Search results for 'Keith R. Sawyer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Joseph W. Britton, Brian C. Sawyer, Adam C. Keith, C. -C. Joseph Wang, James K. Freericks, Hermann Uys, Michael J. Biercuk & John J. Bollinger (2012). Engineered Two-Dimensional Ising Interactions in a Trapped-Ion Quantum Simulator with Hundreds of Spins. In Jeffrey Kastner (ed.), Nature. Mit Press. 489-492.score: 1200.0
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  2. R. Keith Sawyer (1999). The Emergence of Creativity. Philosophical Psychology 12 (4):447 – 469.score: 300.0
    This paper is an extended exploration of Mead's phrase the emergence of the novel. I describe and characterize emergent systems-complex dynamical systems that display behavior that cannot be predicted from a full and complete description of the component units of the system. Emergence has become an influential concept in contemporary cognitive science [A. Clark (1997) Being there, Cambridge: MIT Press], complexity theory [W. Bechtel & R.C. Richardson (1993) Discovering complexity, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press], artificial life [R.A. Brooks & (...)
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  3. Keith R. Sawyer (2004). Social Explanation and Computational Simulation. Philosophical Explorations 7 (3):219 – 231.score: 290.0
    I explore a type of computational social simulation known as artificial societies. Artificial society simulations are dynamic models of real-world social phenomena. I explore the role that these simulations play in social explanation, by situating these simulations within contemporary philosophical work on explanation and on models. Many contemporary philosophers have argued that models provide causal explanations in science, and that models are necessary mediators between theory and data. I argue that artificial society simulations provide causal mechanistic explanations. I conclude that (...)
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  4. R. Keith Sawyer (2000). Improvisation and the Creative Process: Dewey, Collingwood, and the Aesthetics of Spontaneity. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 58 (2):149-161.score: 270.0
  5. R. Keith Sawyer (2004). The Mechanisms of Emergence. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (2):260-282.score: 270.0
    This article focuses on emergence in social systems. The author begins by proposing a new tool to explore the mechanisms of social emergence: multi agent–based computer simulation. He then draws on philosophy of mind to develop an account of social emergence that raises potential problems for the methodological individualism of both social mechanism and of multi agent simulation. He then draws on various complexity concepts to propose a set of criteria whereby one can determine whether a given social mechanism generates (...)
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  6. R. Keith Sawyer (2003). Nonreductive Individualism Part II—Social Causation. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (2):203-224.score: 270.0
    In Part I, the author argued for nonreductive individualism (NRI), an account of the individual-collective relation that is ontologically individualist yet rejects methodological individualism. However, because NRI is ontologically individualist, social entities and properties would seem to be only analytic constructs, and if so, they would seem to be epiphenomenal, since only real things can have causal power. In general, a nonreductionist account is a relatively weak defense of sociological explanation if it cannot provide an account of how social properties (...)
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  7. R. Keith Sawyer (2002). Durkheim's Dilemma: Toward a Sociology of Emergence. Sociological Theory 20 (2):227-247.score: 270.0
    The concept of emergence is a central thread uniting Durkheim's theoretical and empirical work, yet this aspect of Durkheim's work has been neglected. I reinterpret Durkheim in light of theories of emergence developed by contemporary philosophers of mind, and I show that Durkheim's writings prefigure many elements of these contemporary theories. Reading Durkheim as an emergentist helps to clarify several difficult and confusing aspects of his work, and reveals a range of unresolved issues. I identify five such issues, and I (...)
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  8. R. Keith Sawyer (2002). Nonreductive Individualism: Part I—Supervenience and Wild Disjunction. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (4):537-559.score: 270.0
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  9. R. Keith Sawyer (1996). The Semiotics of Improvisation: The Pragmatics of Musical and Verbal Performance. Semiotica 108 (3-4):269-306.score: 270.0
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  10. Sawyer R. Keith (2002). Nonreductive Individualism. Part I—Supervenience and Wild Disjunction. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (4).score: 270.0
     
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  11. R. Keith Sawyer & James G. Greeno (2009). Situativity and Learning. In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge. 347--367.score: 270.0
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  12. R. Keith Sawyer (2004). Social Explanation and Computational Simulation. Philosophical Explorations 7 (3):219-231.score: 270.0
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  13. K. R. Sawyer, Clive Beed & H. Sankey (1997). Underdetermination in Economics. The Duhem-Quine Thesis. Economics and Philosophy 13 (1):1-23.score: 120.0
  14. R. K. Sawyer (2007). Review: Hedstrom, P. (2005). Dissecting the Social: On the Principles of Analytic Sociology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (2):255-260.score: 120.0
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  15. R. K. Sawyer (2012). Response to “Emergence in Sociology”. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (2):270-275.score: 120.0
    Jens Greve has accurately summarized nonreductive individualism (NRI) and has made an important contribution to an ongoing discussion concerning individualism, reductionism, and emergentism. Greve’s primary criticism is of my account of downward causation, and he cites Kim’s critique of Fodor by analogy. I argue that my original paper already addressed Kim’s critique, by drawing on other philosophers of mind that Greve does not engage with, to make an argument for downward causation based on wild disjunction. Further, I argue that Greve (...)
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  16. Stephen Dale McCracken, Roberto Nascimento Rodrigues, Diana Oya Sawyer, A. R. Pebley, S. Amin, M. F. Ahmed, G. Bicego, A. Chahnazarian, K. Hill & M. Cayemittes (1991). Fertility Change and Infant Survival in Brazil 1970-75 and 1980-85. Journal of Biosocial Science 23 (3):327-36.score: 120.0
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  17. David R. Sawyer (forthcoming). Book Review: When God Speaks Through Change: Preaching In Times of Congregational Transition. [REVIEW] Interpretation 60 (4):486-486.score: 120.0
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  18. Keith Sawyer (2011). 4 Conversation as Mechanism: Emergence in Creative Groups. In Pierre Demeulenaere (ed.), Analytical Sociology and Social Mechanisms. Cambridge University Press. 78.score: 120.0
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  19. Charles R. Sawyer & Peder J. Johnson (1971). Conditional and Biconditional Rule Difficulty Under Selection and Reception Conditions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):424.score: 120.0
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  20. G. E. Sawyer & R. J. Riding (1979). Recall Order of Prose Details as a Cognitive Style in Children. Educational Studies 5 (2):151-156.score: 120.0
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  21. Kim R. Sawyer, Jackie Johnson & Mark Holub (2010). The Necessary Illegitimacy of the Whistleblower. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 29 (1-4):85-107.score: 120.0
    This article examines the plight of the whistleblower using elements of organizational legitimacy theory. In recognizing the negative correlation between the actions of the organization and the whistleblower it becomes clear that the continuing legitimacy of the organization necessitates the illegitimacy of the whistleblower. This helps explain the continual blacklisting of the whistleblower and their vilification, resulting in the destruction of both their professional career and their reputation. Only protective legislation will provide any guarantees for the whistleblower.
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  22. Jens Greve (2013). Response to R. Keith Sawyer. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (2):246-256.score: 108.0
    R. Keith Sawyer rightly claimed that the formulation of several cross-level regularities does not disprove the “autonomy” of sciences. Nevertheless, first, this autonomy becomes gradual because cross-level regularities narrow the scope for strong emergence and, second, these examples do not disprove the metaphysical premises of Kim’s critique. Sawyer and I concur on the thesis according to which the proof of strong emergence is in part an empirical question. However, it also depends on the concept of individualism applied (...)
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  23. P. Ylikoski (2009). Book Review: Sawyer, R. Keith. (2005). Social Emergence: Societies as Complex Systems. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):527-530.score: 81.0
  24. Jeroen van Bouwel (2004). Individualism and Holism, Reduction and Pluralism: A Comment on Keith Sawyer and Julie Zahle. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (4):527-535.score: 48.0
    Commenting on recent articles by Keith Sawyer and Julie Zahle, the author questions the way in which the debate between methodological individualists and holists has been presented and contends that too much weight has been given to metaphysical and ontological debates at the expense of giving attention to methodological debates and analysis of good explanatory practice. Giving more attention to successful explanatory practice in the social sciences and the different underlying epistemic interests and motivations for providing explanations or (...)
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  25. J. Greve (2012). Emergence in Sociology: A Critique of Nonreductive Individualism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (2):188-223.score: 27.0
    The emergentist position that R. Keith Sawyer has formulated, nonreductive individualism, contains three propositions. First, that social characteristics must always be realized in individuals; second, that it is nevertheless possible to understand social properties as irreducible; and third, that therefore it is possible to demonstrate how social properties are able to exercise independent causal influences on individuals and their properties. It is demonstrated that Sawyer is not able to meet an objection that Kim has formulated against the (...)
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  26. R. Keith Sawyer (2004). The Mechanisms of Emergente. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (2):260-282.score: 27.0
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  27. Robin Attfield (2009). Social History, Religion, and Technology. Environmental Ethics 31 (1):31-50.score: 12.0
    An interdisciplinary reappraisal of Lynn White, Jr.’s “The Historical Roots of Our Ecologic Crisis” reopens several issues, including the suggestion by Peter Harrison that White’s thesis was historical and that it is a mistake to regard it as theological. It also facilitates a comparison between “Roots” and White’s earlier book Medieval Technology and Social Change. In “Roots,” White discarded or de-emphasized numerous qualifications and nuances present in his earlier work so as to heighten the effect of certain rhetorical aphorisms and (...)
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