Search results for 'Klaas Landsman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Chris Heunen, Klaas Landsman & Bas Spitters, The Principle of General Tovariance.score: 240.0
    We tentatively propose two guiding principles for the construction of theories of physics, which should be satisfied by a possible future theory of quantum gravity. These principles are inspired by those that led Einstein to his theory of general relativity, viz. his principle of general covariance and his equivalence principle, as well as by the two mysterious dogmas of Bohr's interpretation of quantum mechanics, i.e. his doctrine of classical concepts and his principle of complementarity. An appropriate mathematical language for combining (...)
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  2. Np Klaas Landsman & Robin Reuvers (2013). A Flea on Schrödinger's Cat. Foundations of Physics 43 (3):373-407.score: 240.0
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  3. Eric Cator & Klaas Landsman (2014). Constraints on Determinism: Bell Versus Conway–Kochen. Foundations of Physics 44 (7):781-791.score: 240.0
    Bell’s Theorem from Physics 36:1–28 (1964) and the (Strong) Free Will Theorem of Conway and Kochen from Notices AMS 56:226–232 (2009) both exclude deterministic hidden variable theories (or, in modern parlance, ‘ontological models’) that are compatible with some small fragment of quantum mechanics, admit ‘free’ settings of the archetypal Alice and Bob experiment, and satisfy a locality condition akin to parameter independence. We clarify the relationship between these theorems by giving reformulations of both that exactly pinpoint their resemblance and their (...)
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  4. Jeremy Butterfield & John Earman (eds.) (2007). Philosophy of Physics. Elsevier.score: 30.0
    The ambition of this volume is twofold: to provide a comprehensive overview of the field and to serve as an indispensable reference work for anyone who wants to work in it. For example, any philosopher who hopes to make a contribution to the topic of the classical-quantum correspondence will have to begin by consulting Klaas Landsman’s chapter. The organization of this volume, as well as the choice of topics, is based on the conviction that the important problems in (...)
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  5. N. P. Landsman (2010). Review of Alisa Bokulich, Reexamining the Quantum-Classical Relation: Beyond Reductionism and Pluralism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (1).score: 30.0
  6. N. P. Landsman (1996). Local Quantum Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 27 (4):511-524.score: 30.0
  7. N. P. Landsman (2009). Decoherence and the Quantum-to-Classical Transition (Springer, Berlin, 2007, Corrected Second Printing, 2008), Xv+416pp., ISBN 978-3-540-35773-5, Hardcover, 74.85 Euro. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 40 (1):94-95.score: 30.0
  8. N. P. Landsman (1995). Observation and Superselection in Quantum Mechanics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 26 (1):45-73.score: 30.0
    We attempt to clarify the main conceptual issues in approaches to ‘objectification’ or ‘measurement’ in quantum mechanics which are based on superselection rules. Such approaches venture to derive the emergence of classical ‘reality’ relative to a class of observers; those believing that the classical world exists intrinsically and absolutely are advised against reading this paper. The prototype approach (K. Hepp, Helv. Phys. Acta45 (1972), 237–248) where superselection sectors are assumed in the state space of the apparatus is shown to be (...)
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  9. Nicolaas P. Landsman (2006). When Champions Meet: Rethinking the Bohr–Einstein Debate. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (1):212-242.score: 30.0
    Einstein's philosophy of physics (as clarified by Fine, Howard, and Held) was predicated on his Trennungsprinzip, a combination of separability and locality, without which he believed objectification, and thereby "physical thought" and "physical laws", to be impossible. Bohr's philosophy (as elucidated by Hooker, Scheibe, Folse, Howard, Held, and others), on the other hand, was grounded in a seemingly different doctrine about the possibility of objective knowledge, namely the necessity of classical concepts. In fact, it follows from Raggio's Theorem in algebraic (...)
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  10. Martijn Caspers, Chris Heunen, Nicolaas P. Landsman & Bas Spitters (2009). Intuitionistic Quantum Logic of an N-Level System. Foundations of Physics 39 (7):731-759.score: 30.0
    A decade ago, Isham and Butterfield proposed a topos-theoretic approach to quantum mechanics, which meanwhile has been extended by Döring and Isham so as to provide a new mathematical foundation for all of physics. Last year, three of the present authors redeveloped and refined these ideas by combining the C*-algebraic approach to quantum theory with the so-called internal language of topos theory (Heunen et al. in arXiv:0709.4364). The goal of the present paper is to illustrate our abstract setup through the (...)
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  11. Chris Heunen, Nicolaas P. Landsman & Bas Spitters (2012). Bohrification of Operator Algebras and Quantum Logic. Synthese 186 (3):719 - 752.score: 30.0
    Following Birkhoff and von Neumann, quantum logic has traditionally been based on the lattice of closed linear subspaces of some Hubert space, or, more generally, on the lattice of projections in a von Neumann algebra A. Unfortunately, the logical interpretation of these lattices is impaired by their nondistributivity and by various other problems. We show that a possible resolution of these difficulties, suggested by the ideas of Bohr, emerges if instead of single projections one considers elementary propositions to be families (...)
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  12. Nicolaas P. Landsman, Between Classical and Quantum.score: 30.0
    The relationship between classical and quantum theory is of central importance to the philosophy of physics, and any interpretation of quantum mechanics has to clarify it. Our discussion of this relationship is partly historical and conceptual, but mostly technical and mathematically rigorous, including over 500 references. For example, we sketch how certain intuitive ideas of the founders of quantum theory have fared in the light of current mathematical knowledge. One such idea that has certainly stood the test of time is (...)
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  13. Nicolaas P. Landsman, Macroscopic Observables and the Born Rule. I. Long Run Frequencies.score: 30.0
    We clarify the role of the Born rule in the Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum mechanics by deriving it from Bohr's doctrine of classical concepts, translated into the following mathematical statement: a quantum system described by a noncommutative C*-algebra of observables is empirically accessible only through associated commutative C*-algebras. The Born probabilities emerge as the relative frequencies of outcomes in long runs of measurements on a quantum system; it is not necessary to adopt the frequency interpretation of single-case probabilities (which will (...)
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  14. Gail Landsman (2005). Mothers and Models of Disability. Journal of Medical Humanities 26 (2-3):121-139.score: 30.0
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  15. Nicolaas P. Landsman, Essay Review Of: Maximilian Schlosshauer, Decoherence and the Quantum-To-Classical Transition (Springer, Berlin, 2007).score: 30.0
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  16. Augustine Klaas (1946). Augustine's Quest of Wisdom. The Modern Schoolman 23 (4):228-230.score: 30.0
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  17. N. P. Landsman (2007). Matthias Dörries (Ed.), Michael Frayn's Copenhagen in Debate: Historical Essays and Documents on the 1941 Meeting Between Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg. Office for History of Science and Technology, University of California, Berkeley, ISBN 0-9672617-2-4, 2005 (VIII+195pp., $12.00pbk). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (2):462-464.score: 30.0
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  18. N. P. Landsman (2013). Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking in Quantum Systems: Emergence or Reduction? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (4):379-394.score: 30.0
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  19. Alexander Razborov, Bob Coecke, Zoé Chatzidakis, Bjørn Kjos, Nicolaas P. Landsman, Lawrence S. Moss, Dilip Raghavan, Tom Scanlon, Ernest Schimmerling & Henry Towsner (2011). 2010 North American Annual Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 17 (1).score: 30.0
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  20. John Earman & Jeremy Butterfield (eds.) (2007). Philosophy of Physics. Elsevier.score: 30.0
    The ambition of this volume is twofold: to provide a comprehensive overview of the field and to serve as an indispensable reference work for anyone who wants to work in it. For example, any philosopher who hopes to make a contribution to the topic of the classical-quantum correspondence will have to begin by consulting Klaas Landsman’s chapter. The organization of this volume, as well as the choice of topics, is based on the conviction that the important problems in (...)
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  21. Chris Heunen, Nicolaas P. Landsman & Bas Spitters (forthcoming). Intuitionistic Quantum Logic for von Neumann Algebras. Synthese.score: 30.0
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  22. Augustine C. Klaas (1927). A Volte Face in the French Academy. Modern Schoolman 3 (8):125-126.score: 30.0
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  23. Augustine C. Klaas (1928). The Assault on Mysticism. Modern Schoolman 4 (7):115-116.score: 30.0
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  24. David Landsman & Michael Bustin (1993). A Signature for the HMG‐1 Box DNA‐Binding Proteins. Bioessays 15 (8):539-546.score: 30.0
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  25. Nicolaas P. Landsman (2002). Getting Even with Heisenberg: PL Rose, Heisenberg and the Nazi Atomic Bomb Project: A Study in German Culture, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998, Xx+ 352 Pp. $35,£ 21.95, ISBN 0-7923-3794-8, Hbk. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (2):297-325.score: 30.0
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  26. N. P. Landsman (2002). Getting Even with Heisenberg. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (2):297-325.score: 30.0
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  27. Julie Landsman (2008). Growing Up White: A Veteran Teacher Reflects on Racism. R&L Education.score: 30.0
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  28. A. Letter to Our Readers, Horace B. Davis, Johann Sebastian Bach, Enrique Cabrera & Economics Randolph H. Landsman (1956). Science Society. Science and Society 20 (4).score: 30.0
     
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  29. G. G. (2002). Mathematical Topics Between Classical and Quantum Mechanics - N. P. Landsman, Springer Monographs in Mathematics, Springer, New York, 1998, 529pp., $66.95 Cloth, ISBN 0-387-98318-X. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (1):148-150.score: 15.0
  30. Amin Benaissa (2010). Festschrift Worp (F.A.J.) Hoogendijk, (B.P.) Muhs (Edd.) Sixty-Five Papyrological Texts. Presented to Klaas A. Worp on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. (P.L. Bat. 33.) With Indexes by M.J. Bakker. (Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 33.) Pp. Xl + 416, Ills. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2008. Cased, €146, US$216. ISBN: 978-90-04-16688-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 60 (02):413-415.score: 15.0
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  31. Stephen Darwall & Louis E. Loeb (1995). William Klaas Frankena 1908-1994. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (5):95 - 96.score: 15.0
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  32. D. W. Rathbone (1993). More Instalments of Cpr Klaas A. Worp (Ed.): Corpus Papyrorum Raineri, XVIIA: Griechische Texte XIIA: Die Archive der Aurelii Adelphios Und Asklepiades. Pp. Iv + 93; 30 Plates. Vienna: Hollinek for Österreichische National-Bibliothek, 1991. Paper. Pieter J. Sijpesteijn (Ed.): Corpus Papyrorum Raineri, XVIIB: Griechische Texte XIIB: Papyri Aus Panopolis. Pp. Iv + 54; 15 Plates. Vienna: Hollinek for Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 1991. Paper. Bärbel Kramer (Ed.): Corpus Papyrorum Raineri, XVIII: Griechische Texte XIII: Das Vertragsregister von Theogonis (P. Vindob. G 40618). Pp. Iv + 226; 3 Maps, 14 Plates. Vienna: Hollinek for Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, 1991. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (02):400-401.score: 15.0
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  33. W. B. Sedgwick (1954). Klaas Herman Eltjo Schutter: Quibus Annis Comoediae Plautinae Primum Actae Sint Quaeritur. Pp. Xxxii+160. Groningen: De Waal (to Be Had From the Author, Nieuwe Ebbingestraat 7a, Groningen), 1952. Paper, $2.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 4 (01):58-59.score: 15.0
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  34. Richard T. W. Arthur (2014). Klaas van Berkel . Isaac Beeckman on Matter and Motion . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013. Pp. Viii+265. $35.96 (Paper). [REVIEW] Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 4 (1):192-196.score: 15.0
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  35. David Kyle Johnson (forthcoming). The Failure of the Multiverse Hypothesis as a Solution to the Problem of No Best World. Sophia:1-19.score: 6.0
    The multiverse hypothesis is growing in popularity among theistic philosophers because some view it as the preferable way to solve certain difficulties presented by theistic belief. In this paper, I am concerned specifically with its application to Rowe’s problem of no best world, which suggests that God’s existence is impossible given the fact that the world God actualizes must be unsurpassable, yet for any given possible world, there is one greater. I will argue that, as a solution to the problem (...)
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  36. Kirk Lougheed (forthcoming). Divine Creation, Modal Collapse, and the Theistic Multiverse. Sophia:1-12.score: 6.0
    Either a ‘best world’ scenario is true or a ‘no best world’ scenario is true. In a ‘best world’ scenario, God actualizes a world that is unsurpassable. In a ‘no best world’ scenario, for any possible world God actualizes, God could have actualized a better world. A ‘no best world’ scenario precludes theism, so the theist should endorse a ‘best world’ scenario. However, a ‘best world’ scenario leads to the highly counter-intuitive conclusion of modal collapse: the position that nothing could (...)
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  37. Klaas J. Kraay (2012). The Theistic Multiverse: Problems and Prospects. In Yujin Nagasawa (ed.), Scientific Approaches to the Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave Macmillan. 143--162.score: 3.0
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  38. John Earman (2008). Superselection Rules for Philosophers. Erkenntnis 69 (3):377 - 414.score: 3.0
    The overaraching goal of this paper is to elucidate the nature of superselection rules in a manner that is accessible to philosophers of science and that brings out the connections between superselection and some of the most fundamental interpretational issues in quantum physics. The formalism of von Neumann algebras is used to characterize three different senses of superselection rules (dubbed, weak, strong, and very strong) and to provide useful necessary and sufficient conditions for each sense. It is then shown how (...)
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  39. Klaas J. Kraay (2005). William L. Rowe's A Priori Argument for Atheism. Faith and Philosophy 22 (2):211-234.score: 3.0
    William Rowe’s a posteriori arguments for the non-existence of God are well-known. Rather less attention has been given, however, to Rowe’s intriguing a priori argument for atheism. In this paper, I examine the three published responses to Rowe’s a priori argument (due to Bruce Langtry, William Morris, and Daniel and Frances Howard-Snyder, respectively). I conclude that none is decisive, but I show that Rowe’s argument nevertheless requires more defence than he provides.
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  40. Klaas Kraay & Luke Gelinas (2010). God, the Best, and Evil – Bruce Langtry. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (239):432-446.score: 3.0
  41. Klaas J. Kraay (2010). Theism, Possible Worlds, and the Multiverse. Philosophical Studies 147 (3):355 - 368.score: 3.0
    God is traditionally taken to be a perfect being, and the creator and sustainer of all that is. So, if theism is true, what sort of world should we expect? To answer this question, we need an account of the array of possible worlds from which God is said to choose. It seems that either there is (a) exactly one best possible world; or (b) more than one unsurpassable world; or (c) an infinite hierarchy of increasingly better worlds. Influential arguments (...)
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  42. Klaas J. Kraay (2011). Theism and Modal Collapse. American Philosophical Quarterly 48 (4):361.score: 3.0
    God is traditionally taken to be a necessarily existing being who is unsurpassably powerful, knowledgeable, and good. The familiar problem of actual evil claims that the presence of gratuitous suffering in the actual world constitutes evidence against the existence of such a being. In contrast, the problem of possible evil claims that the possibility of bad worlds constitutes evidence against theism. How? It seems plausible to suppose that there are very bad possible worlds. But if God exists in every world, (...)
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  43. Klaas J. Kraay (2002). Externalism, Memory, and Self-Knowledge. Erkenntnis 56 (3):297-317.score: 3.0
    Externalism holds that the individuation of mental content depends on factors external to the subject. This doctrine appears to undermine both the claim that there is a priori self-knowledge, and the view that individuals have privileged access to their thoughts. Tyler Burge’s influential inclusion theory of self-knowledge purports to reconcile externalism with authoritative self-knowledge. I first consider Paul Boghossian’s claim that the inclusion theory is internally inconsistent. I reject one line of response to this charge, but I endorse another. I (...)
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  44. Klaas J. Kraay (2007). Divine Unsurpassability. Philosophia 35 (3-4):293-300.score: 3.0
    One historically significant model of God holds that God is a perfect being. Analytic philosophers of religion have typically understood this to mean that God is essentially unsurpassable in power, knowledge, goodness, and wisdom. Recently, however, several philosophers have argued that this is inconsistent with another common theistic position: the view that for any world that God can create, there is a better world that God could have created instead. The argument runs (roughly) as follows: if, no matter which world (...)
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  45. Klaas J. Kraay (2005). Theistic Replies to the A Priori Argument for Atheism. Philo 8 (1):22-36.score: 3.0
    In the central chapter of Can God Be Free?, William Rowe offers what amounts to an a priori argument for atheism. In what follows, I first clarify this argument, and I then defend it against recent criticisms due to William Hasker. Next, however, I outline four ways in which theists might plausibly reply to Rowe’s argument.
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  46. Klaas J. Kraay (2013). Megill's Multiverse Meta-Argument. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (3):235-241.score: 3.0
    In a recent paper in this journal, Jason Megill (2011) offers an innovative meta-argument which deploys considerations about multiple universes in an effort to block all arguments from evil. In what follows, I contend that Megill has failed to establish a key premise in his meta-argument. I also offer a rival account of the effect of multiverse models on the debate about evil.
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  47. Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan (2007). Free-Energy and the Brain. Synthese 159 (3):417 - 458.score: 3.0
    If one formulates Helmholtz's ideas about perception in terms of modern-day theories one arrives at a model of perceptual inference and learning that can explain a remarkable range of neurobiological facts. Using constructs from statistical physics it can be shown that the problems of inferring what cause our sensory inputs and learning causal regularities in the sensorium can be resolved using exactly the same principles. Furthermore, inference and learning can proceed in a biologically plausible fashion. The ensuing scheme rests on (...)
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  48. Klaas J. Kraay (2013). Peter van Inwagen on Gratuitous Evil. Religious Studies:1-18.score: 3.0
    Defenders and critics of the evidential argument from evil typically agree that if theism is true, no gratuitous evil occurs. But Peter van Inwagen has challenged this orthodoxy by urging that for all we know, given God's goals, it is impossible for God to prevent all gratuitous evil, in which case God is not required do so. If van Inwagen is right, the evidential argument from evil fails. After setting out this striking and innovative move, I examine three responses found (...)
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  49. Klaas J. Kraay, Theistic Replies to the a PRioriArgument for Atheism.score: 3.0
    In the central chapter of Can God Be Free? , William Rowe offers what amounts to an a priori argument for atheism. In what follows, I first clarify this argument, and I then defend it against recent criticisms due to William Hasker. Next, however, I outline four ways in which theists might plausibly reply to Rowe’s argument.
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