Search results for 'Keith R. Sawyer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  1
    H. J. R. & A. Berriedale Keith (1924). The Sanskrit Drama in Its Origin, Development, Theory and Practice. Journal of Hellenic Studies 44:290.
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  2.  25
    R. Keith Sawyer (1999). The Emergence of Creativity. Philosophical Psychology 12 (4):447 – 469.
    This paper is an extended exploration of Mead's phrase the emergence of the novel. I describe and characterize emergent systems-complex dynamical systems that display behavior that cannot be predicted from a full and complete description of the component units of the system. Emergence has become an influential concept in contemporary cognitive science [A. Clark Being there, Cambridge: MIT Press], complexity theory [W. Bechtel & R.C. Richardson Discovering complexity, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press], artificial life [R.A. Brooks & P. Maes Artificial (...)
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  3. R. Keith Sawyer (2005). Social Emergence: Societies as Complex Systems. Cambridge University Press.
    Can we understand important social issues by studying individual personalities and decisions? Or are societies somehow more than the people in them? Sociologists have long believed that psychology can't explain what happens when people work together in complex modern societies. In contrast, most psychologists and economists believe that if we have an accurate theory of how individuals make choices and act on them, we can explain pretty much everything about social life. Social Emergence takes a new approach to these longstanding (...)
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  4.  20
    Keith R. Sawyer (2004). Social Explanation and Computational Simulation. Philosophical Explorations 7 (3):219 – 231.
    I explore a type of computational social simulation known as artificial societies. Artificial society simulations are dynamic models of real-world social phenomena. I explore the role that these simulations play in social explanation, by situating these simulations within contemporary philosophical work on explanation and on models. Many contemporary philosophers have argued that models provide causal explanations in science, and that models are necessary mediators between theory and data. I argue that artificial society simulations provide causal mechanistic explanations. I conclude that (...)
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  5. R. Keith Sawyer (2002). Durkheim's Dilemma: Toward a Sociology of Emergence. Sociological Theory 20 (2):227-247.
    The concept of emergence is a central thread uniting Durkheim's theoretical and empirical work, yet this aspect of Durkheim's work has been neglected. I reinterpret Durkheim in light of theories of emergence developed by contemporary philosophers of mind, and I show that Durkheim's writings prefigure many elements of these contemporary theories. Reading Durkheim as an emergentist helps to clarify several difficult and confusing aspects of his work, and reveals a range of unresolved issues. I identify five such issues, and I (...)
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  6.  46
    R. Keith Sawyer (2002). Nonreductive Individualism: Part I—Supervenience and Wild Disjunction. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (4):537-559.
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  7.  35
    R. Keith Sawyer (2003). Nonreductive Individualism Part II—Social Causation. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (2):203-224.
    In Part I, the author argued for nonreductive individualism (NRI), an account of the individual-collective relation that is ontologically individualist yet rejects methodological individualism. However, because NRI is ontologically individualist, social entities and properties would seem to be only analytic constructs, and if so, they would seem to be epiphenomenal, since only real things can have causal power. In general, a nonreductionist account is a relatively weak defense of sociological explanation if it cannot provide an account of how social properties (...)
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  8.  74
    R. Keith Sawyer (2004). The Mechanisms of Emergence. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (2):260-282.
    This article focuses on emergence in social systems. The author begins by proposing a new tool to explore the mechanisms of social emergence: multi agent–based computer simulation. He then draws on philosophy of mind to develop an account of social emergence that raises potential problems for the methodological individualism of both social mechanism and of multi agent simulation. He then draws on various complexity concepts to propose a set of criteria whereby one can determine whether a given social mechanism generates (...)
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  9. R. Keith Sawyer (2000). Improvisation and the Creative Process: Dewey, Collingwood, and the Aesthetics of Spontaneity. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 58 (2):149-161.
  10.  16
    R. Keith Sawyer (1996). The Semiotics of Improvisation: The Pragmatics of Musical and Verbal Performance. Semiotica 108 (3-4):269-306.
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  11.  12
    R. Keith Sawyer (2004). Social Explanation and Computational Simulation. Philosophical Explorations 7 (3):219-231.
  12. R. Keith Sawyer & James G. Greeno (2009). Situativity and Learning. In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge 347--367.
     
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  13.  2
    R. Keith Sawyer (2002). Durkheim's Dilemma: Toward a Sociology of Emergence. Sociological Theory 20 (2):227-247.
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  14. Sawyer R. Keith (2002). Nonreductive Individualism. Part I—Supervenience and Wild Disjunction. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (4).
     
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  15.  72
    Jens Greve (2013). Response to R. Keith Sawyer. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (2):246-256.
    R. Keith Sawyer rightly claimed that the formulation of several cross-level regularities does not disprove the “autonomy” of sciences. Nevertheless, first, this autonomy becomes gradual because cross-level regularities narrow the scope for strong emergence and, second, these examples do not disprove the metaphysical premises of Kim’s critique. Sawyer and I concur on the thesis according to which the proof of strong emergence is in part an empirical question. However, it also depends on the concept of individualism applied (...)
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  16.  6
    A. Berriedale Keith (1910). Farnell's Cults of the Greek States The Cults of the Greek States. By L. R. Farnell, D. Litt. Vol. V. Pp. Xii+496, with 19 Collotypes and 41 Other Illustrations. Price 18s. 6d. Net. Clarendon Press, Oxford. 1909. [REVIEW] Classical Quarterly 4 (04):282-.
    The Cults of the Greek States. By L. R. Farnell, D. Litt. Vol. V. Pp. xii+496, with 19 collotypes and 41 other illustrations. Price 18s. 6d. net. Clarendon Press, Oxford. 1909.
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  17.  27
    P. Ylikoski (2009). Book Review: Sawyer, R. Keith. (2005). Social Emergence: Societies as Complex Systems. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):527-530.
  18.  1
    Michael Sawyer (2014). Review of Keith Sandiford, "Theorizing a Colonial Caribbean-Atlantic Imaginary: Sugar and Obeah". [REVIEW] Clr James Journal 20 (1/2):299-306.
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  19. S. T. Keith (1984). History of Technology Clayton R. Koppes, JPL and the American Space Programme: A History of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982. Pp. Viii+ 320. £16.95/$19.95. Joan Lisa Bromberg, Fusion: Science, Politics and the Invention of a New Energy Source. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1982. Pp. Xxvi + 343. £24/$30. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 17 (3):325.
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  20.  84
    David R. Sawyer (forthcoming). Book Review: When God Speaks Through Change: Preaching In Times of Congregational Transition. [REVIEW] Interpretation 60 (4):486-486.
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  21.  85
    K. R. Sawyer, Clive Beed & H. Sankey (1997). Underdetermination in Economics. The Duhem-Quine Thesis. Economics and Philosophy 13 (1):1-23.
    This paper considers the relevance of the Duhem-Quine thesis in economics. In the introductory discussion which follows, the meaning of the thesis and a brief history of its development are detailed. The purpose of the paper is to discuss the effects of the thesis in four specific and diverse theories in economics, and to illustrate the dependence of testing the theories on a set of auxiliary hypotheses. A general taxonomy of auxiliary hypotheses is provided to demonstrate the confounding of auxiliary (...)
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  22.  20
    Kim R. Sawyer, Jackie Johnson & Mark Holub (2010). The Necessary Illegitimacy of the Whistleblower. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 29 (1-4):85-107.
    This article examines the plight of the whistleblower using elements of organizational legitimacy theory. In recognizing the negative correlation between the actions of the organization and the whistleblower it becomes clear that the continuing legitimacy of the organization necessitates the illegitimacy of the whistleblower. This helps explain the continual blacklisting of the whistleblower and their vilification, resulting in the destruction of both their professional career and their reputation. Only protective legislation will provide any guarantees for the whistleblower.
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  23.  7
    Keith Sawyer (2011). 4 Conversation as Mechanism: Emergence in Creative Groups. In Pierre Demeulenaere (ed.), Analytical Sociology and Social Mechanisms. Cambridge University Press 78.
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  24.  7
    Jerry W. Rudy & Julian R. Keith (1997). LTP and Memory: Déjà Vu. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):629-629.
    Shors & Matzel's conclusion that LTP is not related to learning is similar to one we reached several years ago. We discuss some methodological advances that have relevance to the issue and applaud the authors for challenging existing dogma.
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  25.  12
    R. K. Sawyer (2012). Response to “Emergence in Sociology”. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (2):270-275.
    Jens Greve has accurately summarized nonreductive individualism (NRI) and has made an important contribution to an ongoing discussion concerning individualism, reductionism, and emergentism. Greve’s primary criticism is of my account of downward causation, and he cites Kim’s critique of Fodor by analogy. I argue that my original paper already addressed Kim’s critique, by drawing on other philosophers of mind that Greve does not engage with, to make an argument for downward causation based on wild disjunction. Further, I argue that Greve (...)
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  26.  7
    R. K. Sawyer (2007). Review: Hedstrom, P. (2005). Dissecting the Social: On the Principles of Analytic Sociology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (2):255-260.
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  27.  1
    Charles R. Sawyer & Peder J. Johnson (1971). Conditional and Biconditional Rule Difficulty Under Selection and Reception Conditions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):424.
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  28.  1
    A. Berriedale Keith & R. Reitzenstein (1921). Das iranische ErlösungsmysteriumDas iranische Erlosungsmysterium. Journal of Hellenic Studies 41:280.
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  29.  1
    G. E. Sawyer & R. J. Riding (1979). Recall Order of Prose Details as a Cognitive Style in Children. Educational Studies 5 (2):151-156.
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  30. R. Baeza-Yates, C. Castillo & B. Keith (2006). Web Searching. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier 527--538.
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  31. R. H. Dornemann, John Sawyer & David Clines (1985). Midian, Moab and Edom: The History and Archaeology of Late Bronze and Iron Age Jordan and North-West Arabia. Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (4):796.
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  32. D. Bob Gowin, Jerry B. Burnell, Pat Keith, Jaw-Woei Chiou, Kermit J. Blank, George Willis, George Kincaid, Lawrence D. Klein, James A. Nathan, Houston M. Burnside, Daniel P. Hudin, Erwin H. Epstein, Ivan L. Barrientos, Darrell S. Willey, Mathew Zachariah, Robert H. Beck & Edward R. Beauchamp (1973). Book Reviews Section 1. Educational Studies 4 (3):134-145.
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  33. Louis Keith, Eric R. Brown & Cary Rosenberg (1970). Pica: The Unfinished Story: Background: Correlations with Anemia and Pregnancy. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 13 (4):626-632.
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  34. Stephen Dale McCracken, Roberto Nascimento Rodrigues, Diana Oya Sawyer, A. R. Pebley, S. Amin, M. F. Ahmed, G. Bicego, A. Chahnazarian, K. Hill & M. Cayemittes (1991). Fertility Change and Infant Survival in Brazil 1970-75 and 1980-85. Journal of Biosocial Science 23 (3):327-36.
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  35.  10
    G. B. R. (1914). The Authorship of the Platonic Epistles. By R. Hackforth, M.A. 8vo. 1 Vol. Pp. 203. Manchester: University Press, 1913. The Classical Review 28 (07):231-232.
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  36.  6
    Y. T. R. (1899). Cambridge Compositions Cambridge Compositions, Greek and Latin. Edited by R. D. Archer-Hind, M.A., and R. D. Hicks, M.A., Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge. Cambridge: At the University Press. 1899. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 13 (04):227-230.
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  37.  9
    C. S. R. (1895). Blake's Edition of Xenophon's Hellenica I. II., and Other Selections The Hellenica of Xenophon, Books I. And II., Together with Selections From Lysias C. Eratosthenes and From Aristotle's Constitution of Athens, Edited with Notes by R. W. Blake, A.M. Boston. 1894. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 9 (04):231-.
  38.  2
    L. A. R. (1952). Book Review:Creative Aspects of Natural Law R. A. Fisher. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 19 (4):350-.
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  39.  2
    G. G. R. (1931). Psychopathology. By J. S. Nicole, M.R.C.P. & S. (London: Bailliere Tindall & Cox. 1930. Pp. Xii + 203. Price 10s. 6d.). Philosophy 6 (22):271-.
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  40.  2
    B. R. (2008). Jeremiah 21–36 (Anchor Bible 21b) and Jeremiah 37–52 (Anchor Bible 21c). By Jack R. Lundbom. Heythrop Journal 49 (1):168–169.
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  41. S. R. S. R. (1926). CARTON, R. -La Synthèse Doctrinale de Roger Bacon. [REVIEW] Mind 35:102.
     
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  42. G. R. G. R. (1964). GIRONELLA J. R. s.j., "Curso de Cuestiones filosóficas previas al estudio de la Teología". Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 56:261.
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  43. L. A. R. (1954). Book Review:Evaluating Research and Development I. R. Weschler, Paula Brown. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 21 (1):76-.
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  44.  29
    Jeroen van Bouwel (2004). Individualism and Holism, Reduction and Pluralism: A Comment on Keith Sawyer and Julie Zahle. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (4):527-535.
    Commenting on recent articles by Keith Sawyer and Julie Zahle, the author questions the way in which the debate between methodological individualists and holists has been presented and contends that too much weight has been given to metaphysical and ontological debates at the expense of giving attention to methodological debates and analysis of good explanatory practice. Giving more attention to successful explanatory practice in the social sciences and the different underlying epistemic interests and motivations for providing explanations or (...)
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  45.  5
    Arthur Keaveney (1991). Rebellious Slaves Keith R. Bradley: Slavery and Rebellion in the Roman World: 140 B.C. – 70 B.C. Pp. Xvi + 186; 2 Maps. Bloomington and London: Batsford and Indiana University Press, 1989. £17.95. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 41 (01):146-147.
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  46.  2
    Alan Wolffe (1993). Transcription Extracted Transcriptional Regulation (1992). By Steven L. McKnight and Keith R. Yamamoto. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York. 2 Vols, 1329 Pp, $160, ISBN 0‐87969‐4 10‐6. [REVIEW] Bioessays 15 (10):701-702.
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  47. Brian Domino (1995). Keith R. Bradley, Slavery and Society at Rome Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 15 (4):232-233.
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  48. Katharine Anderson (2008). Keith R. Benson; Helen M. Rozwadowski .Extremes: Oceanography's Adventures at the Poles. Xiv + 393 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Sagamore Beach, Mass.: Science History Publications/USA, 2007. $54.95. [REVIEW] Isis 99 (2):438-439.
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  49. Peter J. Bowler (1989). Ronald Rainger, Keith R. Benson and Jean Maienschein, . The American Development of Biology. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988. Pp. Xii + 380. ISBN 0-8122-8092-X. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 22 (3):391.
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  50. Anita Guerrini (1999). The Life Sciences in Eighteenth-Century French ThoughtJacques Roger Keith R. Benson Robert Ellrich. Isis 90 (4):813-814.
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