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  1.  5
    Kirsti Malterud (2002). Reflexivity and Metapositions: Strategies for Appraisal of Clinical Evidence. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (2):121-126.
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    Kirsti Malterud (2006). The Social Construction of Clinical Knowledge – the Context of Culture and Discourse. Commentary on Tonelli (2006), Integrating Evidence Into Clinical Practice: An Alternative to Evidence‐Based Approaches. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):292-295.
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    Kirsti Malterud (1995). The Legitimacy of Clinical Knowledge: Towards a Medical Epistemology Embracing the Art of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (2).
    The traditional medical epistemology, resting on a biomedical paradigmatic monopoly, fails to display an adequate representation of medical knowledge. Clinical knowledge, including the complexities of human interaction, is not available for inquiry by means of biomedical approaches, and consequently is denied legitimacy within a scientific context. A gap results between medical research and clinical practice. Theories of knowledge, especially the concept of tacit knowing, seem suitable for description and discussion of clinical knowledge, commonly denoted the art of medicine. A metaposition (...)
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  4.  16
    Kirsti Malterud (1999). The (Gendered) Construction of Diagnosis Interpretation of Medical Signs in Women Patients. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (3):275-286.
    Medicine maintains a distinction between the medical symptom -- the patient''ssubjective experience and expression, and the privileged medical sign -- the objective findings observable by the doctor. Although the distinction is not consistently applied, it becomes clearly visible in the undefined, medically unexplained disorders of women patients. Potential impacts of genderized interaction on the interpretation of medical signs are addressed by re-reading the diagnostic process as a matter of social construction, where diagnosis results from human interpretation within a sociopolitical context. (...)
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  5. Kirsti Malterud, Ann Dorrit Guassora, Anette Hauskov Graungaard & Susanne Reventlow (2015). Understanding Medical Symptoms: A Conceptual Review and Analysis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (6):411-424.
    The aim of this article is to present a conceptual review and analysis of symptom understanding. Subjective bodily sensations occur abundantly in the normal population and dialogues about symptoms take place in a broad range of contexts, not only in the doctor’s office. Our review of symptom understanding proceeds from an initial subliminal awareness by way of attribution of meaning and subsequent management, with and without professional involvement. We introduce theoretical perspectives from phenomenology, semiotics, social interactionism, and discourse analysis. Drew (...)
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