16 found
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Keith W. Miller [9]Keith Miller [6]Keith Bruce Miller [2]
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Profile: Keith Miller (University of Ottawa)
  1.  40
    Frances S. Grodzinsky, Keith W. Miller & Marty J. Wolf (2008). The Ethics of Designing Artificial Agents. Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):115-121.
    In their important paper “Autonomous Agents”, Floridi and Sanders use “levels of abstraction” to argue that computers are or may soon be moral agents. In this paper we use the same levels of abstraction to illuminate differences between human moral agents and computers. In their paper, Floridi and Sanders contributed definitions of autonomy, moral accountability and responsibility, but they have not explored deeply some essential questions that need to be answered by computer scientists who design artificial agents. One such question (...)
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  2.  42
    Deborah G. Johnson & Keith W. Miller (2008). Un-Making Artificial Moral Agents. Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):123-133.
    Floridi and Sanders, seminal work, “On the morality of artificial agents” has catalyzed attention around the moral status of computer systems that perform tasks for humans, effectively acting as “artificial agents.” Floridi and Sanders argue that the class of entities considered moral agents can be expanded to include computers if we adopt the appropriate level of abstraction. In this paper we argue that the move to distinguish levels of abstraction is far from decisive on this issue. We also argue that (...)
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  3.  3
    Keith W. Miller, Marty J. Wolf & Frances Grodzinsky (forthcoming). This “Ethical Trap” Is for Roboticists, Not Robots: On the Issue of Artificial Agent Ethical Decision-Making. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    In this paper we address the question of when a researcher is justified in describing his or her artificial agent as demonstrating ethical decision-making. The paper is motivated by the amount of research being done that attempts to imbue artificial agents with expertise in ethical decision-making. It seems clear that computing systems make decisions, in that they make choices between different options; and there is scholarship in philosophy that addresses the distinction between ethical decision-making and general decision-making. Essentially, the qualitative (...)
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  4.  28
    Keith Miller (1998). Software Informed Consent: Docete Emptorem, Not Caveat Emptor. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (3):357-362.
    Should software be sold “as is”, totally guaranteed, or something else? This paper suggests that “informed consent”, used extensively in medical ethics, is an appropriate way to envision the buyer/developer relationship when software is sold. We review why the technical difficulties preclude delivering perfect software, but allow statistical predictions about reliability. Then we borrow principles refined by medical ethics and apply them to computer professionals.
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  5.  9
    Keith W. Miller (2008). Critiquing a Critique. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (2):245-249.
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  6.  9
    Deborah G. Johnson & Keith Miller (1998). Anonymity, Pseudonymity, or Inescapable Identity on the Net (Abstract). Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 28 (2):37-38.
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  7.  1
    Marty J. Wolf, Frances Grodzinsky & Keith Miller (2016). Augmented Reality All Around Us. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (3):126-131.
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  8.  18
    Keith W. Miller & Bethany J. Spielman (2008). Review of Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW] Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 2 (3).
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  9.  14
    Keith W. Miller (2005). Web Standards: Why so Many Stray From the Narrow Path. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):477-479.
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  10.  14
    Chuck Huff, Ronald E. Anderson, Joyce Currie Little, Deborah Johnson, Rob Kling, C. Dianne Martin & Keith Miller (1996). Integrating the Ethical and Social Context of Computing Into the Computer Science Curriculum. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (2):211-224.
    This paper describes the major components of ImpactCS, a program to develop strategies and curriculum materials for integrating social and ethical considerations into the computer science curriculum. It presents, in particular, the content recommendations of a subcommittee of ImpactCS; and it illustrates the interdisciplinary nature of the field, drawing upon concepts from computer science, sociology, philosophy, psychology, history and economics.
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  11.  4
    Frances S. Grodzinsky, Keith W. Miller & Marty J. Wolf (2015). Developing Automated Deceptions and the Impact on Trust. Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):91-105.
    As software developers design artificial agents , they often have to wrestle with complex issues, issues that have philosophical and ethical importance. This paper addresses two key questions at the intersection of philosophy and technology: What is deception? And when is it permissible for the developer of a computer artifact to be deceptive in the artifact’s development? While exploring these questions from the perspective of a software developer, we examine the relationship of deception and trust. Are developers using deception to (...)
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  12.  11
    David Larson & Keith W. Miller (2009). Ethics in the IT Classroom. Journal of Information Ethics 18 (2):38-49.
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  13.  1
    Keith Miller & David Larson (2005). Angels and Artifacts: Moral Agents in the Age of Computers and Networks. Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 3 (3):151-157.
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  14.  1
    Marty J. Wolf, Keith W. Miller & Frances S. Grodzinsky (2009). Free, Source-Code-Available, or Proprietary: An Ethically Charged, Context-Sensitive Choice. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 39 (1):15-26.
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  15. Deborah G. Johnson & Keith Miller (1998). Anonymity, Pseudonymity, or Inescapable Identity on the Net. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 28 (2):37-38.
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  16. Keith Bruce Miller (1971). Ideology and Moral Philosophy. New York,Humanities Press.
     
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