible, but not central to the practice of consultation. I then offer four recommendations for consultants who engage in patient advocacy, and (...)
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  28.  57
    Joshua Rasmussen (2012). Presentists May Say Goodbye to A-Properties. Analysis 72 (2):270-276.
    Philosophers of time say that if presentism is true (i.e. if reality is comprised solely of presently existing things), then a complete description of reality must contain tensed terms, such as ‘was’, ‘presently is’ and ‘will be’. I counter this viewpoint by explaining how the presentist may de-tense our talk about times. I argue, furthermore, that, since the A-theory of time denies the success of any such de-tensing strategy, presentism is not a version of the A-theory – contrary to the (...)
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  29.  92
    David M. Rasmussen (1973). Between Autonomy and Sociality. Philosophy and Social Criticism 1 (1):3-45.
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  30.  1
    Lisa M. Rasmussen (2012). Advocacy Through a Prism: A Response to Commentaries on “Patient Advocacy in Clinical Ethics Consultation”. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):W1 - W3.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 8, Page W1-W3, August 2012.
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  31. Daniel Howard-Snyder, Joshua Rasmussen & Andrew Cullison (2013). On Whitcomb's Grounding Argument for Atheism. Faith and Philosophy 30 (2):198-204.
  32. Nicolas Rasmussen (1997). The Mid-Century Biophysics Bubble: Hiroshima and the Biological Revolution in America, Revisited. History of Science 35 (109):245-293.
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  33. Andrew M. Bailey, Joshua Rasmussen & Luke van Horn (2011). No Pairing Problem. Philosophical Studies 154 (3):349-360.
    Many have thought that there is a problem with causal commerce between immaterial souls and material bodies. In Physicalism or Something Near Enough, Jaegwon Kim attempts to spell out that problem. Rather than merely posing a question or raising a mystery for defenders of substance dualism to answer or address, he offers a compelling argument for the conclusion that immaterial souls cannot causally interact with material bodies. We offer a reconstruction of that argument that hinges on two premises: Kim’s Dictum (...)
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  34.  50
    Daniel Rasmussen & Chris Eliasmith (2011). A Neural Model of Rule Generation in Inductive Reasoning. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):140-153.
    Inductive reasoning is a fundamental and complex aspect of human intelligence. In particular, how do subjects, given a set of particular examples, generate general descriptions of the rules governing that set? We present a biologically plausible method for accomplishing this task and implement it in a spiking neuron model. We demonstrate the success of this model by applying it to the problem domain of Raven's Progressive Matrices, a widely used tool in the field of intelligence testing. The model is able (...)
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  35. David M. Rasmussen (1973). Towards Critical Cultural Theory (Editorial Statement). Philosophy and Social Criticism 1 (1):1-2.
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  36. Joshua Rasmussen & Alexander R. Pruss (forthcoming). Problems with Plurals. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics.
     
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  37.  44
    Alexander Pruss & Joshua Rasmussen (2014). Time Without Creation? Faith and Philosophy 31 (4):401-411.
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  38.  7
    Lisa M. Rasmussen (2014). The Case of Vipul Bhrigu and the Federal Definition of Research Misconduct. Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):411-421.
    The Office of Research Integrity found in 2011 that Vipul Bhrigu, a postdoctoral researcher who sabotaged a colleague’s research materials, was guilty of misconduct. However, I argue that this judgment is ill-considered and sets a problematic precedent for future cases. I first discuss the current federal definition of research misconduct and representative cases of research misconduct. Then, because this case recalls a debate from the 1990s over what the definition of “research misconduct” ought to be, I (...)
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  39.  65
    Joshua Rasmussen (2010). From States of Affairs to a Necessary Being. Philosophical Studies 148 (2):183 - 200.
    I develop new paths to the existence of a concrete necessary being. These paths assume a metaphysical framework in which there are abstract states of affairs that can obtain or fail to obtain. One path begins with the following causal principle: necessarily, any contingent concrete object possibly has a cause. I mark out steps from that principle to a more complex causal principle and from there to the existence of a concrete necessary being. I offer a couple alternative causal principles (...)
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  40.  46
    Nicolas Rasmussen (1993). Facts, Artifacts, and Mesosomes: Practicing Epistemology with the Electron Microscope. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (2):227-265.
  41.  87
    D. Rasmussen (2012). Mutual Recognition: No Justification Without Legitimation. Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (9):893-899.
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  42.  53
    Stig Alstrup Rasmussen (1982). Ruben on Lewis and Causal Sufficiency. Analysis 42 (4):207 - 211.
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  43.  3
    Stina Öresland, Kim Lutzén, Astrid Norberg, Birgit H. Rasmussen & Sylvia Määttä (2013). Nurses as 'Guests'– a Study of a Concept in Light of Jacques Derrida's Philosophy of Hospitality. Nursing Philosophy 14 (2):117-126.
  44.  74
    Larry L. Rasmussen, Normand M. Laurendeau & Dan Solomon (2011). Introduction to “the Energy Transition: Religious and Cultural Perspectives”. Zygon 46 (4):872-889.
    Abstract Energy typically is discussed in terms of science, technology, economics, and politics. Little attention has been given to fundamental religious and ethical questions surrounding the upcoming transition to renewable energy. The essays in this thematic section seek to redress that deficiency. This introductory essay raises some key questions and summarizes various presentations on energy and religion, as these were held at the 2010 conference of the Institute on Religion in an Age of Science (IRAS). Some presentations described the energy (...)
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  45.  23
    Felka Katharina (forthcoming). On the Presuppositions of Number Sentences. Synthese.
    This paper is concerned with an intuitive contrast that arises when we consider sentences containing empty definite descriptions. A sentence like ‘The king of France is bald’ appears neither true nor false, while a sentence like ‘My friend was visited by the king of France’ appears false. Recently, Stephen Yablo has suggested an account of this intuitive contrast. Yablo’s account is particularly interesting, since it has important consequences for the ontological commitments of number sentences like ‘The number of planets is (...)
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  46.  46
    Stig Alstrup Rasmussen (1987). Causal Sufficiency Reconsidered. Analysis 47 (1):32 - 34.
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  47.  62
    Nicolas Rasmussen (1995). Mitochondrial Structure and the Practice of Cell Biology in the 1950s. Journal of the History of Biology 28 (3):381 - 429.
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  48.  49
    D. M. Rasmussen (1988). Introduction. Philosophy and Social Criticism 14 (3-4):237-242.
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  49.  2
    Anna Julie Rasmussen, Mette Ebbesen & Svend Andersen (2012). Nanoethics—A Collaboration Across Disciplines. NanoEthics 6 (3):185-193.
    The field of nanoscience and nanotechnology is expanding rapidly, promising great benefits for society in the form of better medicine, more efficient energy production, new types of materials, etc. Naturally, in order for the science and technology to live up to these promises, it is important to continue scientific research and development, but equally important is the ethical dimension. Giving attention to the social, ethical and legal aspects of the field, among others, will help in developing a fully responsible—and thereby (...)
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  50.  42
    Lisa M. Rasmussen (2003). Introduction. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (4):399 – 401.
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